Catholic Essentials Chapter 5 The Sacraments of Christ - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 40
About This Presentation

Catholic Essentials Chapter 5 The Sacraments of Christ


... the doctrine of transubstantiation was defined and the Roman Missal was published by Pope Pius V ... Laying on of hands and anointing with chrism on the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:481
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 41
Provided by: avemariap


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Catholic Essentials Chapter 5 The Sacraments of Christ

Catholic Essentials
Chapter 5The Sacraments of Christ

Sign, Symbol, Sacrament
  • St. Thomas Aquinas taught that human development
    is marked by seven stages which parallel the
    seven sacraments.
  • We are born Baptism
  • We grow Confirmation
  • We are fed Eucharist
  • We are healed Penance
  • We recover Anointing of the Sick
  • We need and form family Matrimony
  • We need and respond to leaders Holy Orders

Signs and Symbols
Three definitions of Sacrament
  • St. Paul sacramentum mysterion Gods hidden
    plan to fulfill all things in Christ.
  • St. Augustine stressed sign and symbol (something
    concrete that points to something else.)
  • St. Thomas Aquinas added that sacraments are
    efficacious signs or symbols of grace. They
    effect, cause, and are what they signify.

Sacraments ARE what they symbolize
  • To be a sacrament, a sign or symbol must do the
  • Lead us to God
  • Come from God
  • Be an action of God
  • The best example
  • of a sacrament is
  • Jesus Christ himself.

The Primordial Sacrament
  • Jesus is the starting point of all sacraments.
  • Jesus is the perfect sign of Gods great love for
  • The fundamental nature of a sacrament is revealed
    in Jesus.

Liturgy (the Work of the People)
  • The first and most important work of the Church
    is to make present Christs Paschal Mystery here
    and now. We do this in liturgy.
  • All the sacraments are liturgy the work of the
    peoplenone are private affairs.
  • Every sacrament is a community affair an
    affair of the Church.

Jesus is really present in Eucharist
  • Jesus is present in the priest, the minister of
    the sacrament.
  • Jesus is present when the Holy Scriptures are
  • Jesus is present in the community assembled
  • Jesus is really present in the consecrated
    species of bread and wine.

The Church as Sacrament
  • The Church is a mystery.
  • The Church is beloved of Christ.
  • The Church is an efficacious symbol.

Council of Florence
  • Proper matter the prescribed materials.
  • Correct words or form the prescribed words and
  • Designated minister the prescribed minister.

The Seven Sacraments
  • The Sacraments of Initiation Baptism,
    Confirmation, Eucharist.
  • The Sacraments of Healing Reconciliation
    (Penance), Anointing of the Sick.
  • The Sacraments at the Service of Communion
    Matrimony, Holy Orders.

Sacraments of Initiation
  • Baptism brings new life in Christ.
  • Confirmation strengthens our new life with the
    gifts of the Holy Spirit.
  • Eucharist nourishes us with the Body and Blood
    of Christ.

Baptism Rites
  • Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) -
    A process for adults culminating in the
    celebration of all three sacraments of initiation
    at the Easter Vigil.
  • Rite of Baptism of Children - People did not want
    their children to wait until adulthood to be
    re-born in Christs lifeinfant baptism became

Four Steps of RCIA
  • Evangelization a person hears the word of God
    and responds to it. It is followed by a rite of
  • Catechumenate over the course of a year,
    catechumens study the faith in special parish
    classes, are mentored by a sponsor, do service,
    and participate in the Liturgy of the Word at
    Mass. On the first Sunday of Lent, candidates are
    enrolled in the Book of the Elect by the bishop.

Four Steps of RCIA
  • Purification and Enlightenment During Lent,
    catechumens scrutinize their lives and do
    penance. They receive the Lords Prayer and the
    Creed on which to center their lives. At the end
    of this period they receive the three sacraments
    of initiation at the Easter Vigil Mass.
  • Mystagogia The newly baptized neophytes
    continue to meet with one another after Easter
    until Pentecost, gradually taking their place in
    the Church.

Cradle Catholics
  • Most Catholics are initiated into the Church as
    infants through the Rite of Baptism of Children.
  • The childs parents and godparents speak in the
    name of the child.
  • Catechesis takes place after baptism.
  • Formation is gradual as the child grows
  • The other sacraments of initiation are received
    at a later time.

The Essential Rite of Baptism
  • Proper matter Water
  • Correct words or form Triple pouring of or
    immersion in water with the words, I baptize you
    in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of
    the Holy Spirit.
  • Designated minister bishop, priest, or deacon

Effects of Baptism
  • Washes away original sin and any other sins and
    the punishment due.
  • Makes us children of God and temples of the Holy
  • Welcomes us as members of the Church, the Body of
  • Marks us forever as sharers in the common
    priesthood of all believers, and in Christs
    mission of justice and peace.

Celebration of the Sacrament of Baptism
Lighted Candle
Anointing with Oil
White Garment
Requirements for Reception of the Sacrament of
  • Be prepared to profess the faith.
  • Be in the state of grace.
  • Intend to receive the sacrament.
  • Be prepared to witness to Jesus Christ.

The Essential Rite of Confirmation
  • Proper matter Chrism
  • Correct words or form Laying on of hands and
    anointing with chrism on the forehead with the
    words "(Name), be sealed with the gift of the
    Holy Spirit."
  • Designated minister Bishop

Development of the Eucharist
  • Christ instituted the Eucharist during a
    Passover meal held at the Last Supper as a
    memorial of his Death and Resurrection.
  • At the Council of Trent (1545 1563) the
    doctrine of transubstantiation was defined and
    the Roman Missal was published by Pope Pius V.

The Essential Rite of Eucharist
  • Proper matter unleavened bread and wine
  • Correct words or form Changing bread and wine
    into the Body and Blood of Christ by the words
    "Take this, all of you, and eat it this is my
    body which will be given up for you . . . Take
    this, all of you, and drink from it this is the
    cup of my blood of the new and everlasting
    covenant. It will be shed for you and for all so
    that sins may be forgiven. Do this in memory of
  • Designated minister Bishop or priest

Parts of the Eucharistic Liturgy
  • Introductory Rites
  • Sign of the Cross
  • Penitential Rite
  • Gloria
  • Opening Prayer
  • Liturgy of the Word
  • First Reading
  • Psalm Response
  • Second Reading
  • Gospel
  • Homily
  • Creed
  • General Intercessions
  • Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Preparation of the Altar
  • Presentation of the Gifts
  • Eucharistic Prayer
  • Great Amen
  • Communion Rite
  • Our Father
  • Lamb of God
  • Reception of Holy Communion
  • Prayer after Communion
  • Concluding Rite

Sacraments of Healing
Anointing of the Sick
Penance / Reconciliation
  • Our new life in Christ can be weakened by
    suffering, illness, death, and the effects of

Penance Reconciliation - Confession
  • Penance renews, restores, and strengthens our
    relationship with God and the community after it
    has been damaged by sin.
  • Penance shows that Gods love is without limits

Healing and Forgiveness
Essential Elements of Penance
  • The acts of the person who undergoes conversion
  • Contrition
  • Confession
  • Satisfaction
  • The intervention of the Church
  • Absolution from the priest
  • All Catholics are required to go to confession at
    least once per year to confess serious sins

God Alone Forgives Sin
  • Christian life is marked by lifelong conversion
  • Even though forgiveness is expressed through the
    Church and this Sacrament, God alone forgives sin

Anointing of the Sick
  • The sacrament encourages those who are sick to
    overcome the alienation caused by illness
  • Jesus continues to bring healing through the
    prayers of the Church, and through the
    sacraments, especially the Eucharist and the
    Anointing of the Sick

History of Anointing of the Sick
  • In the Middle Ages the sacrament was administered
    only to the dying and was called Extreme Unction
    the Last Anointing.
  • Viaticum is the final reception of the
  • Since Vatican II, this sacrament is celebrated
    for those suffering from serious illness, for the
    elderly, for those facing major surgery -- and
    for the dying.

Essential Elements of
Anointing of the Sick
  • The priest or bishop
  • lays his hands on the sick person
  • prays for the person in the faith of the Church
  • anoints the forehead and hands of the sick person
    with oil previously blessed by a bishop

Sacraments at the Service of Communion
  • These sacraments are directed toward the
    salvation of others, not toward those receiving
    the sacraments.

Holy Orders
Holy Orders
  • The ministerial priesthood
  • Sacramental ordination consecrates certain
    baptized men to one of three degrees of a sacred
  • Episcopate bishops
  • Presbyterate priests
  • Diaconate deacons

Essential Rite of Holy Orders
  • A call by God to serve the Church in a very
    special way.
  • Essential rite includes the laying on of hands
    by the bishop accompanied by a special prayer of
  • An indelible spiritual character is conferred on
    the ordained man.

  • Marriage is a sacred covenant --that is an
    agreement between the husband and wife, and
    between the couple and God.

  • From the time of creation, marriage has been an
    institution established by God, not by man.
  • Sacramental marriage was modeled on the
    relationship between Christ and the Church
  • The goodness of Marriage includes
  • The procreation of children.
  • The chastity of the spouses and their fidelity to
    each other.
  • The indissoluble union of marriage.

The Essential Rite of Matrimony
  • The essential element of Matrimony is the mutual
    consent to marry.
  • The words of consent must be freely given.
  • Catholics must marry in the presence of a priest
    or a deacon, and in the presence of two
  • The spouses themselves are the ministers of the

  • The family is called the domestic Church. The
    family is a living witness and testimony of
    eternal, unbreakable, and boundless love that the
    couple (and their children) give to one another
    and to the world.

The Seven Sacraments
  • The sacraments celebrate Jesus as the Way, the
    Truth, and the Life.
  • The sacraments are a way for us to live life to
    the fullest.
  • The sacraments are the way to allow Jesus to
    touch our lives.

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)