Online%20Autonomous%20Learning:%20The%20Use%20of%20LiveABC%20and%20Online%20Self-Learning%20Center - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Interested in topics related to the society, traveling, music, health issues ' ... Some students did browse and listen to the materials on it ('English for fun' ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Online%20Autonomous%20Learning:%20The%20Use%20of%20LiveABC%20and%20Online%20Self-Learning%20Center

Online Autonomous Learning The Use of LiveABC
and Online Self-Learning Center
  • Yu-Chih Doris Shih
  • Fu-Jen Catholic University
  • English Teaching and Autonomous Learning
    Conference 2009

  • Introduction
  • Method
  • Results
  • Questionnaire about self learning
  • Computer attitude scale
  • FJU LiveABC
  • FJU Online self learning center and web
  • Blog interviews
  • Discussion and Conclusion

  • Issues of autonomous learning include setting,
    the role of learning styles and strategies, age
    variable, individual versus group work, control
    and the locus of power, cultural relevance.
    (Healey, 2007).
  • Purpose offer students in the Junior composition
    and conversation access to online self-learning
    programs and see how they use these programs

Settings for self- directed learning
Locus of Control Locus of Control
Teacher Learner
Content Fixed A. Highly structured learning - Students control time and pace - Designer or teacher controls content, sequence, and evaluation B. Accreditation and training Students control time, pace, and sequence Teacher, board, or designer controls content and evaluation
Content Variable C. Contract-based independent study - Students and teacher negotiate all aspects D. Highly self-directed learning - Students control all aspects
(Healey, 2007, p. 380) (One of the perspectives
by Oxford, 2003)
Method (1)
  • Course Junior English Composition and
  • Participants 12 students (2 M 10 F) (referred
    to as S1 to S12)
  • Spring 2009 activities
  • Choices of FJU LiveABC, FJU Online Self Learning
    Center, or FJU Online self Learning Web
  • Blog entry every two weeks (Journal entry self
    learning report)

FJU LiveABC (1)
FJU LiveABC (2)
CNN Resource in LiveABC
CNN Quizzes
FJU Online Self-Learning Center
FJU Online Self-Learning Web (1)
FJU Online Self-Learning Web (2)
Method (2)
  • LiveABC test taken on 3/3
  • Other assignments
  • Job application portfolio
  • Problem solving
  • Research paper
  • Explanation
  • Cross-section conversation activities

Method (3)
  • Data collection
  • Questionnaire about Self learning (Fall 2008)
  • Computer attitude scale
  • Records on FJU LiveABC
  • Records on FJU Online Self learning Web
  • Blog entries
  • Interview

Results Questionnaire about self learning
  • I have been conducting self study on English
    learning continuously.Yes 9 No 3
  • Do you think we English teachers should foster
    your learning autonomy in class? Yes 7 No
  • Interested in topics related to the society,
    traveling, music, health issues
  • I think teacher need not to enhance students
    motivations and abilities in learning
    autonomously through classes since whether or not
    to conduct the self-learning all lies on ones
    own will. To be honest, if the student doesnt
    have the intention to do any extra learning its
    really hard to raise their motivation. (S2)

Results Computer attitude scale
  • Learning computer above 4 years (9 people)
  • Using computers
  • gt 10 hours/week (5 people)
  • 6-10 hours/week (3 people)
  • 1-5 hours/week (3 people)
  • Confidence in computer use M 3.18 SD 1.02
  • Male is better in computer than female M2.95
    SD 0.96
  • Learning through computer is less interesting
    M 3.73 SD 0.79
  • Value of learning via computer M 4.09 SD1.14

Results FJU LiveABC
  • 5 students spent over 50 minutes on the
  • 7 students record showed less than 5 minutes
  • Unmatched record If the students did not take
    the test in the practice, the total time wont be
  • This program will not work on browsers other than
  • The majority tried Learning English through CNN
    and Conversation via 3D simulation
  • Before cross-section mock job interview, students
  • Introducing Yourself
  • During an Interview -- Talking about Oneself
  • How to Interrupt in a Meeting

Results FJU Online Self-Learning Center and Web
  • FJU Online Self-Learning Center
  • 2 people accessed the reading area
  • FJU Online Self-Learning Web
  • No one gained points this area (data accessed
  • Some students did browse and listen to the
    materials on it (English for fun)

Results Blog entries interviews (1)
  • LiveABC was too easy
  • As for the Live ABC, i went into a listening test
    but found out it was too easy for me and I went
    out. (S9)
  • LiveABC was useful
  • Recently, I just finished the section of all
    walks of life in Live ABC self-learning website.
    It's more interesting than what I imagined before
    because there are some funny animations to teach c
    onversations. The roles in animation even have
    the vivid expressions. (S8)
  • I especially like the CNN News, which covers
    extensive issues concerning our life. For
    example, I watched the news about how many kinds
    of chemicals might remain in human bodies, which
    provided me with a rough idea of the threats that
    certain chemicals could cause. (S7)

Results Blog entries interviews (2)
  • The Use of Self-Learning Center
  • I also took some mocks by Online English Self-Lear
    ning Center for the preparation of my following
    TOEIC exam, but it seems that it is just a
    "try-out" since the resources are quite limited.
    But I like the English for Fun part introducing
    some famous clips with idiomatic expressions
    which I find it really interesting and useful.
  • Activity in the Self-Learning Web
  • Also, I took a course at English Self-learning
    Center website... Unit 1--"What is a Youth"
    (William Shakespeare--Romeo Juliet ) To me,
    this on-line course is much more attracted
    because there are poems with clear
    explanations and video with beautiful songs!
  • Reading other classmates blog promoted ones

  • Not very confident in using computer to learn
  • Felt learning through computer is less
    interesting comparing to learning through human
  • Better time management is needed
  • Preferred visual and animated materials

Learning Style Preferences (1)
  • Inventory of Online Learning Styles by Shih Liu
    (Liu, Shih, Yeh, 2008 Shih, 2007)
  • 15 factors
  • Perceptual factors included
  • text,
  • visual,
  • auditory,
  • active

Learning Style Preferences (2)
Learning Styles N 372(different majors) N 372(different majors) N101 (ENG major) N101 (ENG major)
Text 3.27 0.49 3.34 0.55
Visual 3.58 0.41 3.78 0.53
Auditory 3.55 0.41 3.78 0.59
Active 3.71 0.46 3.76 0.69
Learning Style Preferences (3) Paired t-test
Learning Styles M SD t df p
Text-visual -.316 .64 -9.37 353 .000
Text-auditory -.274 .61 -8.53 354 .000
Text-active -.452 .62 -13.69 354 .000
Visual-auditory .027 .49 1.07 354 .283
Visual-active -.142 .49 -5.46 354 .000
Auditory-active -.170 .47 -6.73 354 .000
Learning Style Preferences (4) Paired t-test
(N101 ENG majors)
Learning Styles M SD t df p
Text-visual -.44 .79 -5.53 96 .000
Text-auditory -.44 .82 -5.26 96 .000
Text-active -.43 .87 -4.96 96 .000
Visual-auditory .005 .54 .093 98 .926
Visual-active .010 .75 .134 98 .893
Auditory-active .005 .71 .071 98 .944
  • Provide materials related to the cross-section
  • Offer challenging materials
  • Offer materials supporting different perceptual
    learning styles

  • Healey, D. (2007). Theory and research Autonomy
    and language learning. In J. Egbert and E.
    Hanson-Smith (Eds.), CALL environments Research,
    practice, and critical issues. Alexandria, VA
  • Liu, Y-C, Shih, Y-C. D., Yeh, Z-W. (2008). A
    study of developing an online learning styles
    inventory. In T. W. Chan, G. Biswas, F. Chen, et
    al. (Eds.), Proceeding of ICCE 2008 the 16th
    International Conferences on Computers in
    Education (pp. 389-390). Asia-Pacific Society for
    Computers in Education. (NSC 95-2520-S-030-002-MY2
  • Shih, Y-C. D. (2007). A study on college
    learners learning style preferences and online
    learning in different cultures. Midterm Report
    for National Science Council Grant (NSC
  • Oxford, R. (2003). Toward a more systematic model
    of L2 learner autonomy. In D. Palfreyman Smith,
    R. C. (Eds.). Learner autonomy across cultures
    Language education perspectives (pp. 75-91). New
    York Palgrave Macmillan.
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