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Magna Carta or Magna Carta Libertatum

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Magna Carta or Magna Carta Libertatum Great Charter or Great Charter of Freedoms To no one will we sell, or deny, or delay, right or justice. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Magna Carta or Magna Carta Libertatum


1
Magna Carta or Magna Carta Libertatum
Great Charter or Great Charter of Freedoms
  • To no one will we sell, or deny, or delay, right
    or justice. 40

2
Overview
  • Was originally created in 1215 because of
    disagreements between Pope Innocent III, King
    John, and English barons about the rights of the
    king.
  • Been known to be first document that limit the
    power of the English king by law (based of a
    document called the Charters of Liberties), and
    that is a single static document, which these are
    false beliefs.
  • The Magna Carta has had influence outside of
    England, especially with the United States
    Constitution, and Bill of Rights.
  • Basically almost every common law state has been
    influenced by the Magna Carta. Making it one of
    the most important legal documents in the history
    of democracy.
  • The document has been renewed throughout the
    Middle Ages through the 18th century. By the
    19th century most of the clauses have been
    repealed for English Law.

3
Events Leading to the Magna Carta
  • King John leader of England, lost much land and
    respect from French Barons.
  • King John lost land and battles to the French

4
Events Leading to the Magna Carta
  • Problems with the Church
  • In the debate of how to choose a Archbishop of
    Canterbury, John sent the Bishop of Norwich
    instead of one of the monks they elected.
  • Pope Innocent III declared this as invalid and
    had the monks elect Stephen Langton, but King
    John refused this and exiled monks from the land.
  • He then put a interdict on the church to prevent
    worship in England in 1208.
  • The pope then excommunicated John, and backed
    Philip to invade England in 1212.

5
Events Leading to the Magna Carta
  • Taxes
  • During this time the government needed money,
    since mercenary soldiers cost double in
    prosperity times.
  • The loss of a great mass of the French lands
    equals less income, which later resulted in
    greater taxes.

6
The Magna Carta
  • Originally named Articles of the Barons which
    was reissued a year later, and officially dubbed
    the title the Magna Carta.
  • Was written originally in Latin.
  • King John had no plans to honor the Magna Carta,
    since it was sealed under extortion by force, but
    clause 61 neutered his power has a monarch.
  • In the many centuries following the document it
    was modified to fit the changing times but the
    basic clauses are still in the document today.

7
What the Magna Carta did?
  • Firstly, the Magna Carta guaranteed the freedom
    of the English Church.
  • Not to be able to over tax the population.
  • King John must be less harsh on the barons.
  • Gave England the basis of a legal system.
  • Promised to have laws that are good and fair.
  • No Freeman would be punished without going
    through a proper trial.

8
Influence
  • The Magna Carta gave the basis of how
    Constitutional Law is today.
  • Has influenced the United States greatly which is
    seen in the United States Constitution and the
    Bill of Rights.
  • Just about all common law has been affected by
    the Magna Carta, making it one of the most
    important legal documents in the history of
    Democracy.

9
A Magna Carta Draft
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