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The Kingdom Fractures


Title: JOSHUA: A Search for a Home Author: Library Lab 3B Last modified by: Richard Bray Created Date: 10/5/2001 3:49:54 PM Document presentation format – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Kingdom Fractures

The Kingdom Fractures
  • The Divided Kingdom Period

The Kingdom Fractures
From - 1 2 Kings
  • Like the books of Samuel, 1 and 2 Kings were
    originally one book.
  • The division into two books was first made in the
    LXX, and then in the Vulgate.

  • The author of 1 and 2 Kings is unknown, although
    Jewish tradition ascribes the work to the prophet
  • All that can be said with certainty is that Kings
    was compiled from various sources and written
    from a prophetic perspective.

  • The author mentions three primary sources
  • The book of the acts of Solomon, (1141) from
    the Temple archives.
  • The book of the Chronicles of the kings of
    Israel, (1419 157) from the official state
  • The book of the chronicles of the kings of
    Judah, (1429 157) from the royal archives.

  • The grammar and style of the Hebrew and the
    contents of the books of Kings indicate that the
    work was completed during the Babylonian
  • Kings was mostly likely completed after 561 B.C.
    since this is the date of the last recorded
    event. (2 Kings 2527-30)
  • 1 Kings covers the 120 years from the beginning
    of Solomons reign in 971 B.C. through Ahaziahs
    reign ending in 851 B.C.

Outline of 1-2 Kings
  • United Kingdom Solomons Reign (1 Kings 1-11)
  • Divided Kingdom (1 Kings 12 through 2 Kings 17)
  • Kingdom of Judah Alone (2 Kings 18-25)

A History of Israel
  • Patriarchs 1900-1750 BC
  • Exodus 1290 (13th Cen.)
  • Conquest (begins) 1250
  • Time of Judges 1200
  • Saul 1020
  • David 1000
  • Solomon 961
  • Division of Kingdom 922
  • Fall of Israel 721
  • Fall of Judah 587

The Divided Kingdom
  • Significant Rulers

Reasons for the Division of the Kingdom
  1. Solomons unfaithfulness to God (examples
    Foreign wives and foreign gods) (1 Kings 11 2
    Chron. 10)
  2. Policy of Rehoboam (1 Kings 12 2 Chron. 10)
  3. Heavy taxation under Solomon to finance his
    building projects (1 Kings 124 2 Chron. 10).

Reasons for the Division of the Kingdom
  • Utilized forced labor (1Kings 915 2 Chron.
  • Jealousy among the tribes (1Kings 916 2 Chron.
  • No outside threat to unify the people.

Northern Jeroboam I
  • Dates 931-909 BC Reign 22 Years
  • Served as a cabinet member under Solomon escaped
    to Egypt.
  • Led the revolt of the ten Northern tribes
  • His false religion cause Israel to sin
  • His pagan altar was destroyed his arm was
    paralyzed, and his son stricken by God for his

Northern Jeroboam I
  • He was defeated in battle by Abijah, the second
    king of Judah.
  • He was stricken with a plague from God and died.

Northern Omri (6)
  • Dates 885-873 B.C. Reign 12 years
  • He made Samaria the northern capital.
  • He was the most powerful king up to his time.
  • He arranged the marriage of his son Ahab to

Northern Ahab (7)
  • Dates 874-852 B.C. Reign 22 years
  • He married Jezebel.
  • His Baal worshiping practices caused a great
    famine to fall upon the land.
  • He was allowed to defeat the Syrians on two
  • He tricked king Jehoshaphat (Judah) into a
    matrimonial and military compromise.

  1. His death for his sins was predicted by three
  2. The death of Jezebel, his wife, was also
    predicted by Elijah.
  3. He was killed in a battle with Syria.

Northern Jehu (10)
  • Dates 841-813 B.C. Reign 28 years
  • He was anointed by a messenger from Elisha.
  • He was known for his bloodletting. He executed
    Judahs king Ahaziah the northern king Jehoram
    Jezebel Ahabs 70 sons, relatives, and friends
    42 royals princes of Judah and numerous Baal

Northern Jeroboam II (13)
  • Dates 793-752 B.C. Reign 41 years
  • He ruled longer than any other northern king.
  • He was one of the most powerful kings of the
  • He recovered much of Israels lost territory.

Southern Rehoboam (1)
  • Dates 931-914 B.C. Reign 17 years
  • Was the son of Solomon.
  • His stupidity and tactlessness sparked the civil
  • He had eighteen wives and sixty concubines.
  • His favorite wife was Maachah, the evil daughter
    of Absalom.
  • He sees his capital, Jerusalem, invaded by
    Shishak, Pharaoh of Egypt.

Southern Jehoshaphat (4)
  • Dates 873-848 B.C. Reign 25 years
  • He instituted a national religious education
    program by sending out teachers of the word of
  • He marred his testimony by compromising with
    three ungodly, northern kings.
  • He appointed a religious director and a civil
  • When Jerusalem was threatened by a massive
    Moabite invasion, God heard his prayer and
    supernaturally intervened.

Southern Athaliah (7)
  • Dates 841-835 B.C. Reign 6 years
  • Took over after her son, Ahaziah, was killed by
    Jehu, and slaughtered all the royal seed but
    Joash, who was hidden from her.
  • She was executed after six years.

Southern Uzziah (10)
  • Dates 792-740 B.C. Reign 52 years
  • He was a mighty warrior and builder.
  • He attempted to intrude on the office of the
    priesthood and was punished for this with leprosy.

Southern Ahaz (12)
  • Dates 735-719 B.C. Reign 16 years
  • Probably the second worst king of Judah.
  • He sacrificed his own children to devil gods.
  • He ordered the construction of a pagan Assyrian
    altar and placed it in the Temple.

Southern Hezekiah (13)
  • Dates 716-687 B.C. Reign 29 years
  • Judahs second best king, and the richest of all.
  • He repaired the Temple and organized several
    musical groups.
  • He held the greatest Passover celebration since

  • He saw the death Angel defeat the Assyrian
    enemies that had surrounded Jerusalem.
  • God healed him of a terminal disease, giving him
    another 15 years.
  • He wrote fifteen of the Psalms.
  • Foolishly showed the wealth of Judah to
    Babylonian ambassadors.

Southern Manasseh (14)
  • Dates 697-642 B.C. Reign 55 years
  • Ruled longer than any other king, north or south.
  • The most wicked king of all.

Southern Josiah (16)
  • Dates 641-610 B.C. Reign 31 years
  • Godliest king since David.
  • Judahs last godly king.
  • A book of the Law was discovered when renovating
    the Temple.
  • This sparked a great revival.
  • He conducted a larger Passover celebration than
  • He was killed in battle with the Egyptians.

Southern Jehoiachin (19)
  • Dates 598 B.C. Reign 3 months
  • Grandson of Josiah.
  • He incurred a curse from God, banning his sons
    from the throne.
  • Both Ezekiel and Jeremiah predicted that he would
    carried off into Babylonian Captivity.
  • He was exiled away after Nebuchadnezzers second
    visit, which also carried away Ezekiel.
  • He eventually died in Babylon.

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