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Kakadu National Park, Australia: Analysis of the Management Plan

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Title: Kakadu National Park, Australia: Analysis of the Management Plan


1
Kakadu National Park, Australia Analysis of the
Management Plan
  • Diana Barszcz
  • May 11, 2006

2
Kakadu National Park
  • Located Northern Territory, Australia
  • Size 19,804 square km
  • Species 102 rare or threatened species
  • Special Interests World Heritage site
    Environmental and Cultural
  • 50,000 years of aboriginal life
  • Major landforms and habitats within the park
    include the sandstone plateau and escarpment,
    extensive areas of savanna woodlands and open
    forest, rivers, billabongs, floodplains,
    mangroves and mudflats. The area is richly
    diverse, ecologically and biologically.
  • -Setting the scene

3
(No Transcript)
4
Why was it created?
  • 1965 Need for conservation and protection of
    aboriginal rights
  • The wetlands are of international importance
  • Threat of encroachment of development on
    aboriginal land and desire to protect it
  • A national park would protect their land and
    place it under management
  • 50 of park land is owned by Aboriginal land
    trusts
  • For the enjoyment and benefit of all Australians
  • The park is proclaimed under the National Parks
    and Wildlife Conservation Act of 1975

5
Management Goals
  • Respect the interests of Aboriginal traditional
    owners
  • Conserve the natural and cultural heritage of the
    park, which is of regional, national, and
    international significance
  • Encourage visitors to appreciate, enjoy, and
    understand the park
  • -Kakadu National Park Plan of Management Vision

6
Management Actions
  • There are many cultural management plans, but
    will not be discussed here
  • Ecological management pertains to
  • Fire
  • Native, Exotic, and Weed Plants
  • Native, Introduced, and Feral Animals
  • Leasing lands for development

7
Constraints to Planning
  • The Aboriginal Land Rights Act of 1976
  • National Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act of
    1975
  • Tourism and conservation
  • A place where people live and work, Kakadu is
    also important to local residents and neighbors
    as a place for recreation, education and
    appreciation of the natural and cultural
    environment

8
Ecological Values
  • World Heritage Site
  • Outstanding examples representing significant
    ongoing geological processes, biological
    evolution, and mans interaction with his natural
    environment.
  • Unique, rare or superlative natural phenomena,
    formations or features or areas of exceptional
    beauty.
  • The most important and significant habitats where
    species of plants and animals of outstanding
    universal value from the point of view of science
    and conservation still survive.

9
Socioeconomic Values
  • Hunting and gathering environment for traditional
    owners
  • Form of employment
  • Tourism plays a large role in the economics of
    the area
  • Mining and other ventures

10
Eco/Social Balance
  • Uranium deposits wont be mined in the park
  • Impact statements must be created for operations
    in the park
  • Tourism makes up for lost revenue in resource
    extraction
  • Aboriginals can lease land
  • Aboriginals collect resources from the land in
    order to sell
  • Sections are protected from development

11
Stakeholder Involvement
  • The current plan (4th) requires traditional
    owners to participate in joint management and be
    members of a Board of Management
  • 10/14 members of Board of management is
    aboriginals (est. 1989) Director, assistant
    secretary, conservation scientist, and tourism
  • Employing traditional owners and aboriginals
  • 43 different representatives for creation of this
    plan

12
Ecological Boundaries
  • Works from local to international
  • Has a wide variety of landscapes that are
    solitarily and group managed
  • Historic range of variability is not a question
    as traditional owners were present for 50,000
    years

13
Monitoring the Plan
  • In 1995, the plan was updated into its 4th form
    by Dr David Lawrence after identifying the
    establishment history and issues of joint
    management
  • Park workers, consultants, research permits, and
    head scientist all conduct monitoring and
    research

14
Strengths and Weaknesses
  • Incredible amounts of stakeholder involvement
  • A lot of research being conducted to improve the
    plan continually
  • Difficult to manage for so many different areas
    i.e. cultural and ecological
  • Hard to find funding for all this work

15
Current Status
  • This plan is now currently under review
  • Present plan includes the needed improvements
    from the previous
  • May 10, 2006 Kakadu National Park received
    funding in its budget to clean up uranium
    contamination

16
An Effective Plan? Yes
  • The goals and objectives are clearly stated and
    permeate throughout the plan
  • It recognizes the human use and values
  • The plan and management requires stakeholder
    involvement
  • It is an adaptive plan with active monitoring
  • Uses many ecosystem management concepts

17
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