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Home Emergency Preparation


Food Canned foods can be eaten from can or little preparation Vegetables, fruits Soups, stews Beans Meats, chili, tuna, canned salmon Honey ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Home Emergency Preparation

Home Emergency Preparation
  • Getting ready for disasters before they strike.
  • If you fail to plan then plan to fail.

Types of disaster to prepare for
Types of Preparation
  • Prepare to Evacuate
  • What to take with you
  • What to do before you leave
  • Where to go
  • Prepare to Shelter in Place
  • What necessities should you have
  • Where to store them
  • How much should you have

Preparing to EvacuateWhat to take with you
  • Clothes
  • For the season
  • Location relocating to
  • Personal Documents and important papers
  • Insurance documents
  • Medical ID cards
  • Marriage license
  • Bank Account Info
  • Passports
  • Important valuables
  • First Aid
  • Medicines
  • First Aid Supplies
  • Food for the trip
  • Canned foods
  • Snacks
  • Non perishable ready to eat
  • Water
  • Tools
  • Flash lights
  • Emergency road kit
  • Blankets
  • Some automotive tools
  • Distractions
  • Books, games, and toys for kids
  • If you have pets
  • Food, water, and medicines

What to do before you leave
  • Prepare your home for your absence
  • Empty and shut off your refrigerator and/or
  • Shut off your utilities gas, water, electricity
  • Unplug all appliances
  • Lock all your windows and doors and yard sheds

Where to go
  • If at all possible go to a place you know well
  • Family or friends who have the room and resources
    to let you stay for a few days to a week
  • Smaller cities or towns if you have to get
    lodging (cost are usually less in smaller towns)
  • Go to places that are free of putting you in
    further disaster mode.

Prepare to Shelter in Place
  • Necessities cover everything you need to live
    without access to stores, banks, or having
    utilities-electricity, water, gas.
  • (know your area where are local water
    sources, crops, livestock etc?)
  • Three main categories require stocking up
  • One sub category requires organization
  • Tools and supplies

Three main categories of necessities
  • Food
  • Recommended 3 day supply
  • Better to have a 7 14 day supply
  • Shelter
  • If your home is habitable then use it other wise
    you may need to set up shelter outside
  • Tents in the backyard are a good way to go
  • RVs and camping trailers
  • Water should at least last as long as the food
  • If water is to be obtained after the fact
    purification may be necessary
  • Remember that your hot water tank is a source of
    potable water
  • Toilet tanks will provide water for hygiene
  • If you know a storm is on its way, fill bathtubs
    and any other containers you may have such as
    (clean) trashcans, buckets, bins, empty soda
    bottles, etc. You can also line boxes and other
    containers with trash bags before filling, and
    then tie them closed. Water is CHEAP, but can be
    situation. You can live for weeks without food,
    but youll only last a few days without drinking!

  • Canned foods can be eaten from can or little
  • Vegetables, fruits
  • Soups, stews
  • Beans
  • Meats, chili, tuna, canned salmon
  • Honey (never goes bad, and is a good antiseptic)
  • Dry foods
  • Rice, noodles, beans, sugar, salt, cereal,
    oatmeal, flour
  • Snack foods
  • Peanut butter, crackers, cookies, hard candies,
    energy bars, breakfast bars, jerky, dried fruits,
    nuts, trail mix
  • Cooking essentials
  • Seasonings salt, pepper, baking powder, baking
    soda, powdered milk (with a can or two of
    condensed milk)
  • Oil, butter, shortening

  • If your home is safe to stay in that is the best
  • It provides familiarity
  • It reduces stress
  • It will allow for a more rapid recovery
  • If you must leave your house, you dont have to
    necessarily leave your property.
  • If you live in a single family home consider
    putting up tents in your back yard.
  • If you have a camping trailer, RV, or even a
    childs tree house you have either all you need
    or a good start
  • In the absence of an RV or trailer, tents are
    temporary, you will need to make something a
    little stronger and sturdier for longer term
  • If you are an apartment dweller you may have to
    find another location parks, school grounds,
    and church properties are good choices
  • If you already keep some tools in a home kit,
    then a good supply of nails (10 lbs or more) and
    a hammer go a LONG way. If theres been a flood,
    tornado, hurricane or earthquake, then shelter
    can be quickly built with the debris and the
    hammer and nails. This type of debris shelter is
    much more permanent, protective and comfortable
    than a tent! Something as simple as nails become
    worth their weight in gold in some situations!
    Its funny how priorities and values change in
    certain situations.

One sub categories
  • Personal papers
  • Insurance policies, bank account numbers,
    official documents like marriage licenses,
    custody papers, passports and other valid IDs
  • These do not need to be the originals. You can
    typically get away with photocopies. As such, you
    do not have to worry about running around
    collecting your important documents in an
    emergency, you can have all pre-copied in your
    kit ready to go. Ive even seen someone do a high
    resolution scan of each of their docs, and store
    them all on a memory stick. They kept the stick
    in a film container in their kit. Its a nice way
    to keep it small, especially if you have a LOT of
    docs, treasured pictures, mementos etc that you
    value! You could also use CD, DVD, hard-drive,
    etc, as long as its in a safe, hard-shell
    waterproof container. Everything can be printed
    out later, after the emergency has passed. Many
    folks that have lost everything say that the
    house is NOTHING when compared to photo albums,
    etc! Modern technology means you can carry a
    filing cabinet worth of mementos in a VERY small
  • Cash, gold, valuable jewelry, and other SMALL,
    high-value items that can be easily carried are
    worth taking. These can be hocked or traded in a

Additional items
  • Tools
  • Hammer, bow saw, axe or hand axe, wrenches,
    siphon pump or siphon tubing, shovel, good length
    of strong nylon rope, good length of light nylon
    line or strong small cotton line, camp stove,
    lanterns, flash lights, battery, hand-cranked, or
    solar, etc operated radio, manual can opener, a
    good sturdy camping utility knife
  • Supplies
  • Large and small plastic bags, extra toilet paper,
    extra batteries, fuel for camp stoves and
    lanterns, candles, pots, pans, a Dutch oven, mess
    kits or large supply of paper plates and plastic
    utensil, water purification, bucket, several
    rolls of duct tape, small roll of utility wire,
    chlorine bleach (non fragrant), extra blankets,
    gloves, filter breathing mask, writing pad, pens,
    and pencils

Storage of foods and supplies
  • Foods
  • Box up canned foods, bag dried and other foods
    and store either in an outside shed or close to a
    garage door for quick and easy access Be careful
    to keep dry stocks (rice, flour, cereals, etc)
    well up out of the reach of mice and other
  • Water
  • Store in water bottles, boxed and with the stored
  • Tools
  • Should be kept in a large canvas duffel bag with
    the food and water
  • Supplies
  • Likewise supplies should be boxed or in a large
    canvas duffel bag and store with other items

How much is enough
  • Emergency agencies suggest a 3 day supply to hold
    you till emergency services have time to set up
    and get moving.
  • 3 days will get you through a lesser disaster.
  • Katrina, Rita, and the Northridge quake
    experience shows us that at least a week is a
    better idea.
  • Some disaster may be so substantial that a
    months supply may not even be enough.
  • When the infrastructure is sufficiently
    disrupted, governments will have to struggle with
    getting basic services taken care before being
    concerned with assisting business recovery which
    means NO STORES.
  • Without electrical power stores are unlikely to
    open since all of their cash registers are
    electric powered and computer connected to supply
    and accounting networks. Networks will also be
    down without telecommunications capabilities, gas
    stations will also be out of service since pumps
    run on electricity and are computer connected as
    well. A few cans of gas in your garage or shed
    could SAVE YOUR LIFE. If you need to evacuate on
    short notice, and youre low on gas, you need to
    be able to gas up your car yourself. Dont count
    on gas stations being open!
  • If you dont have the things you need before a
    disaster strikes you are just out of luck.

First Aid
  • First Aid kit
  • First Aid manual
  • First Aid courses
  • Alternatives to conventional first aid items and
    common medical supplies

First Aid Kit
  • Can be purchased or built
  • Pre-made kits are commercially available and some
    are not so expensive
  • You can build your own kit and depending on how
    elaborate your cost will be about 1/5 of a
    commercial one.
  • Start with a container
  • You need something to store the kit in
  • A box, old back pack, canvas beach bag, old empty
    tool box, fishing tackle box, a large plastic
    kitchen container, etc.
  • Choose basics
  • Band-Aids, disinfectants, dressings, bandages,
    tape, scissors, OTC medicines, tweezers,
  • Expand from basics
  • Large bandage dressings, baby powder, baby oil,
    Vaseline, needles and thread, lip balm, vitamins,
    emergency reflective blankets, Icy Hot, calamine
    lotion, hand cream Dont forget to pack any
    prescription medications that you or your family
    might need!

First Aid Manual
  • A small first aid book
  • Some kit in stores come with first aid
  • Small books can be purchased on line for under 5
  • First Aid instructions can be down loaded from
    the internet and printed out at home
  • Medical clinics sometimes have first aid

First Aid Courses
  • First Aid courses
  • CPR classes are available in most towns and
  • Community Colleges have life study courses that
    include First Aid
  • Military teaches basic first aid

Alternatives to conventional first aid items
  • Large dressings
  • Feminine napkins make excellent large size and
    volume dressings
  • They are sterile and compactly packaged
  • Tampons also will act as sterile dressings once
    removed from the tube
  • Bandages
  • Ace bandages can be cut and used to secure
  • Any sterilized cloth can be cut and used as
  • Super glue will work like liquid skin to keep
    smaller cut closed
  • Sutures
  • Sutures are available for commercial consumption
    but it is easier to have a needle, thread, and
  • Dental floss is already sterile and ready for use
    as suture material, use only unwaxed
  • Sanitized monofilament fishing line also makes
    good suture material
  • As suturing is difficult at best with regular
    needles, use it as an absolute last resort.
    Instead have or make butterfly bandages out of
    medical tape.
  • Antibiotics and disinfectants
  • In a pinch amoxicillin can be purchased at pet
  • Homeopaths use Turmeric made into a tea with salt
    as both anti-viral and antibiotic
  • Listerine is and excellent disinfectant for
    broken blister and toe nail fungus
  • Topical analgesic
  • Whole cloves soaked in mineral oil makes a great
    topical analgesic, just rub the oil into the skin
    on the afflicted area

8 weeks to a 72 hour kit
  • Week 1- Develop an evacuation plan.
  • Make a plan if you are not sheltering-in-place,
    have a location where
  • you all will meet if you have to leave home have
    a telephone contact
  • outside the state for everybody to check in with
    as local telephone lines
  • may be too busy to get through. Check out
  • Week 2- Store a gallon of water for each person
  • in the home.
  • If water is interrupted for three days, have on
    hand three gallons of water
  • per person, but even one gallon per person is
    better than none. In
  • time, add to your 72-hour survival kit.
  • Week 3 - Top off supply of water.
  • Make sure some of your family drinking water
    supply is in small enough
  • plastic bottles to carry remember, three gallons
    per person should last
  • you the first 72 hours.
  • Week 4 - Get a jar of peanut butter and enough
  • crackers for everybody for 3 days.
  • Be prepared for a snack-attack. Peanut butter and
    crackers go a long
  • way to make happy campers.

8 weeks to 72 hour kit continued
  • Week 5 - Get an extra flashlight for the car and
  • an extra one for the house, plus extra batteries
    for each.
  • Don't be in the dark about emergencies lighten
    up with two extra flashlights
  • and extra batteries, and don't forget extra
  • Long burning emergency candles or oil lamps for
    basic light in your shelter (theyre cheap and
    last a LONG time). Also the keychain type LED
    lights for personal use (get the type with the
    on/off switch, NOT the push to light kind). These
    little lights put out a lot of light, and last
    for a long time. In addition to this, they weigh
    very little, and extra batteries also are small
    and weigh very little. You can buy these in bulk
    for a few dollars each, and the batteries for
    under a dollar each, so having quite a few in
    your kit is an easy proposition. Each person
    should have at least one!
  • Week 6 - Purchase three cans of ready-to-eat
  • food for each person in the home.
  • Don't go hungry when the lights go out. Three
    cans of your favorite
  • ready-to-eat food per person will be a major part
    of your survival diet.
  • Dont forget a manual can opener.
  • Week 7 - Get a first aid kit.
  • Check your home first aid kit for all the things
    it came with, and replace
  • missing items check the one in the car, too.
  • Week 8 - Buy canned or dried fruit for
  • and desserts.
  • Begin and end each day with your favorite fruit,
    in a can for emergencies,

Water Purification
  • Tablets
  • Tablets for purifying water are available where
    camping supplies can be purchased
  • Bleach
  • Plain chlorine bleach, non fragranced goes along
    way, use 16 drops per one gallon of water, let
    stand one hour and drink your fill
  • If the smell and taste of chlorine is too strong,
    try transferring the water back and forth between
    containers, the action releases the chlorine in
    gas form from the water
  • Filtering
  • Filtering also works well, you can purchase a
    filtering system or build your own
  • From the inside of a three pound coffee can punch
    holes through the bottom
  • Lay two to three layers of coffee filters in the
    bottom of he can.
  • Fill the bottom of the can to about a 2 inches
    deep with crushed regular charcoal brickets
    (dont use the quick lite kind, it is saturated
    with some form of igniter fuel
  • A narrower container or tube that is filled
    deeper (at least a couple inches) will do much
    better. A soda or tennis ball can filled most of
    the way with crushed charcoal will work just fine
    as a water filter. If you dont have much
    charcoal, then simply crush up the charcoal and
    add it to the water. Leave it for an hour or so,
    and then filter through the coffee filters.
    Charcoal can also be obtained from burnt wood,
    just scrape the black off like you would your
    burnt toast.

Disaster Psychology
  • Mentally coping with a disaster
  • Disasters are intense trauma to the senses,
    mental and emotional faculties
  • Knowing before hand what you might face and
    planning to deal with it is 90 of the problem
  • Preparing and planning ahead
  • Getting your kit ready and making a plan of
    action will be the first step in keeping a proper
    mental state that will see you through
  • Realizing you are your own
  • Both Katrina and Rita are perfect examples of how
    long and how poorly officials will react to
  • Since they cant and sometimes wont react in
    time you have to take the necessary actions to
    take care of yourselves and your family
  • Dealing with the problems that arise
  • By their very nature disaster are a problem and
    create many more as time goes by
  • You may not be able to think of every possibility
    but, you can think of enough of them to be ready
    to deal with them
  • When making your plans and kits keep thinking
    What if.
  • Keeping a positive attitude
  • When the going gets tough, keep your focus on
    taking care of yourself and your family
  • As an old friend of mine used to say, Attitude
    determines altitude.

Before you begin
  • The first thing you should do is an inventory of
    what you have
  • In any survival class the first thing they teach
    you about surviving is to take stock of what you
  • Much of what you need you already have
  • The question is then how much do you have
  • How much will you need to get
  • Take a written inventory of food, water, tools
    and supplies and start from there
  • Improvise, improvise, improvise !!! Almost
    everything has alternative uses, cans become cups
    and pots, a hand axe becomes a hammer. Dont
    limit yourself, get creative!

  • In the times of crisis after disaster strikes
    people who are unprepared will be doing
    horrendous things to survive.
  • There will be lawlessness
  • People will be desperate
  • They will not be willing to share, they will be
    wanting to take and they will hurt you to do it
  • Law enforcement will be minimal if at all
  • Security for you and your family will be as
    important to protecting your preparations as the
    preparations themselves

Security Measures
  • First and most important is mindset
  • Understand that everyone will be a little
    disoriented at first
  • Realize that survival is a strong instinct and
    people will do things to survive that they would
    not normally do
  • Remember that you to are determined to survive
    and make your determination stronger than those
    who might attack you or your family
  • Keep a low profile
  • If you are sheltering in place, dont make a big
    show of how much more comfortable you are because
    you prepared
  • Keep your movements to a minimum, the fewer
    people who see you the better
  • Work with neighbors
  • If you have close neighbors help them to prepare
    and then work together as group to survive
  • Strength in numbers
  • Pooling resources
  • Be careful who you trust, if word gets out that
    you have supplies you may be inviting trouble so
    keep a low profile
  • Get and keep contact with whatever local law
    enforcement that is available
  • If local law enforcement is available, get in
    touch with them and let them know you sheltering
    at home
  • Ask them to make as regular passes as possible to
    check on you
  • It will be a good idea to have some food and/or
    coffee ready to offer them as an inducement
  • As a last resort be ready to defend your self and
  • Start this by setting up some kind of barrier
    perimeter to you and your family
  • If need be set up watches where some one is
    checking to see who is in the area

FEMA Emergency Kit Guide
  • http//www.ready.gov/america/get_a_kit.html
  • http//www.ready.gov/america/make_a_plan.html

Washington State Emergency Management
Preparedness Guide
  • http//emd.wa.gov/5-prog/prgms/pubed/home-prep/hom

Survival Resources and Information
  • http//members.aol.com/SaveMoDoe2/emergency.htm
  • http//www.first-aid-product.com/pgSurvival.htm?so
  • http//www.quakekare.com/index.asp?PageActionVIEW
  • http//www.bereadyinc.com/
  • http//mountainsurvival.com/survivalkit.html
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