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Students with ADHD and ADD


Unfortunately, there are many misconceptions about ADD and ADHD. ... ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Students with ADHD and ADD

Students with ADHD and ADD
  • Ava Watts Arp
  • Math Methods
  • EDUC 383
  • Spring Semester , 2008

  • Unfortunately, there are many misconceptions
    about ADD and ADHD. As a result, students with
    ADHD are often labeled as unmotivated, lazy, and
    problem children.
  • ADHD is a disruptive disorder that is
    characterized by levels of inattention,
    impulsivity, and overactivity.

Students with ADHD and ADD
  • May have difficulty concentrating on schoolwork
  • Frequently interrupt conversations and activities
  • Have difficulty remaining seated when they are
    required to do so
  • Have difficulty making and keeping friends
  • While others may be quiet, slow moving, and dreamy

Students with ADHD/ ADD present the following
challenges for teachers
  • They demand attention by talking out of turn or
    moving around the room
  • They have trouble following directions
  • They often forget to write down homework
    assignments, do them, or bring completed work to
  • They often lack fine motor control, which makes
    note taking difficult and handwriting hard to
  • They often have trouble with operations that
    require ordered steps, such as long division and
    solving equations.
  • They usually have problems with long-term
    projects, where there is no direct supervision.

How to teach children with ADD/ADHD
  • Display classroom rules so that the students know
    what behavior is acceptable and unacceptable up
  • Establish a daily routine and warn them of
    changes ahead of time because kids with ADHD do
    not handle surprises well.
  • Provide clear and concise instructions for
    academic assignments and break larger assignments
    into smaller sections.
  • Show students how to use an assignment book to
    keep track of homework and daily assignments.

Children with ADD/ADHD (cont).
  • Provide regular and frequent breaks.
  • Seat the child away from distractions and next to
    students who will be positive role models.
  • Establish a secret signal with the child to use
    as a reminder when he/she is off task. If you see
    the child is getting off task walk by a put a
    sticky note on his/her desk reminding them to
    stay on task.
  • Post a daily schedule and homework assignments in
    the same place everyday.
  • Use visuals such as charts, pictures, and color
    coding whenever possible.
  • Summarize key points and always establish eye

  • Presenting Material Using Math Content Standard
  • This standard says to use a variety of
    instructional strategies and tools to promote
    student understanding.
  • Since one of the strategies for teaching kids
    with ADHD is to use visuals whenever possible, I
    would make sure that as I was presenting the
    lesson to this class that I would have some type
    of manipulatives to use to go along with the
  • For Example When teaching students to add
    integers, I would use color coded counters. The
    blue counters would represent positive numbers
    and the red counters would represent negative
    numbers. These show students hands-on how to
    match them up to cancel each other out and find
    the answer. It is a very good practice for
    teaching the rules for adding integers.

Resources and Websites
  • ADHD in the Schools Assessment and Intervention
    Strategies. G. DuPaul and G. Stoner. 2003. New
    York Guilford.
  • An ADHD Primer. L. Weyandt. 2001. Boston
    Pearson, Allyn, and Bacon.
  • Behaviorally Effective School Environments. M.
    Shinn, H. Walker, and G. Stoner. 2002. Bethesda,
    MD National Association of School Psychologists.
  • How Can Teachers Help Students with ADHD?
    Education World. Diane Weaver Dunne. 2007.
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