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Disaster Management - Perspective Planning


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Title: Disaster Management - Perspective Planning

Disaster Management - Perspective Planning GOI
Initiatives National Institute for Disaster
Management Ministry of Home Affairs, GOI
The Indian Context
  • Area 3.2 m sq. kms.
  • States UTs 28 and 7
  • Capital Delhi
  • Population (2001) One billion
  • (25.7
    Decadal G. Rate 21.34
  • Sex Ratio 933 /1000
  • Literacy rate 65.38
  • Coastline gt 8000 Kms.
  • Multi agroclimatic
  • Multi lingual
  • Multi ethnic
  • Multi religious

Hazard Vulnerability in India
Lessons from Recent Disasters
  • Lack of disaster preparedness at all levels.
  • Lack of mitigation planning
  • Lack of communication networking and
    dissemination of information among states
  • Delayed response due to mismanagement of
  • relief, resources, manpower and duty
  • Lack of Interface and Coordination with State,
    District Administration Community

Initiatives after IDNDR
  • The Reports of the High Powered Committee (HPC)
    and National Committee on Disaster Management
    (chaired by PM) identified wide-ranging issues
    and concerns and over last couple of years GOI
    adopted new approach-
  • Shift in focus from reactive response oriented
    action to proactive prevention, preparedness and
    mitigation oriented action. Investments in
    mitigation more cost effective than expenditure
    on relief and rehabilitation .
  • Development cannot be sustainable unless disaster
    mitigation is built into development process.

Initiatives after IDNDR
  • Mitigation has to be multi disciplinary spanning
    across all sectors of development.
  • Annual targets fixed for various components.
  • A National Disaster Management Framework has also
  • been drawn up.
  • Primary objective is to mainstream disaster risk
    reduction into development process.
  • Planning Commission accepted the need for a Safe
    National Development
  • A Chapter on Disaster Management incorporated in
    the Tenth Plan document.

Nodal Ministry Institutional Mechanism
  • MHA declared Nodal Ministry for Disaster
    Management except drought vide Notification dated
  • Effective transfer from 1/6/02
  • The Central Relief Commissioner (CRC) in MHA
    nodal officer to coordinate relief operation
    for natural disasters.
  • Shift in focus from post disaster response and
    relief to pre-disaster aspects-preparedness,
    mitigation and human resource development
  • National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) under
    Cabinet Secretary has Secretaries of all command
    Ministries as members of NCMC.
  • Crisis Management Group (CMG). CRC Chairman of
    CMG with nodal officers from concerned ministries
    as members.

Institutional Mechanisms in Offing
  • National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA)
    set up at the national level with appropriate
    systems and resource linkages.
  • States asked to convert Departments of Relief and
    Rehabilitation into Departments of Disaster
    Management with wider Terms of Reference to
    include mitigation and vulnerability reduction-
    11 States change over taken place.
  • Andhra Pradesh, Tamilnadu, Arunachal Pradesh,
    Uttaranchal, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan,
    Nagaland, Andaman Nicobar Admn, Sikkim and
  • States also asked to set up Disaster Management
    Authorities with the Chief Minister as the Head
    and Ministers of relevant Departments like
    Health, Agriculture, Water Resources, Home, Urban
    Development, PWD as Members. 10 States have
  • Tamilnadu, Orissa, Gujarat Arunachal Pradesh,
    Uttaranchal, Kerala, Nagaland, Delhi, Andaman
    Nicobar Islands and Chandigarh Admn.
  • Constitution of District level Disaster
    Management Committees under District Magistrate
    (In 256 districts already constituted).

  • National Disaster Management Policy drafted,
    Proposes to integrate disaster mitigation into
    developmental planning. Objectives
  • - To minimize loss of
    lives and social, private and community
  • - Contribute to sustainable development
  • - Better standard of living for all
  • - Protect interest of poor and
    vulnerable sections
  • States also advised to clearly enunciate a
    Disaster Management PolicyMadhya Pradesh, and
    Gujarat have notified, many in pipeline

Broad Features of Draft National Policy on DM
  • A holistic and proactive approach
  • Each Ministry /Deptt. set apart an appropriate
    fund under the plan for specific schemes
    /projects for vulnerability reduction and
  • Each project in hazards prone area will have
  • mitigation as an essential TOR.
  • Community involvement awareness generation.
  • Close interaction between corporate sector,
    NGO,media and Govt.
  • SOPs and DM Plans at all level for handling
    specific disasters.
  • Contd..

Broad Features of Draft National Policy on DM
  • Institutional structures to be built up and
    development of inter state arrangements for
    sharing of resources during emergencies.
  • Culture of Planning and preparedness for
    capacity building.
  • Construction designs as per Bureau of standards
  • All life line buildings e.g.. hospitals, railway
    stations, airport control towers, etc to be
    disaster resistant or retrofitted.
  • Revision of Relief Codes in the States and
    develop them into disaster management

Legal Framework
  • Inclusion of Disaster Management in the Seventh
    Schedule of the Constitution
  • States advised to adopt Disaster Management
    Acts.- Gujarat and Bihar have enacted the Act ,
    many States in pipeline.
  • States advised to change their Relief Codes into
    Disaster Management Codes by including aspects of
    prevention/reduction/mitigation - Guidelines
    prepared by NIDM.

  • Terms of Reference of the Twelfth Finance
    Commission changed to mandate that the Finance
    Commission looks at the entire disaster
    management cycle and not only relief and
  • Memorandum drafted in consultation with States,
    sent to the Finance Commission and includes
    creation of Disaster Mitigation Fund

Thrust Areas
Pre Disaster Preparedness
  • Emergency Operation Centers
  • Multi-purpose Cyclone Shelters
  • Coastal Shelterbelt Plantation
  • National Disaster Information System
  • Early Warning System

  • Contd

  • Mapping
  • Disaster Insurance
  • Capacity Building Training Research
  • Documentation Data-base Management
  • Inventory Equipment Management
  • Emergency Services
  • Minimum Standards of Relief for people
  • with special needs

During Disaster
  • Emergency search rescue
  • Disposal of dead bodies and Carcass
  • Ex-gratia announcement
  • Immediate relief
  • Mobile Hospitals

Post-Disaster After Care
  • Restoration of Basic Facilities
  • Relief Reconstruction
  • Economic Rehabilitation
  • Psycho-social Rehabilitation
  • Community Mental Health
  • Scientific Damage Assessment

Guidelines issued to all Ministries/ State
  • Wherever there is a shelf of projects, projects
    addressing mitigation will be given priority.
  • At least one Search Rescue Unit comprising one
    coy of Armed Police, one engineering unit and one
    medical unit.
  • Ministry of Finance sanction -for procuring
    search rescue equipment for these teams.
  • All projects in vulnerable areas must have
    disaster mitigation as a Term of Reference
  • States to set up District Control rooms under
    District Magistrates for both law and
    order/disaster management. 602 Emergency
    Operation Centers to be set up in 35 States and
    UT. 125 EOC to be set up under GoI/UNDP Project.

Response Systems
  • A National Steering Committee under the Home
    Secretary to oversee the creation of capabilities
    for emergency response.
  • National Emergency Response Force being
    constituted with state-of-the-art training and
  • 8 bns being converted to specialist emergency
    teams. 3 training centers identified NISA,
    Hyderabad, ITBP Training centre at Bhanu and CTC,
    Coimbatore. Training of Trainers completed at
    NISA, Hyderabad and ITBP Training Centre, Bhanu.
    Training of teams in progress.
  • Well equipped Regional Response Centers being set
    up 12 already identified.

National Project for strengthening of emergency
and fire services.
  • Project finalized to convert Fire Services into
    all hazard response units cost Rs.2457 crores).
  • Equipping and training of fire services for
    carrying out search and rescue in all types of
  • Filling up deficiencies in the availability of
    fire units as well as rescue equipments at
    sub-divisional and district level.
  • Provision of Hazmat vans in selected metropolitan
  • Planning Commission has given in principle
    clearancebeing posed to MOF

NBC Emergency Response
  • NBC Emergencies out of the 8 bns, 4 bns to be
    trained and equipped for responding to NBC
    emergencies. BARC designated as nodal agency for
    training of trainers in nuclear emergencies. 48
    trainers trained there.
  • TOTs for biological/chemical emergencies to be
    carried out at DRDE, Gwalior.
  • NISA, Hyderabad and ITBP Training Centre at Bhanu
    also to have faculties for training NBC teams.

State level initiatives
  • Creation of capabilities in States States
    advised to set up specialist response teams.
    Action initiated by Orissa, Gujarat, Maharashtra,
  • Provision made in the CRF that 10 of the funds
    can be used for purchase of search and rescue

Incident Command System
  • In order to professionalize the management of
    response, Incident Command System being
    introduced. LBSNAA identified as the Core
    Training Institution.
  • Curriculum and training of trainers being
    undertaken in collaboration with United States
    Forest Service.
  • 3 programmes conducted. 42 officers trained in
    Basic and Intermediate ICS course and 29 officers
    trained in Planning Section Module.

India Disaster Resource Network
  • India Disaster Resource Network - Establishment
    of web-enabled, centralized database for quick
    access to resources to minimize response time in
    emergencies for the disaster managers at
    district/State/National level.
  • The IDRN is a live system providing for updating
    of inventory every year. Entries into the
    inventory are made at two levels district and
    State level. It has 226 items.
  • IDRN inaugurated on 1st September 2003
  • 69,329 records in 545 districts uploaded.

  • National DM Communication Plan prepared for
    implementation. Dedicated Communication System
    for disaster management with built-in
  • Multi Channel Communication System. Links
  • Satellite Communication based on mobile
    voice/data/video communication between national
    EOC/State EOC/ District EOC/Mobile EOC and
    Disaster/Emergency Site.
  • Development of a GIS based National Database for
    Disaster Management.

National Emergency Operation Centre
  • Control Room at MHA upgraded to National
    Emergency Operation Centre which is equipped with
    SATPHONES5, GPS5, GIS info system etc-Control
    room personnel trained in use of equipments
  • States being assisted to set up Control Rooms at
    the State level GOI-UNDP project.
  • 602 EOC in each district in the country being set
    up under GOI-UNDP project.

Earthquake Mitigation Initiatives
  • An Earthquake Mitigation Project drawn up with
    estimated cost of Rs.1132 crores. In principle
    cleared by Planning Commission.
  • National Core Group for Earthquake Mitigation
    formed with eminent national experts and resource
    institutions as Members to draw up a strategy for
    mitigation, development of handbooks etc and
    evolve systems for training of municipal
  • Working with States in seismic zones III, IV and
    V for
  • review of Building Bye-laws,
  • Awareness generation and
  • training of engineers and masons
  • National Programme for Capacity Building in
    Earthquake Mitigation formulated for training of
    10,000 engineers and architects.
  • Curriculum for inclusion of earthquake
    engineering aspects drawn up in consultation with
    IIT, Kanpur
  • AICTE advised to develop curriculum for inclusion
    of mitigation technologies in technical education
  • Steps initiated for examination of the structural
    safety of life-line buildings and public
    utilities from the seismic point of view.
  • Micro Zonation undertaken by Department of
    Science Technology.

Earthquake Mitigation Project
  • To cover 116 districts in seismic zones IV and V.
  • Putting techno-legal regime in place.
  • Capacity building/training of engineers/masons
  • Awareness through technology demonstration.
  • Retrofitting of life line buildings and public
  • Formulation of preparedness and response plans.
  • Planning Commission has agreed in principle and
    being submitted to MOF

Accelerated Urban Earthquake Safety
  • 38 cities with a population of over half a
    million in seismic zones III, IV and V taken up
    for focused attention as regards earthquake
  • Consultations with all stakeholders organized in
    38 cities.
  • Awareness generation programme initiated in all
  • Information, education and communication
    materials developed in local languages
  • Review of existing techno-legal regime and its
    compliance initiated
  • Training of architects and engineers started in
    association with IITs. 1088 engineers and 825
    architects trained so far.

Cyclone Monitoring Mitigation Project
  • To cover 13 cyclone prone States and UTs cost
    Rs.1050 crores in collaboration with World Bank.
  • Strengthening of cyclone tracking and monitoring
    and early warning system.
  • Storm surge modeling.
  • Preparation of disaster management plans at
    different levels.
  • Conservation and regeneration of mangrove forest
    coastal shelter belt plantation.
  • Construction of saline embankments and cyclone
  • (Approved by Government)

(No Transcript)
Initiatives by NIDM
  • In keeping with NIDMs envisaged role of a
    leading Centre of Excellence in disaster risk
    mitigation and management in India and the
    region. Visioning exercise in process.
  • NIDM is presently providing guidelines for
    converting the States Relief Manuals/Codes into
    Disaster Management Manuals/Codes
  • To make training need based, a nationwide TNA is
    being conducted. First draft of HR Plan prepared
    and submitted.
  • NIDM is preparing training modules of various
    line Departments keeping their job
    responsibilities. 11 modules already prepared.
  • NIDM has undertaken capacity building of State

Capacity Building Initiative
  • Youth Organizations and Student Bodies like
    NCC/NSS/ Scouts Guides to be provided training
    in Emergency Response and Awareness Generation
  • Media professionals to be sensitized and
    encouraged to integrate DM components in
    different programmes for public awareness.
  • AICTE to include disaster mitigation
    technologies in engineering courses.
  • IITs have taken up an orientation for
    lecturers/professors in engineering colleges in
    disaster mitigation technologies.
  • Disaster Management introduced in CBSE School
    curriculum of classes 8th, 9th and 10th.
  • States advised to include Disaster Management in
    school curriculum.
  • MHA prepared set of resource materials developed
    by various organizations / institutions to be
    replicated and disseminated by State Governments
    based on their vulnerabilities.

Multi-hazard Preparedness and Response Planning-
Community Approach
  • All hazard-prone areas to have community-based
    disaster preparedness plansDisaster Management
    Committees DMCs, Disaster Management Teams
    DMTs and Volunteer Task Forces VTFs
  • Roles and responsibilities to be defined in the
    DM Acts/Codes
  • Regular training and drills organized through
    local-self Governments
  • Preparation of inventory of local resources and
    their management

National Emergency Management Authority (NEMA)
  • Major components include constitution of corpus
    fund for NEMA
  • 8 Battalions to be fully trained and equipped, 4
    each in natural and NBC disasters
  • Air mobility by purchase of one large aircraft
    and 3 MI 17 helicopters
  • Setting up of 3 mobile hospitals
  • Strengthening of Civil Defence - to play a
    crucial role in disaster situations.

National Emergency Response Force
  • 8 Battalions to form a National Emergency
    Response Force
  • Civil Defense to be adequately strengthened
  • DG(CD) to be re-designated as DG (NERF CD)
  • DG (NERF CD) to be in-charge of NERF as well as
    Civil Defense

Opportunities for International Cooperation
  • In developing framework for vulnerability
    reduction and natural disaster mitigation.
  • Collaborative training and capacity building on
    disaster management
  • Deployment of rapid response and assessment teams
    on request.
  • Institutional capacity building for host country
    -education, academic and training institutions

Thank You
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