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The Divided Kingdom and Israel


Civil War Ahab married the daughter of the king of Sidon Baal worship was introduced. Jezebel sought to stamp out the Jewish religion in Israel (1 Kings 16:29-34). – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The Divided Kingdom and Israel

Old Testament SurveyFrom the Division of the
Kingdom to the Fall of Israel
  • The Divided Kingdom and Israels Fall

Division of the Kingdom
  • When Solomon died, his son, Rehoboam, became heir
    to the throne of Israel.
  • The elders petitioned the young king to lighten
    the peoples tax burdens.
  • He rejected their advice and accepted that of the
    younger advisers, increasing their burden.
  • Kingdom divided--ten tribes to the North (under
    Jeroboam) two tribes (Judah and Benjamin) to the
    South (under Rehoboam).
  • Israel ten tribes
  • Judah two tribes (1 Kings 12)

Kings of Israel and Judah
  • Israel
  • Jeroboam (22 years) 931909 B.C.
  • Nadab (2 years) 910908 B.C.
  • Baasha (24 years) 908-884 B.C.
  • Elah (2 years
  • 884886 B.C.
  • Judah
  • Rehoboam (17 years) 931913 B.C.
  • Abijam (3 years) 913910 B.C.
  • Asa (41 years) 910869 B.C.

Kings of Israel and Judah
  • Israel
  • Zimri (7 days) 885884 B.C.
  • Tibni (4-5 years) 885880 B.C.
  • Omri (12 years) 884-873 B.C.
  • Ahab (22 years)
  • 874853 B.C..
  • Judah
  • Jehoshaphat (25 years) 870848 B.C.
  • Jehoram (8 years) 848841 B.C.
  • Ahaziah (1 year) 841 B.C.
  • Athaliah (6 years) 841835 B.C.

Kings of Israel and Judah
  • Israel
  • Ahaziah (2 years) 853852 B.C.
  • Jehoram (12 years) 852841 B.C.
  • Jehu (28 years) 841813 B.C.
  • Jehoahaz (17 years)
  • 813798 B.C.
  • Judah
  • Joash (40 years) 835796 B.C.
  • Amaziah (8 years) 848841 B.C.
  • Ahaziah (29 years) 796767 B.C.
  • Uzziah (52 years) 767739 B.C.

Kings of Israel and Judah
  • Israel
  • Jehoash (16 years) 798781 B.C.
  • Jeroboam II (41 years) 781753 B.C.
  • Zechariah (6 mos) 753752 B.C.
  • Shallum (1 month)
  • 752 B.C. B.C.
  • Judah
  • Jotham (16 years) 739731 B.C.
  • Ahaz (16 years) 731715 B.C.
  • Continue in next lesson

Kings of Israel and Judah
  • Israel
  • Menahem (10 years) 752741 B.C.
  • Pekahiah (2 years) 741739 B.C.
  • Pekah (20 years) 740731 B.C.
  • Hoshea (9 years)
  • 732 722 B.C.
  • Israel falls722 B.C.
  • Judah
  • Continue in next lesson

Civil War
  • Jeroboam and ten tribes fought against Rehoboam
    and two tribes lasted for 50 years.
  • Shortly after taking office, Jeroboam arranged
    for worship in Dan and Bethel (1 Kings 1225-33).
  • The kings who followed did not stop the departure
    from Gods law, so the apostasy continued.
  • During Rehoboams reign in Judah, the Egyptian
    Pharaoh sacked the temple.
  • The northern kings became progressively more evil.

Ahab and Jezebel
  • Ahab married the daughter of the king of
    SidonBaal worship was introduced.
  • Jezebel sought to stamp out the Jewish religion
    in Israel (1 Kings 1629-34).
  • She erected a Baal temple in Samaria and began to
    put Gods prophets to death.
  • Elijah prophesied that there would be a
    three-year drought in the land (1 Kings 171).
  • God used ravens and a widow woman to feed Elijah
    miraculously (1 Kings 172-24).

Elijah at Mount Carmel
  • Elijah called the prophets of Baal and Gods
    people to Mount Carmel.
  • Ahab accused Elijah of troubling Israelnot so
    it was Ahab (1 Kings 1817-19).
  • Elijah suggests a test to determine the true God
    (1 Kings 1829-34).
  • 450 prophets of Baal against Gods prophet,
    Elijah (1 Kings 1820-24).
  • Baals prophets called on him from morning to
    eveningno answer (1 Kings 1826-29).
  • Elijah called on God, and He lit the fire under
    the altar (1 Kings 1830-39).

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Elijah, the Rain, and Jezebel
  • Elijah kills the prophets of Baal (1 Kings
  • Rain again falls in Israel (1 Kings 1841-46).
  • Jezebel places a price on Elijahs head, and he
    flees (1 Kings 191-8).
  • God reminds Elijah he is not alone7,000 others
    stand with him! (1 Kings 189-18).
  • Jezebel orders Naboths death so she can give his
    vineyard to Ahab (1 Kings 211-16).
  • Elijah foretells the deaths of Ahab and Jezebel
    and the end of Ahabs house (1 Kings 2117-29).

Ahabs Dynasty
  • Israel and Judah become allies to invade Syria (1
    Kings 22).
  • Intermarriage between Ahabs family and Judah
    brings more wickedness into Judah Jehoram, king
    of Judah, marries Jezebels daughter (2 Kings
  • He slew all of his brothers who might have claim
    to his throne (2 Chronicles 214).
  • Following Ahabs death, Ahaziah is king lasts a
    year and is killed by Jehu during the overthrow
    of Ahabs dynasty (2 Chronicles 228).

Gods Prophets
  • Ahaziahs mother, Athaliah, daughter of king
    Omri, killed all heirs of the throne except
    Joash, who was an infant hidden by the priest
    (2 Kings 111-3).
  • Athaliah usurped the throne. She was the only
    person outside Davids lineage to occupy the
    throne in Judah.
  • Elisha prophesied during the reigns of Jehoram,
    Ahaziah, Athaliah in Israel, and Joash in Judah.
  • He saw Elijah being taken up in a chariot of fire
    (2 Kings 211-15).

  • Elisha received a double portion of Elijahs
    spirit (2 Kings 29).
  • He performed many miracles.
  • Used a small amount of oil to pay a widows
  • Raised the Shunammite womans dead son.
  • Made a poisonous portion of pottage nontoxic.
  • Healed Naamans leprosy.
  • Smote a large band of soldiers with blindness

Conditions in Judah
  • In Judah, the kingdom continued to degenerate.
  • King Amaziah become an ardent worshipper of the
    Edomite gods (2 Chronicles 2514).
  • Uzziah attempted to burn incense in the temple (2
    Chronicles 2618-21).
  • Ahaz erected an altar in Jerusalem like one built
    by king of Assyria. Closed the doors of the
    temple so none could worship there. (2 Kings

Righteous Kings in Judah
  • Judah had several righteous kings who reformed
    the corruption of the evil kings
  • Kings Asa, Jehoshaphat, Jehoash, Uzziah, and
    Jotham were considered good kings in Judah.
  • Influence of such men corrected many of the evils
    introduced by the wicked kings.

Terrible Conditions in Israel
  • Brief period of glory during reign of Jeroboam
  • His son, Zechariah, reigned for only six months
    before being murdered by Shallum, who sought to
    usurp the throne.
  • Shallum lasted one month before Menahem murdered
    himhe reigned for ten years.
  • His son, Pekahiah, lasted two years before his
    captain, Pekah, murdered him .
  • Assyria was a growing power, and Israel was
    divided ever whether to pay her tribute. Only one
    of Israels last six kings died a natural death!

Terrible Conditions in Israel
  • Pekah reigned 20 years in Israel. He sought to
    stand and fight Assyria.
  • Allied himself with Rezin, the king of Syria.
    Forced Ahaz of Judah to help them.
  • Assyria attacked Syria and crushed her and
  • Hoshea formed a conspiracy and killed Pekah,
    becoming king in his place.
  • In battle with Assyria, many Jews were taken

Hoshea, the Final King
  • Hoshea reigned nine years. During the first part
    of his reign, he payed tribute to Assyria.
  • In the sixth year of his reign, he sought to form
    an alliance with Egypt to fight Assyria.
  • Assyria besieged Samaria for three years and
    finally destroyed her in 721 B.C.
  • Assyria carried the ten northern tribes into
    captivity and brought others from various nations
    to occupy the land of Israel.

God Seeks to Avoid Captivity
  • God did everything He could to stop Israel from
    rejecting His law.
  • He sent the writing prophets--Isaiah, Hosea,
    Joel, Amos, and Micah--as well as other prophets.
    All called on Israel to REPENT!
  • True proverb Proverbs 1434
  • Judah and Benjamin alone are left in Judah.
  • Israel followed Moses prediction (Deut. 28, 29).
  • Assyrian Captivity marked the end of Israels
    national existence.
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