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Bellringer Name 2 inventors and their inventions that will be discussed in this section. Chapter 13 Mass Society and Democracy Section 1 The Growth of Industrial ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Bellringer


1
Bellringer
  • Name 2 inventors and their inventions that will
    be discussed in this section.

2
Chapter 13Mass Society and Democracy
  • Section 1
  • The Growth of Industrial Prosperity

3
The Second Industrial Revolution
  • The new industrial frontiers of the 1800s
  • Steel
  • Chemicals
  • Electricity
  • Oil

4
New Products
  • Between 1870 and 1914 steel replaced iron.
  • New methods for shaping steel made it possible to
    build lighter, smaller, and faster machines,
    engines, railroads, and more.

5
New Products
  • By 1913 Great Britain, France, Belgium, and
    Germany were producing an astounding 32 tons of
    steel a year.

6
New Products
  • The new energy from electricity was valuable
    because it was convertible into heat, light, and
    motion.

7
New Products
  • By 1910 hydroelectric power stations and
    coal-fired steam generating plants allowed houses
    and factories to have a single, common power
    source.
  • Early European plant

8
Inventors Using Electricity
  • Thomas Edison
  • Light Bulb

9
Inventors Using Electricity
  • Alexander Graham Bell
  • Telephone - 1876

10
Inventors Using Electricity
  • Guglielmo Marconi
  • First radio waves across the Atlantic - 1901

11
Streetcars Subways
  • By the 1880s streetcars and subways powered by
    electricity appeared in European cities.
  • 1st streetcar in Europe

12
Internal Combustion Engine
  • The development of the internal combustion engine
    provided a new power source for transportation
    and new kinds of transportation
  • What kind of transportation you ask???
  • Ocean liners
  • Airplanes
  • Automobile

13
Orville Wilbur Wright
14
The Wright Brothers
15
New Patterns
  • Increased sales of manufactured goods caused
    industrial production to grow.
  • Wages increased after 1870.
  • Reduced transportation costs caused prices to
    fall.
  • Urban department stores put many consumer goods
    up for sale.

16
New Patterns
  • Some European countries did not benefit from the
    Second Industrial Revolution.
  • Great Britain, the Netherlands, Belguim, France,
    among others had a high standard of living.

British Netherlands
Belgium France
17
New Patterns
  • Spain, Portugal, Russia, Austria-Hungary, the
    Balkans, and southern Italy were agricultural and
    much less wealthy.
  • They provided the industrialized nations with
    food and raw materials.

18
Toward a World Economy
  • There developed a true world economy in Europe.
  • Goods came In
  • Capital invested abroad

19
Organizing the Working Classes
  • Industrial workers formed socialist political
    parties and unions to improve their working
    conditions.

20
Karl Marx
  • Karl Marx developed the theory socialism was
    based on.
  • 1848 The Communist Manifesto

21
The Communist Manifesto
  • Spoke out against industrial working conditions
    and blamed capitalism.
  • Proposed a new social system.
  • One form was called Communism.

22
Karl Marx Beliefs on Industry
  • World history was a history of class struggle b/w
    oppressing owners and oppressed workers.
  • Oppressors controlled politics and govt.
  • Govt is an instrument of the ruling class.

23
Karl Marx Beliefs on Society
  • Believed that society was divided b/w the
    bourgeoisie (middle-class opressors) and the
    proletariat (working-class oppressed), each
    hostile toward the other.
  • Predicted the conflict would result in a
    revolution in which the proletariat would
    violently overthrow the bourgeoisie and form
    dictatorship.
  • The revolution would produce a society w/o
    classes and class conflict.

24
Socialist Parties
  • German Social Democratic Party (SPD), 1875, was
    the most important working class party.
  • Worked to pass laws for improving conditions of
    the working class
  • Became Germanys largest party in 1912 and
    received 4 million votes.

25
Socialist Parties
  • Emerged in Europe as well.
  • 1889 various leaders formed the Second
    International.
  • Dedicated to fight worldwide capitalism.

26
Division of Marxists
  • Pure Marxist looked to overthrow capitalism
    violently.
  • Other Marxists, revisionists, rejected the
    revolutionary program and argued to work with
    other parties for reforms.
  • Democratic rights would help workers achieve
    their goals.

27
Trade Unions
  • Trade unions worked for evolutionary, not
    revolutionary, change.
  • 1870s Great Britain unions won the right to
    strike.
  • Trade Union workers used the strike to achieve
    their goals.

28
Trade Unions
  • By 1900 two million workers were in British trade
    unions. By 1914 there were four million, and
    trade unions had made great progress toward
    improving conditions.

29
Review
  • 1. What were the new frontiers of the 1800s?
  • 2. Who invented the following?
  • Telephone
  • Lightbulb
  • Radio waves across the Atlantic
  • Airplane

30
Review ctd
  • 3. Leader of the Socialist movement?
  • 4. Most important socialist working class party?

31
End of Section 1
  • Next Section 2
  • The Emergence of Mass Society
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