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An Introduction to Islam


Hajj = Pilgrimage. Pilgrimage to Makkah once in life time for able Muslims. About 2.5 million Muslims perform Hajj each year from all over the world. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: An Introduction to Islam

An Introduction to Islam
November 14th, 2006 By Suhail Niazi
Table of contents
  • 1. Who am I?
  • 2. Five pillars of Islam
  • 3. Basic beliefs
  • 4. Who is Allah?
  • 5. Who is Muhammad?
  • 6. What is the Quran and Sunnah?
  • 7. Islam and other religions
  • 8. Islamic dress
  • 9. What is forbidden in Islam
  • 10. Muslim Population and divisions
  • 11. Misconceptions about Islam
  • 12. Questions and Answers

Who am I?
  • What is my background?
  • What do I do?
  • IT Security Consultant
  • Part-time at MuslimGear Clothing
  • Webmaster at Beconvinced Islamic website
  • How did I learn about Islam?

Five Pillars of Islam
  • Shahadah Faith / Testimony
  • Salat Prayer
  • Siyaam Fasting (Ramadan)
  • Zakat Charity
  • Hajj Pilgrimage

Shahadah Faith / Testimony
  • Faith in One God
  • Testimony of faith is There is no God but God
    and Muhammed is his Messenger

Salat Prayer
  • Five Daily Prayers from Dawn to Late Evening
    regulate a Muslims day
  • Prayers involve ablution, standing, bowing,
    prostrating, sitting postures
  • Facing Kabah prayers are in Arabic as taught by
  • Additional Prayers optional
  • Prayers can be done almost anywhere
  • Friday prayers are done at the Masjid \ Mosque
  • Prayers done to remember and thank God for all
  • your blessings

Siyaam Fasting (Ramadan)
  • Fasting is done for 30 days during the month of
    Ramadan determined by the moon sighting
  • Means abstinence from eating, drinking, sexual
    relations, lying, cheating, backbiting from dawn
    to sunset time on the day of fasting
  • Fasting for both male and female after the age of
    puberty. Pregnant, nursing, ill, old, child and
    traveler are exempted from fasting during Ramadan.

Fasting Benefits
  • Piety Help believers to reach piety.
  • Learn self-control especially helpful to control
    bad habits like smoking, excessive eating,
    backbiting and more
  • Feel the pain of poor starving people.
  • Feel the weakness of ones body and the
    continuous need for Gods support.
  • Become more thankful to God
  • Bring families, and people all over the world
    together (when they fast then break the fast at
    the same time)

Zakat Charity
  • Required 2.5 charity on yearly savings
  • A Muslim must be a charitable person
  • Removing a stone from the road is charity
  • Greeting a person with a smile is charity

Hajj Pilgrimage
  • Pilgrimage to Makkah once in life time for able
  • About 2.5 million Muslims perform Hajj each year
    from all over the world.
  • Prophet Abraham built the Kabah as the first
    place of worship
  • Performing Hajj is a
  • series of rituals that were
  • done by Abraham, Sarah and
  • Muhammad (peace be upon
  • them all)

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Basic Beliefs
  • 1. Belief in One God
  • 2. Belief in all Prophets
  • 3. Belief in all Scriptures
  • 4. Belief in the Angels
  • 5. Belief in the Day of Judgment
  • 6. Belief in Predestination

Who is Allah?
  • Allah is the Arabic name for God
  • Is not gender specific and is unique
  • Tawhid
  • Attributes not like mankind
  • Sent Prophets with revelations

Who is Muhammad?
  • The final Prophet for Muslims
  • Descendant of Ishmael, the first son of Abraham.
  • Born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, in the year 570 C.E.
  • His parents died very early.
  • He never worshiped idols, drank alcohol or lied.
  • He worked as a shepherd and then as a trader.
  • Received first revelation at the age 40 through
    angel Gabriel.
  • Died a natural death in the year 632 C.E at the
    age of 63

What is the Quran and Sunnah?
  • Quran
  • Final revelation sent from God to Muhammed via
    angel Gabriel
  • Sent in 23 years in parts. 114 chapters
  • Memorized to preserve authenticity
  • Recited during the 5 daily prayers
  • Quran can be misinterpreted
  • if not read with context and
  • background

What is the Quran and Sunnah?
  • Sunnah
  • Statements or actions of Muhammad
  • Collected and preserved by his companions
  • Sunnah is the application of the Quran
  • Sunnah explains the Quran
  • Compiled in books called Hadith

Islam and other religions
  • Respect for other religions, their Gods and their
    places of worship
  • People of the book have closer resemblance
  • Prophets (Adam, Noah, Ibraham, Moses, Jesus)
  • Scriptures (Torah, Psalms, Gospel)
  • Marriage (Christianity and Judaism)
  • Similar beliefs

Islamic dress
  • Islamic Dress
  • Men and Women each must dress modestly when in
  • Men Navel to the stomach, not tight fitting,
    preferred to have beard to follow tradition of
  • Women Full body, not tight fitting, Hijab

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Forbidden in Islam
  • Shirk worshiping anybody/anything other than
  • Treating parents badly not obeying there orders,
    speaking to them in loud voice even if they have
    a different faith.
  • Murder, suicide
  • Stealing
  • Usury \ Interest
  • Gambling
  • Treating neighbors badly even if they have a
    different faith.
  • Adultery, homosexuality
  • Backbiting
  • Drinking Alcohol, drugs
  • Eating pork.

Where are Muslims located
  • Between 1.3 1.5 Billion Muslims, 2nd largest
  • Indonisia largest Muslim population
  • Under 20 of Muslims from the middle east.
    Majority from Indian sub continent, Asia and
  • Sunni 89 and Shia 10. Very similar
  • Between 500,000 - 600,000 Muslims live in Canada
  • Between 6-7 Million in the United States

Questions and Answers
Misconceptions about Islam
  • Muslims are violent, terrorists and / or
  • Islam oppresses women
  • Muslims worship a different God
  • Islam was spread by the sword and is intolerant
    of other faiths
  • All Muslims are Arabs
  • The concept of Polygamy in Islam
  • Muslims are a barbaric, backward people

  • Warfare in Islam
  • The battles during Prophet Muhammads (peace be
    upon him) time
  • Do not kill innocent civilians
  • Women and children must not be harmed
  • Places of worship of other religions must not be
  • Water should not be contaminated
  • Green trees should not be cut
  • Elderly and sick should not be killed
  • Those who surrender must be protected
  • Forgiveness must prevail over revenge
  • Killing someone because of his/her nationality or
    religion is a crime

Equality in Islam
  • All mankind is from Adam and Eve, an Arab has no
    superiority over a non-Arab nor a non-Arab has
    any superiority over an Arab also a white
    (person) has no superiority over a black (person)
    nor a black has any superiority over a white
    except by piety and good action
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