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Natural Resources Conservation and Management


Natural Resources Conservation and Management Past, Present, and Future Lecture #3 MS LC Fort High School The Third Wave (1960-1980) Conservation movement took off ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Natural Resources Conservation and Management

Natural Resources Conservation and Management
  • Past, Present, and Future
  • Lecture 3 MS LC
  • Fort High School

The Third Wave (1960-1980)
  • Conservation movement took off
  • Environmental movement found its feet
  • Books and essays spurred action
  • Earth Day was born!
  • Congress responded to citizens with laws
  • EPA was established

Influential Books/Essays from the 60s
  • Paul Rachel
  • Erhlich Carson

Earth Day April 22
  • Gaylord Nelson (from WI!) founded this great
    teach in day in 1970 to halt the accelerated
    pollution and destruction of the environment.

Decade of the Environment
  • 1970-1980
  • Congress in response to many upset citizens
  • (fear and power people, dont forget it!)
  • Made many new laws to protect our resources!

Air Quality Laws
  • Clear Air Act 1970
  • Clear Air Act 1977
  • Clear Air Act 1990

Setting standards for air pollution Hoping to
improve quality of life for citizens
Control of Noise Laws
  • Noise control Act of 1972
  • Quiet Communities Act of 1978

Improve quality of life for people by reducing
stress of listening to industrial noises in
residential areas
Control of Toxic Substances
  • Solid Waste Disposal Act 1976
  • Resources Conservation and Recovery Act 1976
  • Protecting human health and the environment from
    the potential hazards of waste disposal.
  • Conserving energy and natural resources.
  • Reducing the amount of waste generated.
  • Ensuring that wastes are managed in an
    environmentally-sound manner.

Energy Laws
  • National Energy
  • Act of 1978
  • (1973 energy crisis)

Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act Energy
Tax Act National Energy Conservation Policy Act
Power Plant and Industrial Fuel Use
Act Natural Gas Policy Act
Land Use Laws
  • National Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972
  • This Act establishes an extensive federal grant
    program to encourage coastal states to develop
    and implement coastal zone management programs.
  • The Act also establishes a national estuarine
    reserve system.

Land Use Laws
  • Forest Reserves Management Act of 1974, 1976
  • In developing, maintaining, and revising plans
    for units of the National Forest System, ... the
    Secretary of Agriculture shall assure that such
    plans ... provide for multiple use and sustained
    yield of the products and services obtained
    therefrom ... and, in particular, include
    coordination of outdoor recreation, range,
    timber, watershed, wildlife and fish, and

Land Use Laws
Federal Land Policy Management Act of 1976
  • Congress recognized the value of the public
    lands, declaring that these lands would remain in
    public ownership.
  • Congress used the term "multiple use" management,
    defined as "management of the public lands and
    their various resource values so that they are
    utilized in the combination that will best meet
    the present and future needs of the American

Land Use Laws
  • National Forest Management Act of 1976
  • Called for the management of renewable resources
    on national forest lands.
  • The 1976 legislation reorganized and expanded the
    1974 Act, requiring the Secretary of Agriculture
    to assess forest lands, and develop and implement
    a resource management plan for each unit of the
    National Forest System.

Land Use Laws
  • Surface Mining Control
  • and Reclamation Act
  • of 1977
  • SMCRA created two programs
  • one for regulating active coal mines and a second
    for reclaiming abandoned mine lands.
  • SMCRA also created the Office of Surface Mining,
    an agency within the Department of the Interior,
    to promulgate regulations, to fund state
    regulatory and reclamation efforts, and to ensure
    consistency among state regulatory programs.

Land Use Laws
  • Endangered American Wilderness Act of 1978
  • Declaring it "in the national interest," this
    Congressional action also came in response to an
    increasingly critical view of Forest Service
    inventories and management of unprotected
  • the Endangered American Wilderness Act stated,
    "these areas are lands not being adequately
    protected or fully studied for wilderness
    suitability by the agency responsible for their
  • In all, the Act added 13 new wilderness areas and
    expanded four others in ten western states for a
    total addition of 1.3 million acres of national
    forest lands to the National Wilderness
    Preservation System.

Water Quality Laws
Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972
  • stipulated broad national objectives to restore
    and maintain the chemical, physical, and
    biological integrity of the Nation's waters

Water Quality Laws
  • Safe Drinking Water
  • Act of 1972
  • established to protect the quality of drinking
    water in the U.S. This law focuses on all waters
    actually or potentially designed for drinking
    use, whether from above ground or underground

Water Quality Laws
  • Clean Water
  • Act of 1977
  • This act reorganized the Federal Water Pollution
    Control Act of 1972 and added a major new program
    to control toxic pollutants.

Water QualityLaws
  • Ocean Dumping
  • Act of 1972
  • It brought under EPA regulation and license the
    dumping of sewage sludge, industrial waste,
    biological agents, medical waste, NBC, and
    radioactive waste, into the territorial waters of
    the United States

Wildlife Laws
  • Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide
    Control Act of 1972
  • The 1972 amendments established, a program for
    controlling the sale, distribution, and
    application of pesticides through an
    administrative registration process.
  • authorized experimental use permits and provided
    for administrative review of registered
    pesticides and for penalties for violations of
    the statute.
  • States were authorized to regulate the sale or
    use of any pesticide within a state, provided
    that such regulation does not permit any sale or
    use prohibited by the Act.

Wildlife Laws
  • Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act
    of 1972
  • prohibits the dumping of material into the ocean
    that would unreasonably degrade or endanger human
    health or the marine environment.

Wildlife Laws
  • Endangered Species Act of 1973
  • authorizes the determination and listing of
    species as endangered and threatened
  • prohibits unauthorized taking, possession, sale,
    and transport of endangered species
  • provides authority to acquire land for the
    conservation of listed species, using land and
    water conservation funds
  • authorizes establishment of cooperative
    agreements and grants-in-aid to States that
    establish and maintain active and adequate
    programs for endangered and threatened wildlife
    and plants
  • authorizes the assessment of civil and criminal
    penalties for violating the Act or regulations
  • authorizes the payment of rewards to anyone
    furnishing information leading to arrest and
    conviction for any violation of the Act or any
    regulation issued thereunder.

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