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Geography and the 5 Themes


Location Place Every place on earth has its ... clouds, wind, and different types of ... Economic geography shows where the places natural resources are ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geography and the 5 Themes

Geography and the 5 Themes
  • Chapter 1

What is Geography?
  • Geography provides an effective method for asking
    questions about places on the earth and their
    relationships to the people who live there.
  • Geo is also Latin for earth.
  • Graphy is Greek for graph or map.
  • SoGeography is also the mapping of the earth.

The Five Themes
  • Location
  • Position on the earths surface.
  • Every place on the earth can be located by either
    absolute or relative terms.
  • The use of a network of horizontal and vertical
    lines on globes and maps to find exact points
    anywhere on the earth is absolute location.

  • The use of cardinal and intermediate directions
    in giving location is the relative location. Ex
    Austin is approximately 50 miles NE of New
    Braunfels. Use of landmarks is also helpful in
    relative location.

  • Place
  • Every place on earth has its own physical and
    human features. In the physical feature it can
    be described in terms of its land, water,
    weather, soil, and plant and animal life. In
    terms of its human features each place can be
    described in terms of the number and kinds of
    people who live there. It can also be described
    by the activities that take place there.
    DESCRIBE is the key word in place.

  • Human/Environment Interaction (HEI)
  • The interaction of humans with the environment.
    This interaction can have both good and bad
    outcomes. This is one of the most important
    factors in geography.

Human Environment Interaction
  • Movement
  • Movement has become a daily part of our lives.
    Not only does man move through migration, but
    information, goods, and ideas are also moved.
    The earth is constantly moving water(oceans),
    landforms, wind, etc.

  • Regions
  • Regions make the study of geography more
    manageable. The world is often divided into
    regions or areas, based on certain physical
    features land-type or plant and animal life.
    The world is also divided into regions based on
    certain human characteristics such as the way
    people are governed or the kind of language they

Location, Place, HEI, Movement, and Region
The five themes ask these questions
  • Location Where is it?
  • Place What is it like there? (both physical and
  • HEI What is the relationship between people and
    their environment?
  • Movement How are people and places connected?
  • Region How is a place similar to and different
    from other places?

Other themes in geography
  • History and Political Science
  • We use history to help understand the way that
    places looked in the past
  • Political Science is used to help us see how
    people in different places are governed at the
    local, state, and national levels. Geographers
    look at the ways political boundaries have been
    formed and how they have been changed.

  • Sociology and Anthropology
  • Sociology is used to help us understand societies
    in different places throughout the world.
  • Anthropology helps us gain insight into the
    culture or way of life, of groups of people in
    different places.
  • Economics
  • - Economics is used to help us understand how the
    location of resources affects the way people
    make, transport, and use goods. Also, how
    locations are chosen for various economic
    activities such as

  • Farming
  • Mining
  • Manufacturing and
  • selling.

Two Branches of Geography
  • Physical The study of physical earth.
  • Human The study of Human activity on earth.
  • Physical Geography it is the study of earth
    itself, as well as things on earth NOT made by
  • Landforms
  • Climate climatology (the pattern of weather in
    a place over a long period of time)
  • Weather Meteorology (the study of temperature,
    clouds, wind, and different types of
    precipitation over a short time period.

  • Oceans Oceanography
  • Natural Geography or Biogeography
  • (how plant and animal life are distributed
  • on earths surface)
  • Plants Plant Geography
  • Zoogeography study of animals and
  • birds and their habitats.

  • Human Geography the study of people and their
    activities within their environment or
  • Cultural or social - study the places people
    live and the ways in which different groups live
  • Historical study of people and places over time
  • Demography study of population in terms of
    births, deaths, marriages, and other data.
  • Economic geography shows where the places
    natural resources are found affect the economic
    activities such as manufacturing and agriculture
  • Political geography deals with the relationship
    between an areas government and physical
    features. The drawing of political boundaries.
  • Urban geography centers on the growth of cities
    and the areas around them. It studies how cities
    began and how they affect people and the

The Value of Geography
  • Geography helps people learn more about the place
    where they live.
  • Geography helps people understand why we are
    living in a smaller world (not physically)
  • Geography teaches us why we are globally
    interdependent on other areas of the world.
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