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The Sacraments of Christ


The Sacraments of Christ Sacraments of Initiation: Text Ch 10 Sacraments of Healing and Sacraments of Commitment: Text Ch 11 – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Sacraments of Christ

The Sacraments of Christ
Sacraments of Initiation Text Ch 10 Sacraments
of Healing and Sacraments of Commitment Text Ch

Discussion Questions
  • 1. How would you define sacrament?
  • 2. What is the purpose of Sacraments?
  • 3. How many are there?
  • 4. Has this number always been the same
    throughout Church History? Explain.
  • 5. Are there other faiths religions that
    celebrate sacraments? 
  • 6. List and explain with as much detail
    information you know about each of the
  • 7. How is grace connected?
  • 8. Can we receive the Sacraments more than once?
  • 9. Can a person receive all the Sacraments?
  • 10. Add any other Sacraments trivia that you
    may know.

I. Descriptions of Sacrament
  • Something sacred and hidden
  • St. Paul sacramentum mysterion Gods hidden
    plan to fulfill all things in Christ.
  • St. Augustine stressed sign and symbol (something
    concrete that points to something else.)
  • St. Thomas Aquinas added that sacraments are
    efficacious signs or symbols of grace. They
    effect, cause, and are what they signify.

II. Sacraments ARE what they symbolize
  • To be a sacrament, a sign or symbol must do the
  • Come from God (inward grace)
  • Lead us to God (outward sign)
  • Be an action of God (outward sign)
  • The best example
  • of a sacrament is
  • Jesus Christ himself.

III. The Church as Sacrament
  • The Church is a mystery.
  • The Church is beloved of Christ.
  • The Church is an efficacious symbol.

IV. History of Sacraments
  • Long period exact number undefinedalthough many
    ceremonies sacramental
  • 12th 13th century devotions to sacrament
    Council of Lyons 1274 7!!
  • Most more fully defined at Council of Trent 1545

V. Sign, Symbol, Sacrament
  • St. Thomas Aquinas taught that human development
    is marked by seven stages which parallel the
    seven sacraments.
  • We are born Baptism
  • We grow Confirmation
  • We are fed Eucharist
  • We are healed Penance
  • We recover Anointing of the Sick
  • We need and form family Matrimony
  • We need and respond to leaders Holy Orders

VI. The Seven Sacraments
  • The Sacraments of Initiation Baptism,
    Confirmation, Eucharist.
  • The Sacraments of Healing Reconciliation
    (Penance), Anointing of the Sick.
  • The Sacraments at the Service of
    Communion/Vocation Matrimony, Holy Orders.

VII. Sacraments of Initiation
  • Baptism brings new life in Christ.
  • Confirmation strengthens our new life with the
    gifts of the Holy Spirit.
  • Eucharist nourishes us with the Body and Blood
    of Christ.

Sacraments of Initiation
Sacrament Essential Sacramental Symbol Minister Repeated?
Baptism Water poured over or immersed in water while saying 3 times, I baptize you in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. (Chrism Light White Garment) Bishop, priest, deacon or anyone in an emergency No
Confirmation Laying on of hands and anointing with chrism while saying, Be sealed with the gift of the Holy Spirit. Bishop No
Eucharist Bread and wine and the words of consecration (Take this all of you) Priest Yes
BAPTISM Baptism Rites
  • Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) -
    A process for adults culminating in the
    celebration of all three sacraments of initiation
    at the Easter Vigil.
  • Rite of Baptism of Children - People did not want
    their children to wait until adulthood to be
    re-born in Christs lifeinfant baptism became

Effects of Baptism
  • Washes away original sin and any other sins and
    the punishment due
  • Makes us children of God and temples of the Holy
  • Welcomes us as members of the Church, the Body of
    Christ (Offices Priest, Prophet, King)
  • Marks us forever as sharers in the common
    priesthood of all believers, and in Christs
    mission of justice and peace

CONFIRMATION Requirements for Reception of the
Sacrament of Confirmation
  • Be prepared to profess the faith.
  • Be in the state of grace.
  • Intend to receive the sacrament.
  • Be prepared to witness to Jesus Christ.

EUCHARIST Development of the Eucharist
  • Christ instituted the Eucharist during a
    Passover meal held at the Last Supper as a
    memorial of his Death and Resurrection.
  • At the Council of Trent (1545 1563) the
    doctrine of transubstantiation was defined and
    the Roman Missal was published by Pope Pius V.

Parts of the Eucharistic Liturgy
  • Introductory Rites
  • Sign of the Cross
  • Penitential Rite
  • Gloria
  • Opening Prayer
  • Liturgy of the Word
  • First Reading
  • Psalm Response
  • Second Reading
  • Gospel
  • Homily
  • Creed
  • General Intercessions
  • Liturgy of the Eucharist
  • Preparation of the Altar
  • Presentation of the Gifts
  • Eucharistic Prayer
  • Great Amen
  • Communion Rite
  • Our Father
  • Lamb of God
  • Reception of Holy Communion
  • Prayer after Communion
  • Concluding Rite

Jesus is really present in Eucharist
  • Jesus is present in the priest, the minister of
    the sacrament.
  • Jesus is present when the Holy Scriptures are
  • Jesus is present in the community assembled
  • Jesus is really present in the consecrated
    species of bread and wine.

Liturgy (the Work of the People)
  • The first and most important work of the Church
    is to make present Christs Paschal Mystery here
    and now. We do this in liturgy.
  • All the sacraments are liturgy the work of the
    peoplenone are private affairs.
  • Every sacrament is a community affair an
    affair of the Church.

VIII. Sacraments of Healing
  • Penance/Reconciliation
  • Penance renews, restores, and strengthens our
    relationship with God and the community after it
    has been damaged by sin.
  • Penance shows that Gods love is without limits
  • Anointing of Sick/Extreme Unction
  • The sacrament encourages those who are sick to
    overcome the alienation caused by illness
  • Jesus continues to bring healing through the
    prayers of the Church, and through the
    sacraments, especially the Eucharist and the
    Anointing of the Sick

Sacraments of Healing
Sacrament Essential Sacramental Symbol Minister Repeated?
Penance and Reconciliation Laying on of hands and the words of absolution (forgiveness, I absolve you) Priest (but God forgives) Yes
Anointing of the Sick Anointing with the oil of the sick accompanied by the liturgical prayer of the priest Priest Yes
Essential Elements of Penance
  • The acts of the person who undergoes conversion
  • Contrition
  • Confession
  • Satisfaction
  • The intervention of the Church
  • Absolution from the priest
  • All Catholics are required to go to confession at
    least once per year to confess serious sins

God Alone Forgives Sin
  • Christian life is marked by lifelong conversion
  • Even though forgiveness is expressed through the
    Church and this Sacrament, God alone forgives sin

History of Anointing of the Sick
  • In the Middle Ages the sacrament was administered
    only to the dying and was called Extreme Unction
    the Last Anointing.
  • Viaticum is the final reception of the
  • Since Vatican II, this sacrament is celebrated
    for those suffering from serious illness, for the
    elderly, for those facing major surgery -- and
    for the dying.

IX. Sacraments of Vocation/Commitment
  • These sacraments are directed toward the
    salvation of others, not toward those receiving
    the sacraments.

Holy Orders
Sacraments of Vocation/Commitment
Sacrament Essential Sacramental Symbol Minister Repeated?
Holy Orders Laying on of hands and the prayer of consecration asking for the gifts specific to that order Bishop No
Matrimony Exchange of marriage vows, ring The couple being married No, unless a spouse dies
Holy Orders
  • The ministerial priesthood
  • Sacramental ordination consecrates certain
    baptized men to one of three degrees of a sacred
  • Episcopate bishops
  • Presbyterate priests
  • Diaconate deacons

  • Marriage is a sacred covenant --that is an
    agreement between the husband and wife, and
    between the couple and God.

  • From the time of creation, marriage has been an
    institution established by God, not by man.
  • Sacramental marriage was modeled on the
    relationship between Christ and the Church
  • The goodness of Marriage includes
  • The procreation of children.
  • The chastity of the spouses and their fidelity to
    each other.
  • The indissoluble union of marriage.

The Essential Rite of Matrimony
  • The essential element of Matrimony is the mutual
    consent to marry.
  • The words of consent must be freely given.
  • Catholics must marry in the presence of a priest
    or a deacon, and in the presence of two
  • The spouses themselves are the ministers of the

  • The family is called the domestic Church. The
    family is a living witness and testimony of
    eternal, unbreakable, and boundless love that the
    couple (and their children) give to one another
    and to the world.

X. The Seven Sacraments
  • The sacraments celebrate Jesus as the Way, the
    Truth, and the Life.
  • The sacraments are a way for us to live life to
    the fullest.
  • The sacraments are the way to allow Jesus to
    touch our lives.

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