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Mindfulness and ADHD


Title: Mindfulness and ADHD Last modified by: Administrator Created Date: 8/16/2006 12:00:00 AM Document presentation format: On-screen Show (4:3) – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Mindfulness and ADHD

Mindfulness and ADHD
  • A practical guide to the use of mindfulness

  • One of the best ways to practice mindfulness on
    your own is to learn meditation. "The purpose of
    meditation is to center and balance the mind,"
    Gersten says. "ADHD symptoms tend to throw the
    mind out of balance." A study in Mind Brain,
    The Journal of Psychiatry found that students
    with ADHD who meditated twice a day reported a 50
    percent reduction in stress and anxiety.
    Meditation requires only 10 to 20 minutes a day,
    and classes and manuals are widely available

The UCLA Mindful Awareness Research Center
  • Early findings from the centres research,
    involving 25 adults and eight adolescents, half
    of whom had the combined (both inattentive and
    hyperactive) form of ADHD were very promising,
    with significant improvements recorded, and
    participants satisfied with the programme.
    Research results also suggest that brain activity
    and dopamine levels may vary between those who
    meditate regularly and those who do not.

Mindfulness for ADHD Toronto Body Mind
  • As unlikely as it might sound, mindfulness
    meditation can be highly effectively in helping
    people live successfully with ADHD. While most
    people with ADHD think meditation is impossible
    for someone with such a busy and disorganized
    mind, this is actually the reason it is so
    beneficial. Using specially modified exercises
    designed for people with ADHD, complete stillness
    or the ability to empty your mind is not

Why Mindfulness might be helpful
  • Although medication treatment is effective
    for many individuals with ADHD, including
    adolescents adults, there remains an
    understandable need to explore and develop
    interventions that can complement or even
    substitute for medication. This is true for a
    variety of reasons including
  • 1) Not all adults with ADHD benefit from
    medication.2) Among those who benefit, many
    have residual difficulties that need to be
    addressed via other means.3) Some adults with
    ADHD experience adverse effects that prevent
    them from remaining on medication.
  • Dr. David Rabiner

Mindfulness Training
  • Mindfulness meditation is described as
    involving 3 basic steps 1) bringing attention
    to an attentional anchor such as breathing
    2) noting that distraction occurs and letting
    go of the distraction and, 3) refocusing
    back to the attentional anchor.
  • This sequence is repeated many times during the
    course of each meditative session. As the
    individual becomes better able to maintain
    focus on the attentional anchor, the notion of
    paying attention to attention is introduced
    and individuals are encouraged to bring their
    attention to the present moment frequently
    during the course of the day.
  • (David Rabiner)

(No Transcript)
The Mindfulness Prescription for Adult ADHD An
8-Step Program for Strengthening Attention,
Managing Emotions, and Achieving Your Goals
  • A superb book, an important book, a book that
    breaks new ground. Anyone who is interested in
    the treatment of ADHD in adults must own this.
    Rigorous in its research, accessible in its
    style, convincing in its argument, and novel in
    its premise, this book keeps its promise of
    offering a reliable mindfulness prescription. I
    hugely recommend this book!Edward Hallowell,
    MD, author of Driven to Distraction

  • Mindfulness Awareness Practices (MAPs) for ADHD
    is a six week class taught by two physicians who
    are experts in ADHD care Dr. Lidia Zylowska, an
    adult psychiatrist, and Dr. Mark Bertin, a
    developmental pediatrician. The program provides
    an overview of ADHD including its causes,
    comprehensive treatments and a review of the
    neuroscience of ADHD and mindfulness-based
    interventions. The class also includes
    education into the impact of ADHD and executive
    function skills on day-to-day life. Each session
    includes mindfulness exercises taught in a manner
    suitable for those with attention issues or new
    to meditation.

7 ADHD Stress-Reduction Techniques
  • Take 10 Deep Breaths
  • Practice Mindfulness
  • Exercise Every Day
  • Get Enough Sleep
  • Try a Yoga Class
  • Have a Good Laugh
  • Write It Down

Mindfulness techniques by L Rosenberg
  • The instructions with using mindfulness are
    simple. Here are 4 brief steps using the breath
    as an example
  • Bring your attention to the sensation of
    breathing as an anchor to the present moment.
    This can be at the tip of the nose, the chest or
    the belly, wherever you notice it the most.
  • When the mind wanders, note where it wandered to.
  • Gently bring attention back to the anchor.
  • As Larry Rosenberg says in his book Breath by
    Breath The Liberating Practice of Insight
    Meditation, repeat step 3 several billion times.

The Mindful Attention System for ADHD is an
8-week mindfulness training program that gives
your child the tools he or she needs to begin to
rewire neural pathways in the brain and increase
focus. The program is designed to increase
motivation, improve sustained focus, teach
success strategies, and develop lifelong
mindfulness habits. This easy-to-listen-to audio
program has been fine-tuned by a decade of
hands-on research and experience with students
with ADHD.
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