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The Rise/Origins of Islam

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Title: The Rise/Origins of Islam


1
The Rise/Origins of Islam
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Origins
  • Arabs
  • -Arabian Peninsula, arid climate
  • Nomadic, Semitic-speaking people
  • Organized into tribes and were led by a sheikh
    who was chosen from a council of elders.
  • The tribes were independent, but worked together

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Trade Important center for trade. The city of
Mecca became rich from the caravan trade traffic
which passed through the area. Known as a
crossroads
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Early Religion -Most polytheistic, recognized a
chief, or supreme god -Allah Arabic for
God. -Allah symbolized by a sacred stone
called the Black Stone which was placed in the
shrine called the Kaaba. -This shrine was
located in the city of Mecca (now Saudi Arabia.)
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the Kabah
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Origins
  • Began with the prophet Muhammed/Mohammed/
    Mohammad

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The Life of Muhammad
  • Muhammad was born in Mecca to a merchant family
    (570 AD)
  • His parents died when he was young and he ended
    up living with his uncle who was a merchant and
    he became a caravan manager.

Muhammad in Arabic Calligraphy
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  • Muhammad married an older widow named Khadija.
  • He was troubled by idol worship and the moral
    ills of society.
  • He decided to visit the hills to meditate.
  • He was meditating in the hills and received
    revelations from God through the Angel Gabriel
    calling him to be the messenger of God

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Muhammads Revelation
  • Angel Gabriel told Muhammad to recite what he
    heard-
  • There is one god, Allah, and Muhammad is his
    messenger (a summary)
  • This final revelation became the religion of
    Islam. Which means submission to the will of God.

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  • Muhammads wife encouraged him to accept the call
    of God
  • She was the first convert to the Islam faith

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After the Revelation
  • He tried to convert the people of Makkah to his
    message, but he was unsuccessful.

16
The Hijra-A Turning Point
  • His rejection of idols outraged those merchants
    who sold idols
  • Fearing for his life he fled to Medina (known
    then as Yathrib)
  • Journey became know as the Hijra
  • Welcomed and converted many
  • Years later returned to Mecca in triumph and
    destroyed the idols

17
The Teachings
  • Islam is Monotheistic, like Judaism and
    Christianity.
  • A belief in an afterlife.
  • Muslims do not believe the Muhammad was divine,
    they believe that he was a man.
  • Seen not just as a religion, but as a way of
    life.

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The Quran (Koran)
  • The Quran, the holy book of Islam.
  • The Quran contains ethical
  • guidelines and laws by which
  • Muslims (followers of Islam)
  • should live their lives.

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The Nature of The Quran
  • Written in Arabic, which was the language of
    Muhammad.
  • Considered to only be true when it is written in
    its original language.
  • The Muslim observance of Ramadan is to
    commemorate the recording of the holy text.

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  • Converts of Islam often learn Arabic so they can
    read the Koran in its original form.
  • Muslims believe it is Gods final word
  • Torah and Bible are contain partial revelations
    from God so Jews and Christians are referred to
    as people of the book classified as superior
    to polytheistic idol worshippers

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Sharia
  • Islamic law system
  • Derived from the interpretations of the Koran
  • Regulates-moral conduct, family life, business
    practices, dietary laws and government
  • Doesnt separate religious matters from criminal
    or civil law

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Rules about Diet
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Dhabah-slaughter
  • Animal or bird must be the one that is permitted
  • Alive, healthy and conscious at the time of
    slaughter
  • Clean and hygienic (Tayyab, wholesome)
  • Slaughterman Muslim, trained / licensed
  • Knife should be clean and sharp
  • Allahs name must be invoked (Bismillahi Allahu
    Akber) at the time of slaughter
  • Neck arteries, veins, windpipe should be severed
    by a rapid stroke
  • Blood should be allowed to flow freely

24
More Sharia
  • Muslims are expected to practice honesty and
    justice in dealing with others
  • Forbidden to gamble, eat pork, drink alcohol, or
    engage in dishonest behavior.

25
Five Pillars of Islam
  • Set of 5 rules all Muslims must live by.
  • Given by Muhammad in the Sunna- The Words and
    Deeds of Muhammad

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The Five Pillars of Islam
  • 1-Declaration of Faith (Shahada)
  • Muslims must state that there is not God but
    Allah and Muhammad is his prophet.
  • 2. Daily Prayer (Salah)
  • Muslims must pray five times a day facing the
    Kaaba in Mecca.
  • Pre Dawn
  • Noon
  • Afternoon
  • Sunset
  • Evening

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Ablution (washing) before Prayer
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Five Pillars Continued . . .
  • 3. Charity (Zakat)
  • Muslims are supposed to help others and donate
    part of their income to charity.
  • 4. Fasting (Saum)
  • Fast from sunrise to sunset during the holy
    month of Ramadan which celebrates the recording
    of the Quran.

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Hajj
  • 5. Pilgrimage Hajj
  • Once in a lifetime, if they are physically and
    financially able , Muslims are to journey to
    Mecca (Makkah) in Saudi Arabia and perform the
    rituals of the Hajj.

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Hajj is expected to fall between October 13-18,
2013
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Religion
Shahada
Muhammad
The Quran
Salah
Zakat
Saum
Hajj
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Compare and contrast the 3 monotheistic religions
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Christianity Church Bible God Savior?
Jesus Monotheistic Food prep?
No Prayer? Yes Moses, Abraham, Gabriel,
Jesus
Islam Mosque Quran Allah Savior?
Muhammad Monotheistic Food prep? Yes Prayer?
Yes5x a day Moses, Abraham, Gabriel, Jesus,
Muhammad
Judaism Temple Torah Jehovah Savior? Yesnot
yet! Monotheistic Food prep Yes Prayer?
Yes Moses, Abraham, Gabriel
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