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Karnataka State Universities Act


Karnataka State Universities Act Academic Staff College University of Mysore Prof. K.S Suresh JSS Law College Autonomous. Mysore Enrolment and Degrees University ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Karnataka State Universities Act

Karnataka State Universities Act
  • Academic Staff College
  • University of Mysore
  • Prof. K.S Suresh
  • JSS Law College
  • Autonomous.
  • Mysore

What Ails Indian Universities
  • If you plan for a year, plant a seed.If for ten
    years, plant a tree.If for a hundred years,
    teach the people
  • When you sow one seed,You will reap a single
    harvest.When you teach the people,You will reap
    a hundred harvests

Post Independence Scenario - Era of subsidies
  • Three million students leave schools, every year,
    to join 417 universities.
  • There are only about 150 Deemed Universities and
    26000 colleges to meet this demand.
  • Average monthly Tuition Fee in India is equal to
    a cup of coffee in Café Coffee Day.
  • The Fee ranges from Rs.30 to 100 per month,
    except in few Private Universities.
  • Fee is frozen since 1960. It barely accounts
    5-6 of actual cost. Where as in US it is 60 and
    27 in China.

Post Independence Scenario - Era of subsidies
  • At St. Stephans College, Delhi for Liberal Arts
    course the fee is Rs.360 per year. Where as in
    US at Amherst College it is Rs.14 Lakh/ year.
  • In Delhi University average fee is Rs.180/ year.
  • Harward University charges Rs.14.6 Lakh/ year
  • The Indian Taxpayers pay Rs.32,900 crore to fund
    higher education.
  • Only 6,000-7,000 admitted to IITs after grueling
    entrance test which is heavily subsidised.
  • But the salary they get is 9-10 Lakh/year i.e.,
    double the fee.

Unscientific Fee Pattern
  • Now IIMs and IITs have increased their fees
  • 5 11.5 lakh (Ahmedabad)
  • 5 8 lakh (Bangalore)
  • 4 8 lakh (Calcutta)
  • The hike of Tuition Fee in US and UK is 14
    every year.
  • China Charges 27 of the cost.
  • Higher education is regarded as private good
    for which market
  • forces should determine the fee.
  • Subsidy has resulted in poor infrastructure,
    lack of talented faculty.
  • Govt is spending less and less by the year on
    Higher education.
  • 1991 - 92 7676/ student.
  • 1993 94 5500 / student. (Steep cut in
    library allocation).
  • NASSCOM survey indicates that 75 of
    Engineering graduates of 1346
  • colleges are unemployabl.e
  • Only 10 -15 of students of 26000 Arts,
    Commerce colleges are
  • industry ready.

Pathetic Condition of Indian Higher Education
  • Of the 500 top colleges/ Universities none of the
    Indian college figures.
  • National Knowledge Commission recommends that
    20 of the cost should be met by tuition fee.
  • Top private schools charge 1000-4000 P.M. Top
    students of these schools grab most of the
    seats of premier institutes like IIM, JNU,
    University of Delhi, St. Stephens etc.,.
  • Upper and Middle class students reap highest
    benefit of subsidy.

Pathetic Condition of Indian Higher Education
  • Professional education seat sharing formal is
  • In TMA Pais case Supreme Court permitted
    private institutions to design there admission
    and charge fee accordingly.
  • But political interference create problem in fee
    hike e.g., Lucknow University increased fee from
    Rs. 300 to Rs. 1162 which resulted in political
  • Delhi University Tuition Fee is frozen since 60
    years at Rs.180, resulting in huge deficit and
    vacancy in teaching posts.

Pathetic Condition of Indian Higher Education
  • 417 Universities for 110 crore population
  • India has 18 of world population
  • 2.6 land mass
  • People 25-61 age group is highest in the world.
  • Nearly half of the population is less than 30
    years of age.
  • 61 of universities are B grade.
  • 23 are C grade
  • 16 are A grade

Funding of Higher Education
  • Autonomy has not resulted in fee revision in
    college. Alumni
  • donations are penalized.
  • Heavy subsidization has not helped at tertiary
    level, in access to
  • higher education. Admission at Tertiary level
    is as follows
  • India - 9
  • US - 83
  • UK - 60
  • China - 20
  • De-facto privatization in professional colleges
    has taken place.
  • Hardly any move of privatization at the level
    of University
  • education.
  • Heavily deficit and over extended central and
    states funding of
  • Higher Education.
  • According Knowledge Commission the funding for
    higher education
  • in India is 0.7 GDP, where as it is 2.9
    US, and 0.5 in China.

N.K.C. on Higher Education
  • Higher Education out lay shall be raised to 1.5
    of 6.
  • 1500 colleges to be added to current pool of
    26000 colleges to
  • improve tertiary level education to reach 15
  • Under 11th Plan, Planning commission has
    recommended for
  • 2,36,997 crore for higher education, an
    addition of 47,399 crore
  • to previous plan period.
  • This is not sufficient unless heavy private and
  • investment is made in higher education
  • Liberalization and deregulation is a must.
  • Industry and Government are suffering from
  • shortage of funds and skilled labour.
  • Indian academy should improve if 8 growth is
    to be
  • maintained steadily.

Education as a long term investment.
  • US System.
    US top private
  • universities including Harward, Princeton,
    Yale and Brown.
  • During admission students fee paying ability is
    not verified.
  • Admission is made only on competence and merit
    and Tuition fee is
  • determined later.
  • Need formula is applied by providing financial
  • No meritorious student is ever denied admission.
  • Endowment corpus
  • Harward - 34 Billion
  • Yale - 22.5 Billion
  • Stanford - 17.2 Million

US System
  • US success is due to following reasons
  • Appropriateness of Tuition Fee student and
    parents should contribute at least public funded
  • Tradition of honest revealing of income and
    expenditure by universities for documentation
  • A tradition of Philanthropy which helps
    accumulation of corpuses
  • In US 56 billion is given in student loans and
  • Loans and Scholarship are a must for a genuine
  • and meritorious student.

National Knowledge Commission Recommendations
  • It has made 200 recommendations on 26 issues.
  • Govt. support should increase from 0.7 to 1.5.
  • To transform 550 million people under 24 yrs to
    be the part of Knowledge Society.
  • Better asset management Universities sit on a
    large reservoir of untapped resources.
  • Rationalization of fees - Tuition fee should
    recover 10 to 20 of the cost.
  • Un-qualified and unintended beneficiaries to be
  • Philanthropic contribution is declining and needs
    resurrection. It was 12 in 1950 and 3 in 1990.
  • Need for reform in Tax and Trust laws.
  • Other resources - Not purely as commercial
  • Rs. 2,70,000 crore allocation in 11th Plan 6
    of GDP for Education

Comparative Tuition Fee
  • Country Max. Tuition fee Min. Tuition fee
  • in US
    in US
  • Austria 746 746
  • Canada 5000 1366
  • China 2591 518
  • India 85 20
  • Mexico 1159 178
  • Russia 12026 0
  • South Africa 3293 1,085
  • United Stated 6000 1600
  • UK 1565 1565

No. of Universities in some leading countries.
Sl. No. Country Population (in crore) No. of universities
1 Japan 12.7 684
2 USA 27.6 2364
3 UK 5.98 104 231 (Aut.)
4 Germany 8.2 330
5 India 145 450
What can be done ?
  • How many of us teach from the original text, not
    just the text books but the source books?.
  • How many of us teach from the notes that we
    prepared years ago?
  • How many of us have even seen a journal, leave
    aside opening and reading, after getting into
    this job?
  • How many of us are aware of the current advances
    in our subjects?
  • How many of us subscribe to magazines from our
    own money and read them to find out what is
    happening around us?
  • How many of us debate about the events and
    policies around us and contribute to

What can be done ?
  • How many of us even know where our past students
    are at this moment?
  • What jobs they are doing and if they are doing
    research, what are the areas they are
  • How many of us love teaching, truly love
  • How many of us prepare for a class even today?
    There is a lot to prepare actually. The subjects
    are not dead. They keep moving ahead and the
    things written in the text books are where the
    subject was about 5 years ago. How many of us
    prepare for telling the students where the
    subject actually stands today?
  • How many of us do not scold the students when
    they ask a question discomfiting us?
  • How many of us realize that we indulged in as
    much fun and frolic when we were students and the
    current batch of students are doing just that?
    Only the medium has become different from our

  • An Overview

Historical Background of Modern Universities
  • Cardinal New Mans (1852), View school of
    universal learning
  • Contributions by a thousand schools make an
  • Intellect may safely range and speculate
  • A seat of wisdom and light of the world
  • Establishment of Oxford and Cambridge
    Universities - 19th Century
  • University of London 1836
  • Kings College 1831
  • Affiliating system under University

Modern Universities in India
  • Woods Dispatch 1854 (President of Board of
  • Promise to Encourage Vernaculars and classical
  • Establishment of Calcutta, Bombay and Madras
    University 1857.
  • Education Commission of 1852 Lord Rippons
    Review of working of Universities.
  • Increase of Affiliated Colleges.
  • Inability to control the colleges by the three
  • Education made as Provincial Subject

Establishment of other Universities
  • Universities of Baroda and Mysore 1916
  • Andhra University 1926
  • Stalwarts and their contribution - Aushutosh
    Mukherji, Lakshmanaswamy Mudaliar, C.R.
    Reddy and S. Radhakrishnan etc., shaped modern

Indian Constitution and the Universities
  • Art. 29 (2) Protection against discrimination in
    state aided institutions
  • Art. 30 (1) Right to Establish and Administer
  • Art. 45 Direction to provide Compulsory Education
  • Art. 46 Promotion of Education amongst
  • Educations under Union List, State List and
    Concurrent List
  • University as an Other Authority under the
  • Establishment of Universities Mysore University
    1916 under 1933 and 1956 Acts. Karnataka
    University 1949 under 1949 Bombay Act. Bangalore
    University 1964 under 1964 Act.
  • Uniform Law under Mysore Universities Act 1976

Karnataka State Universities Act 2000(Received
the assent of the Governor on 12.9.2001)
  • Establishment of University each university has
    Territorial jurisdiction with perpetual
    succession and common seal. (S. 3)
  • Powers to provide instruction, hold exams, carry
    research, confer honorary degrees administer
    colleges and hostels, collect fee, accept
    endowments, maintain discipline (S. 4)
  • Open to all classes of persons Chancellors power
    to discipline, inspect and control (S. 8)
  • State Governments power to annul the orders of
    the university (S. 10)

Officers of the University
  • The Chancellor
  • The Pro-Chancellor
  • The Vice-Chancellor
  • The Registrar
  • The Registrar (Evaluation)
  • The Deans
  • Librarian
  • The Finance Officer
  • The Director of P M E Board
  • The Director of Students Welfare
  • The Director, College Development Council
  • The Director of Physical Education
  • Such other officers of the University as the
    Chancellor may, on the recommendation of the
    State Government from time to time, designate


Officers of the University
  • The Chancellor (S.12)
  • Governor is the Chancellor and the Head He
  • shall have powers as may be conferred by the
  • Act.
  • The pro- Chancellor (S. 13) - The Minister
  • in charge of Higher Education by virtue of his
  • office. He shall preside over the convocation
  • in the absence of the Chancellor

Officers of the University
  • Vice Chancellor (S.14)
  • Selection State to constitute search committee
    the four members are nominated by the UGC,
    State, University and the Chancellor.
  • No person connected with the affairs of the
    Government, University or College/Institution
    affiliated shall be nominated.
  • A panel of three shall be submitted to the State.
  • Chancellor upon consideration of merit, equality
    and social justice with the concurrence of the
    state appoint.
  • Second panel
  • Appointment not open to challenge unless
    deliberate violations of the norms.

Officers of the University
  • Powers of V.C. (S. 15)
  • Principal Executive, Ex officio Chairman of
    Academic Council, Syndicate, F.C.
  • Perform all such actions, as it deem necessary.
  • In emergency he may take such actions and get
    approval of such bodies which would have
    otherwise dealt with.
  • Registrar ( S.17)
  • An officer of All India Service
  • Member Secretary Academic Council and Syndicate
  • Custodian of records Convenes meetings.

Officers of the University
  • Qualification, Powers and Duties of
  • Registrar (Evaluation) (S.18).
  • Finance Officer.
  • Deans.
  • Librarian.
  • Director of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation
  • Director CDC.
  • Physical Education etc.,

Authorities of University
  • The Syndicate (S. 28)
  • The Academic Council (S. 30)
  • The Finance Committee (S. 32)
  • The Board of Studies (S.33)
  • The Faculties (S.34)
  • The Planning Monitoring and Evaluation Board
  • Such other bodies as may by Statutes be declared
    as the authorities of the University.

Statutes, Ordinances, Regulations Rules
  • Statutes (S.40) - Bodies, Hon Degrees,
    Convocations, withdrawal of degrees, Faculties,
    Affiliation, Fellowships, Posts, Recruitments,
    bequests, Fees, Service conditions, etc,.
  • Ordinances (S. 42) - Student admission, Degrees
    Diplomas, Examinations, Management of colleges,
  • Regulations (S. 44) Admission regulations,
    Recgn. of Degrees
  • Rules (S. 45) Meeting Notices, Procedures, Not
    provided by others.

Finance and Accounts
  • University Funds (S. 46)
  • Annual Accounts and Audit (S. 47)
  • Financial Estimates (S. 48)
  • Powers of Government to Direct Audit (S. 49)
  • Annual Report (S. 50)

Appointment of Teachers and Inter-University
Transfer of Employees
  • Appointment of Teachers, Librarian (S. 53)
  • Appointment in accordance with the promotion
    schemes (S. 54)
  • Appointment to part-time posts (S. 55)
  • Temporary appointment (S. 56)
  • Appointment of Non-teaching, Ministerial and
    other Staff (S. 57)
  • Transfer of Employees (S. 58)

Affiliation of Colleges and Recognition of
  • Affiliation of Colleges (S. 59)
  • Restriction on Admission of Students in a new
    College (S. 60)
  • Restriction for appearance in the examinations
    (S. 61)
  • Permanent Affiliation (S. 62)
  • Withdrawal of Affiliation (S. 63)
  • Autonomous College (S. 64)
  • Voluntary closure of College or Course (S. 65)
  • Recognition of certain institutions (S. 66)
  • Inspection of Colleges (S. 67)

Enrolment and DegreesUniversity Review
  • Eligibility for Admission of Students (S. 68)
  • Honorary Degrees (S. 69)
  • Withdrawal of Degree or Diploma (S. 70)
  • Appointment of University Review Commission (S.71
  • Karnataka State Inter-University Board (S. 46)

Functions and powers of the persons involved in
the Examination work
  • Duties of A Teacher.( S.73)
  • Obligation to Perform Examination work.(S.74)
  • Punishment for Abetment of Offences. (S.75)
  • Prohibition of Private Tuition. (S.76)

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