Unit 1: Basic Principles of Government - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Unit 1: Basic Principles of Government

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Unit 1: Basic Principles of Government Pillars of Democracy The Pillars of Democracy The components needed for a democracy to be successful and prosperous; if one is ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Unit 1: Basic Principles of Government


1
Unit 1 Basic Principles of Government
  • Pillars of Democracy

2
The Pillars of Democracy
  • The components needed for a democracy to be
    successful and prosperous if one is missing,
    democracy would be weakened and eventually
    crumble.

3
What is
  • Democracy- rule by the people.
  • Direct Democracy- the people run the day to day
    aspects of the government. We do not have this
    type of democracy!!!
  • Representative Government- the people elect
    officials that will represent their interests in
    government.

4
Sovereignty of the People
  • The people are free and independent of each other
    and the government and have the power to make
    their own decisions.

5
Example
  • Upheld I can make my own career/life choices,
    unlike in a totalitarian society.
  • Falls Boss Tweed, drafted in to war

6
Government based upon consent of the governed
  • The government can only make decisions if they
    have the approval of the people for which it
    exists.

7
Examples
  • Upheld Voting, representative government,
    impeachment
  • Falls- Gun Control in NYS

8
Majority Rule
  • Decisions are made when over half of the
    population (or elected body) approves it.

9
Example
  • Upheld President Barack Obama was re-elected in
    2012
  • Falls Al Gore the Electoral college

10
Minority Rights
  • The rights of the minority voice can not be
    ignored even with majority rule the people share
    the same rights.

11
Examples
  • Upheld Civil Rights Movement, Voting Rights Act
    of 1965
  • Falls Jim Crow Laws

12
Guarantee of basic human rights
  • All citizens are guaranteed the rights of life,
    liberty, property, and the pursuit of
    happinessthese can not be taken away.

13
Examples
  • Upheld Gay marriage, not to be killed, not to
    have your possessions stolen.
  • Falls Gay marriage in a state that does not
    allow it!!!

14
Free and fair elections
  • The electoral process is open to all people, free
    of cost, and all citizens have the right to run
    as well as vote in the election.

15
Examples
  • Upheld Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Falls Literacy tests, Poll Taxes, Grandfather
    Clauses

16
Equality before the law
  • Justice is blind, there is no factor/characteristi
    c that is distinguishable in the face of the
    lawall citizens have the same rights and
    freedoms under the laws.

17
Example
  • Upheld A Muslim American will be treated the
    same as all other Americans.
  • Falls Muslim Americans being racially profiled
    and treated as a terrorist threat.

18
Due Process of Law
  • All citizens are guaranteed the same procedures
    when charged with breaking the law Miranda
    rights, etc.

19
Example
  • Upheld A jury of your peers will determine your
    guilt or innocence.
  • Falls Vigilante justice, not being read your
    Miranda Rights

20
Constitutional limits on Government
  • Principles exist to prevent the government from
    becoming too powerful.

21
Examples
  • Upheld Checks and Balances, Separation of
    Powers, Veto Power
  • Falls F.D.R. served 4 terms in office- led to a
    2 term limit.

22
Social, Economic Political Pluralism
  • Differences are allowed and promoted in the
    government because the citizens of America are
    vastly different.
  • Pluralism various ethnic, religious, etc. groups
    existing together in a nation.

23
Examples
  • Upheld The Amish in Pennsylvania, Native
    American Nations
  • Falls Hate crimes

24
Values of tolerance, pragmatism, cooperation, and
compromise
  • Citizens of the nation must work with one another
    respecting the different opinions and values
    also they must be realistic in their decisions
    and be willing to compromise so that work may be
    done.

25
Examples
  • Upheld Bipartisanship in our govt.
  • Falls Not allowing religious decorations or
    songs in public schools.

26
Pick a Pillar3x5 Card
  • Put your name on the 3x5 card.
  • On one side, pick the pillar you feel is most
    important and WHY.
  • On the other side of the card, pick the pillar
    you feel is least important and WHY.
  • Hand in on your way out the door.
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