# Electromagnetism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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## Electromagnetism

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### Activity #6 Electricity and Magnetism ... A galvanometer is an electromagnet that interacts with a permanent magnet. ... The AC source is the generator and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Electromagnetism

1
Electromagnetism
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Activity 6
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Electricity and Magnetism how are they
related? 1.) When an electric current passes
through a wire a magnetic field is formed.
2.) when a wire is moved across a magnetic field,
an electric current is induced in the wire
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What is an electromagnet? When an electric
current is passed through a coil of wire wrapped
around a metal core, a very strong magnetic field
is produced. This is called an electromagnet.
5
What is a galvanometer? A galvanometer is an
electromagnet that interacts with a permanent
magnet. The stronger the electric current passing
through the electromagnet, the more is interacts
with the permanent magnet.
Galvanometers are used as gauges in cars and many
other applications.
The greater the current passing through the
wires, the stronger the galvanometer interacts
with the permanent magnet.
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Activity 7
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What are electric motors? An electric motor is a
device which changes electrical energy into
mechanical energy.
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How does an electric motor work?
Go to the next slide ?
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Simple as that!!
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We have seen how electricity can produce a
magnetic field, but a magnetic field can also
produce electricity! How? What is electromagnetic
induction? Moving a loop of wire through a
magnetic field produces an electric current. This
is electromagnetic induction. A generator is used
to convert mechanical energy into electrical
energy by electromagnetic induction. Carefully
study the next diagrams
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Activity 8
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A look again at alternating current
Alternating current is electrical current which
comes from a generator. As the electromagnet is
rotated in the permanent magnet the direction of
the current alternates once for every
revolution. Go to this website and click the
button for DC then for AC to visually see the
difference between the two. You can see that the
DC source is a battery current flows in one
direction. The AC source is the generator and the
current alternates once for each revolution.