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The Physical Activity Guidelines for Children and Adolescents


The Physical Activity Guidelines for Children and Adolescents The Role of Schools, Families, and Communities in Promoting Youth Physical Activity – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Physical Activity Guidelines for Children and Adolescents

The Physical Activity Guidelines for Children and
  • The Role of Schools, Families,and Communities in
    Promoting YouthPhysical Activity

Your Name Organization or Group Date of
Presentation Objectives
  • Identify the benefits of regular physical
    activity among youth
  • Describe the key physical activity guidelines for
    children and adolescents
  • Describe the roles of schools, families, and
    communities in promoting physical activity among
    children and adolescents

A Day in the Life of Colin A 7-Year-Old Child
  • Walks to and from school
  • Jumps rope and does gymnastics in physical
    education class
  • Plays on the playground during recess
  • Does homework
  • Watches television
  • Plays soccer with family
  • Plays video games

What Are the Benefits of Physical Activity?
  • Promotes health and fitness
  • Builds healthy bones and muscles1
  • Reduces the risk of developing obesity and risk
    factors for diseases such as type 2 diabetes and
    heart disease1
  • Reduces the symptoms of anxiety and depression1
  • Can positively affect concentration, memory, and
    classroom behavior2

1. HHS. Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory
Committee Report2008 2. J Pediatr
How Much Physical Activity Do Youth Need?
  • Children and adolescents should do 60 minutes (1
    hour) or more of physical activity daily.
  • Aerobic Activities Most of the 60 or more
    minutes per day should be either moderate- or
    vigorous-intensity aerobic physical activity.
    Include vigorous-intensity physical activity at
    least 3 days per week.
  • Muscle-strengthening Activities Include
    muscle-strengthening physical activity on at
    least 3 days of the week, as part of the 60 or
    more minutes.
  • Bone-strengthening Activities Include
    bone-strengthening physical activity on at least
    3 days of the week, as part of the 60 or more
  • Activities should be age-appropriate, enjoyable,
    and offer variety.

What Does This Really Mean?
  • At least 60 minutes every day
  • Mostly aerobic
  • Add variety and fun

Examples of Physical Activities for Children and
Type of Physical Activity Children Adolescents
Moderate-intensity aerobic Hiking, bike riding, brisk walking Baseball, yard work, hiking, brisk walking
Vigorous-intensity aerobic Bike riding, jumping rope, running, soccer, basketball Jumping rope, bike riding, karate, basketball, cross-country skiing
Muscle-strengthening Modified push-ups, sit-ups, rope or tree climbing Exercises with hand-held weights, push-ups, pull-ups, climbing wall
Bone-strengthening Jumping rope, running, hopping, skipping, gymnastics Jumping rope, running, sports like gymnastics, basketball
Meeting the Guidelines
  • Getting and Staying Active

How Physically Active Are High School Students?
Were physically active doing any kind of
physical activity that increased their heart rate
and made them breathe hard some of the time for a
total of at least 60 minutes/day during the 7
days before the survey. Source National Youth
Risk Behavior Survey, 2007.
How Much Do 9- to 13-Year-OldsParticipate in
Physical Activity?
Race/Ethnicity Organized Activity Free-Time Activity
Black, non-Hispanic 24 75
Hispanic 26 75
White, non-Hispanic 47 79
Total 39 77
Source MMWR 200352(33)7858.
Meeting the Guidelines
  • Youth Who Dont Meet the Guidelines
  • Slowly increase activity in small steps
  • Participate in enjoyable activities
  • Youth Who Exceed the Guidelines
  • Maintain activity level
  • Vary the kinds of activities to reduce the risk
    of injury
  • Youth Who Meet the Guidelines
  • Continue being active on a daily basis
  • Work toward becoming more active

A Day in the Life of Colin
  • Walks to and from school (20 minutes)
  • Jumps rope and does gymnastics in physical
    education class (10 minutes each)
  • Plays on the playground during recess (10
  • Does homework (20 minutes)
  • Watches television (30 minutes)
  • Plays soccer with family (20 minutes)
  • Plays video games (30 minutes)
  • Total physical activity time 60 minutes
  • Vigorous-intensity aerobic activityjumping rope
  • Bone-strengthening activities jumping rope,
  • Muscle-strengthening activities gymnastics

Barriers to Meeting the Guidelines
  • Personal
  • Attitude
  • Belief in ability to be physically active
  • Social
  • Influence of their peers
  • Parental support
  • Environmental
  • Safe locations to be active
  • Access to equipment
  • Financial costs of physical activities
  • Time

Youth Physical Activity
  • The Role of Schools

Comprehensive School-Based Physical Activity
  • Components include
  • Quality physical education
  • Daily recess period
  • Activity breaks throughoutthe day
  • Intramural sports
  • Interscholastic sports
  • Walk- and bike-to-school programs
  • Staff wellness and involvement
  • Family and community participation

1. National Association for Sport and Physical
Education. Comprehensive School Physical Activity
Programs Package 2008.
What is Quality Physical Education?
  • Quality physical education provides
  • Opportunity to learn
  • Meaningful content
  • Appropriate instruction
  • Enjoyable experience for all students
  • Meets the needs and interests of all students
  • Keeps students active for most of class time
  • Policy Recommendation Schools should require
    daily physical education for students in
    kindergarten through grade 121
  • Elementary school 150 minutes per week
  • Secondary schools 225 minutes per week

1. National Association for Sports and Physical
Education. Moving into the Future National
Standards for Physical Education, 2nd ed2004.
  • Opportunity to participate in free-time physical
    activity and practice skills learned in physical
    education classes
  • Enhances cooperation and negotiation skills
  • Improves attentiveness, concentration, and
    time-on-task in the classroom

Policy Recommendation Schools should provide at
least 20 minutes of recess per day, in addition
to physical education classes1
1. National Association for Sport and Physical
Education. Recess in Elementary Schools2006.
Physical Activity Breaks
  • Independent of physical education and recess
  • Can enhance positive classroom behavior of
  • Incorporates activity in the classroom as part of
    planned lessons

Physical Activity Break Ideas Ask students to
identify and act out action words from a story
through physical activity or take a walk outside
as part of a science class.
Intramural Sports
  • Can be offered before, during, and after school
  • Provide students with a choice in activities
  • Offer every student an equal opportunity to
    participate regardless of ability level
  • Incorporate lifetime physical activities like
    walking, running, hiking, swimming, tennis,
    dancing, and bicycling

Interscholastic Sports
  • Help establish cooperative and competitive
  • Help students learn sport-specific and
    performance-based skills
  • May be related to higher levels of overall
    physical activity2
  • Associated with improved mental health and
    reduction in some risky health behaviors3-4

1. National Association for Sports and Physical
Education. Eight Domains of Coaching
Competencies2006. 2. Pediatr Exerc Sci
19981037886. 3. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med
200015490411. 4. The President's Council on
Physical Fitness and Sports. Research Digest
Walk- and Bicycle-to-School Programs
Activity Recommendation Schools should
participate in International Walk to School Week
and support ongoing walk and bike to school
  • Resources
  • Safe Routes to Schools
  • Walking School Bus
  • KidsWalk Guide

Youth Physical Activity
  • The Role of Families

Set a Positive Example
  • Lead an active lifestyle yourself
  • Make family time an opportunity forphysical
  • Take a walk together after dinner
  • Do housework or yard work together
  • Walk the dog together
  • Make use of low- or no-cost resources
  • Public parks
  • Community fields and courts
  • Recreation areas
  • Replace inactivity with activity whenever
  • Example walk or bike to school instead of riding
    in a car

Limit Screen Time
  • The American Academy ofPediatrics
    recommendsless than 2 hours ofmedia time per
  • Television
  • Computer
  • Movies/DVDs
  • Video games
  • Turn commercial breaks intoactivity breaks
  • Turn off the television during mealtimes
  • Do not use screen time as a reward or punishment

Encourage Physical Activity
  • Expose children to a variety of physical
  • Be positive about the physical activities in
    which your child decides to participate
  • Encourage children to talk about their experience
    with physical activity
  • Help your child get to and from practices and
  • Give your child toys that promote physical
  • Encourage children to play outside instead of
    watching television or playing video games
  • Make special events physical activity events
  • Encourage your child to join a team or try a new
    physical activity with a friend.

Partner With Your Childs School
  • Learn about what physical activities are offered
    at your childs school
  • Talk to the principal or write a letter to the
    district superintendent if you think that there
    should be more physical education at your childs
  • Encourage the school to implement a comprehensive
    physical activity program
  • Become a member of the school health advisory
  • Help organize special events like walk-a-thons,
    dance-a-thons or bike-a-thons
  • Volunteer to help with afterschool sports teams

Youth Physical Activity
  • The Role of Communities

How Communities Can Promote the Youth Physical
Activity Guidelines
  • Community-wide campaigns
  • Enhance access to places to be physically active
  • Involve multiple sectors of the community

Community-Wide Campaigns
  • Include physical activity messages with
  • Health fairs
  • Walk/run events
  • Physical activity counseling
  • Distribute messages through television,
    newspapers, radio, and other media
  • Encourage local media to feature stories about
    young people who have made physical activity a

Lexington, Kentucky, and the VERB Campaign
  • Social marketing campaign promoted physical
    activity among tweens (youth aged 913 years)
  • Coalition of local health, education and
    community based agencies adapted the CDCs VERB
    campaign for their community

Improving Access to Places and Programs To Be
Physically Active
  • Implement complete streets policies
  • Identify safe routes for walking and bicycling
  • Build new places for physical activity or turn an
    abandoned or vacant lot into a park, multipurpose
    court, or playground
  • Provide access to school gymnasiums, recreation
    fields, and playgrounds when school is not in

Cross-Sector Collaboration
  • What Schools, Families, and Communities Can Do

Cross-Sector Collaboration
  • Parks and recreation departmentsprovide access
  • Law enforcement agencies promote safety
  • Urban plannersdesign features
  • Transportation agencies promote use, safety,and
  • Architectsdesign and construction

Working Together Community Involvement In
School-Based Physical Activity
  • Support school-based physical activity
  • Join the school health advisory council
  • Donate equipment or money or encourage staff to
    volunteer time
  • Support Safe Routes to School programs
  • Offer afterschool physical activity programs

Working TogetherJoint-Use Agreements
  • Share resources athletic fields, playgrounds and
    fitness facilities with other community members
  • Open school facilities to provide physical
    activity programs to students, families, school
    staff, and community members
  • Seek funding from local businesses, community
    groups and health organizations for physical
    activity programs

  • Thank you!
  • Questions?Be Active and Play, 60 minutes, every
  • Information in this presentation is provided
    byU.S. Department of Health and Human
    ServicesCenters for Disease Control and
    PreventionNational Center for Chronic Disease
    Prevention and Health PromotionDivision of
    Adolescent and School
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