Aim: HOW DID GEPGRAPHY INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANCIENT EGYPT? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Aim: HOW DID GEPGRAPHY INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANCIENT EGYPT?

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CHAPTER 2: EARLY RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS 3500B.C. 450 B.C. Section 2: Egypt: The Gift of the Nile Do Now: Complete the handout. GEOGRAPHY OF EGYPT Egypt ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aim: HOW DID GEPGRAPHY INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT OF ANCIENT EGYPT?


1
Aim HOW DID GEPGRAPHY INFLUENCE THE DEVELOPMENT
OF ANCIENT EGYPT?
Chapter 2 Early River Valley Civilizations3500B.
C. 450 B.C.
Section 2 Egypt The Gift of the Nile
  • Do Now Complete the handout.

2
Geography of Egypt
  • Egypts Settlements
  • Egyptian civilization arose a bit after
    Mesopotamia.
  • Rose along the 4,100-mile Nile River on
    narrow strip of fertile land
  • The Gift of the Nile
  • Yearly flooding brings water
  • and fertile black mudsilt
  • Farmers build irrigation system
  • for wheat and barley crops
  • Egyptians worship Nile as a god

3
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4
Geography of Egypt
  • Environmental Challenges
  • Light floods reduce crops,
  • cause starvation
  • Heavy floods destroy
  • property deserts isolate
  • and protect Egyptians

5
Geography of Egypt
  • Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt
  • River area south of First Cataract is
    elevated,
  • becomes Upper Egypt
  • Cataractwhere boulders turn Nile River
    into
  • churning rapids
  • River area north, including Nile delta,
    becomes
  • Lower Egypt
  • Deltaland formed by silt deposits at
    mouth of
  • river triangular

6
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7
Egypt Unites into a Kingdom
  • King Narmer Creates Egyptian Dynasty
  • Villages of Egypt ruled by two
  • kingdomsLower Egypt, Upper
  • Egypt
  • King Narmer unites them around
  • 3000 B.C. makes Memphis capital
  • Establishes first Egyptian dynasty
  • Pharaohs Rule as Gods
  • To the Egyptians, kings are gods
  • Egyptian god kings called pharaohs

Pharaohs control religion, government,
army,well-being of kingdom Government
based on religious authoritytheocracy
8
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9
Egypt Unites into a Kingdom
10
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11
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12
Egypt Unites into a Kingdom
  • Builders of the Pyramids
  • Kings believed to rule even after death
    have eternal
  • life force, ka
  • Build elaborate tombs, pyramids, to meet
    needs
  • after death
  • Pyramids made with blocks of stone, 2-15
    tons
  • each 481 ft. high
  • Kingdom had leadership, government, and
    was
  • economically strong

13
  • https//www.youtube.com/watch?v-IKRMZhl3-c

https//www.youtube.com/watch?vFOVb9PfOGCU
14
Egyptian Religion and Life
  • Religion and Life
  • Egyptians believe in 2,000 gods and
  • goddessespolytheistic
  • Re is sun god, Osiris, god of the dead
    goddess
  • Isis is ideal woman
  • Believe in life after death person judged
    by
  • deeds at death
  • Develop mummification, process that
    prevents
  • body from decaying
  • Book of the Dead contains prayers and
    spells,
  • guides soul after death

15
Chapter 2 Early River Valley Civilizations3500B.
C. 450 B.C.
Section 2 Egypt The Gift of the Nile
Aim How was Egyptian civilization characterized
by its class structure?
Do Now What are some of the ideas that come to
mind when you hear the word Egypt? List two
(2) and explain your answer.
16
https//www.youtube.com/watch?vP9ALSefBc7E
17
Life in Egyptian Society
  • Social Classes
  • Society shaped like pyramid, from Pharaoh
    down to
  • farmers, laborers
  • Few people at top have great power most
    people at
  • bottom
  • People move into higher social classes
    through
  • marriage or merit
  • Women have many of the same rights as men

18
What did Egyptians write on?
  • Egyptian Writing
  • In hieroglyphics
  • writing system,
  • pictures represent
  • ideas
  • Ancient Egyptians
  • used papyrus, a
  • substance derived
  • from the plant of the
  • same name

19
Life in Egyptian Society
  • Egyptian Science and Technology
  • Egyptians invent calendar of 365 days and
    12 months
  • Develop system of written numbers and a
    form of geometry
  • Skilled engineers and architects construct
    palaces, pyramids
  • Egyptian medicine famous in the ancient
    world
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