In Search of Funding: Providing Open Access to Secondary Discourses - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

About This Presentation

In Search of Funding: Providing Open Access to Secondary Discourses


In Search of Funding: Providing Open Access to Secondary Discourses Stacey Shubitz Teachers College, Columbia University P.S. 171, East Harlem Literate Lives: A Human ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:56
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 22
Provided by: Stace86


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: In Search of Funding: Providing Open Access to Secondary Discourses

In Search of Funding Providing Open Access to
Secondary Discourses
  • Stacey Shubitz
  • Teachers College, Columbia University
  • P.S. 171, East Harlem
  • Literate Lives A Human Right
  • Whole Language Umbrella
  • Louisville, Kentucky
  • Friday, July 13th, 2007

Primary Discourses
  • Primary discourses are taught early in life as
    part of peoples primary socialization (as
    members of particular families within their
    socio-cultural settings).
  • Primary discourses constitute the first social
    identity discourses are a part of each persons
    knowledge base.
  • Everyone learns a considerable amount about
    language as they develop through interaction with
    their primary discourse.
  • Most of the information people learn about
    language through their primary discourse is
    acquired subconsciously.
  • People either accept or resist their primary
    discourse later in life since primary discourses
    form initial understandings of
  • who people are.
  • how people behave in and out of public.
  • the sorts of things people value, do and say in
    and out of public.

Secondary Discourses
  • The secondary discourse refers to all other
    social and cultural discourses outside the
    primary discourse.
  • Secondary discourses are learned, as part of
    ones socialization, within groups and
    institutions outside of ones peer group.
  • Secondary discourses are those learned by people
    when they become part of groups after their early
    home experiences.
  • Businesses, churches and schools are examples of
    groups for which one must learn a secondary

Secondary Discourses, cont.
  • Secondary discourses involve the social
    institutions beyond the family, including
    classroom settings. 
  • Students may acquire language from their
    secondary discourse and add it to their primary
  • A persons discourse becomes more complex and
    acquires more layers the older one becomes.

  • Guiding Question
  • How do I provide my students, who come from low
    SES/working class backgrounds, with access to as
    many secondary discourses as possible?

  • Patrick Finn, author of Literacy with an
    Attitude Educating Working-Class Children in
    Their Own Self-Interest, encourages teachers in
    working class schools to give their students
    access to the same experiences as students in
    affluent professional and elite schools.
  • Bottom Line Working class students need access
    to secondary discourses!
  • The question becomes How do you make this happen
    when funds are scarce?

  • The stigma of being poor is overwhelming and can
    place families in a position of endless denial so
    as to not carry the burden of shame that is
    placed upon them by the larger society (Jones,
    2006, 22).
  • Students should not have to accept a handout or
    be punished by staying behind.

  • Making families pay for trips, when they could
    barely afford basic school supplies, is not fair.
  • Why shouldnt they have the same enriching
    educational experiences as middle class and
    affluent students have?

  • SOLUTION Seek out funds or partnerships so that
    students can obtain secondary discourses.
  • DonorsChoose
  • Field Trip Factory
  • Junior Achievement of New York
  • Local Organizations
  • Partnerships with local organizations (e.g.,

Take advantage of local organizations and
  • Free Field Trips
  • Examples
  • Brooklyn Botanical Garden
  • Metropolitan Museum of Art
  • Museum of the City of New York
  • New York Botanical Garden
  • Poets House
  • No-Cost Excursions
  • Examples
  • Libraries
  • Parks (e.g., Central Park)
  • Zoos (many have a free day for schools)

Field Trip Factory
  • Free community-based field trips in the following
  • Animal Habitats and Responsibility
  • Farm Fundamentals
  • Health and Wellness
  • Materials and classroom activities are provided
    online, free of charge
  • http//

  • Junior Achievement
  • http//
  • Career Day
  • Classroom Course Volunteer
  • Local Business Week
  • Holiday Gifts
  • Tour of the Studio

  • Teachers write proposals for materials or
    experiences they want their students to have.
  • Citizen philanthropists fund those experiences.
  • From March 2005 present, my fifth grade
    classroom has received nearly 25,000 in funds
    from DonorsChoose.
  • DonorsChoose will serve 48 states starting on
    Labor Day.

Field TripsSample Proposal Titles
  • Bridges and Boundaries African-Americans and
    American Jews (The Jewish Museum)
  • East Harlem Kids Meet Van Gogh, Kandinsky, and
    Picasso (Guggenheim Museum Tour and Studio
  • George Washington Stood Here (Fraunces Tavern
  • How the Other Half Lived (Tenement Museum and
    walking tour of the Lower East Side)
  • Positive Discipline Celebration (End of the Year
    Party at the Little Shop of Crafts)
  • Slavery in New York It really did happen! (NY
    Historical Society)
  • Vegetable Lady Seeks Farm Fresh Food for East
    Harlem Students (Union Sq. Farmers Market)
  • WILD Poetry (Bronx Zoo Poetry Class)

Literacy ResourcesSample Proposal Titles
  • African-American Author Study (Jacqueline Woodson
  • CHICK LIT (books with strong girl characters)
  • Empowering the Voices of Ten Girls from East
    Harlem (seed money to publish a book of student
  • Eve Bunting Author Study (Eve Bunting Books)
  • Literacy Crisis in East Harlem ? We Need Books by
    Hispanic Authors!!! (chapter and picture books by
    Hispanic authors)
  • Poems Dont Always Have to Rhyme (poetry books)
  • Social Issue Book Clubs for a GT Class in East
    Harlem (multiple copies of books)
  • Socks Belong on Feet Not on Hands! (Word Study

Classroom SuppliesSample Proposal Titles
  • Are Renoir, Hockney or De La Vega Hiding Inside
    of My East Harlem Fifth Graders? (art supplies)
  • Black Hole Backpacks (book baggies and parent
    communication pouches)
  • CLIP IT GO! (clipboards)
  • Communal Supplies for East Harlem Fifth Graders
  • Cursive Crisis (books and supplies needed to
    teach script)
  • (Re)Filler Up! (printer cartridges and paper)
  • Special Delivery with a Mailbox Organizer
    (classroom mail box)

Special ProgrammingSample Proposal Titles
  • Hurricane Katrina Help Kids Start School with
    Dignity (philanthropy project for KIPP NOW School
    relocated to New Orleans)
  • OHM! Yoga in East Harlem (yoga classes)
  • The Worlds A Stage (theater residency)

Other Organizations
  • Adopt-A-Classroom
  • Grants Alert
  • http//
  • This site links to corporations that provide
    grants for educators.
  • Teachers Network

  • Ask away!

Closing Thoughts
  • As an educator in a working class school, I have
    come to realize I am unable to change the
    socio-economic status of the families whose
    children I am privileged to teach.
  • However, I pledge to continue helping my students
    gain access to secondary discourses by taking
    advantage of local resources and writing grant
    proposals so I can give all of my students the
    rich educational experiences I believe they
  • What do you pledge to do? What will your next
    steps be?

  • Finn, P.D. (1999). Literacy with an attitude
    Educating working-class children in their own
    self-interest. Albany SUNY.
  • Gee, J.P. (1990). What is literacy? In
    Mitchell, C. Walker K. (Eds.) Rewriting
    literacy Culture and the discourse of the other.
    Westport, CT Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.
  • Jones, S. (2006). Girls, social class
    literacy What teachers can do to make a
    difference. Portsmouth, NH Heinemann.
  • WEB
  • http//
  • http//
  • http//
  • http//
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)