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By: Kasey McElreath and Angela Gordon What is ADHD? Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder ADHD is a biological, brain based condition that is characterized by poor ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: ADHD

  • By Kasey McElreath
  • and Angela Gordon

  • What is ADHD?
  • Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder
  • ADHD is a biological, brain based condition that
    is characterized by poor attention,
    distractibility, hyperactive and impulsive

Who has ADHD?
  • 3-7 (approximately 4.5 million) of school aged
    children suffer from ADHD concentrating in the
    Southeast of the United States
  • Of these children about 60 of these children
    will carry the disorder into adulthood
  • 4 of the US. Adult population has ADHD

  • Characteristics of ADHD
  • Distractibility- Student is easily distracted.
  • Inattentiveness- The student has difficulty
    maintaining attention to the task at hand and the
    student has difficulty listening.
  • Hyperactivity- Student runs, climbs, plays with
    objects, or is generally overactive in
    inappropriate situations . The student is always
    on the go.
  • Impulsivity-The student will act without
    thinking about what the result will be.

Characteristics Continued
  • A student with ADHD will have
  • Exceptional imagination and creativity
  • Difficulty making smooth transitions from one
    classroom activity to another
  • Classroom behavior problems (disruptiveness,
    noncompliance with classroom rules)- The student
    interrupts often, the student has trouble waiting
    his/her own turn, student leaves his/her seat at
    inappropriate times, the student talks
    excessively, difficulty playing or working
    quietly, student tends to blurt out answers
  • Information processing difficulties, student is
    slow to respond when asked to give a direction,
    when asked for an oral response, or when asked to
    complete written work, student has difficulty
    following through on instructions, the student is
  • Few friendships among peers and possible
    outright rejection by them- Student often
    misperceives social situations

  • Accommodations in the Classroom
  • Give only one direction at a time
  • Place the student in a work-spot with his/her
    back to classmates away from noise and obvious
  • Give positive reinforcement for example, use
    tokens for reward when appropriate
  • Create a classroom routine
  • Create organizational strategies into the
    childs lesson
  • Use a signal to draw the childs attention back
  • Give directions/instruction in multiple ways
    (visual, written, oral)
  • Allow for movement breaks or incorporate
    movement into activities
  • Help to build self-esteem by displaying work or
    projects that emphasize the childs strengths

  • Curriculum Modifications
  • Allow for scheduled breaks during testing
  • Give fewer questions on assignments but do not
    modify the level of difficulty (measure knowledge
    not endurance)
  • Base evaluations on the demonstration of concept
    mastery, not solely on the completion of all
    course work, because the child may not be capable
    of completing the same amount of work.
  • Allow for extra time to complete tests
  • Give oral tests or write down answers for the
    student when necessary
  • Give students a copy of the reading with main
    ideas highlighted

  • Misconceptions
  • ADHD is caused by
  • eating too much sugar or watching too much
  • inappropriate parenting skills
  • environmental factors such as poverty level or
    family chaos
  • These things may make symptoms worse, but on
    their own are not powerful enough to cause ADHD.

Resources American Deficit Disorder Association
gIdatdda   Children and adults with attention
deficit/hyperactivity disorder http//www.chadd.o
rg/   National Institute of Mental Health
.shtml   Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention http//
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