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Immigration Images and Realities


Immigration Images and Realities Lee Baxter, Dustin Brooks, Lena Chiang, Lindsay Dilworth, Julianna Landry, Jay Lee, Luis Manzo, Maraia McGary, Phaydra Mutch-Geiger ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Immigration Images and Realities

ImmigrationImages and Realities
  • Lee Baxter, Dustin Brooks, Lena Chiang, Lindsay
    Dilworth, Julianna Landry, Jay Lee, Luis Manzo,
    Maraia McGary, Phaydra Mutch-Geiger, Jackie Phan,
    Sara Pierie, Margaret Rogers, Lindsay Rozee,
    Lance Sasser, Michael Thyken, Alycia Werthan,
    Ryan Westhusing

  • Asian-American Common Differences
  • Asian Americans The Model Minority
  • Asian American Movement 1980s 1990s
  • Latinos in the U.S
  • Resistance

Asian American Common Differences
  • Who are these groups?
  • How does the history of their immigration shape
    their differences?

Asian Americans were systematically stripped of
theirpolitical, economic, cultural, and citizen
rights (Bob Wing, 2005).
Korean Americans
  • First wave arrives in 1903
  • Pursue the American dream
  • Immigration Law 1965
  • Ethnic enclave
  • Struggle

Japanese American Immigrants
  • WWII Pearl Harbor
  • 1890 First arrival because of Japans dependency
    on the West.
  • Effects and aftermath Redress Movement

Immigration Process and West Indians
  • Student Visas
  • Selective Immigration process
  • Myth of West Indians

Vietnamese Immigration
  • Spring 1975 first wave (ship/ air lift).
  • Different refuge centers throughout the U.S.
  • The fall of Saigon

In America-
  • Mainstream
  • Unwelcome
  • Ethnic Enclaves
  • Reunification

Chinese Immigration
  • First wave arrived in 1848 arrived for Gold Rush.
  • Economic instability (ex. Poverty and lifestyle)
  • Effects and aftermath- The naturalization,
    Chinese and Walter-McCarren Act passed
  • 2000 Census of Chinese Immigrants
  • 1,314,537 have migrated
  • 39.8 growth rate

Socioeconomic Characteristics of Asian Other
Racial/Ethnic Groups
Asian Americans The model Minority
  • Model Minority myth- all other minority groups
    should follow the lead and example of the one
    supreme minority group. The Model Minority is
    defined as a bright shining example of hard work
    and patience whose example other minority groups
    should follow.

Model Minority continued..
  • Model Minority myth is based primarily on
  • Do statistics lie?
  • Myth of Asian Success
  • Genetic Advantages?
  • Cultural Traditions?

Success Story of One Minority Group in U.S.
  • Origins of the term Model Minority
  • Created in the 1960s
  • U.S. News and world report
  • Work ethics
  • Highly intellectual minds
  • Exploitation of Chinese Americans

Todays immigrants from Asia
  • Middle class immigrants vs. refugees
  • Consequences of the model minority myth.
  • Whites vs. Asian Americans
  • Overall Impacts

Asian American movement 1980s 1990s
Asian American Movements Pre-1980s
  • Asian American population grew due to reform of
    immigration laws
  • More Asian Americans in poverty and more hate
  • More Asian Americans enrolling in universities
  • Organized successful grassroots organizations

Impacts of Movements prior to 1980
  • Proud of Asian culture
  • Accelerated desegregation of the suburbs with
    middle-class Asian Americans
  • Moving into predominately white suburbs
  • Young Asian Americans gained access to higher
    education greater numbers enrolling in
    universities including elite universities

Possible Reasons Asian Americans were able to
make such progress
  • Cultures emphasis on education/Family
    values/community cohesion
  • Structural changes in Gov. policy and changes in
    global economy
  • Grassroots organizations able to last into the
  • Many were small business owners which gave access
    to start up capital
  • Rise in number on young Asian American
    professionals due to the removal of quotas at
    universities and more job opportunities for
    middle-class people of color

Increased Number of Neo-Conservatist Professionals
  • Born during the Regan-Bush ear
  • Experienced a time period of class and racial
  • Emphasize individual advancement through higher
  • Proud to be Asian American and speak out against
  • Belief in ending affirmative action will result
    in ending racism
  • Oppose minority quotas admitted to universities
  • Belief that lack of advancement for other groups
    of color are due to their culture

Chinese Progressive Association (CPA) 
  • Founded in 1977, composed primarily of Chinese
    immigrants, most are workers in low-wage
  • Main Focus Is on workers and improving their
    living and working conditions. 

Asian Immigrant Women Advocates (AIWA) 
  • Founded in 1983, it is a community-based
  • Main Focus To empower low-income, limited
    -English-speaking Asian immigrant women in their
    homes and their work places. 

Korean Immigrant Worker Advocates (KIWA) 
  • Founded in 1982, it is focused on low-income
    Korean immigrants in Los Angeles' Korea town 
  • Main Focus Bringing labor issues to the
    forefront of the Asian American community,
    educating labor unions about the needs of Asian
    American workers, and forming coalitions with
    other forces in the city to deal with
    interethnic tensions 

The Future Vera Cruz 
  • Manong generation came in the early twentieth
    century and worked in restaurants, fields, and
  • United Farm Workers (UFW) he helped develop the
    organization and now is the vice president 
  • Empowerment Vera Cruz has defined the word
    empowerment as the expansion of democracy for
    the many. He also says that empowerment is not
    for an elite group of people. It is up the people
    to join together and develop their own ideas and
    then have leadership build from there.

Cruzs movement for liberation 
  • Compassion/solidarity/commitment 
  • whiz kids growing poor population, increase of
    non excelling students, and large number of
    family owned businesses not making it
  • Need for change  

Latinos in the U.S.
  • Who are the new immigrants (as compared with
    historical figures)?
  • Where are the new destinations of these
  • Why have most changed choice of destination
    (changed cities)?
  • What immigration patterns have there been in

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New Destinations
  • Where are the new destinations?
  • Changed cities
  • Patterns in Oregon

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Latinos in the U.S. Continued
  • What is the growth rate of native born Hispanics
    vs. foreign born Hispanics?
  • How many undocumented workers are there in
  • What is the rate of growth of these undocumented
  • What do we believe is the main underlying cause
    of immigration into the U.S.?

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Latino Immigration
  • Immigration has been thought to be a direct
    result from the push factors from peoples home
  • Economic factors largely influence the numbers of
    immigrants flowing into the U.S.
  • When unemployment in the U.S. hit a record low at
    3.9 immigration was at its peak.
  • At the highest unemployment rate the Mexican
    immigration was at its 15 year low.

Latinos in the U.S. conclusion
  • We have shown many graphs and tables made up of
    raw statistics from three major sources.
  • The statistics have shown us where most of the
    immigrants are coming from.
  • The statistics indicate how many of them are
    documented workers vs. undocumented workers.
  • Where the new destinations are for Hispanic
  • The underlying causes of immigration.

Be Down With The Brown
  • March 1968 - Chicano and Chicana high school
    students walked out of class to protest a racist
    educational system The Blowouts
  • Began with several thousand students from six
    schools, and increase each day till 10,000 had
  • Brought the largest cities school system to a
  • First time Chicano students had marched in masses
    in demonstration against racism and educational

Thirty Years Later New Blowouts Emerged
  • Combating repressive new anti-crime laws
  • Re-election of right wing Gov. Pete Wilson
  • To fight proposition 187- (the call to deny
    educational and health services to anyone
    suspected of being undocumented)
  • The Blowouts focused on public schools for the
    reason that Californias public schools lose
    17.20 for each un-excused absence per day

  • Racism in the school system was at the top of the
    list for the reasons of the new blowout wave
  • Nation wide Latinos have the lowest high school
    graduation rate of any group
  • Of every 100 Latinos who enter kindergarten only
    55 graduate from high school. Of those 55, only
    25 enter college, Of the 25, 7 finish Only 4 go
    on to graduate school and 2 finish

Boycotting Taco Bell The Coalition of Immokalee
  • The Coalition of Immokalee Workers (CIW) was
    founded in 1995 with workers from Mexico,
    Guatemala, and Haiti
  • October 1997, the CIW launched an anti-slavery
    campaign to call to public attention to
    sub-poverty wages in the tomato fields and orange

Focus Attention on Taco Bell
  • CIW discovers that the power is beyond the
    growers and focus attention at the large
  • Boycott Taco Bell because they are the largest
    consumers of the tomatoes they pick
  • CIW gives demands to Taco Bell, there is no
    response from Taco Bell

Taco Bell
  • The coalition decided to target 16-24 year-olds,
    which was the largest consumer for Taco Bell
  • CIW begins the Truth Tour
  • receives a great deal of media attention

The Coalition of Immokalee       Workers
  • Students booted the Bell from campus or
    declared their campus a Taco Bell-free zone
  • Pressure toward the shareholders at the Yum
    Brands start to develop
  • Taco Bell has not reached the demands of CIW

Freedom Riders
  • Since 9/11, immigrant communities generally,
    Arab, Muslim, and South Asian communities in
    particular, feel besieged. The federal government
    has conducted random sweeps workplace raids, and
    carried out secret detentions and judicial
    proceedings, initiated special registration
    programs based on nationality, and deported
    established immigrants based on mere
  • Since 9/11, the government measures have ended up
    going too far, These measures target immigrants
    who have nothing to do with terrorism

Freedom Riders
  • The governments actions have also made it more
    difficult for millions of immigrants to work and
    provide for their families and driving them
    further underground
  • This system keeps millions of hardworking
    immigrants from becoming full members and
    enjoying equal rights in this nation. Resulting
    in exploitation, separation from loved ones, and
    no protection by our laws 

Freedom Riders
  • The Immigrant Freedom Riders set out striving for
    Policies that work for immigrants and all
  • Nearly 1,000 Immigrants joined in the cross
    county ride of 20,000 miles. Stopping at 100
    cities to expose the injustice of current
    policies toward immigrants
  • They joined in various rallies and protests, and
    met with more than 120 members of Congress in
    their pushed for a road to citizenship

  • The immigrant Workers Freedom Ride ended in New
    York on Oct 4
  • More than 125,000 union and community supporters
    joined the workers who had crossed the country in
    effort to put immigration issues on the national
    political agenda for 2004

Northwest Treeplanters and Farmworkers United
  • PCUNPineros y Campesinos Unidos Del Noroeste
  • Oregons union of farmworkers, nursery, and
    reforestation workers, and Oregons largest
    Latino organization
  • PCUNs fundamental goal is to empower farmworkers
    to understand and take action against systematic
    exploitation and all of its effects by being
    involved in community and workplace organizing

  • Founded in 1985 PCUN has more than 5,000
    registered members
  • Office is located in center of Oregon filtered
    agricultural industry in the mid-Willamette
    Valley, city of Woodburn
  • A cultural center for the Valleys Mexican
    community, Woodburn currently has a majority
    Latino population of just over 50

What and Who is PCUN fighting for?
  • Oregon farm workers
  • Employees work long hours for low wages, with no
    overtime pay, paid breaks, seniority, job
    security, or other benefits
  • Seasonal workers often housed in squalid labor
    camps owned and operated by growers or labor
  • Exposed to a myriad of chemicals and pesticides
    sprayed on crops and often lack the proper
    protective gear and training to apply pesticides
  • They also lack the right to collective
    bargaining, which is guaranteed to all other
    industries under the National Labor Relations Act

How Do They Do It?
  • Through successfully organizing and collective
  • Organizing efforts PCUNs Collective Bargaining
    Committee uses various direct organizing tactics,
    such as visiting fields, distributing leaflets,
    and holding house meetings and marches, yet PCUN
    also organizes through its Service Center for
  • Collective bargaining Most effective and lasting
    way to improve Farmworker conditions it
    re-addresses the power imbalance between growers
    and workers, and establishes respect, fairness
    and dignity as the bases for the employment
  • Collective bargaining agreements negotiated by a
    committee elected by their peers and ratified by
    a vote of the workers

Key Components Of These Agreements
  • Expeditious procedure to resolve grievances
  • Seniority rights
  • Prohibition against retaliation/discipline
    without just cause
  • Paid breaks and overtime pay
  • Right to refuse work in conditions unsafe or
  • Right to paid and unpaid absence
  • Right to information about chemical used in the
  • Union recognition
  • None of these protections or procedures is
    presently provided by law

Collaborative Efforts PCUN Works Closely With a
Variety of Other Local Organization
  • Farmworker Housing Development Corporation, runs
    the farmworker housing units in Woodburn
  • Voz Hispana, organizes Latino voters and educates
    community members of the legacy of Cesar Chavez
  • CAUSA advocates for immigrant rights
  • Mujeres Luchadoras Progresistas promotes economic
    and leadership development for farmworker women

National Level
  • Advocates with the Oregon Legislature to protect
    farmworkers rights
  • involved national and statewide collaboration
    around issues such as controlling pesticide use
    and protecting the health of workers
  • PCUN has led or been involved in numerous
    organizing efforts and campaigns since its

  • Asian Nation Website
  • Success Story of One Minority Group in U.S.
    Us. News world Report (1966) in Asian-American
    Studies, eds. Jean Yu-wen Shen Wu and Min Song
    (Rutgers U Press, 2000), pp. 158-163
  • Elaine Kim, Home is Where the Han Is, in
    Asian-American Studies, eds. Jean Yu-wen Shen Wu
    and Min Song (Rutgers U Press, 2000)
  • Min Zhou, Are Asian Americans Becoming White?,
    Contexts vol 3, iss 1 (Winter 2004)
  • Excerpts from Glenn Omatsu, The Four Prisons
    and the Movements of Liberation Asian American
    Activism from the 1960s) in Asian-American
    Studies, eds. Jean Yu-wen Shen Wu and Min Song
    (Rutgers U Press, 2000), pp. 176-194
  • The Model Minority Website
  • http//

Sources, Continued
  • A Statistical Portrait of Hispanics at Mid-Decade
  • http//
  • Rise, Peak, and Decline Trends in US Immigration
  • http//
  • Immigrant Workers Freedom Ride Coalition
  • http// (Northwest Tree
    Planters and Farmworkers United)
  • http//
  • Peter Ian Asen, Boycotting Taco Bell The
    Coalition of Immokalee Workers, A Troublemakers
    Handbook, ed., Jane Slaughter (Labor Notes 2005)
  • Elizabeth Martinez, De Colores Means All of Us
    (South End Press, 1998) Chapter 25

The End
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