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Joshua: Conquest of Canaan


Joshua: Conquest of Canaan Chapters 1-6, 10, 23-24 * * * * * * The Ark of the Covenant Exodus 25 describes the design for its construction. It was a sacred container ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Joshua: Conquest of Canaan

Joshua Conquest of Canaan
  • Chapters 1-6, 10, 23-24

The Ark of the Covenant
  • Exodus 25 describes the design for its
    construction. It was a sacred container
  • Stone tablets containing the Ten Commandments
  • Aaron's rod
  • A little bit of manna
  • Gods presence was between the cherubim in the
    mercy seat (where he communicated with Moses
    (Exodus 2522)

The Tabernacle
Exodus 25-30 describes specific rules for its
construction. It was a mobile temple within
which sacrifices were carried out. The ark
rested in the Holy of Holies or The most holy
place. It was moved by the Levites from camp to
camp during their 40 years in the wilderness.
Solomon finally built a permanent temple to
replace the tabernacle.
The tabernacle in more detail
Holy War
  • Under Ban
  • Deuteronomist history offers one solution to the
    Canaanites presence extermination without
    mercy. Yahweh is characterized as a consuming
    fire, a jealous God (Deuteronomy 424)
  • All Canaanites are placed under ban, an aspect
    of holy war in which the enemy is consecrated to
    the attackers God and, in effect, sacrificed to
    him. Allowing the Canaanites to live would make
    them a source of religious corruption.
  • Deuteronomy 2-6 2 and when the Lord your God
    gives them over to you and you defeat them, then
    you must utterly destroy them. Make no covenant
    with them and show them no mercy. 3Do not
    intermarry with them, giving your daughters to
    their sons or taking their daughters for your
    sons, 4for that would turn away your children
    from following me, to serve other gods. Then the
    anger of the Lord would be kindled against you,
    and he would destroy you quickly. 5But this is
    how you must deal with them break down their
    altars, smash their pillars, hew down their
    sacred poles, and burn their idols with fire.
    6For you are a people holy to the Lord your God
    the Lord your God has chosen you out of all the
    peoples on earth to be his people, his treasured

More Holy War
  • Deuteronomy 2010-18
  • 10When you draw near to a town to fight against
    it, offer it terms of peace. 11If it accepts your
    terms of peace and surrenders to you, then all
    the people in it shall serve you in forced
    labour. 12If it does not submit to you
    peacefully, but makes war against you, then you
    shall besiege it 13and when the Lord your God
    gives it into your hand, you shall put all its
    males to the sword. 14You may, however, take as
    your booty the women, the children, livestock,
    and everything else in the town, all its spoil.
    You may enjoy the spoil of your enemies, which
    the Lord your God has given you. 15Thus you shall
    treat all the towns that are very far from you,
    which are not towns of the nations here. 16But as
    for the towns of these peoples that the Lord your
    God is giving you as an inheritance, you must not
    let anything that breathes remain alive. 17You
    shall annihilate themthe Hittites and the
    Amorites, the Canaanites and the Perizzites, the
    Hivites and the Jebusitesjust as the Lord your
    God has commanded, 18so that they may not teach
    you to do all the abhorrent things that they do
    for their gods, and you thus sin against the Lord
    your God.

Outline of Joshua
  • 1 God Commissions Joshua
  • 2 The spies and Rahab
  • 3 Crossing the Jordan on dry ground
  • 4 Commemorating the crossing
  • 5 Preparing (Circumcision and Passover, a
  • 6 The fall of Jericho
  • 7 Sin of Achan
  • 8 Capture of Ai
  • 9 the trick of the Gibeonites
  • 10 the sun stands still and the five kings
  • 11-12 Summary of the conquest
  • 13-22 Distribution of the land
  • 23-24 Joshuas messages to the people

Joshua 1 Commissioned
  • Joshua 1 8-9
  • This book of the law shall not depart from your
    mouth. You shall meditate on it day and night, so
    that you may be careful to act in accordance with
    all that is written in it. For then, you shall
    make your way prosperous, and then you shall be
    successful. I hereby command you Be strong and
    courageous do not be frightened or dismayed, for
    the Lord your God is with you wherever you go.

Joshua as another Moses
As I was with Moses, so I will be with you.
Joshua 15b
Moses Joshua
Crossed Red sea on dry ground. Used rod. Theophony at burning bush. God promises to be with him Presents Gods law to the people at Sinai and Shittim Crossed the Jordan river on dry ground. Used the ark Theophony near Jericho. Meets commander of Gods army who promises victory. Presents Gods law to the people at Shechem
Joshua 2 Rahab, a harlot
  • Some prefer to think of her as a hostess, one
    who keeps a public house, as if from the Hebrew
    word meaning to nourish.
  • But, zonah means harlot, and not hostess. It
    signifies harlot in every other text where it
  • Strangers from beyond the river might have stayed
    at the house of a harlot without suspicion or
  • The house of such a woman was also the only one
    to which they, as perfect strangers, could have
    had access, and certainly the only one in which
    they could calculate on obtaining the information
    they required without danger from male inmates.
  • She outsmarts the spies and the people of her own
    town. She ends up saving herself and her family
    and becoming a very important woman in Israels
  • She becomes part of the lineage to King David
    (and later to Jesus).
  • The contracts the spies make with her is violates
    the covenant of Dt. 20.
  • After the deal is made, the spies add further
  • The spies report only what she has told them.

Joshua 3
  • 4. Stay away from the ark, it is dangerously holy
  • 8 13. Joshua and priests must stand in the
    water before it parts. Demonstrate faith.
  • The water stood still for about 26 km (from their
    place to the city of Adam)
  • Miracle of crossing safely through a body of
    water happens again (Noah, Moses twice, Joshua)

Illustration by Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld's
For Die Bibel in Bildern (German), 1853
Joshua 5
  • 2. A second circumcision because the children had
    not been circumcised in the desert. It is now a
    new generation
  • 10. the Passover is celebrated.
  • 13. Joshuas theophany further confirms his close
    relationship with the Lord.
  • Removes sandals like Moses (on holy ground)
  • The Heavenly army will be fighting with Joshua

Joshua 6 Jericho falls
  • 16And at the seventh time, when the priests had
    blown the trumpets, Joshua said to the people,
    Shout! For the Lord has given you the city.
    17The city and all that is in it shall be devoted
    to the Lord for destruction. Only Rahab the
    prostitute and all who are with her in her house
    shall live, because she hid the messengers we
    sent. 18As for you, keep away from the things
    devoted to destruction, so as not to covet and
    take any of the devoted things and make the camp
    of Israel an object for destruction, bringing
    trouble upon it. 19But all silver and gold, and
    vessels of bronze and iron, are sacred to the
    Lord they shall go into the treasury of the
    Lord. 20So the people shouted, and the trumpets
    were blown. As soon as the people heard the sound
    of the trumpets, they raised a great shout, and
    the wall fell down flat so the people charged
    straight ahead into the city and captured it.
    21Then they devoted to destruction by the edge of
    the sword all in the city, both men and women,
    young and old, oxen, sheep, and donkeys.

Joshuas military conquests
  • Joshuas military conquests begin at Jericho.

Watch Out
  • Joshua 239-13
  • God has been faithful. Now the people need to do
    their part.
  • 9For the Lord has driven out before you great and
    strong nations and as for you, no one has been
    able to withstand you to this day. 10One of you
    puts to flight a thousand, since it is the Lord
    your God who fights for you, as he promised you.
  • 11Be very careful, therefore, to love the Lord
    your God. 12For if you turn back, and join the
    survivors of these nations left here among you,
    and intermarry with them, so that you marry their
    women and they yours, 13know assuredly that the
    Lord your God will not continue to drive out
    these nations before you but they shall be a
    snare and a trap for you, a scourge on your
    sides, and thorns in your eyes, until you perish
    from this good land that the Lord your God has
    given you.

Watch Out more
  • Joshua 2314-17
  • This seems like an overly optimistic view of what
    has happened.
  • 14 And now I am about to go the way of all the
    earth, and you know in your hearts and souls, all
    of you, that not one thing has failed of all the
    good things that the Lord your God promised
    concerning you all have come to pass for you,
    not one of them has failed.
  • 15But just as all the good things that the Lord
    your God promised concerning you have been
    fulfilled for you, so the Lord will bring upon
    you all the bad things, until he has destroyed
    you from this good land that the Lord your God
    has given you. 16If you transgress the covenant
    of the Lord your God, which he enjoined on you,
    and go and serve other gods and bow down to them,
    then the anger of the Lord will be kindled
    against you, and you shall perish quickly from
    the good land that he has given to you.

  • 14 Now therefore revere the Lord, and serve him
    in sincerity and in faithfulness put away the
    gods that your ancestors served beyond the River
    and in Egypt, and serve the Lord. 15Now if you
    are unwilling to serve the Lord, choose this day
    whom you will serve, whether the gods your
    ancestors served in the region beyond the River
    or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are
    living but as for me and my household, we will
    serve the Lord.
  • 19 But Joshua said to the people, You cannot
    serve the Lord, for he is a holy God. He is a
    jealous God he will not forgive your
    transgressions or your sins. 20If you forsake the
    Lord and serve foreign gods, then he will turn
    and do you harm, and consume you, after having
    done you good. 21And the people said to Joshua,
    No, we will serve the Lord! 22Then Joshua said
    to the people, You are witnesses against
    yourselves that you have chosen the Lord, to
    serve him. And they said, We are witnesses.

Joshuas pillar at Shechem
  • Some archeologists believe this could be the
    stone Joshua erected at Shechem to hear and bear
    witness to Yahweh's covenant with Israel (Joshua
  • 26Joshua wrote these words in the book of the law
    of God and he took a large stone, and set it up
    there under the oak in the sanctuary of the Lord.
    27Joshua said to all the people, See, this stone
    shall be a witness against us for it has heard
    all the words of the Lord that he spoke to us
    therefore it shall be a witness against you, if
    you deal falsely with your God.

The division of the 12 tribes
Notice that the tribes of Reuben and Gad, and
half of Manasseh are on the east side of the
Jordan River. They chose this land instead of the
promised land, but their soldiers still went to
help conquer the land of Canaan.
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