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Chamoi Marmot Snow vole Bear The Mountains have a diverse variety of plants. They are home to more than 1,000 species of vascular plants, about 450 mosses, 200 ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • Slovenia is a small country. We have the sea
    and rivers, mountains, forests and fields, towns
    and villages, so it is a beautiful country. The
    biggest mountain in Slovenia is Triglav. It is on
    our flag.

  • The Alps are stretching from Austria over
    Slovenia to the east. It is surprising to know
    that the Alps were created by the mezozoic
    sediments. Later, tectonic forces created cracks
    and wide slits and transformed them into
    different facets.
  • The Alps are made of limestone. The
    limestone is very breakable, so we must have
    suitable equipment for climbing in the Alps.

  • The Julian Alps are a part of the great Alpine
    arc. A range of about 150 mountains extends
  • in the Northwest of Slovenia. The surface
    area is 4400 square kilometres. The entire
    mountain range is divided into two sections the
    Western Julian Alps and the Eastern Julian Alps.

The Julian Alps, the Slovenian term for the
Alpine stretch of mountains, is derived from
Forum Julii, (now Cividale), a town across the
Italian border founded by Julius Caesar. The
biggest mountain in the Slovenian Alps is
Slovenian Alps
  • are divided into three groups
  • Julijske alpe - there is the only national park
    in Slovenia called Triglavski narodni park, the
    highest mountain is Triglav (2864 m)
  • Kamniško Savinjske alpe - on the Austrian
    border, the highest mountain is Grintovec
    (2558 m)
  • Karavanke (Stol 2236 m ).

Triglavski narodni park - tourism
  •   This is the only national park in Slovenia.
    This national park in the area of the Julian Alps
    got its name from Slovenias highest mountain,
    Triglav. The most picturesque part of the park is
    Slovenias biggest glacial lake Lake Bohinj.
    Various water sports are popular there in summer,
    while in cold winters, crowds come to ski
    ressorts to enjoy winter sports.Many other
    lakes are well known in the park, for instance
    Krnsko jezero. There are also numerous
    waterfalls, two of the finest being Savica and
    Pericnik. One of the most popular tourist
    attractions is the enchanting Radovna River gorge
    of Blejski Vintgar. In the Soca River area, which
    also falls within the park, the most popular
    pastimes are high-adrenaline sports along the
    Soca River. Rafting and hydrospeeding are
    unforgettable experiences.

  • Lake Bohinj
  • River Soca

  • Korita Mostnice
  • Slap Savica

  • Pokljuka
  • Triglav

Slovenian Lakes
  • All the mountain lakes in Slovenia were derived
    from a glacier a long time ago. Because of the
    Karst surface the glacier easily carved and
    erased the surface.
  • Many mountain paths to the lakes are not very
    easy to take, so that is why they are not very
    popular among tourists. However, if you manage to
    get there you will be awarded with a magnificent
  • The most famous glacier lakes in Slovenia are

  • The seven Lakes
  • in the Triglav national park
  • Sedmera jezera they are amazing, but if you want
    to see them you must walk for 2-3 hours before
    you can see at least the first of them, while the
    whole sight seeing tour of those lakes usually
    takes the whole day.

  • Lake Jasna

Kriško jezero - lake
Krnsko jezero
Krnsko jezero is one of the biggest glacier lakes
to be found find in Julian Alps and has the most
amazing view
The most famous lakes are definitely Bled and
Bohinj , they are easy to get to, and they are
almost like Slovenian specialties. Both lakes are
interesting for tourists (swimming in summer,
tours round the lakes , taking a mini boat for
sailing, ice-skating, diving )
  • In the middle of Bled Lake there is an
    island with the church from ancient times on it.
    It is very romantic in winter, you can walk to
    the island if the lake is frozen. In spring,
    summer ,and autumn you can use a boat to reach
    the island . Bled and its surroundings is also
    famous for Blejska kremsnita and for a view
    from the beautiful castle on the cliff .

Animals in Slovenian Alps
  • In Slovenian mountains some rare and
    beautiful animals can be found. For example black
  • capercaillie, griffon vultures, otter,
    brown bear,
  • the Alpine ibex, chamois. the Alpine marmot,
  • deer, mouflon, martens, foxes, badgers,
  • and so on...

Alpine flora
  • In the Julian Alps tree line in the most
    massive and highest central part reaches the
    maximum up to 1900m above the sea level.
  • Elsewhere, the line is lower and drops up/down
    to 1600m. Kamnisko Savnijske alpe are lower and
    there the tree line is at 1600m.
  • In Karavanke the tree line is lower because the
    mountains are much lower than Julian Alps.
  • The tree line on the high Kras/Karst plateau is
    lower because of the human activities. Tree line
    is at altitudes from 1450 to 1550 m, and mainly
    consists of beech trees.

  • In Slovenia, according to the environmental
    legislation approximately 8 of the territory is
    protected. It occupies the largest area of
    Triglav National Park (83,807ha).

  • Being under the influence of Mediterranean,
    the vegetation in the Julian Alps is
    exceptionally rich and unique regarding specimens
    (also endemic plants). You will be filled with
    unforgettable memories upon eying Zois'
    bellflower, Koch's gentian, the alpine vanilla
    orchid, the Striate Daphne, edelweiss, Carniolan
    lily... The botanical garden Alpinum Juliana is
    certainly worth a visit.
  • Trumpet gentian
  • Gentiana clusiiLow plant in clusters of
    bell-shaped flowers.Various shades of blue to be
  • Season May-AugFrequency CommonHabitat800 -
    3,100m on scree, rocks, grass

  • Snow Buttercup
  • Ranunculus adoneusShiny dish-shaped yellow or
    orange leaves.Appears on snowfields soon after
    snow melts.
  • SeasonJune-AugFrequency CommonHabitat High
    meadows, rocks and scree
  • Mouse-ear hawkweed
  • Hieracium peleterianumGrowing to 30cm, can be
    confused with Tolpis.Single leafless stems
    yellow flower with
  • square ends.
  • Season May-OctFrequency UncommonHabitat200
    - 2,700m on dry grassland and heath

  • Fringed gentian
  • Gentianella ciliataHairy-edged plant with
    spoon-shaped leaves.Colour can be purple, pale
    blue, mid-blue or azure.
  • Season Aug-SeptFrequency RareHabitat200 -
    2,400m on limestone, scrub, meadows
  • Greater Burnet-saxifrage
  • Pimpinella majorTall, growing up to 1m.Member
    of the carrot family.
  • SeasonJun-AugFrequencyRareHabitatMeadows,

  • Large-flowered leopard's bane
  • Doronicum grandiflorumBold yellow flower
    growing up to 50cm tall.Similar in appearance to
    Arnica and
  • Chamois ragwort.
  • SeasonJuly-AugFrequencyUncommonHabitat1,70
    0 - 3,200m
  • The Planika
  • The plant is unequally distributed and prefers
    rocky limestone places at 20002900 m altitude.
    It is not toxic, and has been used traditionally
    in folk medicine as a remedy against abdominal
    and respiratory diseases. The dense hair appears
    to be an adaptation to high altitudes, protecting
    the plant from cold, aridity and UV radiation.
  • Since it usually grows in inaccessible places, it
    is associated in many countries of the alpine
    region with mountaineering. Its white colour is
    considered a symbol of purity, and Edelweiss
    means "noble whiteness" or "noble purity", its
    Romanian name, floarea reginei means "Queen's

The High Tatrasof Slovakia
  • The High Tatras are situated in the north part of
    Slovakia. Its placed on the small area with
    length 26 kilometers so the High Tatras are the

  • The Tatras consist of
  • The Western Tatras
  • The Eastern Tatras which consist of
  • High Tatras
  • Belianske Tatras

TheWestern Tatras
The High Tatras
The Belianske Tatras (with name of some peaks)
  • Tatras relief is the work of rivers and mountain
  • There were together 41 mountain glaciers which
    rolled down the valleys and created a distinctive
    V-shaped valley, U. In several places the moraine
    walls consisting of huge boulders, gravel and

Javorová valley
Liptovská valley
Tichá valley
Žiarska valley
  • In Quaternary the early warming was melting of
    glaciers. In some places are glacial lakes-
    tarns. In the Tatra Mountains is more than 200
    lakes. Largest in the territory of Slovakia is
    Large Hincovo tarn in Mengus valley. They are
    also known Nižné and Vyšné Tarn, Štrbské
    tarn,Popradské tarn, Rocky and Green Tarn. The
    territory of Tatras belongs to the Drainage area
    Black Sea and Baltic Sea. Many famous rivers rise
    in the Tatras. For example, Vah.

Štrbské tarn
Štrbské tarn
Big Hrincovo tarn (biggest one)
Popradské tarn
  • The best known are A huge waterfall in the
    mouth of Cold Creek and jump waterfall in
    Mlynska Valley.

The Jump Waterfall
The Huge Waterfall
  • The climate has more alpine character is so cool
    and damp affected by the division of individual
    relief. Snow cover in the Tatras persists. In the
    valleys measured 180 cm in the higher areas up to
    250 cm. In difficult terrain there is therefore a
    slide avalanches. For Tatras is a typical windy
    weather 300 days per a year. The average annual
    temperature for 1000m.n is 5 degrees Celsius in
    July 15 degrees Celsius.

  • The Tatra Mountains are home to many species of
    animals 54 tardigrades, 22 turbellarians, 100
    rotifers, 22 copepods, 162 spiders, 81 molluscs,
    43 mammals, 200 birds, 7 amphibians and 2
    reptiles. The most notable mammals are the Tatra
    chamois, marmot, snow vole, brown bear, wolf,
    Eurasia lynx, red deer, roe deer, and wild boar.
    Notable fish include the brook trout and
    alpinebullhead. The endemic arthropod species
    include a caddis fly, spider and a springtail.

Snow vole
  • The Mountains have a diverse variety of plants.
    They are home to more than 1,000 species of
    vascular plants, about 450 mosses, 200
    liverworts, 700 lichens, 900 fungi, and 70 slime
    moulds. There are five climatic-vegetation belts
    in the Tatras
  • The distribution of plants depends on altitude
  • up to 1,300 m Carpathian beech forest almost no
    shrub layer, herb layer occupies most of the
    forest floor
  • to 1,550 m Spruce forest shrub layer poorly
    developed, mosses are a major component
  • to 1,800 m Mountain Pine, numerous herbs
  • to 2,300 m high altitude grasslands
  • from 2,300 m up Subnivean - bare rock and almost
    no vegetation (mostly lichens)

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  • The region of the High Tatras is rich in natural
    beauties . There are very good conditions for
    mountain sports both in summer and in winter .
    Due to their climate position and altitude the
    mountains have very good conditions for curing
    respiratory diseases.

  • The High Tatras offer wide range of sports. The
    main touristic centers are in the south of the
    Tatras. People can choose from many kinds of
    sports skiing, alpine skiing, bungee jumping,
    hang-gliding, but the most famous are climbing
    and hiking

  • Skiing- The region offers an ideal conditions
    for skiing in top ski centers. (Podbanské,
    Štrbské Pleso, Smokovce, Tatranská Lomnica,
    Skalnaté pleso, Ždiar.)

  • Climbing- Its professional and one of the most
    fascinating sports in the HT . The most
    attractive hills are Volia veža, Žabí kôn,
    Batizovský štít, Velická stena, Široká veža, or
    Ladový štít.
  • Hiking- Most visitors come to the HT to hike. In
    the High Tatras there is a good network of
    hiking routes (297.5 km).

The most frequently visited places
  • Popradské pleso- its a starting-point for
    important hiking tours. There is a symbolic
    cementery where people can see memorial boards of
    people who died in the HT
  • Štrbské pleso- its a tourist and medical centre.
    It is famous for its sports complex and one of
    the world winter events is held there every
    year. The area has six ski tows and chairlifts.
  • Skalnaté pleso- its the ski resort with the
    highest altitude and also the best downhill
    skiing resort.

  • Lomnický štít- there is an observatory. People
    can get there by a cable railroad
  • Rysy- is a border peak between Slovakia and
    Poland, its the highest peak in Poland
  • Kriván- is a symbol of Slovakia and freedom of
    Slavs. We Slovaks believe that a true Slovak
    patriot should climb Kriván at least once in
    their life.

Lomnický Peak
  • The museum of Liptovská dedina village was opened
    when LM dam was constructed. Some characteristic
    houses of the villages where moved to the museum
    because the villages were flooded during the
    construction of the dam.
  • The museum of TANAP pictures Tatras nature and
    history of human relations to nature.
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