Snakes of Georgia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Title: Snakes of Georgia


1
Snakes of Georgia
  • Identifying Characteristics, Geographic
    Distribution, and Natural History

2
Family Colubridae
  • Garbage can group

3
Carphophis amoenusWorm Snake
  • Belly distinctly lighter than dorsum (pink, gray)
  • Two prefrontals and two internasals
  • Scales smooth and opalecent
  • anal divided
  • Tail spine
  • Very secretive snake
  • Found under logs, rocks, debris in moist
    woodlands
  • Oviparous
  • Piedmont and Mountains

4
Carphophis amoenus
5
Cemophora coccineaNorthern Scarlet Snake
  • Pointed Red Snout
  • White belly
  • Smooth scales
  • Anal single
  • Eats snake and lizard eggs
  • Prefers sandy or loamy soils for burrowing
  • Coastal Plain and Piedmont

6
Cemophora coccinea
7
Coluber constrictorBlack Racer
  • Solid black with a white chin
  • Scales smooth
  • Anal divided
  • Diurnal
  • Active forager
  • Oviparous
  • Entire state

8
Coluber constrictor
9
Diadophis punctatusRingneck Snake
  • Black/Gray snake with a yellow belly and ring on
    neck
  • Central row of Half-moons on belly
  • Smooth scales
  • Anal divided
  • Oviparous
  • Entire state

10
Diadophis punctatus
11
Drymarchon coraisIndigo Snake
  • Very large bluish-black snake
  • Reddish chin and snout
  • smooth scales
  • anal single
  • aggressive eater
  • Often associated with Gopherus polyphemus
  • Spends hot periods in wetlands
  • Lower Coastal Plain

12
Drymarchon corais
13
Elaphe guttataCorn Snake
  • Loaf of Bread body shape
  • Belly checkered with black and white
  • Underside of tail is striped
  • spearpoint between eyes
  • ocular stripe extends onto neck
  • Anal divided
  • Often found under bark, underground, etc.
  • Oviparous
  • Entire state

14
Elaphe guttata
15
Elaphe obsoletaRat Snake
  • Extremely variable
  • Black in North GA
  • Yellowish Green in SE GA
  • Gray in SW GA
  • Weakly keeled scales
  • anal divided
  • Oviparous
  • Accomplished climber
  • Entire state

16
Elaphe obsoleta
17
Farancia abacuraMud Snake
  • Black iridescent snake with red belly
  • Red triangles coming up on sides
  • Can be anerythristic
  • Tail spine
  • Swamps and mud
  • Eat Amphiuma
  • Oviparous
  • Coastal Plain andsouthern Piedmont

18
Farancia abacura
19
Farancia erytrogrammaRainbow Snake
  • Iridescent black snake with three red stripes
  • belly has two rows of black spots
  • tail spine
  • Oviparous
  • Eats Anguilla rostrata
  • Clear, clean streams and rivers
  • Coastal Plain rivers

20
Farancia erytrogramma
21
Heterodon platyrhinosEastern Hognose Snake
  • Highly variable (melanistic, blotched)
  • Upturned snout
  • Underside of tail lighter than belly
  • Feigns death
  • Eats Toads
  • Oviparous
  • Entire state

22
Heterodon platyrhinos
23
Heterodon simusSouthern Hognose Snake
  • Small, fat blotched snake
  • Strongly upturned snout
  • underside of tail resembles belly
  • Scales keeled, anal divided
  • Eats toads
  • Oviparous
  • Coastal Plain

24
Heterodon simus
25
Lampropeltis calligasterMole Kingsnake
  • Shiny, smooth snake with highly variable pattern
  • Anal single
  • No striping on underside of tail
  • Accomplished burrowerhidden abundance
  • Oviparous
  • Piedmont

26
Lampropeltis calligaster
27
Lampropeltis getulaEastern Kingsnake
  • Shiny black snake with variable white chain-like
    pattern
  • smooth scales and anal plate single
  • Prefers the edges of aquatic habitats
  • Eats snakes, eggs, birds, and rodents
  • Oviparous
  • Entire state

28
Lampropeltis getula
29
Lampropeltis triangulumScarlet Kingsnake and
Milksnake
  • Two subspecies in GA
  • elapsoidesred, black, and yellow bands
    completely encircle the body
  • Red snout
  • triangulum reddish brown blotches bordered by
    black
  • Y or V shaped blotch on neck
  • distinctly different life histories
  • Entire state

30
Lampropeltis triangulum
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Masticophis flagellumEastern Coachwhip
  • Large snake with black head fading into a brown
    (cream) tail
  • belly corresponds with back
  • diurnal, very active forager
  • prefers dry, sandy open areas
  • Oviparous
  • Entire state

32
Masticophis flagellum
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Nerodia erythrogasterRedbelly Watersnake
  • Plain brown dorsumsome pattern visible
    especially in young snakes
  • Belly red or orange
  • river swamps and surrounding habitats
  • Viviparous
  • Entire state except high mountains

34
Nerodia erythrogaster
35
Nerodia fasciataBanded Watersnake
  • Dark crossbands bordered by black continue all
    the way down the back
  • squarish spots on belly
  • Dark stripe from eye to angle of jaw
  • Identify by geographic range
  • Vivparous
  • Coastal Plain

36
Nerodia fasciata
37
Nerodia floridanaFlorida Green Watersnake
  • Greenish brown dorsum
  • belly cream
  • row of scales between eye and labials
  • anal divided
  • viviparous
  • disjunct populations
  • Lower Coastal Plain

38
Nerodia floridana
39
Nerodia sipedonMidland/Northern Watersnake
  • Bands on dorsum become alternating lateral and
    dorsal blotches towards tail
  • tail markings usually complete rings
  • Half-moon shaped belly markings
  • viviparous
  • Identify by geographic range
  • Piedmont and Mountains

40
Nerodia sipedon
41
Nerodia taxispilotaBrown watersnake
  • large dark brown square blotches on a light brown
    background
  • large head
  • eats catfish
  • rivers and creeks
  • Viviparous
  • Piedmont and Coastal Plain

42
Nerodia taxispilota
43
Opheodrys aestivusRough Green Snake
  • slender green snake with white belly
  • keeled scales and anal divided
  • prefer low lying leafy shrubs and vines near
    water
  • spider eater
  • Oviparous
  • Entire state

44
Opheodrys aestivus
45
Pituophis melanoleucusNorthern/Florida Pine Snake
  • Black/Brown blotched snakevery heavily bodied
  • scales keeled and anal single
  • Excellent hisser
  • burrower in sandy habitats
  • oviparous
  • loss of habitat
  • Coastal Plain and Mountains

46
Pituophis melanoleucus
47
Regina alleniStriped Crayfish Snake
  • small shiny watersnake with four broad yellow
    stripes
  • belly yellow
  • small head
  • one internasal
  • the two nasals touch
  • anal divided
  • viviparous
  • eats hard shelled crayfish
  • Suwannee River Drainage

48
Regina alleni
49
Regina rigidaGlossy Crayfish Snake
  • Shiny gray-brown snakemay show signs of light
    stripes
  • two rows of dark spots on belly
  • anal divided
  • eats crayfish
  • Viviparous
  • Coastal Plain

50
Regina rigida
51
Regina septemvittataQueen Snake
  • slender brown snake with two broad yellow stripes
    down the sides of body (1st and 2nd scale rows)
  • belly yellow with four brown stripe
  • keeled scales and divided anal
  • small stone covered creeks
  • often seen basking
  • Eats only soft bodied crayfish
  • Viviparous
  • Piedmont and Mountains

52
Regina septemvittata
53
Rhadinaea flavilataPine Woods Snake
  • Reddish brown snake with a yellow lip
  • Dark line through eye
  • smooth scales and anal divided
  • pine flatwoods
  • eats frogs especially hylids
  • venomous (rear fanged)
  • Oviparous
  • Southeast Georgia

54
Rhadinaea flavilata
55
Seminatrix pygaeaBlack Swamp Snake
  • shiny black snake with red belly
  • anal divided
  • eats leeches, fish, worms, etc.
  • viviparous
  • found in aquatic vegetation
  • Atlantic Coastal Plain

56
Seminatrix pygaea
57
Storeria dekayiNorthern Brown/Dekays Snake
  • little brown snake with two parallel rows of
    black spots
  • dark downward streak on head
  • scales keeled and anal divided
  • city snake
  • Viviparous
  • Entire state

58
Storeria dekayi
59
Storeria occipitomaculataRedbelly Snake
  • plain red belly
  • three light blotches on nape (sometimes look like
    a ring)
  • white mark on fifth labial
  • Extremely secretive
  • specialist feeder on gastropods
  • Viviparous
  • Entire state

60
Storeria occiptomaculata
61
Tantilla coronataSoutheastern Crowned Snake
  • black cap, light collar, then black band (3-5
    scales wide)
  • light brown boady
  • scales smooth and anal divided
  • oviparous
  • eats centipedes
  • snake occurs where you find itbroad habitat
    preferences
  • Entire state

62
Tantilla coronata
63
Tantilla relictaSouth Georgia Crowned Snake
  • black cap, light collar, and black blotchlight
    collar divided by black midline
  • labials black
  • scales smooth and anal divided
  • oviparous
  • eats centipedes
  • high dry sandhill species
  • only one specimen from GA (Lanier County)

64
Tantilla relicta
65
Thamnophis sauritusRibbon Snake
  • Three longitudinal stripes (lateral stripes on
    scale rows 3 and 4)
  • skinny snake with very long tail (it will break)
  • scales keeled and anal single
  • often found in shrubs over water
  • Viviparous
  • Entire state

66
Thamnophis sauritus
67
Thamnophis sirtalisGarter Snake
  • Three longitudinal stripes (lateral stripes
    confined to scale rows 2 and 3)
  • Extremely variablecheckered, striped, spotted,
    etc.
  • scales keeled and anal single
  • any habitat
  • Viviparous
  • Entire state

68
Thamnophis sirtalis
69
Virginia striatulaRough Earth Snake
  • brown/gray/reddish snake with cone head
  • 5 upper labials
  • internasals fused into a single scale
  • scales keeled, anal divided
  • eats worms
  • secretive
  • Viviparous
  • Piedmont and Coastal Plain

70
Virginia striatula
71
Virginia valeriaeSmooth Earth Snake
  • gray/brown/reddish chubby short snake
  • light stripe down back
  • 6 upper labials
  • smooth scales may look keeled (look close)
  • anal divided
  • prefers deciduous woods with earthworms
  • Viviparous
  • Entire state

72
Virginia valeriae
73
Family Viperidae
  • Rattlesnakes, Copperheads, and Cottonmouths

74
Agkistrodon contortrixCopperhead
  • copper head
  • dark chestnut crossbands
  • scales weakly keeled and anal single
  • VENOMOUS
  • viviparous
  • inconspicuous snake in a wide variety of habitats
  • Mountains, Piedmont, and Upper Coastal Plain

75
Agkistrodon contortrix
76
Agkistrodon piscivorusCottonmouth
  • dark crossbands disappearing with age
  • large thick head with broad dark line through eye
  • VENOMOUS
  • Viviparous
  • Coastal Plainsinvades Piedmont in areas (SOUTH
    OF I-20)

77
Agkistrodon piscivorus
78
Crotalus adamanteusEastern Diamondback
Rattlesnake
  • diamonds on back
  • very heavily bodied
  • very large head
  • VENOMOUS
  • viviparous
  • what else needs to be said
  • Coastal Plains

79
Crotalus adamanteus
80
Crotalus horridusTimber/Canebrake Rattlesnake
  • highly variable
  • two formscanebrake and timber
  • VENOMOUS
  • extremely well camouflaged
  • conservation concerns
  • Entire state

81
Crotalus horridus
82
Sistrurus miliariusPigmy Rattlesnake
  • color variable, dark blotched small fat
    rattlesnake
  • rattles tiny! Be careful
  • nine large plates on head
  • VENOMOUS
  • viviparous
  • Coastal Plains and Piedmont

83
Sistrurus miliarius
84
Family Elapidae
  • Coral snake

85
Micrurus fulviusEastern Coral Snake
  • Red on yellow kill a fellow, red on black friend
    of Jack
  • black snout, yellow neck, black band
  • ophiophageous
  • VENOMOUS
  • Oviparous
  • Coastal Plains

86
Micrurus fulvius
87
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