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Warm-up 1/29/2015


Title: Our Modern World Chapter 33 Human Legacy Author: pete Last modified by: laurenc.clarke Created Date: 8/29/2013 10:55:56 AM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Warm-up 1/29/2015

Warm-up 1/29/2015
  • Theories of Civilization what are the two
    different ideas presented by the authors?
  • Farmer Power Birth of Religions

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  • You need to obtain Collapse if you have not
    already done so.
  • Media Center Days are next week.
  • Unit I Test days are next week
  • 2nd/4th Wednesday
  • 3rd Tuesday
  • We will review for the test and prep for the
    media center on Monday.

What are issues you believe are faced by our
modern world today?
Our Modern WorldChapter 33 Human Legacy
  • How did we get here?

  • Objectives
  • Students will discover trade patterns and their
    effects on the global community.
  • Students will determine the impact of oil and
    Islamist movement on Middle Eastern culture.
  • Students will identify threats to security of the
    modern world
  • Students will investigate the ongoing struggle
    for human rights around the globe
  • Students will discover the significance of
    climate change on human society.

Trade and Globalization
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, the
world was divided over a number of political,
cultural, and economic issues.
Developed and Developing Countries
  • Economy
  • Goods, services nation provides and needs depend
    on level of economic development in that country
  • Countries grouped in two categories developed,
  • Developed
  • Industrialized nations have strong economies,
    high standards of living
  • 20 percent of worlds nations wealthy, powerful
    like Japan, United States
  • Have access to good health care, education,
  • Developing
  • Less productive economies, lower standard of
    living Guatemala, Philippines
  • People in these countries lack adequate
    education, health care
  • Poorest, least-developed countries located mostly
    in Africa, southern Asia

The Global North/South Divide
Growth and Outsourcing
  • Multinational Corporations
  • Increasing interdependence and dramatic growth of
    multinational corporationslarge companies
    operating in multiple countries
  • Benefits to companies
  • Outsourcinghaving work done elsewhere to cut
    costs, increase production
  • Manufacturing facilities in developing countries,
    where materials, labor relatively inexpensive
  • Outsourcing
  • Advocates say creates jobs and wealth in
    developing countries
  • Critics say fails to improve standard of living,
    outsourcing causes job loss in companys home

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Global Trade
Middle East Issues
Over the last few decades, major conflicts have
erupted in the Middle East. Issues that have
contributed to the conflicts include the presence
of huge oil reserves, the growth of Islamism, and
the conflict between Israel and its neighbors.
However, oil has also been a source of conflict.
Importance of Oil (Oil Diplomacy)
  • Oil as source of conflict in Middle East
  • Some governments have used oil revenues to build
    up military, maintain power, threaten neighbors
  • Oil wealth has caused internal clashes within
    countries, societies
  • Regions strategic importance as source of oil
    has led outside nations to become involved in
    Middle Eastern affairs, politics
  • 1973 Oil Crisis
  • That year, Egypt and Syria, with the support of
    other Arab nations, launched a surprise attack on
    Israel on the holiest day of the Jewish calendar.
  • Israel went on full nuclear alert, loading
    warheads into planes and long-range missiles.
    (Yom Kippur War)
  • The United States chose to re-supply Israel with
    arms and in response, OPEC decided to retaliate
    against the United States, announcing an oil
    embargo. It lasted until March 1974.
  • Consequences
  • High Prices, Rationing, alternative energy
    research, Growing distrust between Oil producing
    countries and their trading partners

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Growth of Islamism
Threats to Security
In addition to terrorist attacks, there are other
threats to global security.
Syria Gas Attack 2013
nuclear proliferation
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  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?vIKqXu-5jw60

Ethnic and Religious Conflicts
  • Multiple Threats
  • High-tech weapons threat have power to destroy,
  • Ethnic, religious conflicts threat create
    willingness to destroy, kill
  • Tutsi, Hutu
  • 1994, tensions between Tutsi, Hutu ethnic groups
    led to massacres in Rwanda
  • 1 million people killed, another 2 million became
  • French, UN Troops
  • Worked to maintain ceasefire in Rwanda until new
    government could establish order
  • 1998, some involved in the genocide convicted,
  • Darfur
  • Early 2000s, similar situation in Darfur Arab
    militias attacked African villagers
  • By 2006, 400,000 killed, 2 million fled to
    refugee camps

Statistics Rwanda 800,000-1.07 million killed
in 100 days 8,000-10,710 killed per day 334-447
killed per hour 6-7 killed per minute. Darfur,
Sudan 400,00 people have been killed in 1095
days 366 people are killed every day 15 people
are killed every hour 1 person is killed every
minute The Holocaust 6 million Jews killed in
1460 days 4,110 killed per day 171 killed per
hour 3 killed per minute
Population Movement
The movement of people around the world has
increased dramatically in recent years. Some
people move in search of better opportunities,
while others are refugees, seeking safety in
another nation.
What happens when the environment fails?
Human Rights
Human Rights Abuses
  • In spite of agreements, torture, slavery,
    killing, other abuses daily occurrences in some
  • Most common in countries not democracies or in
    process of establishing democracy
  • Some groups at greater risk than others
  • People who disagree with their government
  • People who are members of religious, ethnic
  • Women and children

Global Challenges
Although globalization is improving the lives of
some people, many still face major challenges
like poverty, disease, or natural disasters.
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Distance between rich and poor
  • 31 in 1820
  • 351 in 1950
  • 721 in 1992
  • 861 in 2005
  • The US has the widest gap between rich and poor
    in the world

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Protecting the Environment
How do we balance growth and development with
practices that will help protect the resources
and environments we all count on?
  • Forests
  • In areas of Africa, Asia, Latin America, Amazon
    region of Brazil, deforestationclearing of
    trees, taking place at rapid rate. Causes
    erosion and loss of productivity
  • Trees burned, cut down to dig mines, clear land
    for farming, ranching
  • Some species of animals, plants have become
    extinct as result
  • Deserts
  • Sahel region of West Africa, people struggling
    with desertificationspread of desert-like land
    conditions. Soil erodes and causes loss of
    productivity of the land.
  • Caused partly by drought, partly by human
  • Trees cut for firewood, livestock overgraze land
  • Without plants, wind blows rich soil away land
    becomes useless

The global environment has been seriously
affected by pollution. Human beings have always
polluted their environments, but pollution did
not become a serious issue until the Industrial
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Medicine and Genetic Engineering
  • Great medical advances took place in years
    following World War II
  • Medicines, vaccines developed to prevent spread
    of contagious diseases, treat physical, mental
    illness techniques developed to transplant
  • Advances in ultrasound, laser, and computer
    technology allow doctors to more easily treat
    human body

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  • Questions for the Modern World
  • How has globalization affected societies around
    the globe?
  • Describe how oil has changed the Middle East and
    help lead to rise of the Islamist movement?
  • What was the impact of the Oil embargo of 1973
    and how did this embargo affect the nations
  • Describe the many threats that are faced by all
    of us in the modern world?
  • How could climate change or global warning affect
    our modern world?
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