Health Impacts relative to Obesity and Excessive Body Weight - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 37
About This Presentation

Health Impacts relative to Obesity and Excessive Body Weight


Obesity is a chronic disease with a strong familial component. Obesity increases one s risk of developing conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:68
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 38
Provided by: OPPF


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: Health Impacts relative to Obesity and Excessive Body Weight

Health Impacts relative to Obesity and Excessive
Body Weight
Presented byHealth Initiatives Committee
  • Charles A. Christopher, MD
  • Surgeon General
  • Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc.

Life Expectancy (in years)
  • White females 78.0
  • African-American females 76.1
  • White males 75.3
  • Black males 69.0

The Choice is Yours!!!!
What is Obesity?
  • Obesity is a disease that affects nearly
    one-third of the adult American population
    (approximately 60 million).
  • The number of overweight and obese Americans has
    continued to increase since 1960, a trend that is
    not slowing down.
  • Today, 64.5 percent of adult Americans (about 127
    million) are categorized as being overweight or

Obesity (Cont)
  • Each year, obesity causes at least 300,000 excess
    deaths in the U.S., and healthcare costs of
    American adults with obesity amount to
    approximately 100 billion.

Obesity (Cont)
  • Obesity is the second leading cause of
    unnecessary deaths.
  • Despite its toll taken in death and disability,
    obesity does not receive the attention it
    deserves from government, the health care
    profession or the insurance industry.
  • Research is severely limited by a shortage of
  • Inadequate insurance coverage limits access to

Obesity (Cont)
  • Health insurance providers rarely pay for
    treatment of obesity despite its serious effects
    on health.
  • The tendency toward obesity is fostered by our
    environment lack of physical activity combined
    with high-calorie, low-cost foods.
  • If maintained, even weight losses as small as 10
    percent of body weight can improve ones health.

Obesity (Cont)
  • Discrimination and mistreatment of persons with
    obesity is widespread and often considered
    socially acceptable.
  • Did you know?
  • Obesity is a chronic disease with a strong
    familial component.
  • Obesity increases ones risk of developing
    conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes
    (type 2), heart disease, stroke, gallbladder
    disease and cancer of the breast, prostate and

Obesity (Cont)
  • The National Institutes of Health annually spends
    less than 1.0 percent of its budget on obesity
  • Persons with obesity are victims of employment
    and other discrimination, and are penalized for
    their condition despite many federal and state
    laws and policies.

What is BMI?
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) is a mathematical
    calculation used to determine whether a person is
  • Being obese and being overweight are not the same
    condition. A BMI of 30 or more is considered
    obese and a BMI between 25 to 29.9 is considered
  • There are many factors that impact a

  • persons health risk relative to their BMI such
    as waist size, smoking, the types of foods
    someone eats regularly, exercise, and medical
    conditions associated with obesity including
    diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol
    and coronary heart disease.

Diabetes and African Americans
  • Affects 3.2 million or 13.3 percent of all
    African Americans aged 20 or older.
  • African Americans are almost twice as likely to
    have diabetes as whites.
  • 1 out of every 4 African Americans between the
    ages of 65 and 74 have diabetes.
  • 1out of every 4 African American women over 55
    has diabetes.

  • There are two (2) types of diabetes
  • Type 1 starts in childhood and is something that
    a person is born with and has no way of
    preventing or curing.
  • Type 1 diabetics need to get regular insulin

  • Type 2 diabetes typically starts in adulthood,
    but more children are now developing it because
    of the increase of obesity and decrease in
  • Type 2 is the most common type of diabetes and
    the one thats related to being overweight.
  • Insulin shots may also be necessary for people
    that develop Type 2 diabetes but in most
    cases,Type 2 diabetes can be prevented by
    maintaining a healthy weight, eating the right
    foods and being physically active.

High Blood Pressure
American Heart Association recommended blood
pressure levels
  • Blood Pressure Systolic Diastolic
  • Category (Upper Number) (Lower Number)
  • Normal less than 120 and less than 80
  • Prehypertensive 120 139 or 80 89
  • High
  • Stage 1 140 159 or 90 99
  • Stage 2 160 or higher or 100 or

Risk factors for High Blood Pressure
  • Overweight/obesity
  • Lack of exercise/physical activity
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Stress
  • Smoking or using tobacco products
  • Race African Americans have higher risk
  • Age Older than 55
  • Family history of high blood pressure

  • Sensitivity to sodium (salt)
  • Polycystic kidney disease ( and other types of
    kidney disease)
  • Cushings disease
  • Medication side effects (e.g. antidepressants,
    cold medicines, oral contraceptives.
  • Recreational drug use (e.g. cocaine)

Prostate Cancer
  • Some things we should know as African American Men

The Prostate Gland
What Are The Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer
  • Unfortunately, prostate cancer can progress
    without symptoms or show symptoms that occur with
    other conditions as a result, many men with
    prostate cancer never know it until it is too

What Are The Symptoms
  • Major symptoms are
  • 1.  slow urinary flow
  • 2.  feeling of incomplete emptying of the
  • bladder after urinating
  • 3.   painful urination
  • 4.   blood in urine or semen
  • 5.   back pain
  • 6.   thigh pain or
  • 7.   impotence
  • These symptoms can also be caused by BPH
    (Benign Prostate Hyperplasia), a benign
    enlargement of the prostate gland.

Commonly Used Steps InDiagnosing Prostate Cancer
  • Digital rectal examination (DRE)
  • Prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
  • Transrectal ultrasound
  • Biopsy

Age-adjusted Normal PSA Range
  • Age (yr) Normal Range (ng/ml)
  • 40 49 0-2.5 (0-2.0 for AA Others at risk)
  • 50 59 0-3.5 (0.3.0 for AA Others at
  • 60 69 0-4.5 (0.4.0 for AA Others at
  • 70 79 0-6.5
  • AA African Americans
  • Source Mayo Clinic

What You Should Know
  • PSA is not prostate cancer-specific.
  • One test out of range may have various causes.
  • The real value of the PSA test is in
    serialization Testing year to year and observing
    the rate of change.

Causes of Prostate Growth(BPH)
  • For most men, during the first 40 years of life,
    the prostate is on its best behavior.
  • After age 40, many men (approx. 80) will develop
    benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH).
  • BPH is an irritating condition that causes the
    prostate to swell and interfere with urine flow.
  • Sometimes, BPH leads to urinary tract infections,
    in rare cases it cause damage to the bladder or
  • BPH is a condition that needs to be treated.

Causes of Prostate Growth(Prostatitis)
  • Prostatitis refers to an inflamed, swollen, and
    tender prostate. This painful condition can be
    caused by an infection.
  • Symptoms may include pain in joints, muscles,
    lower back, fever and chills, and urinary
  • Prostatitis may be detected by bacteria in the
  • Prostatitis is not contagious, and it can not be
    transmitted to a mans sexual partner
  • Treatment is to combat the bacteria and thus stop
    the infection

  • Being physically active is like attaching a
    charger to your battery while at the same time
    giving your body a complete tune-up.
  • Exercise can change you on the inside and the
    outside and totally energize you!

  • Lower the risk of cancers of the colon, prostate
    and uterus.
  • Bottom line regular exercise is one of the best
    things you can do not only to lose weight, but to
    live a longer and healthier life.

Why should we exercise?
Before starting your active program of exercise
and dietary changes, visit your local physician
for an overall health assessment!!!!!!!!
Its up to you!!!!!
  • Lose weight (healthy diet/exercise)
  • Stop smoking
  • Manage stress better
  • Avoid excess alcohol
  • Decrease sodium (salt) intake
  • Take medications only as your doctor prescribes.

Thank you, My Brothers
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)