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Island of the Blue Dolphin


Title: Island of the Blue Dolphin Author: J Last modified by: J Created Date: 6/17/2009 10:09:18 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show Company – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Island of the Blue Dolphin

Island of the Blue Dolphin
Vocabulary Words
  • idly
  • tides
  • deserted
  • dozed
  • lacking
  • fiber
  • pursued
  • cover

Dad idly looked through the newspaper while
waiting for us to finish getting dressed.
He sat idly on the beach watching the waves
gently roll in.
  • idly- (adverb) not doing anything

We watch the rise and fall of the the waves as
the tides roll in and out.
We go swimming during high tides.
  • tides- (noun) plural of tide the rise and fall
    of the sea

The deserted house hasnt had anyone living in it
for years.
The uninhabited island appears to be deserted.
  • deserted- (adjective) having no people

After dinner father dozed in his favorite chair.
The tired puppies quietly dozed on the floor.
  • dozed- (verb) past tense of doze to sleep lightly

The vase was lacking flowers, so Mom put some in.
That dog is not lacking spots!
  • lacking-(verb) a form of lack to be without

The cloth fiber was made into a shirt.
She used the piece of fiber to make a temporary
  • fiber- (noun) a piece of cloth

The bicyclist pursed the front man in the race.
The cat pursued the mouse.
  • pursued- (verb) past tense of pursue to chase

He will cover a lot of ground in his hike today.
We will cover more than 500 miles on our trip
  • cover- (verb) to travel over

Concept Vocabulary Worddilemma
  • A dilemma is a situation in which each choice
    looks equally bad.
  • Characters in movies and stories often face
    dilemmas. It makes the story more suspenseful.

What do the following words have in common?
These words have a common root word.
A root word is the word that has the main
meaning, which can be changed by adding prefixes
(beginnings) or suffixes (endings).
The common root word is protect. It means to
keep safe from harm.
Did You Know?
  • When the suffix -tion is added to a root word
    ending in t, the final t in the root is dropped.
  • An example of this is the word protection.

Did You Know?
  • Knowing the meaning of a root word and its suffix
    can help you determine the words meaning.
  • The suffix -ive means having the quality of.
  • The suffix -tion means the act or process of .
  • The suffix - or means something or someone who
    performs the action.

Provide definitions for protect, protective,
protection, and protector.
  • protect to shield from harm or danger
  • protective preventing someone or something from
    being harmed or damaged
  • protection the act of keeping from harm
  • protector a person who protects

Use each word in an original sentence.
  • protect
  • protective
  • protection
  • protector

Selection Genre Realistic Fiction
  • Characters do things that real people and animals
    might do in real life.
  • Places in the story are real or seem real.
  • The story tells about things that could happen.
  • The story can be based on an event that really

Activating Prior Knowledge
Use your writing journal to record your thoughts.
  • How do dogs behave in the wild?
  • What would it be like to live on an island with
    no other people?
  • How can sailors tell which way they are going
    without a compass?
  • What do you know about dolphins? What do they
    look like?

Background Information
  • This story, although not true, is based on a
    true story of a Native American girl who was left
    on an island near the coast of southern
    California and lived there alone for eighteen

Background Information
  • An island is an area of land completely
    surrounded by water, but not large enough to be
    called a continent.

Background Information
  • Sailors who travel the sea usually used a
    compass to help them navigate their ship.
  • Before the compass was invented, sailors used
    the stars, especially the North Star, to help
    them find their way.

Big Idea
  • Keep this question in mind as you read.
  • Why do people take risks?

Focus Questions
  • How do you know when it is necessary to take a
  • How does it feel to take a risk and wish you had

How does this selection relate to the theme Risk
and Consequences? Copy the following in your
Clues Problems Wonderings

What are some clues that tell your about the
story? Write them in the clues section of your
Are there any problems like unfamiliar words?
Write them in the problems section of your
chart. Lets look at the selection again. Lets
look for unfamiliar words, concepts, or ideas.
Convert the information into questions, and write
these questions under the Wonderings section of
your chart.
Daily Editing
  • Correct the following sentences.
  • Me goed to school with she
  • I went to school with her.
  • the picture throwed the ball over the plate
  • The pitcher threw the ball over the plate.

Writing Realistic Fiction
Prewriting During the next two weeks you are
going to be writing a realistic fiction story. In
a realistic fiction story, the characters, places
and events seem to be real, but are actually
fake. A realistic story has regular people or
animals, the setting is a real place, and the
plot could actually happen. Why does Island of
the Blue Dolphins fit the requirements of a
realistic story? Karana has real-life
characteristics, the island is an actual place,
and the events could have happened in reality.
Brainstorming Ideas For Story Writing
People Places Events

girl boy grandparents parents aunts uncles cousins
new baby visit to new country lost at sea sailing
for first time going to Oregon
island mountain prairie lake desert ocean
Lets look at a couple of the ideas.
  • What would the purpose and audience for each
    idea be?
  • Now brainstorm some ideas on your own.
  • Make sure to include the problem that your main
    character(s) will face.
  • Where will your story take place?
  • What are three major events that will take place
    in your story?
  • Record your ideas in your journal.

Spelling Pretest
  • joyous
  • useful
  • lonely
  • dangerous
  • hopeful
  • movement
  • playful
  • careless
  • freely
  • painful
  • helpless
  • statement
  • hazardous
  • gladly
  • marvelous
  • fearless
  • treatment
  • suddenly
  • shipment
  • harmless

Check Your Spelling Pretest
  • joyous
  • useful
  • lonely
  • dangerous
  • hopeful
  • movement
  • playful
  • careless
  • freely
  • painful
  • helpless
  • statement
  • hazardous
  • gladly
  • marvelous
  • fearless
  • treatment
  • suddenly
  • shipment
  • harmless

Can you give me an example of
  • a person?
  • a place?
  • a thing?

Each of the examples is a noun. A noun names a
person, place, thing or idea. A common nouns name
generic persons, places, or things. These are
also concrete nouns because they name things that
can be seen or touched.
Partner Assignment
  • Write two sentences in your journal with common
  • Have your partner identify the common nouns in
    your sentences.
  • You have 3 minutes.

Workbook Assignment
  • Reading Workbook page 13.
  • Read the directions and then complete the page.

uninhabited missing fabric surges chased lazily c
ross napped
  • idly
  • tides
  • deserted
  • dozed
  • lacking
  • fiber
  • pursued
  • cover

What do the following words have in common?
(No Transcript)
  • These words all have the suffix -ly or -ness
  • The suffix -ly means to have in a _______ way.
    It is an adverb. It tells in what way something
    is done.
  • The suffix -ment means to be in a ________ state.

Provide definitions for quietly, slowly,
happiness, and sadness.
  • quietly in a quiet way
  • slowly in a slow way
  • happiness in a happy state
  • sadness in a sad state

What other words can you think of that have the
suffix -ly or -ness?
  • You have one minute to write as many words as
    you can think of with the suffix -ly or -ness in
    your journal.
  • Did you think of
  • nearly, lightly, forgiveness, goodness

What are the root words in the following words?
Create this chart in your journal.
Suffix -ous
Suffix -ment
Suffix -ful
Suffix -less
  • What other root words can you think of to add
    the suffixes to make new words?
  • You have five minutes to come up with as many new
    words using the suffixes on your chart.
  • Did you think of these words?

Suffix -ous
Suffix -ment
Suffix -ful
Suffix -less
shipment commitment contentment
careless useless worthless
playful cheerful plentiful
marvelous frivolous hilarious
Workbook Assignment
  • Complete pages 1 and 2 in your Skills Practice

Visualizing- A good reader recognizes
appropriate places in the text to stop and
visualize. A good reader visualizes literal ideas
or scenes described by the author. A good reader
makes inferences while visualizing to show
understanding of the characters feelings, mood,
and setting. A good reader visualizes differently
depending on the type of text.
Predicting- A good reader uses clues in the text
and prior knowledge to make predictions. A good
reader recognizes when predictions are or are not
confirmed by the text. A good reader updates
predictions during reading based on information
in the text. A good reader identifies why
predictions were or were not confirmed. This
identification includes missed clues in the text
that would have helped make a better predictions.
Making Connections- A good reader makes
connections between or relates personal
experiences to what is read in the text (text to
self connections). A good reader uses those
personal experiences to explain something
encountered in the text. A good reader makes
connections across or relates information within
and across selections (text to text
connection). A good reader makes connections or
relate information between what is happening in
the text to what is happening in the world today
(text to world connections). A good reader notes
ideas in the text that are new or conflict with
what he or she previously thought.
(No Transcript)
(No Transcript)
Lets read the first two pages of the story.
Readers summarize to check their understanding of
a story and to focus their minds on important
information. Lets summarize what we have
learned about Karanas situation so far.
Sample Summary
  • Karana has been left alone on the island. All of
    her people left without her in a rush to escape
    their enemy, the Aleuts. She has been hoping
    they will return to rescue her, but as winter
    approaches, her hope is fading. She is very
    frightened and alone.

  • If we picture in our minds what is happening in
    the story, we can understand the characters and
    events better. I can see big waves crashing
    against the island, and the wild dogs standing
    outside the fire ring. These are scary pictures.
    Karana must be afraid.

  • The island reminds Karana of her family and
    friends who are now gone. So she is not only
    alone and scared, but is brokenhearted as well.
    We probably cant think of many worse situations
    to be in. We might make the same decision and
    leave the island.

  • When we read, we stop to think about what we
    have already read. Then we make predictions
    about what might happen next. This makes the
    story more interesting, because we want to see
    whether our predictions are confirmed. Plus, it
    helps us understand the story.

  • To make predictions, we look for clues that
    might tell us what is going to happen. Karana is
    able to get the canoe into the water by herself,
    using her brains and her muscles. She knows how
    to handle the canoe. A good prediction might be
    that she will be able to find land, her family,
    and her friends. Lets continue to read and
    check our prediction.

  • I can picture myself in a canoe in the middle of
    the ocean at night, with the sea and the sky
    being black. Just imagine floating in the middle
    of that blackness- the only sound you hear is the
    splashing of waves around your boat! No wonder
    Karana is afraid.

  • Earlier, we said that a good prediction would be
    I predicted that Karana will find her way to her
    family. After reading how Karana uses the stars
    as her guide and as a type of clock that tells
    her how long she was traveling, we should be more
    confident of our prediction.

  • Well we thought that Karana was going to make
    it, even after the canoe started leaking. Now
    thought, a bigger leak has sprung, and Karana
    thinks that the leaks could become much worse.
    We might have to revise our prediction. The boat
    could sink before she reaches her family. Karana
    might drown in the ocean.

  • Karana has a tough decision to make. She can
    continue and risk drowning, or she can turn back
    to the island where she will be alone. We all
    have had to make difficult decisions, and it's
    hard to be completely satisfied with the choice
    you make.

  • Karana decides to turn back to try to reach the
    island. It is a smart choice. She is a
    survivor- she wants to live, even if it means
    living alone. The leak has not gotten worse, so a
    good prediction would be that she is not going to
    drown, and she will make it back to the safety of
    the island.

  • Karana is happy to see the dolphins swimming and
    diving. I remember seeing dolphins at an
    aquarium when I was younger. They were big,
    happy, friendly creatures. It is easy to see why
    Karana would think of them as friends.

  • At the beginning of the story, we thought that
    Karana would make it to her people, but we
    revised our prediction based on what happened.
    Our last prediction, though, was confirmed-
    Karana makes it back to the Island of the Blue

Meet the Author Scott ODell
  • Scott ODell believes Island of the Blue
    Dolphins was a good book for children. Do you
    agree? Discuss with you partner why or why not.
  • Did you consider that it is a good book for
    children because Karana teaches us about
    surviving risks and consequences.

Meet the Illustrator Barbara Massey
  • Barbara Massey knew she wanted to be an
    illustrator when she was very young. More than
    anything else, she loved to draw. Describe any
    hobbies or interest that you might have that
    could possibly lead you to a job someday with
    your partner.
  • Did you consider things that you like to collect
    like rocks? Do you like researching them at the
    library or Internet to find out information about
    the rocks? Did you think about becoming a
    scientist who studies the Earth and its rocks?

Theme ConnectionsWithin the Selection
  • Why does Karana take the canoe away from the
    Island of the Blue Dolphins by herself?
  • Karana cannot bear the thought of staying on the
    island by herself indefinitely.
  • What are the possible consequences of this risk?
  • Possible bad consequences Karana could drown,
    become lost at sea, or land in a place where she
    knows no one. Possible good consequence Karana
    could find her family and friends.

Theme ConnectionsBeyond the Selection
  • What risks have you or someone you know taken
    recently? What were the consequences?
  • Are any of you teaching yourselves to use in-line
    skates? The bad consequences could include the
    times you fall down and you might get hurt. Good
    consequences include getting better and having
  • Why did you or the other person take the risk?
  • For anyone who is teaching themselves how to use
    in-line skates, did you take the risk because you
    want to be able to skate with your friends who
    already know how to in-line skate?

Daily Editing
  • Correct the following sentences.
  • the beach were desertd at this early our?
  • The beach was deserted at this early hour.
  • The girls set there alarm and waked in time to
    sea the sun rise over the Ocean,
  • The girls set their alarm and woke in time to
    see the sun rise over the ocean.

Lets look at some different types of graphic
organizers that can be used to structure the
ideas brainstormed before. Inspiration
Character Map
Fiction Writing on Inspiration
(No Transcript)
Workbook Assignment
  • Skills Practice page 9.

Create the following chart in your notebook to
sort this weeks spelling words.
Suffix -ment
Suffix -less
Suffix -ous
Suffix -ly
Suffix -ful
Sort the words into the correct category and then
circle the root word for each word.
  • joyous
  • useful
  • lonely
  • dangerous
  • hopeful
  • movement
  • playful
  • careless
  • freely
  • painful
  • adjustment
  • idly
  • helpless
  • statement
  • hazardous
  • gladly
  • marvelous
  • fearless
  • treatment
  • suddenly
  • shipment
  • harmless
  • glamorous

Suffix -ment
Suffix -less
Suffix -ous
Suffix -ly
Suffix -ful
joyous dangerous hazardous marvelous glamorous
lonely freely gladly suddenly idly
movement statement treatment shipment adjustment
useful hopeful playful painful
careless helpless fearless harmless
advice, fear, fortune
  • These words are abstract common nouns.
  • An abstract noun names something that cannot be
    seen or touched, such as an idea, quality, or
  • Lets brainstorm some nouns.

Concrete Nouns
Abstract Nouns
Did you think of sadness youth bravery knowledge
Did you think of park dog swing girl teacher bo
ok zoo tiger church pastor pond grass
Write four sentences using the nouns in your
journal. Use at least two abstract nouns.
Exchange your paper with your partner for them to
identify the nouns in your sentences.
  • the rise and fall of the sea
  • to travel over
  • to be without
  • not doing anything
  • having no people
  • idly
  • lacking
  • tides
  • deserted
  • cover

  • a piece of cloth
  • a situation in which each choice looks equally
  • to sleep lightly
  • chased
  • dozed
  • fiber
  • pursued
  • dilemma

What do the following words have in common?
These words all have the suffix -ity.
  • What is each words root?

  • electricity
  • peculiarity
  • similarity
  • technicality
  • electricity
  • peculiarity
  • similarity
  • technicality

Can you think of any other words that have the
suffix -ity? Share them with your partner. Did
you think of oddity eccentricity practicality
Authors Point of View
  • The position from which the author tells the
    story is the point of view.
  • Writers use one of two kinds of narrators. A
    first-person narrator is a character who is
    involved in the story, describes the action, and
    tells about the other characters.
  • This kind of narrator can give only the thoughts,
    feelings, and actions of that character.
  • A third-person narrator is an outside observer
    who can reveal the thoughts, feelings, and
    actions of any of the characters.

  • Whose point of view is this story told?
  • First Person Karanas point of view
  • The reader can only know what she knows and see
    what she sees.
  • The storys point of view affects how we respond
    to its characters and influences our perspective
    of the text. Scott ODell tells this story in
    the first person.

  • How does the point of view affect our
    perspective of the story?
  • We see the situation through Karanas eyes we
    know exactly how she is feeling because she tells
    us as though she is speaking to a close friend.
  • Can you find any excerpts where Karana tells us
    what she is feeling?
  • Yet, I cannot say I was really afraid (p.37)

  • The author is not going to tell us what kind of
    person Karana is. We have to figure it out for
  • Work with a partner to think of some ideas about
    what kind of inner qualities and physical
    qualities Karana has, based on her actions. You
    have 5 minutes.

  • An author sometimes choose one point of view
    over another to add meaning to the story. For
    example, suppose Scott ODell chose to write this
    story in the third person. Reread the first few
    paragraphs on page 24 from the third-person point
    of view, substituting she and her for I and me.

  • When there is a third-person narrator, it is
    almost as though there is another character with
    Karana, watching her and describing her actions.
  • How does using the first-person point of view add
    to the feeling the author is trying to create?
  • He wants to create a sense of aloneness, because
    Karana is alone. Using the third-person point of
    view would take away from the sense of aloneness.

  • Every story is told from a specific point of
    view, the perspective from which the author
    presents the action and information in the story
    influences the text. The narrator might be a
    character in the story or an outside observer who
    is not involved with the action of the story.

How does the authors point of view influence the
Because the narrator is Karana and the story is
told from her perspective, we are sympathetic to
her situation and feelings. We feel a connection
to her and the fear she feels when she is alone
on the quiet black ocean. Also we feel the hope
that represented in the star that shines in the
darkness and helps her find her way. If the
author told the story from another point of view,
we might see the characters and events
  • The setting plays an important role in Island
    of the Blue Dolphins. Karana describes the
    setting to us, and this adds to our understanding
    of Karana.
  • Find examples in which Karana describes parts of
    the setting.
  • Example as the sun came out of the waves I
    saw that it was far off on my left I changed my
    direction and paddled along the path made by the
    rising sun.
  • Why does the author have Karana describe the
    setting this way?
  • So we can see how she views the natural world,
    how it differs from our view, and how much the
    natural world influences her daily life.

  • Scott ODell uses the dolphins in this story for
    a specific purpose. They are not only creatures-
    they symbolize something.
  • What do you think the dolphins symbolize?
  • They symbolize good luck and companionship for
    Karana. They help ease her loneliness.

Daily Editing
  • Correct the following sentences.
  • it were there last day of vacation at the Ocean,
  • It was their last day of vacation at the ocean.
  • Its been five day since we has had a good meal.
  • Its been five days since we have had a good

Writing Realistic Fiction
  • Island of the Blue Dolphins is told in the
    first person, which allows us to experience
    events as the character experiences them. It
    also allows us to know her thoughts as she thinks
    them. In a way, we feel close to the character.

  • The third-person point of view tells the story
    through a narrator when sees and hears the action
    but doesnt take part in the action. Sometimes
    the narrator relates only what the main character
    experiences. In other cases, the narrator
    relates what other people experience and think as
    well. In this way, the narrator often can relate
    details and events that the main character or
    characters might not observe.

  • Today you need to decide which point of view you
    are going to write your story from.
  • Make any changes you need to on the Graphic
    Organizer you are using to organize your ideas
    for your fiction story. Be ready to explain why
    you chose the point of view you did for your

Copy your spelling words into your journal. Draw
a line between the root word and its suffix.
  • joyous
  • useful
  • lonely
  • dangerous
  • hopeful
  • movement
  • playful
  • careless
  • freely
  • painful
  • helpless
  • statement
  • hazardous
  • gladly
  • marvelous
  • fearless
  • treatment
  • suddenly
  • shipment
  • harmless

Check your spelling words into your journal.
  • joy/ous
  • use/ful
  • lone/ly
  • danger/ous
  • hope/ful
  • move/ment
  • play/ful
  • care/less
  • free/ly
  • pain/ful
  • help/less
  • state/ment
  • hazard/ous
  • glad/ly
  • marvel/ous
  • fear/less
  • treat/ment
  • sudden/ly
  • ship/ment
  • harm/less

  • Do page 11 in your Skills Practice Book.

Proper Nouns
Lets name some people we know. Karana Amy
Daniel Jose Andrew Kathy
A proper noun names a particular person, place,
thing, or idea. They begin with capital letters.
A persons name is an example of a proper noun.
What other types of nouns can be
capitalized? Did you think of states, cities,
countries? West Valley City, Utah is an example
of this. Would we capitalize the name of our
school? Yes we would because it is the name of a
specific place.
Other Proper Nouns
  • Titles of Magazines
  • Newspapers
  • Book Titles
  • Television Programs
  • Movie Titles
  • Works of Art
  • Musical Compositions
  • Months, Days, and Holidays
  • Cities, States and Countries

  • Skills Practice 1 page 13.
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