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The California Gold Rush


In 1849 a lot of the country moved to California because they ... story wooden store on Sacramento street, north side, just above the corner of Leidesdorff. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: The California Gold Rush

The California Gold Rush
By Ben Pakter
  • In 1849 a lot of the country moved to California
    because they heard word that there was gold.
  • This is the setting of Mark Twains short story
    Californias Tale

Mark Twain
Primary vs. Secondary Sources
  • Primary source Someone who was actually at an
    event reports on it
  • For example Farewell to Manzanar
  • VS.
  • Secondary source Someone who wasnt there
    reports on it
  • For example The biography we read on Nelson
  • Which one would you rather read?
  • Do you think primary sources are always

Library of Congress
  • This website has catalogued an amazing amount of
    primary sources (i.e. books and artifacts) for
    discovery by you.
  • These are some cools things I found and put on my

(No Transcript)
Your expectations
  • You need
  • An cover page
  • An outline
  • A social studies primary text
  • A social studies artifact (pictures are alright)
  • A humanities primary document
  • A humanities artifact
  • A natural science primary text
  • A natural history artifact

Write Historical Fiction
  • Next you are going to write a piece of historical
    fiction based off of the time period that you
  • Make it fun!
  • Make it interesting!
  • Be creative!

Presentation Outline
  • Social Studies Business
  • Men and memories of San Francisco, in the "spring
    of '50."
  • By T.A. Barry and B.A. Patten
  • Humanities Architecture
  • Old Californian days.
  • By James Steele
  • Natural Science Geology and Botany
  • Up and down California in 1860-1864
  • By William H. Brewer


How to Find different typed of passages
  • How do you tell the difference between
    literature, humanities, social studies and
    natural science passages?
  • Check this out! This breaks it down for you.

Social Studies Business
  • Men and memories of San Francisco, in the "spring
    of '50."
  • By T.A. Barry and B.A. Patten

1850 San Fransisco
  • West of Starkey, Janion Co's store, on the
    south side of California street, were the stores
    of Glen Co., Backus Harrison, S. H. Williams
    Co., DeBoum, Vigneaux Grisar, and G. B. Post
  • After the fire of June 14th, 1850, J. L. Riddle
    Co. built an extensive shanty of China matting,
    wisely concluding that if conflagrations were to
    be so frequent, it were better to raise a mere
    shelter for their goods, at the least possible
  • Pg. 166

1850 San Fransisco
  • The building occupied by this firm prior to the
    fire of June 14th, was a substantial three story
    wooden store on Sacramento street, north side,
    just above the corner of Leidesdorff. The upper
    story of this building was used as a dormitory
    for all the acquaintances of the firm who wished
    to sleep there--ship masters who happened to be
    late ashore--new arrivals who had not established
    themselves--any man or boy who knew Riddle Co.
    It was a spacious room, nearly square. Hammocks
    were slung at every corner and available post.
    All about the room were cots, stretchers and
    mattresses, plenty of blankets and pillows, but
    no sheets or pillow-cases.
  • Pg. 167

1850 San Fransisco
  • Against the walls on all sides were large China
    water-jars, China wash-stands and large
    China-stone wash-basins, and cocoanut-shell
    dippers. Nearly all the furniture then was of
    China importation and very commodious, stylish
    and comfortable it was, too. The man who went
    early to bed in this apartment, might sleep
    undisturbed until midnight or a little after but
    about that time, several young men, not long from
    Boston, would return from protracted
    meetings--young men musically inclined, who
    wished to rehearse just once more before
    retiring. These birds of Minerva would sometimes
    discover that a sleeper had possession of a very
    comfortable place they fancied for themselves,
    which would cause a playful argument on the
    sleeper's right of possession. When Judge
    Blackburn, Bob Parker and Charley Southard were
    in town, Riddle Co's hospitable roof sheltered
    them, and they were not disposed to sleep, as
    long as any fun could be got out of anybody or
  • Pg. 167

1850 San Fransisco
  • Judge Blackburn would have a wrestling match with
    Charley Southard, and as the Judge was about six
    feet four and Charley about four feet six, it was
    considered rather unequal, and excited lively
    comments from the aroused and thoroughly
    interested fellow-lodgers. Bets were freely
    offered by Jim Riddle, Eben Niles, Ward Eaton,
    Jim Leighton, Harry Spiel, et al.
  • Pg. 167

Social Studies Business
  • What would running a business be like in San
    Francisco in the late 1800s?
  • What are some things that influenced a lot of the
    choices the business men made?
  • What does conflagrations mean? (wisely
    concluding that if conflagrations were to be so
  • How was Judge Blackburn as a guest compared to
    others who stayed?
  • Put these in the order they were mentioned (I)
    The Judge would wrestle (II) The hammocks were
    slung in a spacious room (III) Young musicians
    wanted to practice there

ACT Type Questions
Humanities Archaeology
  • Old Californian days
  • By James Steele

GENERAL VIEW OF COMPLEX Drawing from History of
San Diego County, California, published 1883
Published in 1898
  • Perhaps it is in the mere brown fact of adobe
    alone, yet adobe is one of his few acquired ideas
    which has become second nature. But it
    necessitates the thick walls, the small windows,
    the low doors, the single stories, the long
    porches, the sunken floors, always and everywhere
    generally characteristic of Spanish-American
    occupation. The sturdy structures stand almost
    forever, and when abandoned by intention, sink
    back to earth again only with the passage of the
    centuries, and leave at last a long, low mound
    that will still proclaim a human use, still
    declare the nationality of him who made it
    regardless of all points of the compass and the
    symmetry of squares, convenient to a goat-path in
    front and a corral behind, and who lived in it as
    one does whose life might have originated the
    idea that has made immortal the masterpiece of
  • Pg. 98

Sluicing for gold in San Francisquito Canyon
Between 1890 and 1900?
Miners operate a hydraulic sluice in San
Francisquito Canyon, Los Angeles County,
California. The placer mine machine consists of
adobe columns, pulleys, ropes, and wood boxes.
Donkeys are loaded with ore bags.
Humanities Architecture
ACT Type Questions
  • What does nationality mean? (still declare the
    nationality of him who made it)
  • How does the author feel about the adobes?
  • How did the founders of this architecture
    contribute to society?
  • The author describes the adobe as all of the
    following except
  • I. Thick walls
  • II. Two story
  • III. Generally where Spanish-Americans lived
  • IV. Occasionally had goat paths

Natural History Geology and Botany
  • Up and down California in 1860-1864 the journal
    of William H. Brewer
  • This is not very much like an ACT passage.

But it is an account of some Yale scientists who
explored California between 1860 and 1864. The
selection I chose is their 48th camp near San
San Jose - 1906
Link to 1876 Map
Saturday, August 24, 1861.
  • The Santa Clara Valley (San Jose Valley of the
    map) is the most fertile and lovely of
    California. At the point where we came into it,
    it is about six miles wide, its bottom level, a
    fine belt of scattered oaks four or five miles
    wide covering the middle. It is here all covered
    with Spanish grants, so is not cultivated, but
    near San Jose, where it is divided into farms, it
    is in high cultivation farmhouses have sprung up
    and rich fields of grain and growing orchards
    everywhere abound. But near our camp it lies in a
    state of nature, and only supports a few cattle.
    One ranch there covers twenty-two thousand acres
    of the best land in the valley--all valuable.
    This Spanish grant land-title system is one of
    the great drawbacks of this country. One man will
    make an immense fortune from that ranch, but the
    public suffers.
  • Pg. 169 - 170

Sunday, September 1, 1861
  • NEARLY east of San Jose, some distance in the
    mountains, is a high peak we wished to reach,
    being the highest in that part of the Diablo
    Range. As near as we could judge from our maps,
    we supposed it nine miles distant in a straight
    line. It proved over fifteen. Mr. Hamilton went
    with us. A ride of six miles across the plain
    brought us to the foot of the ridge. All this is
    enclosed, in farms, and under good cultivation.
    Farmhouses, orchards, etc., give it an American
    look. We then struck the ridge, and on rising,
    had a capital chance to see this part of the
    Santa Clara Valley. It is perhaps twelve or
    fourteen miles wide at San Jose, an almost
    perfect plain, very fertile, a perfect garden,
    and much of it in higher cultivation than any
    other part of California.
  • Note This is the earliest account known of an
    ascent of Mount Hamilton. Professor Whitney
    vetoed a proposal to name the mountain for him
    (Brewster, Life and Letters of Josiah Dwight
    Whitney 1909, p. 238). It was thereupon named
    for the San Jose clergyman, and is cited as Mount
    Hamilton in the Whitney Survey, Geology, I, 43,
    50, etc.

Sunday, September 1, 1861 Cont.
  • This first ridge was about 1,000 or 1,500 feet
    high. Then we crossed a wide valley, then up
    another ridge. We had attained an altitude of
    nearly three thousand feet, when we came upon
    another deep and steep canyon cutting us off from
    the peak. Here we left our mules and proceeded on
    foot about three miles and reached the peak after
    4 P.M. The view was very extensive and the day
    very clear. It was about 4,000 feet high--we made
    it 4,200 feet--but that is doubtless too high.
    We could see various portions of the Coast Range,
    from far above San Francisco to below Monterey,
    probably 140 to 150 miles between the points, and
    the Diablo Range for about a hundred miles.
  • Note The altitude of Mount Hamilton is given
    by the U.S. Geological Survey as 4,209 feet.
  • Pg. 173 - 174

Natural History
Not ACT Type Questions
  • Describe the geography that the scientists see.
  • Why does the author say, One man will make an
    immense fortune from that ranch, but the public
    suffers? What does he mean by this?

Mr. Pakters Fiction
  • Being trapped in a coal mine aint what I recon
    I thought might end like. Tom thought as his
    feet sloshed around in mud. I done lost my
    chance fer millions and paps gone wring my neck
    for stealin is mule like I did. Tom wasnt the
    brightest crayon in the drawer which is why he
    headed out west to begin with . Digging without a
    partner is dumb luck anyhow and seeing as how he
    passed the Diablo Range of mountains youda
    thought he could see the signs. But no. He just
    kept right on trudgin along like mountains named
    after the devils a sign from God. Understandable
    he didnt go to Sisco seeing as how the fire done
    ripped the city so but it just aint right what
    he done. This sluicing business is hard without
    them hydraulics.

ACT Type Questions
  • What is the mood of the passage?
  • What is the tone of the passage?
  • What is a theme of the passage?
  • How does the author feel about the character?
  • What does the author feel about people heading
    out west in general?
  • How does the character feel?
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