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Aboriginal People of North America

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Aboriginal People of North America Origins and Introduction Social Studies 9 Mr. Smith Origins of Aboriginal Peoples Most First Nations say they have been here ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Aboriginal People of North America


1
Aboriginal People of North America
  • Origins and Introduction
  • Social Studies 9
  • Mr. Smith

2
Origins of Aboriginal Peoples
  • Most First Nations say they have been here
    forever (since the world began)
  • Oral histories
  • Academics say they came from Siberia
  • Came 30,000 10,000 YA
  • By land bridge (Beringia) or by boat

3
Aboriginals before 1500
  • Population 30m to 100m in Americas
  • Canada ½ m to 2 m
  • Disease killed millions after Europeans arrived
  • 50 distinct cultures
  • 12 language groupings
  • Very diverse social characteristics

4
  • Aboriginal Cultural Groups

5
The Arctic
  • Inuit people
  • Harsh environment
  • Limited resources

6
Eastern Woodlands
  • Algonkian Iroquois speaking
  • Agriculturalists
  • Large villages
  • Confederacies of groups

7
Sub Arctic
  • No villages
  • Smaller, dispersed communities
  • Hunting and gathering
  • Montagnais, Ojibwa

8
Plains
  • Buffalo hunters
  • Major competition between groups
  • Some militaristic societies
  • Blackfoot

9
Plateau
  • Interior of BC
  • More extreme climate than coast
  • Shared cultural aspects of Plains and Northwest
    coast
  • Pit houses

10
Northwest Coast
  • Range of languages
  • Some of the wealthiest societies
  • Potlatch
  • Arts
  • Haida, Kwakwakawak

11
Jig Saw Activity
  • 1. Expert Groups Read your section and fill out
    chart
  • Ensure each group member can teacher other
    students about the Aboriginal group
  • 2. Sharing groups meet and teach others about
    your group
  • Come to an agreement about the question
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