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Introduction to the New Testament


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Title: Introduction to the New Testament

Introduction to the New Testament
Relationship Between the Testaments
  • The Old Testament sets forth a system of doctrine
    and duty.
  • Historical record of facts
  • Involving and demonstrating the will of
    God in heaven
  • Mans duty toward God
  • Mans duty to himself and his fellowman

Relationship Between the Testaments
  • New Testament is not independent of the OT
    history it is a sequel to it.
  • Human redemption was in Gods mind before the
    creation (1 Peter 118-20 Ephesians 38-11).
  • Plans and provisions not known or understood
    during OT times
  • Revealed to man by Holy Spirit in the NT

Relationship Between the Testaments
  • Old Testament is the New Testament concealed the
    New Testament is the Old Testament revealed.
  • The two constitute the whole of divine
  • They complement each other.
  • Both have distinct unity.
  • In the OT, Gods eternal purpose is a mystery it
    is revealed in the NT (1 Corinthians 26-13
    Ephesians 31-7).

Old Testament Reveals
  • Necessity of holiness to receive blessings
  • Final consequences of sin
  • Eternal life as reward for faithfulness
  • Romans 154
  • Hebrews 11
  • Hebrews 3 and 4
  • Attributes of Deity
  • Gods eternal existence
  • Perfect holiness
  • Unity of Godhead
  • Unlimited power
  • Rule over the nations
  • Principles of righteousness

Fundamental Truths - OT
  • Promise
  • Prophecy
  • Type
  • Shadow
  • Christs resurrection
  • Future rewards and penalties
  • Gods universal provisions by grace
  • Atoning blood of Christ
  • Justification of all mankind

Fundamental Truths - NT
  • Coming of Christ
  • Perfect example of holiness
  • Death for our sins
  • His resurrection and justification
  • Ascension
  • Our King and High Priest
  • Establishment of the church
  • Relationship with Christ
  • Purchased with His blood
  • Signs confirming the gospel

Testament and Covenant
  • Old Testament - Gods covenant agreement with His
  • Confirmed by the sprinkling of animal blood
  • Ratified by agreement of the people
  • Exodus 197,8
  • Deuteronomy 527

Testament and Covenant
  • New Testament - Gods covenant agreement with His
    people today
  • Sanctified by Christs blood
  • Ratified by the peoples obedience to His
  • Provisions of Gods grace
  • Faith must be active and obedient.

New-Testament Background
  • Conditions of the times
  • Principles of righteousness are eternal.
  • Remain the same despite the circumstances
  • Principles and applications affected by exact
  • Effects on the writers

Religious Background
  • Jews and the history between Babylonian captivity
    and reign of the Herods
  • The synagogue worship continued until NT times.
  • Rebuilding
  • Greek (Hellenistic) influence
  • 100 years under Egypt

Religious Background
  • Maccabean Period broke the Syrian rule, and the
    temple was rededicated.
  • Jerusalem and Palestine remained under Roman
  • Herod dynasty
  • Herod the GreatKings of the Jews
  • Slaughter of young children
  • Murder of John the Baptist

Religious Background
  • Agrippathe last of the Herods
  • Pontius Pilate sentenced Jesus to death.
  • The Jews were scattered in every place.
  • The Law standard of ethical conduct
  • Septuagint increased the influence of the Jewish
  • Synagogues built
  • Pharisees and Sadducees

Political Background
  • Rome dominated the entire civilized world.
  • Emperor rule
  • After the battle of Carthage, Rome won control
    over the Italian peninsula.
  • Under the Caesars, Rome persecuted the
  • Palestines dual form of government
  • Jewish government headed by Herod
  • Roman government headed by Pilate

Cultural Background
  • Greece, in a real sense, captured the world with
    its culture.
  • Greek became the universal language.
  • Greek customs and culture pervaded, even in Rome.
  • Koine Greek - language of NT
  • Gnostic influences
  • Emphasized philosophy and learning
  • Widespread immorality
  • Skepticism was the order of the day.

Social Conditions
  • Army officers and politicians became very rich.
  • 85 million people7 million in Rome
  • 6 million slaves
  • Freedom could be purchased for a price.
  • Freedmen were a large class.
  • No middle class in Roman society
  • Nobility highly extravagant
  • There were organized trade guilds.

Trade and Commerce
  • The door of commercial opportunity was open to
    the Roman Empire.
  • Egypt grew grain for the empire.
  • Roman ships sailed the seas.
  • Wonderful highways encouraged travel.
  • Drinking houses filled with immorality
  • Alexandria had a great library.
  • Athens had its temples and culture.
  • Under Greek rule, the Jews were shown kindness.

Final Thoughts
  • Representatives of all 12 tribes still existed.
  • Scattered throughout the known world (Acts
  • Wherever the gospel spread, the people were
    acquainted with God through OT Scriptures.
  • In the beginning, Christianity was planted
    between great mountains of Jewish prejudice and
    heathen philosophy!
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