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Confessions of a Miseducated Man


writer and editor with brief stints at the New York Evening Post ... Summary of his life – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Confessions of a Miseducated Man

Unit 12
  • Confessions of a Miseducated Man

Life Story
  • writer,
  • editor,
  • citizen diplomat,
  • promoter of holistic healing,
  • unflagging optimist

Life Story
  • born in New Jersey, on June 24, 1915.
  • a fine athlete and a fine writer.
  • writer and editor with brief stints at the New
    York Evening Post and Current History.
  • executive editor of the Saturday Review of
    Literature (later Saturday Review)

  • "Inevitably, an individual is measured by his or
    her largest concerns." -from Human Options, by
    Norman Cousins

Lifelong concerns
  • War and peace, world governance, justice, human
    freedom, the human impact on the environment, and
    health and wholeness.
  • His primary platform for promoting his views
    editor of Saturday Review for the better part of
    forty years.

Belief in world governance
  • During World War II Cousins was a member of the
    editorial board for the Overseas Bureau of the
    Office of War Information and was cochairman of
    the 1943 Victory Book Campaign.
  • He also came to believe that enduring world peace
    could only be achieved through effective world

Belief in World Governance
  • In Saturday Review, Cousins affirmed that The
    need for world government was clear before August
    6, 1945, but Hiroshima(??) and Nagasaki(??) raise
    that need to such dimensions that it can no
    longer be ignored."

Belief in World Federalism
  • In Who Speaks for Man, Cousins expanded his
    arguments for world federalism and for a world no
    longer based on the supremacy of nationalism and
    other superficial differences "The new education
    must be less concerned with sophistication than
    compassion. It must recognize the hazards of
    tribalism. It must teach man the most difficult
    lesson of allto look at someone anywhere in the
    world and be able to see the image of himself.
    The old emphasis upon superficial differences
    that separate peoples must give way to education
    for citizenship in the human community. "With
    such an education and with such
    self-understanding, it is possible that some
    nation or people may come forward with the vital
    inspiration that men need no less than food.
    Leadership on this higher level does not require
    mountains of gold or thundering propaganda. It is
    concerned with human destiny. Human destiny is
    the issue. People will respond." He concluded the
    book with this hopeful affirmation "War is an
    invention of the human mind. The human mind can
    invent peace with justice."

Contribution to Peace and Human Well-being
  • His concern, for the victims of Hiroshima,
    following a postwar visit to that devastated
    city, became quite personal. He arranged, with
    funding from Saturday Review readers, for medical
    treatment in the United States for twenty-four
    young Japanese women who came to be known as the
    "Hiroshima Maidens."
  • Saturday Review readers also supported the
    medical care of 400 Japanese children orphaned by
    the atomic bomb.
  • In the 1950s Cousins and his wife legally adopted
    one of the "Maidens."
  • A few years later, again with the support of
    Saturday Review readers, Cousins helped create a
    program for the " thirty-five Polish women who
    had been victims of Nazi medical experiments
    during the war.

Criticism of Atmospheric Nuclear Testing
  • During the 1950s Cousins was outspoken in his
    criticism of atmospheric nuclear testing. In 1957
    he was among the founders and became the first
    cochairman of the National Committee for a Sane
    Nuclear Policy (SANE). In the early 1960s he
    became an unofficial citizen diplomat,
    facilitating communication between the Vatican,
    the Kremlin, and the White House which helped to
    lead to the Soviet-American nuclear test ban
    treaty. Upon ratification of the treaty in 1963,
    President Kennedy publicly thanked Cousins for
    his help with the treaty, and Pope John XXIII
    awarded Cousins his personal medallion.

Anti-war voice
  • oppose the American role in Vietnam
  • oppose the nuclear arms race,
  • argue for a strengthened United Nations leading
    to world government.
  • As he wrote "The essential lesson most people
    still resist is that they are members of one
    species. It is this that we all sharethe
    emergence of a common destiny and the beginning
    of the perception, however misty, that something
    beyond the nation will have to be brought into
    being if the human race is to have any meaning."

Attitude towards Disease
  • a regimen(???)
  • high doses of vitamin C
  • positive emotions (including daily doses of belly
  • "the life force may be the least understood force
    on earth
  • Books
  • Anatomy(??) of an Illness as Perceived by the
    Patient Reflections on Healing and
  • The Healing Heart Antidotes to Panic and

Reflection on Atomic Bomb
  • I wonder if we might go back to that day in
    August when the world learned of the dropping of
    the atomic bomb. As editor of a leading magazine
    in the United States, what was your reaction?
    What were your thoughts, and what did you do?

  • And one had a feeling, or at least I did, that a
    curtain had dropped on human history and that a
    new curtain was going up, and that no one quite
    knew what the new script would be. But the fact
    that the old play had ended seemed rather clear.
    It also seemed to me that a blanket of
    obsolescence(??,??) had been thrown over human
    history, because all the things that human beings
    did, in terms of civilization, suddenly seemed to
    have no validity because there was now no
    mechanism by which human beings could provide for
    a reasonably secure future. We had always lived
    with the habits of war, and now methods for
    fighting war represented an entirely new
    dimension in warfare which threatened the species
    as a whole. But the habits of war, and the habits
    of thinking about relations among nations, hadn't
    changed, and so we were trapped. And so I say
    there was a sense that the curtain had come down
    on one stage in human history and a new curtain
    was going up, the script for which had not been

Reflection on Atomic Bomb
  • And you became an even more intense an advocate
    of world government and world federalism as a way
  • Since I am opposed to anarchy, and since the
    principle danger in the world was anarchy on a
    world level, I couldn't take leave of my
    convictions about the dangers of anarchy just
    because nations created this situation.

Quotes by Norman Cousins
  • Hearty laughter is a good way to jog internally
    without having to go outdoors.
  • The more serious the illness, the more important
    it is for you to fight back, mobilizing all your
    resources-spiritual, emotional, intellectual,
  • Your heaviest artillery will be your will to
    live. Keep that big gun going.
  • Hope is independent of the apparatus of logic.

Quotes by Norman Cousins
  • History is a vast early warning system.
  • Life is an adventure in forgiveness.
  • A library, to modify the famous metaphor of
    Socrates, should be the delivery room for the
    birth of ideas - a place where history comes to
  • If something comes to life in others because of
    you, then you have made an approach to

Quotes by Norman Cousins
  • Just as there is no loss of basic energy in the
    universe, so no thought or action is without its
    effects, present or ultimate, seen or unseen,
    felt or unfelt.
  • Wisdom consists of the anticipation of

Summary of his life
  • "In June 1983 Cousins told the graduating class
    of Harvard Medical School that the "conquest of
    war and the pursuit of social justice... must
    become our grand preoccupation and magnificent
    obsession." These certainly were the concerns
    that obsessed him throughout his life, and over
    the years he battled through his writings and
    actions to make them matters of more general
    concern. Driven by the shock and portent of
    Hiroshima, he worked to combat unchecked
    nationalism, promote federalism, and build a
    sense of world citizenship, in the belief that
    people as a whole might yet construct a new world
    order of peace and justice. His optimism,
    intellectual curiosity, and commitment to the
    preservation of human life were equally

  • -ship
  • ????, ??, ??, ?hardship,
  • ????, ??,?kingship,??,??,????professorship
  • ????, ??, ?marksmanship??craftsmanship??,??

  • Mis-
  • Misapply, misaim, misinform, misinterprete??,
    misunderstanding, mislead??
  • Secure a. v.
  • Free from danger or attack?????????????
  • a secure fortress.
  • Reliable, dependable ???????
  • secure investments.?????

  • They ___ (Compression) two-months work into one.
  • On the top of very high mountains snow ___
    throughout the year. (Persistence)
  • The boy tried to ___ the scene it was described.
  • Some people fail to see the fallacy of white
    ___ . (supreme)
  • What is the difference between ____ and
    publicize? (propaganda)
  • A teacher should not show ___ for any one of his
    pupils. (prefer)
  • According to the treaty, some countries can enjoy
    ___ tariff rates. (prefer)

  • The differences were all but wiped out by the
  • The differences became so insignificant compared
    with the similarities, they were almost
    completely pushed aside and forgotten.
  • Wipe out
  • All but almost, nearly

  • This larger unity was the most important central
    fact of our time something on which people
    could build at a time when hope seemed misty,
    almost unreal.
  • What can we build?
  • our hope in the future of the mainkind
  • What is this larger unity?
  • The human community as a whole

  • But to stop there was like clearing the ground
    without any idea of what was to be built on it.
  • If we only respect differences but pay no
    attention to similarities, it will be

  • It was the mark of a rounded man to be well
  • Rounded man someone who has received a
    well-rounded education. Not one-sided, but
    complete and varied.
  • For tribalism had persisted from earliest times,
    though it had taken refined forms
  • Tribalism nationalism if also a enlarged form of
    it.???? ????

  • The universe itself does not hold life cheaply.
    Life is a rare occurrence
  • The earth is the only place where life can be
    found, so the universe seems to favor life
    more/take life seriously. And the respect of life
    is the very basis on which we must build the
    future world community.

  • Leadership on this higher level does not require
    mountains of gold or thundering propaganda.
  • This higher level spiritual/moral level
  • Leadership on the spiritual/moral level is not
    based on money or propaganda.

  • What does the author think of the differences
    between races and nations? What do you think?
  • Do you agree that tribalism is standing in our
    way to progress today?

  • Obviously, the Chairmans remarks at the
    conference were ___ and not planned.
  • Substantial b. spontaneous
  • c. Simultaneous d. synthetic
  • For the success of the project, the company
    should ___ the most of the opportunities at hand.
  • a. obtain b. grasp
  • c. catch d. make
  • 3. Failure to follow the club rules ___ him from
    the volleyball team.
  • a. disfavoured b. dispelled
  • c. disqualified d. dismissed

4. The discovery of new oil-fields in various
parts of the country filled the government with
____ hope. a. eternal b. infinite c.
ceaseless d. everlasting 5. At first the company
refused to purchase the equipment, but this
decision was ____ revised. a. subsequently b.
successively c. Predominantly d.
preliminarily 6. The local police are authorized
to ___ anyones movements as they think of
it. a. pause b. halt c. repel d. keep
  • 7. The local authorities realized the need to
    make ___ for elderly people in their housing
  • Preparation b. requirement
  • c. Specification d. provision
  • 8. Twelve is to three __ four is to one.
  • a. what b. as
  • c. that d. like
  • 9. Things went well for her during her early life
    but in her middle age her ___ seemed to change.
  • a. affair b. luck
  • c. event d. chance

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