American History Chapter 6: The Expansion of American Industry - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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American History Chapter 6: The Expansion of American Industry


Title: American History Chapter 6: The Expansion of American Industry Created Date: 11/4/2005 1:59:21 PM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: American History Chapter 6: The Expansion of American Industry

American History Chapter 6 The Expansion of
American Industry
  • I. A Technological Revolution

Objectives of LessonKey Concepts
  • Learn how daily lives changed in the decades
    following the Civil War.
  • Find out how advances in electric power and
    communication affected people and businesses in
    this era.
  • Discover the effects the development of railroads
    had on industrial growth.
  • Think about the impact of the Bessemer process on
    American culture.

Attention Getter
  • Typewriter Phonograph telegraph
  • Telephone
  • What is the most important invention? Why?

Recall Prior Knowledge
  • How many times do you use the telephone per day?
  • If you lived before the telephone was invented
    how would you communicate?
  • How would your life be different without
  • Lets find out about early forms of communication!

A) Setting the Scene
  • Samuel Morse in 1844 sends the first successful
    telegram from Washington DC to Baltimore.
  • US on the verge of a second industrial revolution
  • New inventions will change our lives
  • Picture early form of telegraph

B) Changes in Daily Life
  • No internal electricity in house went to bed at
    dark and up at first light unless had money for
    candles and lamps
  • Ice cost too much saved it in ice houses
  • Took over a month for mail to go coast to coast
  • Patent and Trademark Office issued patents on new
  • patents licenses that give an inventor the
    exclusive right to make, use or sell an invention
  • Productivity amount of goods and services
    created in a given period of time
  • Productivity in US growing fast. By 1900, US
    standard of living was one of the highest in the

C) New Forms of Energy
  • In 1858, Edwin L Drake strikes oil in Titusville,
  • Drilling for oil cheaper then digging
  • Oil companies made kerosene, gasoline was the
    byproduct and was thrown away until the
    automobile invented.
  • Thomas A. Edison invented the light bulb in
    1880 by 1882 had set up the first electric
    power plant
  • Lewis Latimer improved light bulbs son of a
  • George Westinghouse used alternating current
    traveled farther with the help of transformers to
    boost power
  • Edison created General Electric Westinghouse
    created Westinghouse Electric

  • Electric sewing machine in 1889 led to ready made
    clothing growth
  • With electricity the Refrigerator was possible

D) Advances in Communications
  • Samuel F.B. Morse perfected the telegraph 1844
  • Western Union formed
  • Alexander Graham Bell invented the talking
    telegraph in 1876 at the age of 29.
  • Set up the American Telephone and Telegraph
  • 1879 first telephone in White House by 1900 1.5
    million telephones
  • Picture Alexander Graham Bell

E) Railroads Create a National Network
  • Transcontinental railroad railway extending
    from coast to coast
  • Government paid for it not as efficient if
    private industry paid for it
  • Construction began on the Pacific Coast and at
    the Mississippi meet in the middle
  • Irish immigrants worked for the Union Pacific and
    Chinese immigrants worked on the Central Pacific
  • Met at Promontory Summit Utah in 1869 (Picture)
  • Time Zones created to help scheduling
  • Railroads were good because they were faster,
    cheaper, created national markets, model for big
    business, stimulated other industries.

F) The Bessemer Process
  • Bessemer Process easier and cheaper way to make
  • Mass production production in great amounts
  • Steal is lighter and stronger than iron
  • Because of the Bessemer Process, companies could
    now mass produce steal
  • Brooklyn Bridge built Chicago Reliance Building
  • These became symbols of American inventiveness
    and hard work
  • Picture Chicago Reliance building then and now

  • Why did peoples daily lives change in the
    decades following the Civil War?
  • How did advances in electric power and
    communication affect life for people and
  • What effects did the development of railroads
    have on industrial growth?
  • What was the impact of the Bessemer process on
    American culture?

Process Information
  • What are some of the ways in which new technology
    revolutionized American life in the years
    following the Civil War?

Finished Section 6.1
  • Once you finish, go back to the web-page and
    download and print quiz 6.1. After completing
    the quiz, send an e-mail to me with your answers.
    In the subject line put (your first and last
    name quiz 6.1)
  • When you finish with that check with the
    syllabus to find out when section 6.2 needs to be
  • Good Luck!
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