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Belgian proposal of an organization model for an electronic identity card


Title: E-Government Author: Frank Robben Last modified by: Frank Robben Created Date: 9/19/2000 6:24:19 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Belgian proposal of an organization model for an electronic identity card

Belgian proposal of an organization model for an
electronic identity card
Frank Robben General Manager Crossroads Bank for
Social Security Sint-Pieterssteenweg 375 B-1040
Brussels E-mail
What is E-government ?
  • E-government is a continuous optimization of
    service delivery and governance by transforming
    internal and external relationships through
    technology, internet and new media
  • internal relationships
  • government to government
  • government to employees
  • external relationships
  • government to citizen
  • government to business
  • user of public services
  • provider of services

Why E-government ?
  • provision of better service to the customer
    (citizens and companies) and service providers
  • modernization of the public sector
  • example and catalyst for the adoption of new
  • improvement of cost efficiency
  • more challenging work environment for government

Better service
E-government a structural reform process
  • E-government requires
  • re-engineering of processes
  • re-organization
  • change of mindsets (customer centric)
  • changes of legal environment
  • cooperation between several government levels

Back office integration is the key
  • unique data collection
  • integrated data management (principle of the
    authentic source)
  • electronic data exchange and work flow
  • architecture horizontal services
  • unique identification keys (electronic identity
  • PKI
  • messaging and transaction services
  • portal architecture
  • content management system
  • standards (XML, IP, etc)
  • global but decentralized approach

Customer centric
  • portal interaction triggered on
  • life events (birth, marriage, etc.)
  • life styles (sport, culture, etc.)
  • life status (unemployed, retired, etc.)
  • p-channels and e-channels must co-exist
  • multi device access (PC, TV, WAP GSM, PDA, )
  • integrated services
  • information
  • interaction
  • transaction

Customer centric
  • critical reflection on principles of data
    collection and creation of new added value
  • readable and understandable text
  • analysis of the requirement of data collection
  • harmonization of basic concepts
  • first data verification, then data collection
  • default values based on previously entered data
  • on-line help
  • simulation environments

Levels of service maturity of E-government
Level 4 Integration Cross-agency information and
transactions are available via intention based
portals Back offices are integrated and
business processes are re-engineered
Level 3 Transaction User can communicate electron
ically with single government agencies,
and applications of the agencies respond
electronically to the user
Level 2 Interaction Users can communicate electro
nically with single government agencies, but
agencies dont necessarily communicate electronica
lly with the user
Constituency Value
Level 1 Information Government agencies publish
information on the web
Complexity / Costs
Electronic identity card
  • possible functions
  • identification of the holder
  • authentification of the holder
  • generation of electronic signature
  • electronic proof of characteristics of the holder
  • execution of programs
  • electronic data storage
  • electronic purse

Electronic identity card
  • retained functions
  • visual and electronic identification of the
  • authentification of the holder via the technique
    of the digital signature
  • generation of electronic signature via the
    technique of the digital signature
  • proof of characteristics of the holder via the
    technique of the digital signature on the
    initiative of the holder
  • only identification data storage
  • no electronic purse
  • no biometry

  • visual
  • basic identification data name, first names,
    place and date of birth, sex, nationality, unique
    identification number no address
  • photograph
  • electronic
  • cfr. visual basic identification data ( address
  • digital photograph

Digital versus electronic signature
  • digital signature
  • technique based on asymmetric cryptography
  • permitting to determine the origin and the
    integrity of electronic data
  • certificate
  • confirmation that a pair of keys proves something
    (e.g. identity, characteristic, )
  • electronic signature
  • use of a certain technique, e.g. the technique of
    the digital signature
  • as an electronic and legally valid alternative of
    a manual signature

digital signature
electronic signature
electronic signature by means of the technique of
a digital signature
Technique of the digital signature
Some concepts
  • identity certificate proof of identity
  • attribute certificate proof of characteristics
    (e.g. function, quality, mandate)
  • function of registration authority (RA)
  • counter where the certificate is requested and
    that verifies if communicated identity or
    characteristic is correct
  • if so, approves the request and reports it to the
    certification authority
  • function of certification authority (CA)
  • produces on the base of the information from the
    RA a certificate which is linked with a pair of
  • manages that certificate

Use of the technique of the digital signature
  • 3 applications
  • electronic storage private key with related
    identity certificate for electronic
  • electronic storage private key with related
    identity certificate for the generation of an
    electronic signature
  • electronic storage of one or more private keys
    with related attribute certificates in order to
    proof characteristics

Use of the digital signature
  • model
  • private keys with related identity certificates
  • automatically stored on the card unless
    opposition of the holder (opting-out)
  • delivered by CA chosen by the government as a
    result of a public call for tenders
  • private keys with related attribute certificates
  • storage place available on the card
  • free choice of the holder (opting-in)
  • delivered by CA chosen by the holder

Law on electronic signature
  • article 1322, paragraph 2 Civil Code
  • For the purpose of this article can meet the
    requirement of a signature, a set of electronic
    data that can be attributed to a particular
    person and that proves that the content of the
    act has been maintained.

Law certification service providers
  • implementation European Directive into Belgian
  • provision that qualified electronic signature
    meets the requirements of article 1322, paragraph
    2 Civil Code
  • scheme of minimal missions (issuance, management,
    revocation of certificates) and liability of
  • rules at suspension of activities by
  • voluntary accreditation scheme
  • rules regarding liability of certificate holder
  • supervision and sanctions
  • possibility to make the use of electronic
    signatures in the public sector subject to
    additional requirements

  • promote rapid availability of identity
  • guarantee quality of identity certificates
  • promote multifunctional and free use of identity
  • guarantee open market of independent evolving
    certification authorities
  • guarantee interoperability between certification
  • guarantee conformity with evolving technical
  • conformity with the European Directive

Organization model
  • government chooses card producer and CA issuing
    the identity certificates as a result of a public
    call for tenders
  • the municipality calls the holder for the issuing
    of the electronic identity card
  • the holder can choose to have or not 2 private
    keys associated to identity certificates, on his
    identity card if so, the municipality acts as
    registration authority for the identity

Organization model
  • electronic identity card contains necessary space
    to store other private keys associated to
    attribute certificates that holder can obtain at
    CA of his choice
  • private key associated to identity certificate on
    electronic identity card can be used to generate
    electronic signature within the scope of
    E-government applications which require an
    electronic signature

Organization model
(2), (12)
No storage of electronic data
  • why not ?
  • preventing perception of the card as a big
  • preventing loss of data, when the card is lost
  • preventing frequent updates of the card
  • stimulation of the controlled access to data over
    networks, using the card as an access tool,
    rather than storage of data on the card
  • thus, no integration of SIS-card and electronic
    identity card

  • to the user
  • faster communicaton / service delivery
  • better quality of service
  • more personalized approach
  • reduction of administration cost
  • higher availability of services (24/7)
  • more transparancy

  • to the government
  • higher work satisfaction for employees by
    avoiding useless work
  • better control of administration cost
  • better image of public agencies
  • more direct relation with target groups
  • more efficient policy support
  • more efficient fraud detection

Th_at_nk you !
Crossroads Bank for Social Security
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