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The Basics of Geography


Chapter 1 The Basics of Geography – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Basics of Geography

Chapter 1
  • The Basics of Geography

  • What do geographers study?
  • Physical features of the earth, (mountains and
  • Human features, (religion and ethnicity).

  • How is geography different from history?
  • Historians are primarily concerned with
    questions about time, whereas geographers are
    concerned with questions of space.

Facts about the earth
  • The earth is not round but is slightly flattened
    at the poles.
  • The total distance from the highest point on the
    earth, Mt. Everest (29,035), to the lowest point
    on earth, Mariana Trench (35,840 ft. below sea
    level), is just over 12 miles.
  • How many feet are in a mile?
  • 5,280

Human Geography
  • People in different parts of the world have
    special combinations of characteristics that make
    them unique. Cultural geographers often use these
    characteristics to define places and regions.
  • Come up with a list of characteristics that may
    separate one group of people from another.

Most Populated Countries in the World
  • 1China1,298,847,624
  • 2India1,065,070,607
  • 3United States293,027,571
  • 4Indonesia238,452,952
  • 5Brazil184,101,109
  • 6Pakistan159,196,336
  • 7Russia143,974,059
  • 8Bangladesh141,340,476
  • 9Japan127,333,002
  • 10Nigeria125,750,356
  • 11Mexico104,959,594
  • 12Philippines86,241,697

  • In your opinion is the global population too
  • Give reasons for your beliefs?

Chapter 1 Section 1
  • Five Themes of Geography
  • 1. Location (Where is it?)
  • 2. Place (What is it like?)
  • 3. Region (How are places similar or different?)
  • 4. Movement (How do people, goods, and ideas
    move from one location to another?)
  • 5. Human-Environment Interaction (How do people
    relate to the physical world?)

  • What tools and methods are used by geographers?
  • Maps, photographs, scale models, the five themes
    of geography.

Location is key
  • Absolute location- The exact place on earth where
    a geographic feature, such as a city is found.
    (Basically where we use longitude and latitude).
  • Relative location- Describes a place in
    comparison to other places around it.

Place, what is it like?
  • A locations culture and its use of space may
    change over time, thus the description of a place
    may also change.
  • Place features examples parks, plazas, downtown,
    courthouse and parade grounds.

Region, Similarities Differences
  • Regions are defined by a limited number of
    related characteristics.
  • What characteristics do the United States and
    Canada have in common?
  • Location, size, landform, culture, history, type
    of government and economy.

  • How do the two countries differ?
  • Political power, climate zones, official
    languages and amount of developed land.
  • Which characteristics do you think are most
    important in making the United States and Canada
    a formal region?
  • Location, culture, economy and standard of

Human-Environment Interaction
  • How do people relate to the physical world?
  • As humans we learn to use what the environment
    offers and to change the environment to meet our
    basic needs.

  • What are some examples of the positive and
    negative effects of people altering their
  • Positive- Makes places safer and more livable.
  • Negative- Pollutes and destroys natural beauty.

  • How do people, goods and ideas move from one
    location to another?
  • Geographers analyze movement by looking at three
    types of distance.
  • 1. Linear
  • 2. Time
  • 3. Psychological

  • Linear distance- how far across the earth a
    person, idea or product travels. (miles)
  • Time distance- is the amount of time it takes for
    a person, an idea or product to travel.
  • Psychological distance- refers to the way people
    view distance.
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