Geologic Resources - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Geologic Resources


Geologic Resources Historical and Political Implications – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Geologic Resources

Geologic Resources
  • Historical and Political Implications

What are geologic resources?
  • Metal-bearing minerals
  • Non-metallic minerals
  • Fossil Fuels
  • Coal
  • Oil
  • Natural Gas
  • Water

Uses of Geologic Resources
  • Minerals composition source of particular
  • Minerals physical properties specific uses
  • Fossil Fuels heat, vehicles and industry
  • Water obvious!

Global Distribution of Geologic Resources
  • Distribution is uneven
  • Occurrences are a result of geologic history,
    especially past and present plate tectonic
  • Some nations have a rich supply of geologic
  • Others have few or none
  • Nations trade, import, export, make treaties or
    go to war over geologic resources

What do these have in common?
  • The Industrial Revolution
  • Pearl Harbor
  • The blinding of the cyclops, Polyphemus
  • California and the Civil War
  • South Africa and U.S. foreign policy
  • Classical Greek Civilization
  • Hitlers invasion of Poland

  • They are all examples of the relationship between
    geologic resources, history and politics!

Classical Greek Civilization
  • The Bronze Age
  • Bronze an alloy of copper and tin
  • Made possible weapons and tools
  • Trade for metals and other commodities helped
    build Greek city states
  • Copper from Kupros, now known as Cyprus

The blinding of Polyphemus
  • Homer describes Odysseus using an iron-shod
    wooden pole to blind the cyclops, so that he and
    his men can escape.
  • Iron was not commonly used at this time the
    period was known as the Bronze Age.

Industrial Revolution
  • Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great
  • Why did Germany and France follow rather quickly
    with industrialization, while nations like Italy
    and Spain followed more slowly?
  • The answer, in part, pertains to the large
    resources of iron ores and coal in England,
    France and Germany.

California and the Civil War
  • Gold was discovered at Sutters Mill in
    California in 1848.
  • The great California Gold Rush began in 1849.
  • This prompted a massive migration westward in the
  • What does this have to do with the Civil War in
    the 1860s?

California and the Civil War
  • The South felt that they could probably match the
    North militarily for awhile, but not in direct
  • Part of the Souths war plan was to prolong the
    war long enough until
  • Political support for the war in the North
    weakened or
  • The Norths economy would falter under the
    sustained cost of the war

California and the Civil War
  • The South failed to account for the steady supply
    of wealth that California gold pumped into the
    Norths economy.
  • Gold from California financed the Norths war

California and the Civil War
  • California gold, along with the Norths superior
    industrial base (especially iron) assured the
    Norths final victory.

Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?
  • Why a sneak attack?
  • Why Hawaii?
  • Why the United States?
  • The answers are complex, but involve the
    interplay of the U.S. Pacific fleet, U.S. foreign
    policy and Japans lack of geologic resources.

Japan and the approachto Pearl Harbor
  • In the 1930s, Japan embarked on imperial
    expansion, with military conquests in China,
    Southeast Asia and many Pacific Archipelagoes.
  • Japan lacked many critical geologic resources
    chiefly iron and oil.
  • Iron and oil are critical to military operations
    and industry.

Japan and the approachto Pearl Harbor
  • The U.S. government opposed Japanese colonial
    expansion and placed an embargo on export of iron
    and oil to Japan in 1940.
  • In July of 1941, the U.S. placed a total embargo
    on Japan.
  • Less than six months later, Japan attempted to
    destroy U.S. Pacific fleet in Hawaii the only
    military presence in the Pacific that could
    hinder Japans continued conquest for resources.

Hitlers Invasion of Poland
  • Why Poland?
  • Why not a stronger military power like France
    that could have interfered with the overall plan
    of conquest?

Hitlers Invasion of Poland
  • Poland has vast resources of iron and coal
  • Both were necessary to sustain a prolonged period
    of empire-building.

South Africa andU.S. foreign policy
  • The U.S. condemned apartheid in South Africa, but
    continued to trade with South Africa despite an
    official boycott.
  • Why?

South Africa andU.S. foreign policy
  • South Africa supplies
  • 55 of the Wests Gold
  • 47 of the Wests Chromium
  • 40 of the Wests Manganese
  • 80 of the Wests Platinum Group metals
  • South Africa trans-ships more than half of the
    worlds Cobalt
  • Most of the Worlds Diamonds

South Africa andU.S. foreign policy
  • U.S. moral objections to apartheid were set
    aside. We continued to do business with the
    white minority government for reasons having to
    do with economics and national security (need for
    strategic minerals).

  • There is a close link between history, politics
    and geologic resources
  • In many cases, it can be shown that geologic
    resources are primary factors in determining
    historical events.
  • These linkages exist because geologic resources
    are not evenly distributed around the world
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