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Thematic PowerPoint


Thematic PowerPoint Geography By Sarah azmi – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Thematic PowerPoint

Thematic PowerPoint
  • Geography
  • By Sarah azmi

Chapter 10
  • Out line of chapter 10 The growth of Democracy
  • I. The growth of Democracy
  • 1.The Expansion and Limits of Suffrage
  • Before the 19th century most of the original
    thirteen states limited the vote to property
    owners or taxpayers.
  • Westward expansion changed the nature of American
  • Since during this time period there was not
    sufficient transportation as there is today it
    was extremely hard to get from one state to
  • The new western states extended the right to vote
    to all white males over the age of 21.
  • The geography of the newly founded states
    affected the way that each other acted, the north
    was completely different from the south.
  • Some states liberalized voting in the hopes of
    dissuading disgruntled nonvoters from moving west
    or because it seemed unfair to recruit men to
    fight in the war of 1812 but not allow them to
  • There was a great difference in geography during
    this time such as in 1821 new York , the same
    buck tail dominated legislature that voted to
    extended franchise to most white men also
    restricted it among African American men to those
    with property.

Chapter 10
  • While in southern states free blacks wer not
    aloud to vote.
  • 2. The election of 1824
  • When looking at the geography of who voted for
    how it was majority that voted for John Quincy
    Adams that am from the northern states
  • While most southern states voted for Andrew
    Jackson or William Crawford.
  • 3. The elections of 1828
  • The election of 1828 was the first to demonstrate
    the power and effectiveness of the new party
  • During these elections majority of the states
    voted for Andrew Jackson while only northern
    states voted for John Quincy Adams.
  • Majority of what is known as the United states
    was during this time still consider no mans land
    as well as they were nonvoting territories.
  • 4. Internal improvements building an
  • Federal and state government had important role
    in economic growth and in fostering the
    development of a national market. This differed
    from the geography of where a state was on what
    there laws would be.
  • The transportation revolution
  • 1800-40s there were revolutionary transportation
    improvements that will increase trade,
    communications, etc with every state.
  • Increased local communications
  • Improved transportation had dramatic effects both
    on individual mobility on the economy.
  • National government funded the national road in
  • 5. Railroads
  • Began in the 1830s
  • Helped transfer goods, people to different states
    much faster then by either horse back, wagon but
    now it was able to be done in half the time.

Chapter 11 the south and slavery
  • Chapter eleven the south and slavery
  • The south and slavery 1790s-1850s
  • King cotton and southern expansion
  • Economic success of cotton and of the slave
    system on which it created quite different from
    that developing in the north.
  • The cotton gin by Eli Whitney in 1793 made it
    harder for the slave trade and owning slaves in
    the south to end.
  • The internal slave trade
  • The upper south like Delaware, Kentucky,
    Maryland, Virginia and Tennessee needed to find
    new alternatives.
  • The size and profitability of the internal slave
    trade made a mockery of southern claims for the
    benevolence of the slave system.
  • Slave population
  • 1820 1860
  • The growth of cotton production caused a
    redistribution of the enslaved African American
    population in the south
  • Slaves were still used to grow tobacco in the
    southern states, increasing numbers were sold
    down the river to work on new cotton
  • Freedom and resistance
  • Slaves that were still slaves in the south would
    constantly try to become free by running away to
    the north
  • What normally happened was that the southern
    plantation owners would hire bounty hunters and
    they would track down the slaves and bring them
  • Under ground railroad was a way that most of the
    slaves during this time would get out.
  • One of the most influential people that came out
    of this is Harriet Tubman.

chapter 13 coming to terms with the new age
  • the growth of cities where Philadelphia was the
    nations largest city and was growing due to the
    industrial revolution that caused people to
    migrate for jobs / work
  • in 1860 the city had emerged as the center of a
    new triangular trade
  • while Boston still dominated the china trade
  • the market revolution oriented the attention of
    each of these major seaports way from the oceans
    and toward trade with the nations interior
  • during the 1820s 1860s it was the growth of
    cities and by the 1860s the biggest cities were
    north west of the Atlantic
  • this was also the time period where poverty
    stricken Irish immigrants came to the united
    states for a better life , but instead since
    there was a need for workers in the factories
    they hired the Irish , and gave them little money
    and bad working conditions
  • the panic of 1837 affected the temperance
    movement , where as most temperance crusaders in
    the 1820s has been members of the middle class
    the long depression of 1837 43
  • the Mormon migration of 1830 to 1847 where
    Mormons were migrating to the north west of the
    united stats

chapter 14 the territorial expansion of the
united states 1830s -1850
  • by 1848 the untied states had gained all of these
    converted western land
  • exploring the cast continent of north America and
    gaining an understanding of its geography took
    several centuries and the efforts of many people.
  • The fur trade which flourished from 1670 to 1840
    I was an important
  • expansion and Indian policy
  • the justification for the western removal , as
    Thomas Jefferson had explained early in the
    century , was the creation of space where Indian
    people could live undisturbed by white people
    while the y slowly adjusted to civilized ways.
    But the government officials who negotiated the
    removals failed to predict the tremendous speed
    at which white people would settle the west.
  • Indian territory was established in 1821
  • in 1854 the government abolished the northern
    half of Indian territory, establishing the Kansas
    territories .
  • The removal of the eastern tribes did not solve
    the Indian problem the term many Americans used
    to describe their relationship with the first
    occupants of the land.
  • The politics of expansion were that America was
    rapidly expanding and come expanding had many
    consequences but the most significant was that it
    reinforced Americans sense of themselves as
    pioneers .
  • The Kansas Nebraska law made most of the Indians
    be removed and moved to a new climate and a new
    way of life.

Chapter 14 continued
  • The overland trails of 1840
  • Mexican Texas in 1821 Mexico gained its
    independence from Spain and created there own
  • Texas turned from a Mexican province to the
    united states , which it was originally part of
    the Mexican province of coahuila y tejas , it
    became the republic of Texas in 1836 , following
    the Texas revolt , and was annexed to the united
    states in that the form in1845 finally the
    compromise of 1850.
  • California and the gold rush , which caused
    people to migrate from where they lived to go to
    California so that they could try to find gold in

chapter fifteen the coming crisis 1850s
  • Expansions and Growth
  • Development of manufacturing in northeast and
    souths responsibility for economic growth waned.
    Which led the very success of the United Sates
    both in geographic expansion and economic
  • The U.S population and settlements in the 1850
    were spread more throughout instead of most
    population in one area such as a major city or
  • Two Communities, Two Perspectives
  • Southerners were strong supporters of the
    Mexican-America War and wanted to expand into
  • The Compromise of 1850
  • The issues of whether slavery should be carried
    into the new and additional territories that were
    becoming states.
  • To keep balance California came in as a free
    state and Texas became a slave state.
  • The Fugitive Slave Act
  • Stated the full authority of the federal
    government now supported slave owners and slaves
    were not aloud to testify for themselves.
  • The law imposed federal penalties on citizens
    who protected or assisted fugitives and slave
    owners could hire a bounty or slave hunter to
    go and find there slave and could be brought back
    to the south.
  • The Kansas- Nebraska Act of 1854
  • This act robbed the Indian people of half the
    territory guaranteed to them by treaty and
    because it repealed the Missouri compromise line,
    it opened up the lands to warring proslavery and
    antislavery factions.
  • By allowing the possibility of slavery in the new
    territories Douglass bill in effect repealed the
    Missouri compromise of 1820.
  • South Leaves The Union
  • Abraham Lincoln won presidency and most
    southerners were embarrassed and scarred at this
  • Throughout the south succession, southerners
    didnt think they had a choice, which they
    thought by breaking from the union the north
    would just give up.

Important people in chapters 13,14,15
  • Important people ,
  • Frederick Jackson Turner Americas most famous
    historian that observed that the repeated
    experience of settling new frontiers across the
    continent which had shaped Americans into a
    uniquely adventurous , and democratic people. He
    studied geography by being alive during the time
    of the great expansion in America

Five terms
  • Five terms
  • Kansas Nebraska act Indian territory was west
    of Arkansas , Missouri and Iowa and east of
    Spanish territory , most of the Indian people
    that lived there had been removed from the east
    of the Mississippi river. All of the Indian
    people had trouble adjusting not only to a new
    climate and a new way of life but the close
    proximity of some Indian tribes who were there
    traditional enemies.
  • The over land trails which was a 2,000 mile
    trip on the the trail fro the Missouri river to
    Oregon and California , which took 7 months went
    though the Indiana territory which caused a lot
    of problems geography .
  • The compromise of 1850 the compromise of 1850
    reflected heightened sectional tension by being
    even messier and more awkward than the Missouri
    compromise of 1820. California was admitted as a
    free state , the borders of Texas were settled ,
    and the status of the rest of the former Mexican
    territory was left to be decided later by popular
  • The Souths succession the southern states that
    would constitute the confederacy seceded in two
    stages while in Virginia the secession was so
    extreme that west Virginia split off to become a
    separate non-slave states and was admitted to the
    union in 1863.
  • Mexican Texas in 1821 Mexico gained its
    independence from Spain and created there own
    territory. This is geography because when mexico
    gained its independence

  • John Mack Faragherm, mari Jo Buhle , Daniel
    Citrom, Susan H. Armitage, (2002) out of many
    history of the american people. Upper saddle
    river , new jersey prentice hall
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