New Testament Survey Pauline Epistles Week 7 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

1 / 19
About This Presentation

New Testament Survey Pauline Epistles Week 7


Romans 1:1 clearly states that the writer is Paul. Tertius was probably Paul's scribe (amanuensis) ... To clarify the fundamental Christian principle of ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:184
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 20
Provided by: mspel


Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: New Testament Survey Pauline Epistles Week 7

New Testament Survey Pauline EpistlesWeek 7
  • Romans 1 8
  • Justification

  • Justification by Faith alone in Christ Alone

  • Author
  • Romans 11 clearly states that the writer is Paul
  • Tertius was probably Pauls scribe (amanuensis)
  • Purpose
  • To meet the needs of the immediate readers.
  • To clarify the fundamental Christian principle of
    righteousness as contrasted with the Jewish
  • To clarify the problem of Israels failure and
    her relationship to the universal Christian

External Evidence
  • Patristic Writers
  • Ignatius
  • Polycarp
  • Justin Martyr
  • Irenaeus
  • Muratorian fragment
  • Marcion

  • Date of Writing
  • Probably written from Corinth sometime between 57
    - 58 AD.
  • This was at the end of Pauls 3rd Missionary
  • This letter preceded Pauls visit to Rome (Rom.
  • Occasion and Purpose of Writing
  • Announces his impending visit to Rome
  • To clarify the relationship of Judaism to
    Christianity (Rom. 116, 9-11)

The Book of RomansIts Characteristics
  • Theological Depth
  • Redemptive Themes
  • Total Depravity
  • Justification by Faith
  • Original Sin
  • Unconditional Election
  • Perseverance of the Saints
  • Work of Christ
  • Sanctification by the Holy Spirit
  • Vocabulary
  • Sin, wrath, death, Law, righteousness, justify,
    reckon, faith, believe, life, hope, body, flesh,
    spirit, gospel, salvation, circumcision, Jew, etc.

  • Use of Old Testament Scriptures
  • Law
  • Rom. 212-16 327-31 520-21 and 71-84
  • Sin
  • Rom. 118-25 323, 25
  • Faith
  • Rom. 116-17 321ff 51ff
  • Value
  • Raises issues relevant today
  • Vast amount of material on Christian life
  • Fills in where other letters lack
  • Sin, Work of Christ, The State, Antinomianism

Romans Outline
  • 11-839 Revelation of the Righteousness of God
  • A. 11-320 Condemnation Need for Gods
  • B. 321-521 Justification Inspiration
    of Gods Righteousness
  • C. 61-839 Sanctification Demonstration
    of Gods Righteousness
  • II. 91-1136 Vindication of the Righteousness
    of God
  • A. 91-929 Israels Past Election
  • B. 930-1021 Israels Present Rejection
  • C. 111-1136 Israels Future
  • III. 121-1627 Application of the
    Righteousness of God
  • A. 121-1314 Christian Duties
  • B. 141-1627 Christian Liberties

(No Transcript)
The Work of Christ JustificationNotes from Ladd
  • Importance of the Doctrine of Justification
  • Justification is Eschatological
  • Justification is Forensic
  • The Ground for Justification
  • The Means of Justification
  • Justification and Subsequent Sins
  • Imputation

Importance of theDoctrine of Justification
  • Justification is being declared righteous
  • Justification is not being made righteous
  • Righteousness involves conformity to a norm
  • Righteousness involves a relationship
  • The relationship in question is that of God Man
  • 2 Cor. 99 Paul uses righteousness as an
    ethical quality, but does so in reference to God
  • If righteousness is not ethical (through mans
    behavior), then, it is forensic (through Gods
    formal legal argument to declare man right.

Justification is Eschatological
  • The verdict (of mans righteousness or
    unrighteousness) will be rendered only at final
    judgment. Matt. 1236-37
  • Paul shares this Gospel perspective. Gal. 55
  • Pauls view of this is opposed to Judaism
  • Paul intimates that future eschatological
    justification has already taken place
  • Romans 51, 59, and I Cor. 611
  • The Age to Come has reached back into the
    present to bring soteric blessings to human
    beings. Ladd

Pauls Eschatology isChrists Eschatology
  • Kingdom of future is present now
  • Eternal life of future may be lived now
  • Ultimate resurrection is preceded by a
    resurrection to newness of life now
  • Spiritual blessings of the future are realized as
    spiritual blessings, even now
  • The final judgment has essentially become a
    present experience with a promise of future

Justification is Forensic
  • Forensic formal legal argumentation
  • One is righteous whom the judge declares so
  • Judges acquit the innocent, condemn the guilty
  • God is pictured as a judge of human beings
  • Psalms 94, 335, and Jeremiah 1120
  • Forensic means that God is conceived as the
    ruler, lawgiver, and judge and justification is
    the declaration of the judge that a person is
    righteous. Ladd

Opposition to Forensic Justification
  • Sanday and Headlam
  • Person accounted righteous, in fact still ungodly
  • Implies that ethical righteousness is not passed
  • Vincent Taylor
  • Through Christ man gains a righteous mind
  • Suggests that ethical righteousness is passed
  • Norman Snaith
  • Justification has no link to righteousness or
  • Probably looking at ethical righteousness not

The Ground of Justification
  • The Ground of justification is not obedience to
    the Law
  • Rom 320 inability to achieve perfect obedience
  • Rom. 77-12 true intent of the Law (conviction)
  • The Ground of justification is not
  • Mans works
  • Mans faith
  • Not the work of Christ in us (subjectively)
  • The Ground of justification is
  • The death of Christ (Rom. 59)
  • What Christ has done for us (objectively)

Christs Death Gods Love
  • Christs Death
  • Was not merited by Him (He was sinless)
  • Was a voluntary forensic experience
  • Gods righteousness would remain valid, even if
    He condemned each sinner to death
  • By Gods grace, mercy and love shown through the
    death of Christ, God vindicates sinners and
    delivers them from doom.

The Means of Justification
  • Faith is the means by which justification becomes
    effective for the individual.
  • Justification is a gift bestowed to be received
    by faith (Rom. 324-25)
  • Faith is the way to accept this work of God in
  • Rom. 328 Man is justified by faith, not works
  • It means the relinquishing of any effort to
    justify oneself and a complete reliance on the
    work of God in ones behalf. Ladd

Justification and Subsequent Sins
  • There is an appearance that there is sin before
    and after justification. Not so . . The solution
    the eschatological character of Justification.
  • Remember the eschatological character of
  • Justification does not occur at belief
  • Justification is the final judgment that is in
    Christ a future fulfillment and a present
  • So believers are justified from all guilt
    before the time of belief and after.

I m p u t a t i o n
  • Imputation of righteousness is never expressly
    stated in Scripture.
  • Rom. 43 Faith was reckoned as righteousness
  • Some take this to mean faith is a meritorious
    achievement. Not so.
  • Righteousness is reckoned entirely apart from
    human merit.
  • 2 Cor. 521 In Him we might become the
    righteousness of God. (Forensic, not ethical)

(No Transcript)
Write a Comment
User Comments (0)