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Title: US History REVIEW

Instructions for use
A) click mouse and a question will appear with
possible answers.
B) select your answer and click on it.
C) you will be shown the correct answer.
D) click again and the next question will appear
There are approximately 200 prompts in the
review, if you can not finish the review in one
setting use the scroll bar to remember where you
left off.
What is the site of the first successful English
A) Jamestown
B) Roanoke Island
C) Plymouth
D) Charleston
What was the reason that the English colonist
succeeded in becoming the ruling power in America?
A)The English started colonizing before Spain and
B)Neither France or Spain were as aggressive as
the English
C)English settlers were interested in
establishing permanent settlements.
D)The English found more gold than the Spanish
or French
What saved the Jamestown colony from failure?
A)The importing of black slaves
B) The cultivation of tobacco
C)a religious revival
D)Help from the Indians
Which colonies would most likely have access to
good harbors but be limited by rocky soil?
A)New York and New Jersey
B) Virginia and North Carolina
C) Massachusetts and Rhode Island
D) Connecticut and Georgia
Which colonies would most likely have staple
crops and large plantations?
A)New Jersey and Maryland
B)New York and Delaware
C) Massachusetts and Connecticut
D)Virginia and South Carolina
The most important cash crop of the Southern
colonies was?
B) tobacco
C) cotton
D) rice
Which group of documents best demonstrates the
desire among colonists for self government?
A) Mayflower Compact, Of Plymouth Plantations,
Common Sense
B)Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, New England
Primer, Maryland Act of Toleration
C) Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, Maryland
Act of Toleration, New England Primer
D) Mayflower Compact, Albany Plan of Union,
Declaration of Independence
The Virginia House of Burgesses marked and
important precedent because it
A) Failed
B) was abolished by James I
C) was the first representative government in the
D) forced James I to revoke the colonys royal
charter and grant it self-government.
What was the original purpose of the
Constitutional Convention?
A) Revise the Constitution
B) Revise the Articles of Confederation
C) Revise the Mayflower Compact
D) Revise the Declaration of Independence
The 13 original state governments had all of the
following, except
A) Monarchs
B) Bill of Rights
C) Legislative Branches
D) Executive Branches
Which of the following men first stated, All men
are created equal
A) George Washington
B) Jean Jacque Rousseau
C) Thomas Jefferson
D) John Locke
What state did not send a delegate to the
Constitutional Convention?
A) North Carolina
B) Delaware
C) New York
D) Rhode Island
How did the Puritans treat other groups who
settled in the Massachusetts Bay Colony?
A) Although persecuted themselves, the Puritans
accepted other Protestants but not Roman
Catholics or Quakers.
B) The Puritans did not accept other groups into
the colony, even after being persecuted
themselves in England.
C) The Puritans accepted and converted Native
Americans who lived in the region.
D) The Puritans accepted French Huguenots at
first, but later forced them to leave.
Colonial legislatures were often able to bend the
power of the governors to their will because
A) The governors often had a greater sense of
loyalty to their colony than to the king.
B) The governors were usually chosen by colonial
legislatures and could be removed from office by
the legislatures.
C) Colonial legislatures controlled taxes and
expenditures that paid the governors salaries.
D) The king generally held the view of colonial
legislatures in higher regard than those of the
The religious group which was against war and
slavery was the
A. Puritans
B) Separatists
C) Quakers
D) Anglicans
Anne Hutchinson and Roger Williams helped
establish the principle of
A) Freedom of the press
B) Freedom of religion
C) Free education
D) Representative government
The jury decision in the John Peter Zenger case
led to
A) Freedom of the Press
B) Freedom of trade
C) Freedom of religion
D) Freedom of assembly
The early colonist who worked for a specified
number of years in exchange for their passage to
America were called
A) slaves
B) patrons
C) sharecroppers
D) Indentured servants
The chief occupation of most American colonists
A) manufacturing
B) farming
C) shipping
D) fishing
Following the economic theory of mercantilism,
England believed its colonies existed to
A) Provide raw materials that could not be found
in the home country
B) Provide English settlers with political freedom
C) Provide English settlers with religious freedom
D) Enhance English prestige with the acquisition
of territory
The exchange of rum, molasses and slaves for
manufactured products between the colonies, the
West Indies, and Africa became known as
A) mercantilism
B) The Navigation Acts
C) French-American Trade Agreement
D) Triangular trade
The French and Indian War resulted in a conflict
A) French control over the St. Lawrence River
B) The turning over of the Louisiana Territory to
the British
C) The French occupation of the Ohio River Valley
D) French trade agreements with the Huron Indians
With the British and American victory during the
French and Indian War,
A) The American colonies grew closer to Britain
B) A new spirit of independence arose.
C) The Americans now feared the Spanish
D) Indians never again launched deadly attacks
against whites.
The American colonists objected to Parliaments
A) Only after the King closed the port of Boston
B) because taxes were excessively high
C) Until William Pitt became Prime Minister
D) Because they believed only the colonial
assemblies could tax.
The Intolerable Acts were passed as a result of
A) Boston Massacre
B) Boston Tea Party
C) Writs of Assistance
D) Stamp Act Congress
In the pamphlet titled Common Sense, Thomas
Paine urges Americans to
A) Boycott British goods, especially tea
B) Petition the King for colonial representation
in Parliament
C) Begin a system of communication within the
colonies about threats to American liberties.
D) To declare their independence from England and
create their own country.
The Declaration of Independence is based on the
idea that
A) English laws are bad and no one needs to
follow them.
B) Men have the right to punish those who have
abused them.
C) People do not have to follow any law that they
do not like.
D) People are entitled to certain rights that no
one can take away from them.
The Enlightenment philosopher who most influenced
the colonial leaders was
A) Jean Jacques Rouseau
B) Baron de Montesquieu
C) John Locke
D) Thomas Paine
If the Battle of Lexington and Concord was the
immediate cause of the beginning of the American
Revolution, what was the long-term cause?
A) The ideas of the Enlightenment studied by the
colonial leaders
B) The many taxes that caused a hardship for the
C) The English colonists desire for independence
from Englands tyrannical and self-serving rule
D) The lack of a colonial representation in
The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point for
the patriot forces because it
A) Led to an alliance between the Americans and
the French
B) Taught General Burgoyne how to lead an
expedition through the forests
C) Taught the British how to fight in the
countryside instead of on the coast.
D) Caused the British so many losses that it
weakened the English Army
The American Revolution resulted in all of the
following except
A) The end of British mercantilist restrictions
B) Economic problems
C) Recognition of the US as a world power
D) The recognition of the new independent United
States of America
After eleven years it became obvious that the
Articles of Confederation were not successful
A) It was a different kind of government
B) Too much power was given to a central
C) Not enough power was given to a central
D) It favored some states over others
What was the positive result of the Northwest
Ordinance of 1787?

A) Resolved problems of representation between
small and large states
B) Established an orderly procedure for creating
new states
C) Addressed the problem of slavery in the
northern states
D) Settled the boundary between the northwestern
states and Canada
The Constitution divides power between states
and the federal government. This is called
A) Communism
B) Republicanism
C) Federalism
D) Democracy
The Federalist Papers were published
A) To urge voters to reject the Constitution
B) To suggest ways the Articles of Confederation
could be improved.
C) To urge voters to ratify the Constitution.
D) To suggest a way to amend the Constitution.
Several states refused to ratify the Constitution
A) The President was elected by the people
B) The Mayflower compact was repealed
C) A list of rights protecting liberties was added
D) There was a prohibition on taxes
The Electoral College Compromise dealt with which
of the following
A) representation in Congress
B) Slave trade
C) Counting population
D) Choosing the President
What was the cause of Shays Rebellion?
A) High taxes
B) Unequal representation
C) Freedom of Speech
D) Right to bear arms
The final version of the Constitution is the
result of
A) Washingtons Veto
B) Thomas Jeffersons writings
C) Many compromises
D) The work of the electoral college
Most of the conflicts between whites and Indians
on the frontier were over
A) The rights to use the Mississippi River
B) Disease spread by the white settlers
C) Religious differences
D) Control and ownership of land
The first incident in which the Constitution
proved its strength and power to enforce the laws
was the
A) Negotiation of Jays Treaty
B) Whiskey Rebellion
C) XYZ Affair
D) Battle of Tippecanoe
The first two political parties were formed as a
result of the controversy between which two
A) Washington and Hamilton
B) Madison and Jefferson
C) Hamilton and Jefferson
D) Washington and Madison
Which of the following did the Constitutional
Convention NOT come up with?
A) Bicameral legislature
B) Bill of rights
C) Judicial Branch
D) Executive Branch
Alexander Hamiltons financial program including
the Bank of the United States seemed to favor
which group of Americans?
A) Southern Farmers
B) Northern Businessmen
C) Western frontiersmen
D) East Coast Fishermen
Which of the following compromises dealt with
representation in the national Congress?
A) Electoral College
B) Connecticut
C) Slave trade
D) 3/5
Which of the following court cases established
governments practice of separate but equal
A) Plessy v Ferguson
B) Rust v Sullivan
C) Korematsu v. U.S.
D) Marbury v. Madison
What was President Washingtons response when
Great Britain and France went to war against each
A) He issued the Monroe Doctrine
B) He allowed France to use American ports
C) He declared the Proclamation of Neutrality
D) He declared war on Great Britain
In George Washingtons Farwell Address, he warned
against all of the following except
A) Foreign alliances
B) Formation of political parties
C) Engaging in Europe matters
D) Building of colleges
The Judiciary Act of 1801 and so called midnight
judges were an attempt by the Federalists to
A) Weaken the Judicial branch of the government
B) Support of the policies of the incoming
President, Thomas Jefferson
C) Prolong their power by increasing their hold
on the judiciary
D) Do away with the Alien and Sedition Acts
When a local party organization becomes very
powerful, it is sometimes referred to as
a_________________ .
A) Political machine
B) Convention
C) Caucus
D) none of the above
In the 1803 the United States suddenly doubled
its size when
A) It seized Louisiana from the Spanish empire
B) It bought Louisiana from Napoleon of France
for 15 million
C) Daniel Boone cleared a road through a gap in
eastern Tennessee called the Wilderness Road
D) It bought Louisiana from Spain for 15 million
What is the most significant result of the
Supreme Court decision in Marbury v. Madison
A) Declared slavery open in all states
B) Limited the power of individual states
C) Expanded the power of the Bill of Rights
D) Established the Supreme Courts right to
exercise judicial review
The case of McCullough v. Maryland declared that
_____________ was constitutional
A) The National bank
B) Interstate trade
C) Westward expansion
D) The Fugitive Slave Law
Which of the following is the main reason the US
declared war on Great Britain during the War of
A) Embargo Act, Proclamation of Neutrality, and
War Hawks
B) Indian relations, national pride, and War Hawks
C) Treaty of Paris (1763) violations
D) Treaty of Paris (1783) violations
A group of young Congressmen called The War Hawks
wanted to
A) Declare war against France
B) Work out a new treaty with the Indians
C) Remove the Indians and declare war against
D) Wipe out the Federalist party
Francis Scott Key was inspired to write The
StarSpangled Banner by the
A) American victory at New Orleans
B) Triumphs of Old Ironside
C) Signing of the Treaty of Ghent
D) Defense of Baltimore at Fort McHenry
As a result of the War of 1812, the US
A) Became more dependent on Great Britain
B) Lost some of its national pride
C) Became less dependent on Europe
D) Gained land in Canada and Florida
Under the Treaty of Ghent, the United States and
Great Britain agreed to
A) Keep warships off the Great Lakes
B) Leave the Canadian boundary unfortified
C) Establish joint control over the Oregon Country
D) Resume peaceful relation
The nationalism during the War of 1812 is most
clearly evident in the
A) Appointment of John Marshall as Chief Justice
B) Support for the Hartford Convention
C) Support for the protective tariff
D) Refusal to purchase Florida
The issue of slavery in the Louisiana Purchase
was settled by the Missouri Compromise of 1820
which declared that
A) Maine and Missouri would come in as slave
states, but from then on all states would be free
B) Maine would come in as a free and Missouri as
a slave state, from then on the settlers would
vote to decide which they wanted to be
C) Both Maine and Missouri would hold an election
to decide whether they wanted to be a slave state
or free
D) Maine would come in as a free state and
Missouri as a slave state and that the rest of
the territory would be divided between slave and
free states by the 36 30 line
The Monroe Doctrine issued in 1823 by James
Monroe was an expression of United States
expanding nationalism when Monroe
A) Warned all European powers not to interfere
with the affairs in the Western hemisphere
B) Warned Napoleon to withdraw from his
occupation of Spain and Portugal
C) Told Mexico and Cuba that the United States
intended to take over their countries
D) Took over the Isthmus of Panama in order to
build a short route between the Atlantic and the
Why did the Tariff of Abominations, passed in
1828, so enrage the Southerners?
A) Because it favored imported goods from Britain
B) Because it was passed over the protests of
President John Quincy Adams
C) Because the tariff was too high
D) Because it favored manufacturing in the
northeast at the expense of southern agriculture
The Tariff of Abominations resulted in which of
the following?
A) The Monroe Doctrine
B) Religious revivals
C) The concept of nullification
D) Establishment of labor unions
As a result of President Jacksons policy, most
Native Americans who lived east of the
Mississippi River
A) Lost the right to vote
B) Gained the right to sue in court
C) Were forced to give up land
D) Supported Jackson in his reelection
What is the modern-day equivalent of the Kitchen
A) The Diplomatic Corps
B) The Presidents personal advisors
C) The Central Intelligence Agency
D) The Senate Foreign Relations Committee
The Seneca Falls Declaration of Sentiments and
Resolutions stated the position of a group of
people who were seeking equal rights for
A) People without property
B) women
C) immigrants
D) Freed slaves
What term best describes why Americans felt
justified in expanding its territory from on
coast to the other?
A) Manifest destiny
B) Trail of Tears
C) Territorial expansion
D) Tariff of Abominations
The immediate cause of the Mexican War was
A) A debt owed by Mexico to the American
B) The movement of American settlers into Mexican
C) A revolution in Mexico between the Mexican
rebels and Spain
D) A dispute over the southern boundary of Texas
All of the following were reasons Americans went
west except for
A) Gold and silver
B) Factory work
C) farmland
D) Religious freedom
The acquisition of territory that gave the US
ownership of land from the Atlantic Ocean to the
Pacific Ocean was the
A) Mexican Cession
B) Louisiana Purchase
C) Gadsden Purchase
D) Texas annexation
One agent of the Underground Railroad, often
called The Moses of her People, was
A) Elizabeth Stanton
B) Elizabeth Blackwell
C) Harriet Tubman
D) Harriet Beecher Stowe
The American Temperance Union called for an end to
A) The Norths interfering in the affairs of the
B) The excessive use of alcoholic beverages
C) Domestic violence and injustices against women
D) The abuse of the mentally ill in prison
Many Southerners strongly defended slavery because
A) Slaves were needed to build the Souths
transportation system
B) The Southern economy was based on slave labor
C) Immigrants were not willing to work on
D) Slaves were needed to work on small southern
The term popular sovereignty refers to
resolving the slave issue by
A) A referendum in all slave states
B) Elections in Texas and California
C) A territorial election in the western
D) A vote in the House of Representatives
Bleeding Kansas refers to the mid-century
violence in the state of Kansas over
A) Native American land rights
B) A high protective tariff that hurt the South
C) Slavery in the new states
D) Voting rights of non-property owners
In the Supreme Court case of Dred Scott v.
Sanford (1856), Chief Justice Roger B. Taney
expressed all of the following ideas except
A) Slaves are property
B) Masters can take slaves anywhere
C) The Fugitive Slave Law is unconstitutional
D) The Missouri compromise is unconstitutional
The event causing the first southern states to
secede from the Union was
A) The Dred Scott Decision
B) John Browns raid
C) Lincolns election as president
D) The Kansas-Nebraska Act
President Lincolns goal, after the Election of
1860 was to
A) Abolish slavery
B) Preserve the Union
C) Defeat the Confederacy
D) Leave slavery alone
Which of the following was a Confederate
advantage at the beginning of the Civil War?
A) More factories and people
B) More help from France
C) More experienced generals
D) More miles of railroad
The purpose of the 13th, 14th, and 15th
Amendments to the Constitution was to
A) Help black Americans achieve equal rights
B) Keep black Americans as slaves
C) End Reconstruction in the South
D) Ease the burden of Reconstruction on white
The black codes developed by the southern states
were designed to
A) Help former slaves obtain farmland
B) Help former slaves receive an education
C) Keep freed slaves subordinate to whites
D) Require freed slaves to vote for southern
General Winfield Scotts Anaconda Plan involved
all of the following except
A) Blockading Confederate ports
B) Dividing the Confederacy into three theaters
of war
C) Gaining control of the Mississippi River and
of New Orleans
D) Pushing north to capture Washington, D.C.
Which battle, fought in July 1863, was a turning
point of the Civil War?
A) Fredericksburg
B) Vicksburg
C) Pittsburgh
D) Gettysburg
Lincolns plan fro Reconstruction was
A) A hope of peace without bitterness and a
restoration of southern economic and political
B) Harsh treatment of the South, both
economically and politically
C) Vague because he did not have time to develop
his plan
D) Harsh politically, but economically easy
Johnsons plan for Reconstruction was
A) Harsh and similar to the Radical Republicans
B) The same as Lincolns plan
C) A reflection of the demands of the southern
D) Harsher than Lincolns, but far short of what
was demanded by the Radical Republicans
Which of the following statements characterized
big business in the US during the New Industrial
Age, (approx. 1865-1900)?
A) Demand for government action to end immigration
B) Pressure exerted on government to create
economic stability
C) Use of organizational power to control market
prices and eliminate competition
D) Opposition to the introduction of labor saving
During the Gilded Age, many Americans opposed
trusts became
A) Trusts could destroy small companies
B) Trusts increased competition among businesses
C) Trusts allowed foreign investments
D) Unemployment in the cities increased
The court case Brown v. Board of Education dealt
with which of the following
A) 1st Amendment
B) 2nd Amendment
C) 5th Amendment
D) 14th Amendment
The Interstate Commerce Act was the governments
response to the problems of
A) farmers
B) railroads
C) Factory workers
D) immigrants
The purpose of the Sherman Antitrust Act was to
stop the growth of
A) Government regulations
B) railroads
C) monopolies
D) Holding companies
All of the following were demands of early labor
unions except
A) Higher wages
B) Better living conditions
C) A shorter workday
D) Increased use of unskilled workers
In the early 1900s newly arrived immigrants
usually worked
A) In skilled trades
B) At the lowest paying jobs
C) For higher pay than other Americans
D) On small farms in the South
Bosses in big-city political machines got votes
for their candidates by
A) Stealing from immigrants
B) Ignoring immigrants
C) Criticizing immigrants
D) Helping immigrants
The Jim Crow Laws passed by southern legislatures
were designed to segregate blacks socially. In
1896, the Supreme Court supported such laws in
the case of
A) Munn v. Illinois
B) The Sherman Antitrust Act
C) Brown v. Topeka, Kansas
D) Plessy v. Ferguson
As a leader of the black community, Booker T.
Washington, did al of the following except
A) Advocated social equality
B) Helped found the NAACP
C) Discovered hundreds of uses for he peanut
D) Grudgingly agreed to segregation
The Homestead Act of 1862, completion of the
transcontinental railroad, ranching and dry
farming all helped shift part of the population
of the US by
A) Forcing conditions of over-crowding in
Northeast cities
B) Aiding in economic reconstruction of the
C) Aiding in the settlement of the Great Plains
D) Shifting opportunities away from the New
England States
Improvements in communication and transportation
in the late 1800s were important because
A) It became more comfortable to travel
B) The telegraph made it possible to have more
efficient trains
C) The telephone allowed families to stay in touch
D) Inventions created new industries
Innovations that spurred industrial growth led to
the creation of large fortunes. Some philosophers
applied the survival of the fittest theory to
defend the accumulation of wealth by individuals.
This theory was called
A) Laissez-faire
B) Social Darwinism
C) The Trustee of Wealth Theory
D) The American Plan
The goal of the progressive movement was
A) Isolationism from Europe
B) Growth of industry
C) Reform of government
D) Prohibition of alcohol
Journalists who kept the public informed of
wrongdoings in business and government were known
A) muckrakers
B) consumers
C) Yellow journalists
D) populists
All of the following are examples of muckraking
journalism except
A) Ida Tarbells History of the Standard Oil
B) Lincoln Steffens The Shame of the Cities
C) Russell Conwells Acres of Diamonds
D) Jacob Riis How the Other Half Lives
During the Presidency of Woodrow Wilson the
government finally passed effective antitrust
legislation in the form of the
A) Sherman Antirust Act
B) Underwood-Simmons Act
C) Mann-Elkins Act
D) Clayton Act
After 1898, how did the need for markets affect
the United States
A) Eliminated poverty in the cities
B) Improved economic growth and political
prestige in world affairs
C) Decreased concern for minority and womens
D) Limited involvement in world affairs
All of the following were reasons given by
American imperialists for US involvement in
foreign lands except
A) To Christianize and civilize natives
B) To gain ports to improve US naval power
C) To spread the ideas of democracy
D) To slow immigration to the US
What was the common purpose of the Open Door
A) To prevent Europe from taking over islands in
the Pacific Ocean
B) To prevent European powers from gaining an
unfair advantage in China
C) To promote good will among all nations
D) To give America an advantage in gaining
trading routes to Asia
All of the following were colonial acquisitions
in the late 1800s except
A) Cuba
B) Alaska
C) Hawaii
D) Samoa
An important result of the Spanish-American War
was that it
A) Increased tension between the US and Russia
B) Forced Spain to recognize the Monroe Doctrine
C) Strengthened American control over the
D) Made the US a leader of the free world
By the treaty ending the Spanish-American War the
US acquired
A) Puerto Rico
B) Guam
C) Philippines
D) All of the above
Theodore Roosevelts Big Stick policy was
directed at countries in the
A) Caribbean
B) Far East
C) Western Hemisphere
D) Soviet Union
President Tafts foreign policy was most closely
associated with the term
A) Watchful waiting
B) Dollar diplomacy
C) Moral diplomacy
D) nonintervention and noncolonization
The immediate cause of World War I was
A) An Austro-Hungarian archduke and his wife were
B) A strike by Serbians led to a violent riot
C) An Austro-Hungarian archduke and his wife
murdered a Serbian
D) Serbians refused to salute the
Austro-Hungarian flag
Before the US entry into World War I, American
opposition to Germany increased because of
A) Invasion of France by German troops
B) Continued unrestricted submarine attacks on US
C) Kidnapping and murder of American diplomats in
D) Refusal to purchase American goods
President Wilson convinced the American people to
enter World War I by doing which of the following?
A) Appealing to our tradition of helping Great
Britain in her times of need
B) Promising to have the troops home for Christmas
C) Convincing Americans that we would soon be
attacked by Germany
D) Pledging to fight a war to end all wars and
make the world safe for democracy
All of the following are reasons why the US
entered World War I except
A) The increasing threat to trade by the Allied
B) The renewal of unrestricted submarine warfare
by the Germans
C) A natural desire to assure victory by the
D) The collapse of Russia which made Wilson fear
Germany would win
The only point of the Fourteen Points that Wilson
successfully saved was the provision
A) For a new state of Poland
B) For a League of Nations
C) For Germany to accept responsibility for the
D) For the total disarmament of Germany
After World War I, which of the following
influences did we see dominate American political
A) internationalist, pro civil rights, and pro
B) isolationist, pro civil rights, and
C) isolationist, anti-immigration, and pro
D) internationalist, anti-immigration, and
In the 1920s the United States experienced which
of the following?
A) A period of great prosperity
B) A new period of isolationism
C) A Red Scare
D) All of the above
The prosperity of the 1920s was due to all of the
following except
A) Installment buying
B) Mass merchandising
C) Mass production
D) Higher prices for agricultural staples
The term flappers was used to describe the
A) Guns used by gangsters during the 1920s
B) new women of the 1920s
C) Blacks who moved North in search of jobs
D) Model T automobile
Religious fundamentalism was an issue in the
A) Arbuckle trial
B) Sacco-Vanzetti trial
C) Lindbergh trial
D) Scopes trial
The Harlem Renaissance describes
A) The migration of blacks to the North
B) Cultural revolution of blacks in America
C) A major literary movement by black authors
D) The beginning of the Civil Rights Movement
The group that suffered the most economically
during the prosperous 1920s was the
A) Factory workers
B) Movie industry
C) immigrants
D) Farmers
All of the following were important effects of he
automobile on America in the 1920s except which
A) Consumers borrowed more money
B) Workers commuted longer distances
C) Families traveled more extensively
D) Industry experienced oil shortages
A wide disregard for the law in the 1920s was
brought about by
A) anarchism
B) fundamentalism
C) prohibition
D) The bonus march
Why was the 1925 Scopes Trial called the greatest
challenge to religious fundamentalism in the
A) Because Scopes was represented by the great
defense lawyer, Clarence Darrow
B) Because William Jennings Bryan assisted the
State of Tennessee in the prosecution
C) Because of the extensive press coverage of the
D) Because Darrow and Bryan made evolution,
rather than guilt or innocence, the real issue of
the trial
One reason for the Stock Market Crash of 1929 was
A) Many people bought stocks on credit
B) Strict government regulations kept many people
from buying stocks
C) Banks closed and depositors lost their savings
D) American manufacturers were forced to lower
The most urgent task facing President Roosevelt
in 1933 was
A) Protecting the nations territorial possessions
B) Tariff reform
C) Keeping the nation out of war
D) Relief for the unemployed
Which of the following was new about the New
A) Increased power of the president in legislation
B) First political advertising slogan
C) The authority of the executive branch over the
judicial branch
D) The expanded role of the federal government in
the lives of the citizens
The Bonus March to Washington DC was
A) A protest of American isolationism
B) A plea for an amendment giving women the right
to vote
C) A demand for and increase in pay for members
of the AFT
D) A demand for World War I pension payments
All of the following were components of the New
Deal laws except
A) A minimum wage
B) Bank loans to farmers
C) Regulations of the stock exchange
D) Lowering of taxes
A major criticism of the New Deal was that it
A) Greatly increased the size and power of the
federal government
B) Gave too many benefits to minorities
C) Brought about conditions that led to the dust
D) Relied too much on advice from college
professors and business leaders
Which conditions are most characteristic of a
A) High production and high demand
B) Much money in circulation and high stock prices
C) Few jobs and little demand
D) Supply meeting demand and high unemployment
Which event did not occur between the World Wars
A) Great Depression
B) Great Migration
C) Rise of totalitarianism
D) Bootlegging and Jazz Age
The ___________ of 1928 outlawed war and ordered
that all disputes must be settled peacefully
A) non-aggression Pact
B) Treaty of Versailles
C) Kellogg-Briand Pact
D) Washing Conference
The Good Neighbor Policy of the U.S. in the
1930s was directed to
A) Canada
B) Latin America
C) England and France
D) Soviet Union
The response of the League of Nations to the
aggression of warlike countries during the 1930s
was to
A) Take military action against the aggressors
B) Force the aggressor nations out of the League
C) Give military supplies to nations that were
being attacked
D) protest, but avoid taking military action
In 1931, Japan took the first step in building an
empire by conquering
A) China
B) French Indochina
C) Malaya
D) Manchuria
Totalitarian governments gained control in
Germany, Italy, and Japan because of the
A) Poor economic conditions
B) Spread of communism
C) Fear of the military
D) Treaty of Versailles
How did the worldwide depression of the 1930s
contribute most to the World War II?
A) Germans thought other countries were vulnerable
B) Dictators were able to gain popular support by
promising to solve economic problems
C) Europeans became increasingly resentful of
United States demands for repayment of World War
I debts
D) Major world powers were in severe competition
for scarce natural resources
World War II finally ended the Great Depression
A) People were too concerned about the war to
worry about the economy
B) Roosevelt ordered the New Deal
C) Of the great demand for weapons and supplies
D) The United States began to purchase more goods
from European Nations
The US entered World War II after
A) The Germans attacked Great Britain
B) Italy controlled the Mediterranean
C) The Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor
D) France fell to the Germans
The __________ policy gave money and supplies to
the Allies before the US entered World War II?
A) Cash and Carry
B) Open Door
C) Lend-Lease
D) Good Neighbor
The Allied Powers of World War II refers to all
of the following countries except
A) France, the United States, and Great Britain
B) France, Great Britain, and Italy
C) Great Britain, France, and Soviet Union
D) Belgium, France, and the United States
Turning points for the Allies in World War II
refers to all of the following except
A) El Alamein
B) Midway
C) Battle of the Bulge
D) Stalingrad
In the war against Japan in the central Pacific,
the United States forces
A) Used the strategy of island hopping
B) Took many Japanese prisoners
C) Often did not have enough supplies
D) Were usually outnumbered
The long awaited invasion of France on June 6th
1944 is sometimes called
A) D-day
B) V-J day
C) V-E day
D) F-day
A violation of civil rights that occurred in the
United States during World War II was the
A) Arrests made as a result of the Palmer Raids
B) Passage of an open immigration law
C) Internment of Japanese Americans
D) Forced removal of Native American Indians from
their reservations
In the US during World War II, the role of women
changed at they
A) Were drafted and assigned military roles equal
to those held by men
B) Continued to work outside the home only in
jobs traditionally performed by women
C) Made major contributions to the war effort by
taking jobs in factories
D) Achieved positions of leadership in most major
As World War II was ending, the US decided to
join the United Nations mainly because we
A) Sought to meet the American publics
overwhelming demand for free trade
B) Wanted to continue to play the same role it
had in the League of Nations
C) Wanted to stop the growing influence of new
independent developing nations
D) Recognized that efforts to achieve world peace
required United States involvement
Which of the following best explains why the
United States did not return to isolationism
after World War II
A) Fear of renewed Japanese aggression
B) Lack of leadership in Allied countries
C) Threat of Soviet expansion
D) American guilt for using the atomic bomb
All of the following are associated with American
patriotism during World War II except
A) Victory Gardens
B) War Bonds
C) hoarding
D) Scrap metal drives
What was the immediate affect of the end of World
War II on American family life?
A) Decrease in birth rate
B) Baby boom
C) Decline in living standards
D) Greater family instability
The GI Bill benefited veterans in all of the
following ways except
A) Money for college tuition
B) Loans in buying a house
C) Vocational training
D) Exemption from income taxes
Which of the following pairs are associated with
the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s?
A) Sigmund Freud and Ernest Hemingway
B) Gertrude Ederle and Rudolph Valentino
C) Sinclair Lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald
D) Langston Hughes and Countee Cullen
On the Political spectrum Roosevelts domestic
program for relief, recovery, and reform was
A) At the far left between socialism and communism
B) At the far right between conservatism and
C) Right of center between moderate and
D) Left of center between moderate and liberal
In the early 1940s, the destroyers-for-military-
bases deal with Great Britain and the Lend-Lease
Act were evidence that the United States
A) Followed its policy of neutrality more
strictly as World War II progressed in Europe
B) Recognized that its policy of neutrality
conflicted with its self-interests and the
interests of our allies
C) Believed that the Allied policy of appeasement
would succeed
D) Wanted to honor the military commitments it
had made just after World War I
War measures adopted by the U.S. prior to the
attack on Pearl Harbor included all of the
following except
A) Passage of the Lend-Lease Act
B) Repeal of the 1939 Neutrality Law
C) Assignment of African Americans to integrated
army units
D) Arming of American merchant vessels to combat
Nazi submarines
Brown v. Board of Education is a significant
Supreme Court Decision because
A) It reaffirmed the legality of separate but
equal schooling for blacks and whites
B) It ended segregation of U.S. armed forces
C) It ruled that separate schools for blacks and
whites were illegal
D) It declared bussing to be a legal and
necessary option to achieve desegregation of
Martin Luther King, Jr. was all of these except
A) A Nobel Prize winner
B) An admirer of Mohandes Gandhi in his
non-violent protests
C) An ordained minister who was jailed sixteen
D) A one time mayor of Atlanta, Georgia
Sputnik was launched on October 4, 1957. It was
A) A U.S. initiated space probe
B) The first man-made object to orbit the Earth
C) A Soviet Union space telescope
D) A joint U.S./ Russian communications satellite
In July 1969 Neil Armstrong said, Thats one
small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.
A) He was commenting on the progress of the
Johnson civil rights acts
B) He had just become the first person to land on
the moon
C) He was commenting on U.S. victory in the
Vietnam TET offensive
D) He was inspired by Richard Nixons announced
trip to China
U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War can be traced
to all of the following except
A) We were allies of the French and gave economic
aid to them after World War II
B) We were trying to contain communism and were
enthralled by the domino theory
C) After a nation wide Vietnamese election we
were asked to send aid and assistance
D) We were very concerned about Ho-Chi-Minhs
support of communism and his pro-Soviet leanings
Watergate is all of the following except
A) The scandal that brought down the Nixon
B) A hotel/apartment complex in Washington, DC
C) The tragic site of a botched burglary attempt
by the committee to reelect the president
D) The dam in Colorado thats over-inflated price
toppled and led to Nixons impeachment
The Berlin Airlift was the significant and heroic
response by the US to
A) The Soviet Unions attempted blockade of West
B) Anglo/French attempts to speed up German war
C) The Soviet Unions attempts to take over large
portions of West Germany
D) The German attempt at reviving Nazism after
World War II
The term iron curtain refers to all of the
following except
A) Term coined in speech by Winston Churchill
B) The Soviet Unions attempt to assert its
control and create a buffer zone with the west
C) The symbol for the distrust between the
Soviets and the west due to their felling of
betrayal by the Allies during World War II
D) President Trumans attempt to isolate the
Soviet Union as exemplified by the Marshall Plan
The United States was the first country to
recognize Israel because
A) It was the right thing to do in principle
B) The Jewish state would serve as a strong voice
of democratic principles in the region
C) Israels strategic importance in the Middle
East and its potential as a natural ally of the US
D) All of the above
The Iran hostage crises was caused by
A) The overthrow of the Shah and creation of a
fundamentalist Islamic Republic
B) The Discovery of new oil resources coveted by
the US
C) The Yom Kippur War
D) Richard Nixons insistence of aid for Iraq
The Cuban Missile crisis was
A) The armed US reaction to the tariff on Havana
B) The Soviet attempt to place nuclear missile in
C) The creation of a communist state by Fidel
Castro 90 mile form Florida
D) The exiled Cuban population in Florida
clamoring to recapture their homeland
The TET offensive in Vietnam was all of the
following except
A) A well engineered strategic plan by General
Ngo Vinhgiap (hero of Dien Binh phu) to attack US
B) An overwhelming defeat of US forces with great
US casualties
C) An example of careless media reporting which
directly led to a feeling that the US was losing
the war
D) An event which further polarized opinion in
the US both for and against the war
The civil rights acts of the mid 1960s were
intended to accomplish all of the following except
A) A disenfranchise the black minority in the
B) Serve as an answer to desegregating in the
C) Provide more equality of opportunity for all
US citizens
D) Correct 100 years of racial injustice linked
to ignoring Amendments 13, 14, and 15 to the
Constitution after the Civil War
How did Senator Joseph McCarthy achieve his fame?
A) False accusations against members of the State
B) Running for president against Harry S. Truman
in 1948
C) His use of the press to further Democratic
D) His opposition to the Korean War
The President who issued the executive order
integrated the armed forces was
A) John F. Kennedy
B) Harry S Truman
C) Lyndon B Johnson
D) Dwight D Eisenhower
Voting patterns in the post World War II era
strongly suggest that
A) African Americans and young people vote often
B) African Americans vote Republican
C) Most labor unions support the Republican party
D) Citizens over age fifty vote more often than
other groups
Which president never won a presidential election?
A) Richard Nixon
B) Gerald Ford
C) George Bush
D) William Clinton
The government health program for the elderly is
A) Peace Corps
B) Alliance for progress
C) Medicare
D) Medicaid
Geraldine Ferraro was
A) A senator from Maine
B) The first female candidate for Vice President
of the U.S.
C) Head of Carlos Gambinos mob family
D) Founder of the Womens Rights movement
Television is largely responsible for all of the
following except
A) A deepening protest of the Vietnam War
B) Exposing the racial injustices during the
1960s Civil Rights movement
C) An increase in American enthusiasm for sports
D) Electing several of our most recent presidents
The computer is revolutionizing which area?
A) Business-the stock market
B) education-learning
C) Social-media and discourse
D) All of the above
All of the following were leaders in the 1960s
civil rights movement except
A) Martin Luther King
B) Medgar Evers
C) Bill Gates
D) Andrew Young
In which presidents administration did the
following events occur escalation of Vietnam
War civil rights legislation Malcom X, Bobby
Kennedy, and Martin Luther King assassinations
A) Gerald Ford
B) Richard Nixon
C) Jimmy Carter
D) Lyndon Johnson
The breakdown of the family in the last thirty
years has been caused by all of the following
A) High birth rates to unwed mothers
B) Moving of people to rural areas
C) Necessity for two income families
D) divorce
The Iran-Contra controversy during the Reagan
administration related to
A) The Naval build-up to bring down the evil
empire Soviet Union
B) A misguided attempt to trade arms for hostages
C) Reagans attempt to support Iraq against Iran
D) Reagans supply side economic plan for the
Middle East
The Long Hot Summers race riots in Newark,
Detroit, Los Angeles, and other US cities was a
direct result of
A) The Vietnam War
B) The election of Richard Nixon
C) Poverty and inequity long inherent in the
black city environment
D) Lyndon Johnsons failure to support civil
rights legislation
The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution was voided by the
War Powers Resolution. This is an example of
A) Checks and balances
B) Judicial review
C) federalism
D) An amendment
Long gas lines, high inflation, and high interest
rates occurred during which presidency
A) Jimmy Carters
B) Ronald Reagans
C) John F Kennedys
D) Richard Nixons
One of the most significant deterrents to nuclear
war during the Cold War was
A) Numerous peace conferences with the Soviet
B) The United Nations
C) The vast number and sheer destructive power of
the nuclear weapons
D) Other great powers serving as intermediaries
The United Nations has supported the US in all of
the following except
A) Bosnian peace keeping
B) Korean War
C) Gulf War
D) Vietnam War
Colin Powell is famous for which of the following
A) Harlem Congressman who was censured by House
of Representatives officials
B) Vietnam draft resistor and heir to Martin
Luther Kings non-violent philosophy
C) First African-American chairman of joint
chiefs of staff
D) First African-American astronaut
Sally Ride is known for achievements in which
A) aeronautics
B) innovations
C) politics
D) business
Thurgood Marshall achieved his fame as
A) The lawyer who argued Brown v. Board of
Education of Topeka before the US Supreme Court
B) Early civil rights spokesman and leader
C) First African American Supreme Court Justice
D) All of the above
The Democratic convention in Chicago in 1968 is
famous for
A) Protests and riots over the Vietnam War
B) The re-nomination of Lyndon B Johnson
C) Racial riots
D) The nomination of Richard Nixon as the party
A social trend in the United States that has been
increasing in the last forty years is
A) The growth of the Libertarian Party
B) A movement of people into the city
C) A new wave of immigration from northern and
western Europe
D) A movement of people into suburbia
The largest population growth in the United
States in the 1990s has been in
A) The Northeast
B) The Midwest
C) The South and Southwest
D) The West
All of the following are social trends that have
increased in the last quarter of the twentieth
century except
A) Crime, especially violent crime, as an
important issue to Americans
B) A rising African American middle class
C) An increase in immigration of Asian and
D) An increase in poverty throughout the nation
Famous occurrences during the Vietnam War
included all of the following except
A) Gulf of Tonkin incident and resolution
B) National Guard shooting, student protests at
Kent State
C) The intervention of the Chinese across the
demilitarized zone
D) The TET offensive
Apollo, Mercury, and Voyager, Gemini and Pioneer
are all
A) US computer invention
B) New technological inventions
C) Names of NASA programs and US space crafts
D) Joint US/Soviet exploration of space
The Camp David agreement was the significant
achievement of Jimmy Carters presidency. It was
a settlement between Menachem Begin of Israel and
Anwar Sadat of
A) Syria
B) Saudi Arabia
C) Lebanon
D) Egypt
In 1976 celebrations occurred throughout the
United States because
A) The Red Sox and Cubs finally made the World
B) The US won the Olympics
C) It was our bicentennial year
D) The Vietnam War officially ended
In 1981 Sandra Day OConnor achieved her place in
history because she
A) Became the first female governor of California
B) Became the first female Justice on the US
Supreme Court
C) Became the first female astronaut
D) Became the first female head of a major US
President Ford created controversy by pardoning
Richard Nixon. Who did Jimmy Carter pardon in
1977 that caused him difficulties?
A) Spiro Agnew
B) The Watergate plumbers
C) Mob leader John Gotti
D) Vietnam War draft evaders
Woodstock became famous in 1969 because it was
A) The biggest peace demonstration ever held in
the US
B) The largest music festival ever held in the US
C) The largest civil rights protest march
D) The site of the womens rights movement
Who was Rosa Parks?
A) The woman who started the first company owned
and managed solely by a woman
B) The first female cadet at West Point
C) The woman who started the boycott of
Montgomery, Alabama bus lines
D) The woman whose tapes led to the downfall of
Richard Nixon
The significant Twenty Second Amendment to the
Constitution was enacted in 1951
A) The US getting involved in Korea without a
declaration of war
B) Martin Luther Kings peaceful protest marches
C) Ronald Reagan running for a third term
D) Richard Nixons impeachment
To what does this cynical post World War II
jingle refer There will always be a USA, If we
dont give it away.
A) The Trickle Down Theory
B) Domino Theory
C) Perkins Plan
D) Marshall Plan
Generally, when did the Cold War begin?
A) just after the Russian Revolution
B) When Communist came to power in China
C) When the Berlin Wall was constructed
D) Just after WWII
Which problem most likely cause the US space
program to reconsider its direction in the 1980s?
A) Space exploration costs
B) The Challenger explosion
C) The Hubble Space telescope performance
D) Political posture of the Presidents during the
Which is a major difference between immigration
to the US during the period of 1860-1920 and
immigration since 1970?
A) The primary areas of origin have changed
B) Immigrants today are not likely to experience
C) There is a greater need for unskilled labor
D) Todays immigrants tend to be middle-class
How did the invention of the atom bomb affect the
post war world?
A) European nations were afraid to stand up to US
B) The UN become symbolic, having no real power
C) The Japanese continued to defy the US
D) An arms raced developed between the US and
The Three-Mile Island incident was
A) A near nuclear reactor disaster in Pennsylvania
B) A demand for payment on money promised to war
C) A failed attempt in building a bridge from the
Soviet Union to the US
D) A nuclear fallout shelter that proved to be
faulty during testing
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