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Title: The%20Outsiders

The Outsiders
  • Grade 9 English Unit

Group Discussion Questions
  • What is a gang?
  • Who joins gangs?
  • Why do people join gangs?
  • Brainstorm what you know about gangs, in general.
    If you know anything about specific gangs,
    mention that also.

On the Sidewalk Bleedingby Evan Hunter
  • Read the short story and answer the questions
  • 1. What is the setting of the story? How do you
  • 2. Using a plot diagram, outline the plot of the
  • 3. Why dont any of the people who find Andy
    help him?
  • 4. Why did Andy join a gang? Discuss Andys
    reasons and whether or not they make sense to you.

On the Sidewalk Bleedingby Evan Hunter
  • 5. What is the climax of the story? What is the
    symbolic significance of the action Andy performs
    at this point?
  • 6. What conclusions can you draw from the police
    officers comments at the end of the story?
  • 7. Is Andy a round character or a flat one?
    Explain why you think so.
  • 8. One goal of this story is to teach. What
    message(s) might the author be trying to make?
    How does your answer to Question 5., above, make
    the story more tragic, and so make the message to
    the reader more clear?

The Outsidersby S. E. Hinton
  • The 60s

The Importance of the Setting of a Novel
  • Having a clear idea of where and when your story
    or novel takes place helps the reader to
    understand the characters thoughts, motivations
    and actions more clearly.

On the Sidewalk Bleeding By Evan Hunter
  • Alley
  • NY city
  • WHEN
  • Night
  • 1980s or 90s

The murder is easily accepted when we know it
happened on the streets of NYC especially when
gangs are involved. This setting allows the
author to focus on Andys thoughts, actions and
changes in his character. It allows the author
to teach a lesson and focus on theme. If the
setting wasnt believable then it would take away
from the character development and theme.
What do you know about the 60s?
Music and Recording Artists
  • Sonny and Cher

  • Shows

Movies, Theatre and Stars
  • 1960Ocean's ElevenPsychoThe ApartmentSpartacus
    The Time Machine 1961The Parent TrapThe
    Music ManWest Side StorySplendor In The
    GrassThe MisfitsBreakfast At Tiffany's
    1962To Kill A MockingbirdThe Manchurian
    CandidateLawrence Of ArabiaDr. NoThe Miracle
    WorkerWhatever Happened To Baby Jane?Lolita
  • 1963From Russia, With LoveIt's A Mad, Mad, Mad,
    Mad WorldThe Pink PantherCleopatraThe
    BirdsHow The West Was WonHud 1964A Hard
    Day's NightMary PoppinsMy Fair
    LadyGoldfingerDr. Strangelove

  • 1967In The Heat Of The NightThe Dirty
    DozenGuess Who's Coming To DinnerBonnie
    ClydeThe GraduateIn Cold BloodCamelotDoctor
    Doolittle 19682001 A Space OdysseyYellow
    SubmarineRomeo JulietPlanet Of The ApesNight
    Of The Living DeadOliver! Rosemary's
    BabyBarbarellaFunny GirlThe ProducersFinian's
  • 1965The Sound Of MusicCat BallouHelp!Dr.
    ZhivagoHush..Hush, Sweet Charlotte
    1966Fantastic VoyageBatmanBlowupWho's
    Afraid Of Virginia Woolf?A Man For All
    SeasonsGeorgy GirlAlfieBorn Free

  • 1969The Prime Of Miss Jean BrodieButch Cassidy
    The Sundance KidMidnight CowboyEasy
    RiderTrue GritHello, Dolly!Paint Your Wagon

Lifestyle, Products etc.
Christmas Gifts of the 60s
  • BarbieG.I. Joeelectric can opener
    (7.77)Beatles albumsBeatles toy guitars,
    lunchboxes, etc.Viewmaster (1.75)Super
    Ballsladies stretch slacks (3.97)
  • spy toyssled (3.00)Hot WheelsPoor
    Pitiful Pearl doll (8.00)Tonka
    trucksTwisterMrs. Beasley doll

  • Hairstyles

  • Electronics

Home Decor
  • Split level houses, ranch style
  • Tupperware
  • Rotary dial phones, Rabbit ears, Metal TV. trays

Politics and Society etc.
  • J. F. Kennedy
  • Integration of blacks

Write down these subject areas in your notebook
  • Music and Recording Artists
  • T.V.
  • Movies, Theatre and Stars
  • Lifestyles, Products etc.
  • Fashion
  • Technology
  • Home Décor
  • Politics

Research Assignment
  • What was it like to be a person in the setting
    of The Outsiders?
  • You have formed FOUR research teams. Your task
    is to learn about the context of the 1960s.
  • You will be assigned a specific time period,
    and your job is to prepare an organized report on
    the time period assigned, detailing aspects of
    the context of the time.

Form a Research Team
  • Your research team must have the following roles
    assigned to members
  • Researcher All members of the group! Assign
  • Presenter All members of the group! Assign
  • Picture finder
  • Presentation Preparer (Word)
  • Presentation Preparer (Flipchart)
  • In reality, all roles are assigned to all
    members, but the primary responsibility for that
    role must be assigned to one person in

Research Assignment
  • Goal The goal is to create a presentation that
    informs the class of the context of the novel.
  • Materials 2 pieces of printer paper
  • 1 page of flipchart paper
  • You can fill up to TWO standard-size pages with
    information on your years. You must organize
    your information CONCISELY, and LEARN things to
    fill in the details.

  • This assignment will be evaluated in three ways
  • 1) Classroom work Organizing, using class time
  • effectively, and working well in a group.
  • 2) Materials Preparation of information into
    useable form.
  • 3) Presentation Presenting the information to
    the class. Every member of the group must
    have a part. Presentations must take no more
    than 10 minutes per group.

  • Day 1 Organize team, conduct research in
    Library and/or on computers.
  • Homework Conduct additional research if
  • Day 2 Conduct additional research.
  • Prepare presentation materials.
  • Prepare presentation.
  • Homework Anything else that needs to be
    done for the presentation.
  • Day 3 Present 10 minutes per presentation!
  • Journal What I thought about the
    presentations, the process of creating the
    presentations, what I learned in the
    presentations, etc.

Your Assignment
  • Group 1
  • 1960-1962
  • Group 3
  • 1965-67
  • Group 2
  • 1963-1965
  • Group 4
  • 1968-69

Assignment A Letter to the Future . . .
  • Write a two-three page double spaced letter to
    someone in the future (2006).
  • You, the writer, are a teen in the 1960s. Your
    focus will be on the specific year and topics
    given to your group.
  • Explain in detail what your life is like while
    incorporating the specific information required.

The Outsiders
  • by S.E. Hinton

(No Transcript)
About the Author
  • S.E. Hinton was just 17 years old when she
    published the novel The Outsiders, a modern
    classic of teen literature which has been
    alternately praised and condemned since it was
    first published in 1967.

About the Book
  • The story of the struggle between two groups of
    teens, the novel gained popularity among readers
    and educators in the 1970s for its frank
    depiction of violence and cruelty in the social
    structure of American high schools.
  • The book is frequently challenged for use in high
    school because of its portrayal of violence,
    language, drug and alcohol abuse, and the fact
    that "virtually all the characters were from
    broken homes."

Slang in the Novel
  • Slang is a form of diction used by authors. It
    is used in the novel as an indirect
    characterization technique (i.e. to develop
    believable characters).
  • Diction - word choice. Word choice can be formal,
    informal, colloquial or slang.
  • Slang a newly coined word not accepted for
    formal usage yet, and is usually not found in the
  • Indirect Characterization The author gives
    certain information and lets the reader draw
    his/her own conclusions regarding the character.

Slang in the Novel cont.
  • Copy the following definitions of slang into your
    notebook. Refer to them when you need to, as we
    read the book.
  • boozed To be drunk
  • breeze An attractive girl/boy
  • cooler Jail
  • cancer stick A cigarette
  • hacked off To be angry.
  • heater A hand-gun
  • fly A cute girl

Slang in the Novel cont.
  • fuzz Police/law enforcement
  • jumped To be attacked the Greasers use this to
    describe attacks by the Socs
  • lift To steal, shoplift, or pick-pocket
  • lighting up Smoking
  • lone it Doing something alone
  • rank Something uncool and not fun
  • rolled To rob
  • rumble A gang fight
  • scrap To fight
  • tuff Something cool
  • weed drug (In this novel it refers to

Plot in the Novel
  • climax
  • rising action falling action
  • inciting force denouement

  • Practice Taking Notes
  • Take brief notes on each of the characters.
    Write down the characters name on the left side
    of your page, and write three or more things
    about that character on the right.
  • Note that the descriptions that follow are
    character sketches created from a close reading
    of the authors characterization techniques!

  • Ponyboy Michael Curtis, 14 The youngest of the
    Curtis brothers and main protagonist of the
    novel, he is a daydreamer, painter, and a bit of
    a bookworm. A heavy smoker, Ponyboy is also a
    star on his school's track team and is best
    friends with Johnny Cade. Ponyboy is a deep
    analyzer, but sometimes overlooks the obvious. He
    is particularly attached to his hair and was
    upset when Johnny told him that he had to cut it
    when they were on the run.

  • Ponyboy hates fighting, and the stereotypes put
    on people, such as "Greasers" and "Socs." He
    often wonders what life would be like were there
    are no Greasers or Socs no labels, just people.
    He has a very close relationship with his
    second-oldest brother, Sodapop, who he feels is
    the only other person, besides Johnny, that he
    can confide in. His parents recently died in a
    car crash.

Note-taking example
  • 14, youngest bro
  • Reads,paints
  • Smokes heavily
  • Hair important!! ? must cut it on the run
  • Hates fighting stereotypes /labels
  • Close to Sodapop
  • Parents died in car crash
  • Ponyboy Michael Curtis

  • Johnny Cade, 16 "If you can picture a little
    dark puppy that has been kicked too many times
    and is lost in a crowd of strangers, you'll have
    Johnny," says Ponyboy. Johnny is a small and
    timid boy. His shy and nervous nature stems from
    years of abuse from his parents, and a recent
    jumping from a Soc, who is later revealed to be
    Bob Shelton. Bob wore many large rings on his
    hand when he jumped Johnny, which scarred
    Johnny's face. Ever since then, Johnny never
    walks alone, and carries a six-inch switchblade
    in his back pocket. He looks up to Dallas Winston
    and is prone to instability and emotional

  • Although he never finished school, Johnny is very
    good at analyzing things that many other people
    do not understand. Johnny is the "gang's pet,
    everyone's kid brother," and relies on the
    Greasers for the love and affection he does not
    get at home.

  • Dallas "Dally" Winston, 17 The tough guy of the
    group, Dallas is considered extremely dangerous.
    He spent his teenage years in jail, which
    hardened him seemingly beyond caring. Although he
    is not muscular, even Darry Curtis is afraid to
    fight him. Dallas is the opposite of Johnny he
    is prone to react rashly and violently, even to
    his friends, and avoids showing emotion as much
    as possible. He does, however, have a soft spot
    for Johnny, and is very protective of the younger

  • Ponyboy on Dallas "He had an elfish face, with
    high cheekbones and a pointed chin, small, sharp
    animal teeth, and ears like a lynx. His hair was
    almost white it was so blonde, and he didn't like
    haircuts, or hair oil either, so it fell over his
    forehead in wisps and kicked out the back in
    tufts and curled behind his ears and along the
    nape of his neck. His eyes were blue, blazing
    ice, cold with a hatred of the world."

  • Sodapop Patrick Curtis, 16 The middle Curtis
    brother, he is described as extremely good
    looking and is an undefeated fighter, though he
    is not the runner his brothers are. Sodapop is
    very carefree, preferring to play around rather
    than do any work. He isolates himself and smokes
    only when he's upset otherwise, he is social and
    hyperactive. Although he is generally very
    optimistic, when reality hits him, it hits him
    hard enough to sink him into an extremely deep

  • Sodapop is always sticking up for Ponyboy around
    Darry and tells Ponyboy things he tells no one
    else. Sodapop is the only one who can tease Darry
    and get away with it. He has a girlfriend, Sandy.

  • Darrel "Darry" Shaynne Curtis, Jr., 20 The
    eldest of the Curtis boys, Darry is tall,
    broad-shouldered, and muscular. Darry is
    occasionally perceived as cold and uncaring, as a
    result of assuming the role of parental figure
    after the death of his parents, in order to keep
    the family together. Ponyboy had believed that
    Darry did not love him, yet later realizes
    otherwise when Darry cried for him, since Darry
    did not cry at the death of their parents.
    Because of his build, Darry is often referred to
    as "Superman" or "Muscles." He roofs houses for a
    living. He is Ponyboy's opposite he is as
    logical as Ponyboy is imaginative.

  • He is attentive to Ponyboy's grades, though not
    upset about Sodapop dropping out of high school.
    Darry is very bitter about the fact that he never
    went to college, even though he had been offered
    an athletic scholarship. Even though Darry is
    associated with the Greasers, he keeps his hair
    cut short. Ponyboy notes that Darry is very
    Soc-like and too "smart" to be a Greaser, and the
    only reason that Darry was not a Soc was because
    he would not turn his back on his brothers or the

  • Keith "Two-Bit" Mathews, 18 He has been known as
    "Two-Bit" for so long that even his teachers have
    forgotten that his real name is Keith. Two-Bit is
    the joker of the gang, always smiling and
    cracking jokes. Like Sodapop, he lives for action
    and fun. Though nearly 19 years old, Two-Bit is
    still a junior in high school because he finds
    school "entertaining."

  • With his long sideburns and deep grey eyes,
    Two-Bit is known as both a shoplifter and a
    ladies' man, though he is not perceived to be as
    good-looking as Sodapop. He loves fighting, his
    black-handled switchblade, blondes, and flirting.
    He flirts with Marcia, even though he knows that
    she is the girlfriend of a Soc.

  • Steve Randle, 17 He has thick greasy hair that
    he combs back "in complicated swirls." Steve is
    tall, lean, cocky, and arrogant, though smart and
    skilled at driving. He is the only one of the
    gang who does not care much for Ponyboy. Steve
    has been Sodapop's best friend since grade
    school the two even work at the same gas
    station. Steve and Sodapop often bicker and get
    into wrestling/arm-wrestling matches to vent
    their excessive energy.

  • Steve does not think before he speaks and
    sometimes says hurtful things to his friends,
    even if he does not mean what he says. On one
    occasion, he called Darry "All Brawn No Brains,"
    which infuriated Darry so much that he punched
    Steve in his jaw and nearly shattered it. He does
    not like it when Sodapop takes Ponyboy with them
    to places.

  • As we read the novel, watch for these symbols
    that is, symbolic objects that carry a deeper
    meaning than they appear to on the surface
  • Hair Bobs rings
  • Two-bits switchblade Cars

Group Discussion Questions
  • What is social class?
  • Is there a relationship between social class and
    gang membership? Explain your answer.

Chapter One
Chapter One - Questions
  • 1.  Describe each of the characters and their
    relationship with one another.
  • 2.  Who are the socs?  Who are the greasers?
  • 3.  How do Ponyboy's relationships with Darry and
    Sodapop differ?  Explain.
  • 4.  Why is the 'gang' important to Johnny?
  • 5.  How does Ponyboy react to what Sodapop tells
    him about Darry?
  • 6.  Do you think Darry loves Ponyboy?  Why does
    he treat Ponyboy the way he does?
  • 7.  What does Ponyboy mean when he says, "I lie
    to myself all the time"?  Do you ever lie to
    yourself?  Why?

Review Chapter One Summary
  • Courtesy

Chapter 1 - Exposition
  • Ch. 1

Review Chapter One Summary
  • Ponyboy Curtis, the narrator, begins the novel
    with a story he is walking home one afternoon
    after watching a Paul Newman film, and his mind
    starts to wander. He thinks about how he wants
    Paul Newmans good looks, though he likes his own
    greaser look. He also thinks that, although he
    likes to watch movies alone, he wishes he had
    company for the walk home.

Paul Newman c. 1950s/60s
Paul Newman c. 1950s/60s
Review Chapter One Summary
  • Ponyboy steps back from his story to explain
    that walking alone is unsafe for greasers, the
    East Side gang of friends to which he belongs.
    When they walk by themselves, greasers attract
    the harassment of Socials, or Socs, the rich West
    Side crowd. Ponyboy says that greasers are poorer
    and wilder than the Socs, whom the newspapers
    condemn one day for throwing parties and praise
    the next day for good citizenship. Greasers wear
    their hair long and put grease in it. They dress
    tough, steal, and get into gang fights. They
    often carry switchblades, mainly to help them
    stand their ground against the Socs.

Review Chapter One Summary
  • Ponyboy says he does not participate in typical
    greaser mischief because his oldest brother,
    Darrell (known as Darry), would kill him if he
    got into trouble. Ponyboys parents died in a car
    crash, so the three Curtis brothers live together
    by themselves, an arrangement possible only as
    long as they stay out of trouble. Twenty-year-old
    Darry acts as head of the family. He is strict
    with Ponyboy and often yells at him. Despite his
    intelligence, Ponyboy lacks common sense, which
    frustrates Darry. Ponyboy feels great affection
    for his sixteen-year-old brother, Sodapop, whose
    charm and cheerfulness he admires.

Review Chapter One Summary
  • Ponyboy returns to the story of his solitary
    walk after the movies. As he walks, he notices a
    red Corvair trailing him. He quickens his pace as
    he remembers how badly the Socs beat his friend
    Johnny Cade. The Corvair pulls up beside Ponyboy
    and five Socs climb out and surround him. One of
    them asks, Need a haircut, greaser? and pulls
    out a blade. The Socs begin to beat up Ponyboy,
    who screams for help. Ponyboys brothers and the
    rest of their group appear on the scene and chase
    away the Socs. Darry starts to scold Ponyboy for
    walking home alone instead of calling for a ride,
    but Sodapop tells him to stop nagging.

What is a Corvair?
Review Chapter One Summary
  • The brothers and the other greasers and make
    plans for the following night. Ponyboy decides
    that he and Johnny will go to a double feature at
    the drive-in with their friend Dally. Dally
    begins to talk about his ex-girlfriend, Sylvia,
    and Ponyboy thinks about the girls that socialize
    with the greasers. He wonders what it would be
    like to spend time with an upper-class Soc girl.
  • At home, Ponyboy, who loves to read, reads
    Great Expectations and thinks about how his life
    resembles the life of Pip, the main character in
    Great Expectations. Still shaken by his fight
    with the Socs, Ponyboy climbs into bed with
    Sodapop. The brothers talk about Sodapops
    girlfriend, Sandy, whom Sodapop hopes to marry
    one day.

What is Great Expectations?
  • Great Expectations is the story of Pip, an
    orphan boy adopted by a blacksmith's family, who
    has good luck and great expectations, and then
    loses both his luck and his expectations.
  • Through this rise and fall, however, Pip learns
    how to find happiness. He learns the meaning of
    friendship and the meaning of love and, of
    course, becomes a better person for it.
  • http//

Notes on Chapter 1 (Exposition)
  • Narrator  Ponyboy Curtis
  • Point of view    Ponyboy gives a first-person
  • account of events, explaining how we should
    interpret events and people in the story.
  • Tone (atmosphere)   Youthful melodramatic
    slangy simplistic
  • Setting (time)     Mid-1960s
  • Setting (place)     Tulsa, Oklahoma
  • Protagonist   Ponyboy
  • Major conflict    Against the background of the
  • between the poor greasers and the rich Socs,
    the greaser Ponyboy struggles to mature.

Chapter Two
Chapter Two - Vocabulary
  • Find the meaning for the following words in this
  • incredulous
  • vaguely
  • nonchalantly

Chapter Two - Questions
  • 1.  Are the names Ponyboy and Sodapop nicknames? 
  • 2.  Who are Cherry and Marcia?
  • 3.  Why doesn't Ponyboy like referring to Sodapop
    as a dropout?
  • 4.   What is Ponyboy comparing Two-Bit to when he
    calls him a "chessy cat"?  What figure of speech
    is this besides a simile?
  • 5.  Why does Dally look sick now?
  • 6.  What literary device does the author use to
    describe Johnny's mugging?

Get into your discussion groups now.
Review Chapter Two Summary
  • Courtesy

Review Chapter Two Summary
  • The next night, Ponyboy and Johnny go with
    Dally to a double feature at the drive-in movie
    theater. They sit behind a pair of Soc girls, and
    Dally begins to talk dirty in an attempt to
    embarrass the girls. The girl with red hair turns
    around and coolly tells him to stop, but Dally
    continues to make suggestive remarks. He goes to
    buy Cokes, and Ponyboy talks to the red-haired
    girl, Cherry Valance. They talk about the rodeo
    and about Sodapop, whom Cherry describes as a
    doll. She asks what became of Sodapop, and
    although the admission embarrasses him, Ponyboy
    says that Sodapop dropped out of school to work
    in a gas station. Cherry and her friend Marcia
    invite Ponyboy and Johnny to watch the movie with
    them. Dally comes back and offers a Coke to
    Cherry, but she throws it in his face. Dally
    tries to put his arm around her. When he will not
    listen to Cherrys protests, the usually quiet
    Johnny stuns Dally by telling him not to bother
    the girls.

At the drive-in
Review Chapter Two Summary
  • Dally stalks off, and the boys sit with the
    girls and watch the movie. Two-Bit, one of
    Ponyboys friends, comes to announce that Dally
    has slashed Tim Shepards tires and is going to
    have to fight him. Tim Shepard is the leader of
    another greaser gang. Two-Bit explains the
    greasers two main rules always stick together
    and never get caught.
  • Cherry and Ponyboy go to get popcorn, and
    Ponyboy tells her about the time the Socs beat up
    Johnny. The leader of the gang that beat him,
    Ponyboy says, wore a fistful of rings. Cherry
    looks distressed and assures him that not all
    Socs are violent like the Socs that beat Johnny.
    She also tells him that Socs have problems just
    as the greasers do, but Ponyboy does not believe

Chapter Three
Chapter Three - Vocabulary
  • Find the meaning for the following words in this
  • aloof
  • impersonally
  • ornery
  • resignedly

Chapter Three - Questions
  • 1.  What does Cherry explain as the difference
    between the socs and the greasers?
  • 2. What does Ponyboy mean when he says "Johnny
    and I understood each other without saying
    anything"?  Have you ever had a relationship with
    someone who you understood, or who understood
    you, without having to say anything?
  • 3.  When and how did Pony's parents die?
  • 4.  What happens when Pony comes home after his
  • 5.  Why does Johnny like it better when his
    father is hitting him?
  • 6.  At the end of the chapter, how does the
    author foreshadow that bad things are to come?

Get into your discussion groups now.
Review Chapter Three Summary
  • Courtesy

Review Chapter Three Summary
  • Ponyboy, Two-Bit, and Johnny walk to Two-Bits
    house with Cherry and Marcia so that they can
    give the girls a ride home. As they walk, Ponyboy
    and Cherry talk about Ponyboys brothers. He
    notices how easy it is to talk to Cherry. When
    Cherry asks Ponyboy to describe Darry, he says
    Darry does not like him and probably wishes he
    could put Ponyboy in a home somewhere. Johnny and
    Two-Bit are startled to hear that Ponyboy feels
    this way, and Johnny says he always thought the
    three brothers got along well.

Chapter Three Summary
  • After Ponyboy tells Cherry about Sodapops old
    horse, Mickey Mouse, the two move on to discuss
    the differences they perceive between Socs and
    greasers. During this discussion, Ponyboy and
    Cherry find they have a surprising amount in
    commonfor instance, they both like reading and
    watching sunsets. Ponyboy voices his frustration
    that the greasers have terrible luck while the
    Socs lead comfortable lives and jump the greasers
    out of sheer boredom. Cherry retorts that the
    Socs situations are not as simple as Ponyboy
    thinks. They decide that the main difference
    between Socs and greasers is that Socs are too
    cool and aloof to acknowledge their emotions and
    that they live their lives trying to fill up
    their emotional void, while the greasers feel
    everything too intensely. Ponyboy realizes that,
    although they come from different classes, he and
    Cherry watch the same sunset.

Review Chapter Three Summary
  • A blue Mustang cruises by the group. The
    Mustang belongs to Bob and Randy, Cherrys and
    Marcias Soc boyfriends. The Mustang pulls up
    beside the group, and Randy and Bob get out.
    Ponyboy notices that Bob wears three heavy rings
    on his hand. The greasers and Socs nearly get
    into a fight, but the girls agree to leave with
    their boyfriends to prevent violence. Before
    leaving, Cherry tells Ponyboy that she hopes she
    wont see Dally again, because she thinks she
    could fall in love with him.

Chapter Four
Chapter Four - Vocabulary
  • Find the meaning for the following words in this
  • ruefully
  • hermit
  • premonition

Chapter Four - Questions
  • 1.  What does Pony mean when he says the socs
    were "reeling pickled"?
  • 2.  What major event happens in this chapter?
  • 3.  How did the author foreshadow that Johnny
    would use his knife in chapter 2?
  • 4.  What would your advice be to Johhny and
    Ponyboy if they'd come to you for help instead of
    Dally?  Explain.

Get into your discussion groups now.
Review Chapter Four Summary
  • Courtesy

Chapter 4 Rising Action
  • Ch. 4
  • Ch. 1

Review Chapter Four Summary
  • The park is deserted at 230 in the morning.
    Ponyboy and Johnny go walking beside the
    fountain. It is cold out, and Ponyboy is wearing
    only a short-sleeved shirt. Suddenly the boys see
    the blue Mustang from earlier that night. Five
    Socs, including Randy and Bob, jump out of the
    car and approach them. Presumably, the Socs have
    come to get even with the boys for picking up
    their girlfriends. Ponyboy can tell they are

Review Chapter Four Summary
  • Bob tells Ponyboy that greasers are white trash
    with long hair, and Ponyboy retorts that Socs are
    nothing but white trash with Mustangs and madras
    shirts. In a rage, Ponyboy spits at the Socs. A
    Soc grabs Ponyboy and holds his head under the
    frigid water of the fountain. Ponyboy feels
    himself drowning and blacks out.

Review Chapter Four Summary
  • When he regains consciousness, the Socs have run
    away. He is lying on the pavement next to Johnny.
    Bobs bloody corpse is nearby. Johnny says, I
    killed him, and Ponyboy sees Johnnys
    switchblade, dark to the hilt with blood.

Review Chapter Four Summary
  • Ponyboy panics, but Johnny remains calm. They
    decide to go to Dally, thinking he might be able
    to help them. They find Dally at the house of
    Buck Merril, his rodeo partner. He manages to get
    the boys fifty dollars, a change of clothing for
    Ponyboy, and a loaded gun. He instructs them to
    take a train to Windrixville, where they can hide
    in an abandoned church. Ponyboy and Johnny get on
    a train, and Ponyboy goes to sleep. When they get
    to Windrixville, they hop off the train and find
    the church, where they collapse into exhausted

Chapter Five
Chapter Five - Vocabulary
  • Find the meaning for the following words in this
  • reluctantly
  • sullen
  • eluded
  • imploringly
  • gallant
  • indignant

Chapter Five - Questions
  • 1.  Why does Pony have a problem with Johnny's
    idea to disguise themselves?
  • 2.  What does pony mean when he says, "I was
    supposed to be the deep one"?
  • 3.  Why does Johnny think is a hero?  Do you
    think Dally is a hero based on what he did?
  • 4.  Why does Pony realize he doesn't like Dally? 
    Can you explain what he means by this?
  • 5.  Examine Robert Frost's poem, Nothing Gold
    can Stay.  What do you think the poem is
    saying?  How might this apply to the characters
    in the novel?

Chapter Five - Questions
  • 6.  On page 78, Johnny compares Pony and  his
    brothers to their parents.  Which one of your
    parents are you most like?  What similarities do
    you share?
  • 7.  What does pony mean when he says he drinks
    Pepsis like a friend?
  • 8.  What's a 'heater'?  Why does Dally have one?
  • 9.  Why are the socs and the greasers going to
    fight in the vacant lot?
  • 10.  Who's the spy for the greasers?  Does this
    surprise you?  Why or why not?

Get into your discussion groups now.
Review Chapter Five Summary
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Review Chapter Five Summary
  • The next morning, Ponyboy wakes in the church
    and finds a note from Johnny saying that he has
    gone into town to get supplies. When Johnny
    returns, he brings a weeks supply of bologna and
    cigarettes, and a paperback copy of Gone with the
    Wind, which he wants Ponyboy to read to him.
    Ponyboy makes a wisecrack and Johnny tells him he
    is becoming more like Two-Bit every day. Johnny
    insists that they cut their hair to disguise
    themselves, and he bleaches Ponyboys hair.

Review Chapter Five Summary
  • For the next week, the boys hide out at the
    church, reading Gone with the Wind, smoking, and
    eating sandwiches. The boys admire the southern
    gentlemen in Gone with the Wind, and Johnny
    points out that they remind him of Dally. Ponyboy
    disagrees. He prefers the other greasers to
    Dally. Most of the greasers remind Ponyboy of the
    heroes in novels, but Dally is so real he is
    frightening. Later, Ponyboy recites a Robert
    Frost poem, Nothing Gold Can Stay. The poem
    touches Johnny.

Nothing Gold Can Stay
  • Nature's first green is gold,
  • Her hardest hue to hold.
  • Her early leaf's a flower
  • But only so an hour.
  • Then leaf subsides to leaf.
  • So Eden sank to grief,
  • So dawn goes down to day.
  • Nothing gold can stay.
  • -- Robert Frost

Review Chapter Five Summary
  • After about five days, Dally shows up at the
    church with a letter to Ponyboy from Sodapop.
    Dally says the police approached him about Bobs
    murder and he told them that the perpetrators
    fled to Texas. He takes Johnny and Ponyboy to the
    Dairy Queen and tells them that a state of open
    warfare exists between the greasers and the Socs,
    who are furious about Bobs death. He also lets
    slip that Cherry Valance, feeling responsible for
    the murderous encounter, has been acting as a spy
    for the greasers. He adds that in a days time
    the two groups will meet for a rumble.

Chapter Six
Chapter Six - Vocabulary
  • Find the meaning for the following words in this
  • bewildered

Chapter Six - Questions
  • 1.  Do you think Dally's parents have influenced
    the way he is his personality?  Explain.
  • 2.  Why doesn't Dally want Johnny to turn himself
  • 3.  What "other side" of Dallas is revealed in
    this chapter?
  • 4.  What's your own definitionof a hero?  Do the
    three boys prove themselves to be heroes,
    according to your definition?  Explain.
  • 5.  Why do you think Johnny wasn't scared,
    despite the obvious danger, on page 92?

Review Chapter Six Summary
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Review Chapter Six Summary
  • Johnny shocks Dally by telling him he wants to
    go back home and confess to his crime. Dally
    tries to change Johnnys mind, telling him he
    never wants to see Johnny hardened the way prison
    would harden him. Johnny is adamant and points
    out that his own parents would not care what
    happens to him, but Ponyboys brothers care about
    him and want to see him.

Review Chapter Six Summary
  • Swearing under his breath, Dally begins to drive
    Johnny and Ponyboy home. As they drive past the
    church where Ponyboy and Johnny have been
    staying, they see that it is on fire. Ponyboy
    thinks he and Johnny must have started the fire
    with a cigarette butt, so the boys jump out of
    the car to examine the blaze.

  • At the church, they find a group of
    schoolchildren on a picnic. Suddenly, one of the
    adult chaperones cries out that some of the
    children are missing, and Ponyboy hears screaming
    from inside the church. Acting on instinct, he
    and Johnny climb into the burning building
    through a window. At the back of the church, they
    find the children huddled together and terrified.
    As he runs through the smoky inferno, Ponyboy
    wonders why he is not scared. He and Johnny lift
    the children out of the window. Dally appears and
    yells that the roof is about to cave in. As they
    lift the last child out the window, the roof
    crumbles. Johnny pushes Ponyboy out of the
    window, and then Ponyboy hears Johnny scream.
    Ponyboy starts to go back in for Johnny, but
    Dally clubs him across the back and knocks him

Review Chapter Six Summary
  • When Ponyboy wakes, he is in an ambulance,
    accompanied by one of the schoolteachers, Jerry
    Wood. The teacher tells him that his back caught
    on fire and that the jacket he was wearing, which
    Dally lent him, saved his life. He says that
    Dally was burned but will probably be fine.
    Johnny, however, is in very bad shapehe was
    struck by a piece of burning timber as it fell,
    and may have broken his back. The man jokingly
    asks Ponyboy if he and Johnny are professional
    heroes. Ponyboy tells him that they are juvenile

Review Chapter Six Summary
  • Ponyboy has suffered mild burns. Jerry stays
    with him while he is in the hospital, and Ponyboy
    confides the story of Bobs death. Jerry agrees
    that Johnny killed Bob in self-defense. He tells
    Ponyboy he shouldnt smoke, something that no one
    has ever said to Ponyboy before. Darry and
    Sodapop arrive. Sodapop hugs Ponyboy, and Darry
    cries, shocking Ponyboy. The anger he has felt
    toward Darry dissolves. Ponyboy realizes that
    Darry does care about him Darry is strict
    because he loves Ponyboy and wants him to
    succeed. Ponyboy runs across the room and
    embraces his brother, thinking that everything
    will be fine once he gets home.

Chapter Seven
Chapter 7 Rising Action
  • Ch. 7
  • Ch. 4
  • Ch. 1

Chapter Seven - Questions
  • 1.  Explain what Pony means when he says Soda
    "reminds me of a colt". 2.  What condition is
    Johnny in after the fire? 3.  Why would being
    crippled be worse for Johnny than someone else?
    4.  "Maybe people are younger when they are
    asleep".  What do you think about this comment?

Chapter Seven Questions
  • 5.  What is a juvenile delinquent?  Find a
    definition on the internet, in a dictionary, or
    create your own based on your own knowledge. 6. 
    Why would Two-Bit think Johnny, Dally, and Pony
    were heroes all along before they saved the
    kids? 7.  What was Bob's 'real' problem,
    according to Randy ?8.  Why did Pony think it
    was better to see socs as "just guys"?  What do
    you think he means by this?

Get into your discussion groups now.
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Review Chapter Seven Summary
  • The reporters and police interview Ponyboy,
    Sodapop, and Darry in the hospital waiting room.
    Sodapop jokes with the reporters and hospital
    staff, keeping the mood light with his antics.
    The doctors finally emerge and say that Dally
    will be fine but that Johnnys back was broken
    when the roof caved in. Even if Johnny survives,
    they add, he will be permanently crippled.

Review Chapter Seven Summary
  • The next morning, Ponyboy is making breakfast
    when Steve Randle (Sodapops best friend) and
    Two-Bit come in with the morning papers. The
    papers portray Ponyboy, Johnny, and Dally as
    heroes for rescuing the schoolchildren. They also
    mention Ponyboys excellent performance on the
    track team and in school. The papers mention that
    the state will charge Johnny with manslaughter
    and send both Ponyboy and Johnny to juvenile
    court, from which Ponyboy might be sent to a
    boys home. The other boys reassure Ponyboy that
    his family will stay together. Ponyboy tells them
    he had his recurring nightmarewhich first
    occurred on the night of his parents funeralthe
    previous night. He never remembers the dream, but
    it makes him wake up in intense panic.

Review Chapter Seven Summary
  • Ponyboy asks Sodapop about Sandy and learns
    that she got pregnant and moved to Florida. Her
    parents refused to let her marry Sodapop because
    of his age, so Sandy left to live with her
    grandmother. Sodapop and Darry go to work, and
    Two-Bit and Ponyboy go to get Cokes at the Tasty
    Freeze. A blue Mustang pulls up to the
    restaurant, and in it they see the group of Socs
    that jumped Ponyboy and Johnny in the park.
    Ponyboy feels an immediate and intense hatred for

Review Chapter Seven Summary
  • One of the Socs, Marcias boyfriend, Randy,
    comes over to Ponyboy. Two-Bit reminds him that
    no fighting is allowed before the rumble, but
    Randy says he wants only to talk. He asks Ponyboy
    why he saved those children and says he would
    never have thought a greaser could do such a
    thing. Ponyboy says that it didnt have anything
    to do with his being a greaser. Sick about the
    violence and Bobs death, Randy says he does not
    intend to fight at the rumble. Randy explains
    that Bob was his best friend, a good guy with a
    terrible temper and overly indulgent parents.
    Ponyboy feels reassured by his talk with Randy
    and realizes that Socs can be human and

Chapter Eight
Chapter Eight - Questions
  • 1.  How does what the doctor first says, on page
    119, foreshadow Johnny's condition? 2.  "We
    needed Johnny as much as he needed the gang.  And
    for the same reason" (p.121).  What do you think
    Pony means, and what is the reason? 3.  What
    does Pony mean on p. 123 when he says, "we could
    get along without anyone but Johnny"? 4.  If
    Darry didn't have Soda and Pony, why would he be
    a soc? 5.  What does Cherry mean when she says
    Bob "wasn't just anyone" on p.129?

Get into your discussion groups now.
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Review Chapter Eight Summary
  • Two-Bit and Ponyboy go to see Johnny and Dally in
    the hospital. Johnny, weak and pale, whispers
    that he would like Ponyboy to finish reading Gone
    with the Wind to him. His mother shows up to
    visit, but she is a mean-spirited, nagging woman
    and Johnny refuses to see her. As Ponyboy and
    Two-Bit leave, she accosts them and blames them
    for Johnnys condition, and Two-Bit insults her.

Review Chapter Eight Summary
  • Dally is recovering nicely in the hospital, and
    for the first time ever Ponyboy feels warmly
    toward Dally. Dally says that Tim Shepard, the
    leader of another gang of greasers, came in to
    talk about the rumble. Dally asks for Two-Bits
    black-handled switchblade, and Two-Bit gladly
    hands over his prized possession without even
    asking why Dally needs it.

Review Chapter Eight Summary
  • On the way home, Ponyboy and Two-Bit see Cherry
    Valance in her Corvette. She says that the Socs
    have agreed to fight with no weapons. Ponyboy
    asks her to go see Johnny, but she says she
    cannot because Johnny killed Bob. She says that
    Bob had a sweet side and was only violent when
    drunk, as he was when he beat up Johnny. Ponyboy
    calls her a traitor, but he quickly forgives her.
    He asks her if she can see the sunset on the West
    Side, and when she says she can, he tells her to
    remember that he can see it on the East Side too.

Chapter 9
Chapter 9 Climax
  • Ch. 9
  • Ch. 7
  • Ch. 4
  • Ch. 1

Chapter Nine - Questions
  • 1.  On the bottom of p.133, when Pony asks what
    kind of a world it is, what comment is he making
    about how society judges people? 2.  Why do the
    boys fight?  Why is Pony different? 3.  What is
    the difference between Tim Sheppard's gang and
    Ponyboy's?  Explain how Pony feels this
    difference might give his group the upper hand?
    4.  What do you think Johnny's last words to
    Pony mean?

Get into your discussion groups now.
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Review Chapter Nine Summary
  • Feeling sick before the rumble, Ponyboy
    swallows five aspirin and struggles to eat his
    dinner. The boys have bathed and made themselves
    look tuff, and leave for the rumble excitedly.
    Ponyboy feels a sinking feeling when he sees the
    other greasers. Tim Shepards gang and the others
    seem like genuine hoods. Twenty-two Socs arrive
    in four carloads to fight the twenty greasers.
    Darry steps forward to start the fight, and Paul
    Holden, Darrys high school friend and football
    teammate, steps up to challenge him. As Paul and
    Darry circle each other, Dally joins the group.
    As Dally arrives, the fight breaks out in full.
    After a long struggle, the greasers win.

Review Chapter Nine Summary
  • When the rumble ends, Dally and Ponyboy go to
    the hospital to see Johnny. A policeman stops
    them, but Ponyboy feigns an injury, and the
    officer gives them an escort to the hospital.
    Ponyboy and Dally find Johnny dying. Johnny moans
    that fighting is useless, tells Ponyboy to
    stay gold, and then dies. Dally is beside
    himself with grief and runs frantically from the

Chapter Ten
Chapter 10 Falling Action
  • Ch. 9
  • Ch. 7 Ch. 10
  • Ch. 4
  • Ch. 1

Chapter Ten - Vocabulary
  • Find the meaning for the following words in this
  • indignantly

Chapter Ten - Questions
  •   1.  How does Pony's dreaming, or lying to
    himself, finally work in this chapter?
  • 2.  Why was Johnny's dying so difficult for
    Dally to handle?
  • 3.  Why do you think Dally would have wanted to

Get into your discussion groups now.
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Review Chapter Ten Summary
  • After Johnnys death, Ponyboy wanders alone for
    hours until a man offers him a ride. The man asks
    Ponyboy if he is okay and tells him that his head
    is bleeding. Ponyboy feels vaguely disoriented.
    At home, he finds the greasers gathered in the
    living room and tells them that Johnny is dead
    and that Dally has broken down. Dally calls and
    says he just robbed a grocery store and is
    running from the police. The gang rushes out and
    sees police officers chasing him. Dally pulls out
    the unloaded gun he carries, and the police shoot
    him. Dally collapses to the ground, dead. Ponyboy
    muses that Dally wanted to die. Feeling dizzy and
    overwhelmed, Ponyboy passes out.

Review Chapter Ten Summary
  • When Ponyboy wakes, Darry is at his side.
    Ponyboy learns that he got a concussion when a
    Soc kicked him in the head during the rumble, and
    that he has been delirious in bed for three days.

Chapter Eleven
Chapter 11 Falling Action
  • Ch. 9
  • Ch. 7 Ch. 10
  • Ch. 4 Ch. 11
  • Ch. 1

Chapter Eleven - Vocabulary
  • Find the meaning for the following words in this
  • acquitted

Chapter Eleven - Questions
  • 1.  Explain why Ponyboy might rather anyone's
    hate than their pity?
  • 2.  What do you think is going on with Ponyboy
    when he says, "Johnny didn't have anyhing to do
    with Bob's getting killed"?

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Review Chapter Eleven Summary
  • Ponyboy is restricted to bed rest for a week
    after he wakes up from his concussion. He finds a
    picture of Bob the Soc in Sodapops high school
    yearbook. Bobs grin reminds him of Sodapops.
    Ponyboy wonders if Bobs parents hate him, saying
    he prefers their hatred to their pity. Looking at
    the photograph and remembering conversations with
    Cherry and Randy, Ponyboy concludes that Bob was
    cocky, hot-tempered, frightened, and human.

Review Chapter Eleven Summary
  • Randy arrives at the house to talk to Ponyboy
    and behaves with shocking insensitivity. Not
    thinking of what Ponyboy has suffered, Randy says
    he is worried about being associated with the
    violence. They discuss the hearing scheduled for
    the next day. Ponyboy, in a delirious state, says
    that he killed Bob himself and that Johnny is
    still alive. Darry asks Randy to leave.

Chapter Twelve
Chapter 12 Denouement
  • Ch. 9
  • Ch. 7 Ch. 10
  • Ch. 4 Ch. 11
  • Ch. 1 Ch. 12

Chapter Twelve - Questions
  • 1.  What 'circumstances' do Ponyboy's teacher
    refer to?  What circumstances does Ponyboy think
    his teacher is referring to?
  • 2.   Why doesn't Ponyboy feel scared when the
    socs approach him and he threatens them with a
    broken bottle (p.170-171)? How is this a dramatic
    change from the ponyboy we have seen up until
    this point?
  • 3.  What does Darry mean when he says, "you don't
    just stop living because you lose someone"

Chapter Twelve - Questions
  • 4.  How do we know Sandy didn't love Soda as
    much as he loved her?
  • 5.  Explain how Darry and Ponyboy play tug of
    war with Soda.
  • 6.  What do we learn was so special about Johnny
  • 7.  What does Ponyboy end up doing for his
    English assignment?  

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Review Chapter Twelve Summary
  • Ponyboy does not have to speak much at the
    hearing, since his doctor has spoken to the judge
    about Ponyboys condition. The judge asks Ponyboy
    a few gentle questions about his home life and
    then acquits him of all wrongdoing and allows him
    to return home with his brothers. After the
    hearing, Ponyboy becomes detached and depressed.
    His grades suffer, he loses his coordination,
    memory, and appetite, and he resumes fighting
    with Darry. Ponyboys English teacher, Mr. Syme,
    says that although Ponyboy is failing, he can
    raise his grade to a C by writing an outstanding
    autobiographical theme.

Review Chapter Twelve Summary
  • The next day at lunch, Ponyboy goes to the
    grocery store with Steve and Two-Bit for candy
    bars and Cokes. When a group of Socs accosts him,
    he threatens them with a broken bottle, saying he
    refuses to take any more of their intimidation.
    Ponyboys uncharacteristic show of hostility
    alarms Steve and Two-Bit, and they warn Ponyboy
    not to grow hard like Dally was. They are
    relieved when Ponyboy bends down to pick up the
    broken glass, not wanting anyone to get a flat

Review Chapter Twelve Summary
  • That night as Ponyboy and Darry fight about
    Ponyboys grades, Sodapop runs out of the house,
    upset that Sandy has returned a letter he wrote
    her unopened. Darry explains that Sodapop is not
    the father of Sandys child and acts puzzled that
    Sodapop never told Ponyboy. Ponyboy reflects that
    he probably acted uninterested when Sodapop tried
    to talk about his problems. Worried, Darry and
    Ponyboy go find Sodapop. He tells them their
    constant fighting is tearing him apart. Sobbing,
    he asks them to try to understand each other and
    stop fighting. They promise to try. Ponyboy
    thinks that Sodapop will hold them together.

Review Chapter Twelve Summary
  • The boys run back home. Ponyboy looks at
    Johnnys copy of Gone with the Wind. He finds a
    handwritten note from Johnny urging him to stay
    gold and saying that the childrens lives were
    worth his own. Ponyboy realizes that he wants to
    tell the story of his friends so that other
    hoodlums will not nurse their anger at the world
    and ignore the beauty in it. He begins to work on
    his English theme, starting with the words that
    begin The Outsiders When I stepped out into the
    bright sunlight from the darkness of the movie
    house, I had only two things on my mind Paul
    Newman and a ride home.

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