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Energy Needs of India and Opportunities for Solar, Alternate Energy and ICT Sector


Energy Needs of India and Opportunities for Solar, Alternate Energy and ICT Sector Presentation at CMAI CES Press Conference By NK Goyal, President CMAI – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Energy Needs of India and Opportunities for Solar, Alternate Energy and ICT Sector

Energy Needs of India and Opportunities
for Solar, Alternate Energy and ICT Sector
  • Presentation at CMAI CES Press Conference
  • By
  • NK Goyal, President CMAI
  • Chairman Emeritus, TEMA
  • Vice Chairman ITU APT
  • Chairman, ITPS Dubai
  • Member, Governing Board Telecom Equipment and
    Services Export Promotion Council
  • (Gov. of India)
  • Las Vegas, January 9th 2013

CES, 2009 being inaugurated and ribbon cutting at
Las Vegas on 8th January, 2009 by NK Goyal with
Sir Howard Stringer, Chairman CEO of Sony
Corporation, Mr. Tom Hanks, the American movie
star, Mr.Gary Yacoubian, Chairman CEA President
of Myer-Emco AudioVideo, Mr. Gary Saprio, Vice
President of CEA, Ms. Qu., Presixdent, CECC
China, Mr. Patrick Lavelle, President and CEO of
Audiovox, Mr. Peter Lesser, President and CEO of
X-10 (USA) Inc, Mr. Loyd Ivey, Chairman and CEO
of MiTek Electronics and Communications, Mr. Jay
McLellan, President and CEO of Home Automation,
Inc. (HAI), Mr. Mike Mohr, President of
Celluphone, Mr.Grant Russell, President of Kleen
Advantage India
  • GDP Crossed USD 1 Trillion Mark since 2007-08
  • 4th largest Economy in world on Purchasing
    Power Parity basis
  • Growing well in excess of 8 per annum for last
    three years.
  • Current GDP Growth 8.5
  • USD 380 Bn. Projected infrastructure investment
    in next 5 years
  • Large Domestic Market
  • 560 Mn. consumers in 20-49 age group expected by
  • 5th largest consumer market by 2025
  • Increased disposable incomes changing
  • Human capital
  • Third largest pool of scientific technical
  • (2,00,000 Engineering Gradates
  • Over 500 universities (20,000 colleges)
  • Large English speaking population

India Story- Leaders Speak
Energy Needs of World
  • Energy and environment are essential for
    sustainable development
  • From 1980 to 2008 total world primary energy
    demand grew by 66 and by 2030 projected to grow
    by 40, average 1.5 per annum. Demand in Asia,
    projected to average 4.7 per year
  • Over 70 of the increased energy demand is from
    Developing Countries, led by China and India.
  • Maximum energy use grew in China and India as
    146 and 91 from 1990 to 2008 the Africa by
    70, Latin America by 66, the USA by 20 and
    world overall grew by 39
  • UN predicting world population growth from 6.6
    billion in 2007 to 8.2 billion by 2030, demand
    for energy to increase substantially
  • About 20 of worlds energy is generated from
    coal and about 60 from oil and natural gas
  • Because of extensive use of fossil fuel such as
    coal, oil and natural gas, the harmful emissions
    of Green House Gasses such as Carbon Dioxide
    increases the GHG level and causes the Greenhouse
    Effect and eventually global warming

CMAI Dedicated Initiatives for Energy Needs
  • CMAI has set up a Energy Fund of 500 Mn. USD with
    help from angel ventures, investors to promote
    energy development projects in India
  • This fund can be used for technology development,
    Research and Development, Innovations in energy
    sector and seed capital
  • CMAI is looking for partnerships, joint ventures,
    technology providers to empower renewable sector.
  • CMAI will provide one window service to investors
    and entrepreneurs in this behalf for project
    identification, studies, evaluation, financing
    follow up, Government approvals and marketing

India CMAI lookingfor Technologies and Projects
  • Technology has driven mankind in its progress
    since ages in its growth path
  • With the depleting fossil fuels and skyrocketing
    prices of available natural resources,
    technologists worldwide have turned to innovative
    ideas to uninterruptedly power this growth
  • CMAI is looking for new innovative technologies
    for developing alternative energy, solar, wind,
    biomass, hydrogen cells, geothermal heat etc.
  • Also looking for energy efficient technologies.
    The current 15 capacity utilization factor for a
    solar unit needs improvement. This equates to
    around 6.2 MW of solar needed to cater to a 1 MW
  • CMAI also looking for investors And manufacturing

Indiathe 1.2 Bn. People Country
  • India is a Country with more than 1.2 Bn. people
    accounting for more than 17 of worlds
  • Seventh largest Country in the world with total
    land area of 3,287,263 sq kilometers. It has a
    land frontier of 15,200 km and coastline of 7,517
  • India has 28 States and 7 Union Territories.
  • It faces a formidable challenge in providing
    adequate energy supplies to users at a reasonable

India Energy Gaps
  • India needs an investment of at least 135 Bn. to
    provide universal access of electricity to its
    population(International Energy Agency)
  • India is world's fourth largest energy consumer
    after United States, China and Russia. Perfect
    storm is brewing in the energy space as India
    will continue to experience insatiable energy
    demand growth over the next several years.
  • The total electricity demand of the Country
    during the year is 1,40,090 MW of which 1,25,234
    MW is expected to be met, leaving a gap of 14,856
    MW, (Central Electricity Authority)
  • The anticipated peak shortage in the Country
    would be 10.6 per cent
  • From current installed base of 170 GW, India will
    build up to 316 GW by 2020. In the same
    time-frame, the demand gap will grow from 19GW to
    103GW, an increase of 5x!

Cont.India Energy Gaps
  • Per capita average annual domestic electricity
    consumption in India in 2009 was 96 kWh in rural
    areas and 288 kWh in urban areas, in contrast to
    the worldwide per capita annual average of 2600
    kWh and 6200 kWh in the European Union
  • It is expected that with growth rate of 9 TPES
    (Total Primary Energy Supply) requirement for
    India in 2021- 22 will be around 1192 Mtoe (
    Million Tonn Oil Equivalent) which will further
    increase to around 2043 Mtoe by the year 2031-32.
  • India will add between 600 GW to 1200 GW of
    additional new power generation capacity before
    2050. This added new capacity is equivalent to
    the 740 GW of total power generation capacity of
    European Union (EU-27) in 2005 (International
    Energy Agency)

Electricity Sector in India
  • An installed capacity of 210.936 GW (Nov 2012),
    the world's fifth largest. Captive power plants
    generate an additional 31.5 GW.
  • Non Renewable Power Plants constitute 88.55 of
    the installed capacity and 11.45 of Renewable
  • India generated 855 BU (855 000 MU i.e. 855 TWh)
    electricity during 2011-12 fiscal.
  • Coal-fired plants account for 56 of India's
    installed electricity capacity, compared to South
    Africa's 92 China's 77 and Australia's 76.
    After coal, renewal hydropower accounts for 19,
    renewable energy for 12 and natural gas for
    about 9.
  • Over 300 Mn. Indian citizens had no access to
    electricity. Over one third of India's rural
    population lacked electricity, as did 6 of the
    urban population( December, 2011)

Indias Energy from Coal
  • India ranks third amongst the coal producing
    Countries in the world. Still India faces coal
    shortage of 23.96 MT or so, which is met through
    imports mainly by steel, power and cement
  • Coal reserves (84 Bn. tones) may last for about
    200 years but cash content environmental
    reasons are the major concerns. The exploitable
    coal concern may not last for more than 100 years
  • Despite its low per capita CO 2 emission of less
    than 1 ton, India contributed over 4 of world
    total CO 2 emission in 2000

Energy Gaps for Petroleum
  • India lacks in petroleum resources which needs
    precious foreign reserve.
  • India hardly has around 0.4 of the worlds
    proven reserves of crude oil.
  • The known reserves of oil and natural gas may
    last hardly for 18 and 26 years respectively at
    the current reserves to production ratio (2004).
  • In this scenario, all types of energy are welcome
    conventional, nuclear, and renewable.

Alternative Energy Paths
  • The sunlight which reaches the earths surface
    can provide 7,900 times more energy than we
    currently use. Each square meter of land is
    exposed to enough sunlight to produce 1,700 kWh
    of power every year.
  • Renewable Energy comes from natural
    resources such as Sunlight, Wind, Ocean, Rain,
    Tides, and Geothermal Heat, hydro power, hydrogen
    derived from renewable resources . These
    are naturally replenished
  • As of 2010, about 16 of global final energy
    consumption comes from renewable, with 10 coming
    from traditional biomass
  • New renewable (small hydro, modern biomass, wind,
    solar, geothermal, and biofuels) accounted for
    another 2.8 and are growing very rapidly

India Largest Potential for Alternate Energy
  • India has one of the highest potentials for the
    effective use of renewable energy
  • India is the worlds fifth largest producer of
    wind power after Denmark, Germany, Spain, and the
  • India is world's most active players in renewable
    energy utilization especially wind energy. As on
    December, 2011 India had an installed capacity of
    about 22.4 GW of renewal technologies-based
    electricity, exceeding the total installed
    electricity capacity in Austria by all
  • In spite of having low greenhouse gas emissions
    per capita, India has already become the 3th
    largest emitter in the world, according to the
    International Energy Association. That means
    immense international pressure to respond and
    develop Green Technologies

Indias Hunt for Alternate Energy
  • India strategically located in South Asia, which
    peninsula is a natural paradise ranging from
    Himalayas from North to the Seas of South
  • India has many perineal rivers from North to
    South, their energy is immense and it is non
  • There is a significant potential in India for
    generation of power from renewable energy
    sources- small hydro, biomass, and solar energy
  • Ample opportunities for Alternate energy, Solar
    energy, Bio Mass energy and Innovative Smart Grid

Indian TelecomSector - the show stealer
  • Indian Telecom requires 14 Bn. units of energy
    and it ends up consuming around 2 Bn. liters of
    diesel. Energy requirement projected to reach 26
    billion units by 2012 
  • Because of limited uncertain grid power,
    Telecom Tower Companies are meeting 60 of their
    needs from diesel and only 40 from grid
  • TRAI, Indian Telecom Regulator proposed 50 per
    cent of all towers in the rural areas be powered
    by hybrid renewable sources by the year 2015.
    Total towers estimated 4,00,000.
  • Indian Tower Infrastructure Industry Carbon
    Footprint now stands at 5.3 Mn. Tones exclusively
    from the burning of Diesel.

India - the resurgence
  • National Action Plan on Climate Change announced
    on 30th June 2008 outlines Indian strategy to
    enable the Country to adapt climate change and
    enhance the ecological sustainability of Indias
    development path.
  • It provides for
  • Deployment of appropriate technologies for
    extensive and accelerated adaptation, and
    mitigation of green house gases
  • Innovative market, regulatory and voluntary
    mechanisms to promote Sustainable Development
  • National Solar Mission, National Mission for a
    Green India

India Incentivizes Alternate Energy
  • The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy MNRE
    currently provides capital subsidy of 30 per cent
    at INR 81 per W and soft loans at 5 interest
    across the Country.
  • Additionally, a capital subsidy of 90 is
    provided for installation of off-grid solar
    systems for special category states of North
    Eastern India, Sikkim, JK, Himachal Pradesh and
  • Separate provision for innovative applications of
    solar systems whereby the pilot and demonstration
    projects can avail a Central Finance Assistance
    up to 100 per cent.

Cont.. India Incentivizes Alternate Energy
  • Government Committed to support the Solar Energy
    scale-up while also reducing solar costs. Over
    1,600 MW of Power Purchase Agreements(PPAs) have
    already been signed
  • Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) is being
    implemented across the Country. Under this
    Distribution companies and captive consumers will
    have to source 5 to 15 over ten years of their
    energy from renewable sources. Within this,
    solar-specific RPO of 0.25, slated to grow to 3
    over the same time frame.

India Solar Energy Potential
  • Globally investment in clean technology in 2011
    was USD 260 Bn. Indias investment was 10.3 Bn.
  • India gets 300 sunny days a year that can help
    generate about 5 trillion MW of energy
  • Solar energy potential in India is estimated
    about 70GW by 2022 with Over 42 Bn. Investment.
  • Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE)
    target to add 20 GW grid-tied Solar Power by 2022
    and also addition of 2000 MW decentralized solar
    systems off-grid and an additional aspiration
    target of 2000 MW
  • Indias total solar installations is expected to
    grow from 54 MW in 2010 to more than 9,000 MW in
  • Installed Solar Photovoltaic (PV) technology
    capacity 300 MW(2011 end). Increased by 170 to
    800 MW by May 2012 clocking a growth rate of 170
    per cent

Government Procurement of Electronics
  • Multi-Billion dollar investment plans in mega
    programs offer tremendous opportunities for
    electronics manufacturing
  • - Roll out of Broadband to over 600,000
    villages National Optical Fibre
  • Network (NOFN) Plan approved
  • - National Knowledge Network with 100GB
    connectivity for over 20,000
  • colleges and research institutions
  • - National eGovernance Program spanning
    Central Ministries and all State
  • Governments
  • - National Mission to provide Computers to over
    100,000 schools
  • - Digitization of Television Broadcast
    Network by 2015 - significant opportunity
  • for Set Top Box consumption and
  • - Indian Unique Identification Project (UID)
    offers tremendous opportunities for
  • technology and products (Biometrics, ID
    Cards, etc.). 

Favorable Policy Framework
  • A Triad of Policies to drive a National Agenda
    for ICTE
  • - National Policy on Electronics
  • - National Policy on Information Technology
  • - National Telecom Policy
  • Vision
  • To create a globally competitive electronics
    design and manufacturing (ESDM) industry to meet
    the Country's needs and serve the international
  • Key Objectives
  • Turnover in ESDM sector of USD 400 Bn. by
    2020 involving
  • - Investment of USD 100 Bn.
  • - Employment to 28 Mn. people at various
  • Achieve global leadership in VLSI, chip design
    and other frontier technical areas and achieve
    turnover of USD 55 Bn. by 2020.
  • Increase export in ESDM sector from USD 5.5 Bn.
    to USD 80 Bn. by 2020

India Telecom Opportunities
  • Second largest telecom penetration, worlds
    highest monthly additions
  • 980 Mn. Subscribers . Wireless 950 Mn.
  • Indian Telecom sector to witness huge investments
    to the tune of USD110 Bn. during 2012-2017
  • Telecom Subscribers to cross 1.5 Bn. by 2015 and
    5 Bn. by 2020.
  • About 25 per cent (Approx. 300 Mn.) would be
    3G/4G subscribers, requiring scaling up the
  • About USD 70 Bn. estimated investment in rolling
    out green field 2G, 3G/4G and WiMax networks,
    while USD 25 Bn. required to set up an extra
    200,000 - odd telecom towers across the Country
  • The total investment in the pan-India Broadband
    rollout expected to be
  • USD 20 Bn. while another USD 20 Bn. will
    be invested in augmenting the transmission

National Optical Fiber Network  Broadband
  • Project approved on 25.10.2011 to connect
    2,50,000 Gram Panchayats (GPs)
  • through OFC
  • Project to be implemented by NOFN-SPV Bharat
    Broadband Network Ltd
  • Envisaged as a Centre-State joint effort.
  • Govt. of India to fund the project through the
    Universal Service Obligation Fund
  • (USOF) Rs. 20,000 Cr.(4Bn.)
  • State Govts. are expected to contribute by way
    of not levying any RoW charges
  • (including reinstatement charges)
  • At least 100Mbps is available at each GP
  • E-health, e-education, e-governance
    e-commerce applications Video
  • conferencing facilities can be provided
  • NOFN Project implementation time - 24 months
    (by 31.10.2013)

About CMAI
  • CMAI prime Integrated Association of India
    representing all verticals of ICE, telecom sector
    of India in India having more than 48,500 members
    and 54 MOUs with International organizations with
    branch offices in Japan, Korea, Singapore,
    Taiwan, China
  • It offers one window service for information
    dissemination, guidance on setting up businesses
    in India
  • It connects to Industries, Government, Trade and
  • It is involved in policy formulations with
    Government and other stake holders for Technology
    Innovations, Indigenous manufacturing
  • It is developing scientific knowledge and
    practical means for protecting human ecology and
    environment from the harmful effects of
    environmental hazards like e waste, radiation
  • It assists manufacturers to maximize
    competitiveness in the domestic and international
  • It also offers consultancy services on turn key
    basis through its member companies

About CMAI
  • With CMAI membership, you gain access,
    authority, and intelligence designed to help you
  • Protect interests when standards and policies are
    being formulated
  • Engage peers regularly about market challenges or
    business opportunities
  • Access timely news, information, and market
  • Expand business to overseas markets efficiently
    and effectively
  • Gain a competitive advantage through convergence
  • Take the Lead on green initiatives in the ICTE
  • Participate in Indian and global Exhibitions,
    Seminars, Workshops

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