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New Horizon College English Book 3 ???????3


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Title: New Horizon College English Book 3 ???????3

New Horizon College English Book 3???????3
  • School of Foreign Studies
  • ?????
  • Unit 5
  • ??

Unit Five Section A Choose to Be Alone on
  • Listening to a melodious song. Do you know the
    name of this song?

Lead - in
Our topic today is living alone. Like it or
not, it is true of the American life that many
people live alone. For most of them, living alone
is a compelled choice, whereas, for some others,
it is a matter of preference. But what comes out
of both is a world of difference. Now lets
proceed with our topic-centered lead-in
Lead-in activities I. Discussing
Q. 1 Do you have the moments when you feel
solitude is the best companion?
Q. 2 Do you think solitude can give rise to
inspiration? Give your reasons.
Lead-in Activities
II. Proverbs
It is better to be alone than in bad
company. ????,????? A secret between more than
two is no secret. ???,???? A still tongue makes
a wise head. ?????
Background Information
1. Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862)
His A Week on the Concord and Merrimack Rivers
(1849) was the only other book he published in
his lifetime. In later years his interest in
Transcendentalism waned, and he became a
dedicated abolitionist. His many nature writings
and records of his wanderings in Canada, Maine,
and Cape Cod display the mind of a keen
Henry David Thoreau was a US thinker,
essayist, and naturalist. Thoreau graduated from
Harvard University and taught school for several
years before leaving his job to become a poet of
nature. In the years 1845-1847, to demonstrate
how satisfying a simple life could be, he lived
in a hut beside Concords Walden Pond essays
recording his daily life were assembled for his
masterwork, Walden, or Life in the Woods (1854).
Background Information
2. John Milton (1608-1674)
John Milton was an English poet and
pamphleteer. Milton attended the University of
Cambridge (1625-1632), where he wrote poems in
Latin, Italian, and English. In 1632-1639 he
engaged in private study and toured Europe,
spending most of his time in Italy. His
best-known prose is in the pamphlets Areopagitica
(1644) and Of Education (1644). He also wrote
tracts on divorce and against the monarchy and
the Church of England.
Background Information
His Paradise Lost (1667, 1674), considered the
greatest epic poem in English, uses blank verse
and reworks Classical epic conventions to recount
the Fall of Man Miltons characterization of
Satan has been widely admired. Paradise Regained
(1671) is a shorter epic in which Christ
overcomes Satan the tempter, and Samson Agonistes
(1671) is a dramatic poem in which the Old
Testament figure conquers self-pity and despair
to become Gods champion. Considered the greatest
English poet after William Shakespeare, Milton
had wide influence on later literature.
Background Information
3. William Wordsworth (1770-1850)
Wordsworth was an English poet. His
contributions include many lyrics controversial
for their common, everyday language. Around 1798
he began writing an autobiographical poem that
would absorb him intermittently for the next 40
years, The Prelude (1850). His second verse
collection, Poems, in Two Volumes (1807),
includes many of the rest of his finest works,
including Ode Intimations of Immortality.
His poetry is perhaps most original in its vision
of the almost divine power of the creative
imagination reforming the links between man and
man, between humankind and the natural world. In
1843 he became Englands Poet Laureate. He is
regarded as the central figure in the initiation
of English Romanticism.
I. New Words
  • Commodity n.
  • C something that is useful or necessary
  • C a substance or product that can be bought or
    sold ??,??
  • Synonyms goods


If you want to learn a foreign language well,
working hard is a necessary commodity.
I. New Words
  • Commodity n.
  • C something that is useful or necessary
  • C a substance or product that can be bought or
    sold ??,??
  • Synonyms goods

Time is the most valuable commodity that we

I. New Words
  • 2. dictate
  • Say something for someone else to write down
  • tell someone exactly what to do or how to behave

He dictated a letter to his secretary.
You are in no position to dictate me.
I. New Words
  • 3. humble
  • a. Having a modest opinion of oneself not proud
  • b. Having a low social class or position ????????
  • ??? modest(???)n. humbleness/ humility

The world-famous scientist remains a very humble
He held a humble position.
I. New Words
  • 3. humble
  • a. Having a modest opinion of oneself not proud
  • b. Having a low social class or position ????????
  • ??? modest(???)n. humbleness/ humility

my humble apology a humble scientist men of
humble birth a humble occupation
????? ?????? ?????? ?????
In this passage, a social phenomenon of
living alone is presented and analyzed, and
suggestions are given that people should find
some grace and pleasure in their condition. The
passage can be broadly divided into five main
Phenomenon living alone is a common social
Part I (Para.1)
What people think of living alone.
Part II (Para. 2)
Who are often living alone?
Part III (Para. _ _ )
Some life details of the solitary people.
Part IV (Paras. _ )
The authors suggestionsolitary people should
accept the reality with a positive attitude.
Part V (Para. 14 16)
Passage Reading
  • Part I (Para.1) Phenomenon
  1. Language points
  2. Questions

Choose to Be Alone on Purpose

Para. 1 Here we are, all by ourselves, all 22
million of us by recent count, alone in our
rooms, some of us liking it that way and some of
us not. Some of us divorced, some widowed, some
never yet committed.
Part I Living alone --- a common social
A. Language points
  • 1. By recent count ??????

By recent account, an increasing number of elites
in financial circles are shifting from the Wall
Street to Chinese mainland.

Para. 2 Loneliness may be a sort of national
disease here, and its more embarrassing for us
to admit than any other sin. On the other hand,
to be alone on purpose, having rejected company
rather than been cast out by it, is one
characteristic of an American hero. The solitary
hunter or explorer needs no one as they venture
out among the deer and wolves to tame the great
wild areas. Thoreau, alone in his cabin on the
pond, his back deliberately turned to the town.
Now, thats character for you.
Here the word disease is used figuratively,
meaning sth unpleasant, usually one that a group
of people have.
Para 2 What do people think of living alone ?
A. Language points
  • Cast out to drive out by force expel make sb.
    leave a place ??,??
  • Synonym throw out/ expel

After the scandal, he was cast out of the company.
A. Language points
  • 2. venture
  • 1.To take a risk dare To expose to danger or
    risk ??????(on)
  • 2.?...???(on)

He is too timid to venture upon a new undertaking.
He ventured large sums of money on speculative
Passage Reading
  • Part II (Para.3-10) People who are living alone
  1. Language points
  2. Questions

Para 3 Inspiration in solitude is a major
commodity for poets and philosophers. Theyre all
for it. They all speak highly of themselves for
seeking it out, at least for an hour or even two
before they hurry home for tea. Para 4 Consider
Dorothy Wordsworth, for instance, helping her
brother William put on his coat, finding his
notebook and pencil for him, and waving as he
sets forth into the early spring sunlight to look
at flowers all by himself. How graceful, how
benign, is solitude, he wrote. Para 5 No doubt
about it, solitude is improved by being
Support be in favor of

Para 3-10 Who are often living alone?
A. Language points
  • Speak highly of
  • express a good opinion of someone or sth

She speaks highly of the new teacher.
Speak ill/well of express a bad/good opinion of
sb or sth
He spoke ill of me to his friends.
A. Language points
  • Seek out
  • find sth. or sb. by looking hard ??, ??, ???

The police were trying to seek the real murderer
out .
A. Language points
  • 2. set forth
  • to begin a journey to present for consideration
  • propose ??

They set forth immediately after breakfast.
He has set forth his ideas.
Para 6 Look at Miltons daughters arranging his
cushions and blankets before they silently creep
away, so he can create poetry. Then, rather than
trouble to put it in his own handwriting, he
calls the girls to come back and write it down
while he dictates. Para 7 You may have noticed
that most of these artistic types went outdoors
to be alone. The indoors was full of loved ones
keeping the kettle warm till they came home. Para
8 The American high priest of solitude was
Thoreau. We admire him, not for his
self-reliance, but because he was all by himself
out there at Walden Pond, and he wanted to be
all alone in the woods.

Move slowly and quietly
Conscience dictates truthfulness. ????????
A high priest is a person who has a leadership
position in a certain field.

Para 9 Actually, he lived a mile, or 20 minutes
walk, from his nearest neighbor half a mile from
the railroad three hundred yards from a busy
road. He had company in and out of the hut all
day, asking him how he could possibly be so
noble. Apparently the main point of his nobility
was that he had neither wife nor servants, used
his own axe to chop his own wood, and washed his
own cups and saucers. I dont know who did his
laundry he doesnt say, but he certainly doesnt
mention doing his own, either. Listen to him I
never found the companion that was so
companionable as solitude.
Some people choose to live all by themselves.
Henry Thoreau is an example

Para 10 Thoreau had his own self-importance for
company. Perhaps theres a message here The
larger the ego, the less the need for other egos
around. The more modest and humble we feel, the
more we suffer from solitude, feeling ourselves
inadequate company.
Thoreaus life was self-content he enjoys being
The message from them The larger the ego, the
more likely for them to live alone.
Passage Reading
  • Part III (Para.11-13) Some life details of the
    solitary people
  1. Language points
  2. Questions


Para 11 If you live with other people, their
temporary absence can be refreshing. Solitude
will end on Thursday. If today I use a singular
personal pronoun to refer to myself, next week I
will use the plural form. While the others are
absent you can stretch out your soul until it
fills up the whole room, and use your freedom,
coming and going as you please without apology,
staying up late to read, soaking in the bath,
eating a whole pint of ice cream at one sitting,
moving at your own pace. Those absent will be
back. Their waterproof winter coats are in the
closet and the dog keeps watching for them at the
window. But when you live alone, the temporary
absence of your friends and acquaintances leaves
a vacuum they may never come back.
Para 11-13 some life details of the solitary
A. Language points
  • Stretch out
  • Lengthen sth by pulling ????
  • Lie down, usually in order to relax or sleep ??,??

The rubber band can be stretched out to twice its
He stretched out in front of the fire.
A. Language points
  • 2. Fill up (cause to ) become completely full

Joy fills up the stock exchange when the stock
index is on the rise.
A. Language points
  • 3. At one setting (go/ stretch) ????
  • Synonym in one breath (move)/ with one single

Just as no one grow fat at one sitting, no
success can be attained with one single effort.
A. Language points
  • 4. at ones own pace at the speed that fits
    oneself ???????

at a good pace ???? keep pace ???????? put sb.
through his paces ??????? ????????????????? The
coach spent the whole morning putting the
newcomer through his paces.

set/make the pace ??? ??????????????,?????????????
?? If you ask the fastest runner to set the
pace, then most of them will be left behind. show
one's paces ??????? ??????????? He is always
ready to show his paces.

Para 12 The condition of loneliness rises and
falls, but the need to talk goes on forever. Its
more basic than needing to listen. Oh, we all
have friends we can tell important things to,
people we can call to say we lost our job or fell
on a slippery floor and broke our arm. Its the
daily succession of small complaints and
observations and opinions that backs up and
chokes us. We cant really call a friend to say
we got a parcel from our sister, or its getting
dark earlier now, or we dont trust that new
Supreme Court justice.
People need to talk to others.
A. Language points
  • Back up
  • (cause to) block up (?)??
  • Support someone, especially in an argument

???????,???? ???????
Peggy would back me up if she were here.
A. Language points
  • Back up
  • (cause to) block up (?)??
  • Support someone, especially in an argument

What has backed up in ones mind,especially
emotions, needs an outlet otherwise, it may grow
into a mental problem.
Para 13 Scientific surveys show that we who live
alone talk at length to ourselves and our pets
and the television. We ask the cat whether we
should wear the blue suit or the yellow dress. We
ask the parrot if we should prepare steak, or
noodles, for dinner. We argue with ourselves over
who is the greater sportsman that figure skater
or this skier. Theres nothing wrong with this.
Its good for us, and a lot less embarrassing
than the woman in front of us in line at the
market whos telling the cashier that her niece
Melissa may be coming to visit on Saturday, and
Melissa is very fond of hot chocolate, which is
why she bought the powdered hot chocolate mix,
though she never drinks it herself.

People need to talk to others.
A. Language points
  • At length
  • In great detail ???
  • At last ??
  • ??????????????
  • ????????,???????
  • Dont discuss the project at excessive length.
  • At length the bus arrived, forty minutes late.

Passage Reading
  • Part IV (Para.13-16) Conclusion
  1. Language points
  2. Questions


Para 14 Its important to stay rational. Para 15
Its important to stop waiting and settle down
and make ourselves comfortable, at least
temporarily, and find some grace and pleasure in
our condition, not like a self-centered British
poet but like a patient princess sealed up in a
tower, waiting for the happy ending to our fairy
tale. Para 16 After all, here we are. It may not
be where we expected to be, but for the time
being we might as well call it home. Anyway,
there is no place like home.
A. Language points
  1. Seal up ???/????????

Self-reliance in no way means sealing oneself up
from the outside world and working in isolation.
A. Language points
  • 2. For the time being temporarily, not for long
    ???, ??,??

????????? Let's do it just for the time being.
???????????! Let's share the room for the time
A. Language points
  • 3.Might as well do sth ?? ????
  • ?????????
  • ??????????????????
  • We might as well go together.
  • You might as well phone the customer service
    department about it.

English Equivalents of Chinese
to tame the great wild areas
a major commodity
to speak highly of oneself
no doubt about it
to creep away
a busy road
to have company
the main point of ones nobility
to chop wood
to do a laundry
English Equivalents of Chinese
to have for company
as you please
to stay up late
to talk at length
a happy ending
English Equivalents of Chinese
?? ?? ??
to cast out
to seek out
to set forth
to stretch out
to settle down
I. Word Game
There are approximately homophonous words (???)
in Chinese and English. It helps greatly memorize
English words. Listen to some Chinese words
and guess their English equivalents.
cushion ?? kettle ?? ego ?? apology ?? soak
?? slippery ?? parcel ?? volcano ??
?? ?? ?? ?,??? ?? ???? ?? ???
II. Poem Appreciating
I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud
William Wordsworth
I Wandered Lonely As A Cloud
William Wordsworth
  • I wandered lonely as a cloud
  • That floats on high o'er vales and hills,
  • When all at once I saw a crowd,
  • A host, of golden daffodils
  • Beside the lake, beneath the trees,
  • Fluttering and dancing in the breeze.
  • Continuous as the stars that shine
  • And twinkle on the milky way,
  • They stretched in never-ending line
  • Along the margin of a bay
  • Ten thousand saw I at a glance,
  • Tossing their heads in sprightly dance.

  • The waves beside them danced, but they
  • Out-did the sparkling leaves in glee
  • A poet could not but be gay,
  • In such a jocund company
  • I gazed and gazed but little thought
  • What wealth the show to me had brought
  • For oft, when on my couch I lie
  • In vacant or in pensive mood,
  • They flash upon that inward eye
  • Which is the bliss of solitude
  • And then my heart with pleasure fills,
  • And dances with the daffodils.

Check the Internet to know them more
Walden Henry David Thoreau (18171862)
Paradise Lost John Milton (16081674)
The Prelude William Wordsworth (17701850)
Thanks for your attention
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