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English Language Teaching Methodology: Orientation


What do you hope to gain from this course? ... Discrimination, articulation and intelligibility. Do Assignment 2 and take the first exam. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: English Language Teaching Methodology: Orientation

English Language Teaching Methodology Orientation
  • Jia Lin (Dana)

Getting to know your students. Ask them
questions, such as...
  • Why are you interested in taking this course?
    Have you ever been a teacher?
  • What do you hope to gain from this course?
  • You may be asked to answer some of these
    questions in front of the class.

Course Length
  • Teaching Methodology (Part I II) is a 12 week
  • There are 3 tutorials for Part I, 3 for Part II,
    and a break in-between.
  • Attending class is recommended, completing
    assignments is required.

Course Overview
  • Objectives
  • What will be learned
  • Evaluation
  • How it will be marked
  • Study Plan
  • How students should study for this course

Course Objectives
  • To learn about various aspects of English
    language teaching (ELT).
  • To learn techniques for teaching the four main
    language skills (reading, listening, speaking and
  • Understanding the role of translation in ELT.
  • To broaden your knowledge of the Communicative
    Approach to ELT.
  • To study a wide variety of teaching strategies
    and skills.
  • To learn how to experiment with and adapt various
    teaching methods.

Practical Value
  • ELT has developed a lot since you were a middle
    school student.
  • Without training, how could teachers learn new
    and better methods?
  • The goal of this course is to help teachers to
    find more satisfaction in ELT.

Progress Reports (5)
  • Must be done in order to pass the course.
  • Test how well students read the material in the
  • Can be found on the e-learning platform at
  • Check the e-learning platform for details and
    submission deadlines.

Assignments (15)
  • Each assignment is worth 100 marks.
  • Covers material from 2-3 units.
  • Assignment I (Units 1-3)
  • Assignment II (Units 4-5)
  • Assignment III (Units 6-7)
  • Assignment IV (Units 8-11)
  • Can be found on the e-learning platform at
    http\\www.beiwaionline.com. Check for details
    and deadlines.
  • No marks awarded for blank assignments.

Final Exam (80)
  • Tests knowledge of course concepts, such as ELT
    methods, approaches and principles.
  • Analysis and evaluation of teaching materials and
  • Application of theory to the development of
    lesson plans.
  • To be completed within 2 hours.

Exam Contents
Course Focus
  • Please remember that this is a CONCEPT course
    and that the emphasis is on understanding IDEAS
    and not on memorizing pages of text!

What do we mean by ideas?
  • Heres an example from your textbook pages 4-6
    (Task 2) on How Was English Taught in the Past?
  • Do you think students will need to remember every
    detail such as how the lessons were conducted,
    homework, types of tasks, etc.?
  • What is most important is that they understand
    that communicative language teaching requires a
    change from traditional methods.

What do we mean by concepts?
  • Students do not need to memorize examples, but
    you should understand why they were included.
    Learn the concepts.
  • A concept is an underlying idea or principle that
    can be applied in various cases.
  • Make sure that they are clear on the main idea
    and not just the details. Do you want your
    students to see the leaf or the entire tree?

Study Plan (12 hours/week)
  • Read the units and try to do the tasks in the
    book. (Hours?)
  • Do the assignments on the e-learning platform.
  • Make good use of class time. Review as needed.

How to Study
  • When in doubt, read the instructions.
  • Page vi states that this course is all about
    learning teaching strategies and skills.
  • Doing the tasks assigned will promote
  • awareness,
  • understanding and
  • application of concepts related to ELT.
  • Students are required to keep a DIARY in which
    they record their observations and evaluations of
    the results of application of different teaching

A Diary?!
  • This is a big part of students professional
  • Record thoughts, observations and evaluations as
    they study each unit. Apply what is learned as
    they go through the course.
  • At the end of each unit, they will need to answer
    some questions based on what was recorded in your

Preparing for the Exam
  • There are about 20 tasks in each unit. 20 tasks
    in 7 days means that each student should complete
    2-3 tasks per day to keep up.
  • Completing the tasks is a good way to prepare for
    the exam.
  • Exercises and discussion in class should help to
    reinforce concepts.
  • Dont forget the homework on the e-platform!

Teaching Methodology (1) Contents
  • Unit 1 Introduction
  • Various approaches that have been used in ELT.
  • Unit 2 The Communicative Approach
  • What communicative competence means and how to
    teach it.
  • Unit 3 Focus on Reading
  • Three reading strategies and how to teach a
    reading lesson in three stages.
  • Do Assignment 1.

Teaching Methodology (1) Contents
  • Unit 4 Focus on Listening
  • Three listening skills, selecting suitable
    materials and how to design effective listening
  • Unit 5 Focus on Speaking
  • The PPP model of teaching oral English, designing
    speaking activities and evaluating oral
  • Appendix Focus on Pronunciation
  • Discrimination, articulation and intelligibility.
  • Do Assignment 2 and take the first exam.

Teaching Methodology (2) Contents
  • Unit 6 Focus on Writing
  • Identifying features of good writing, the writing
    process, and designing writing tasks.
  • Unit 7 Focus on Grammar
  • Styles for teaching grammar, how to teach grammar
    in stages, and how to review.
  • Unit 8 Focus on Vocabulary
  • How to help students to memorize and retain.
  • Do Assignment 3.

Teaching Methodology (2) Contents
  • Unit 9 Lesson Planning
  • How to set objectives and design tasks.
  • Unit 10 Classroom Management (Part 1)
  • Understanding students and learning how to
    correct and encourage them.
  • Unit 11 Classroom Management (Part 2)
  • Learn how to create a positive learning
    environment and make appropriate use of teaching
  • Do Assignment 4 and take the second exam.

  • Titles and text in the slides are in my own words
    so they may be different from your book.
  • Most slides have an Activity , Task and Page
    on the bottom left to help coordinate the slides
    with the textbooks!

A1 T1 P3
  • Students will need to learn these principles if
    they are to succeed later in Practical Project
    Design and writing their PPD report.
  • So they really need to learn what communicative
    language teaching is and how to do it!

If more help is needed...
  • BWO has lots of resources to help you.
  • On the e-platform, locate the Learning Garden and
    the course Language and Linguistics.
  • Then choose one of the 10 areas
  • Course Notice Board
  • Course Survey
  • Learning Courseware
  • Course Assessment
  • Tutorial Resource Bank
  • Reference Bank
  • Assignment Bank
  • Progress Report Bank
  • Self-assessment Bank
  • FAQ Bank

Class Atmosphere
  • Encourage sharing.
  • Student comments and participation contribute to
    a lively and fun atmosphere that reinforces
  • What kind of class do you want to have?

Study Groups
  • Help students to get organized into study groups
    according to your schedule, interests and
    learning styles.
  • Groups should discuss topics of special interest,
    help members complete tasks and prepare for the
    exam. They can also experiment with their
    knowledge of teaching techniques on other group
  • Groups can use BeiwaiOnline facilities to
    exchange ideas and enrich the learning process.

What do we do in the tutorial?
  • Get the main points out of the book.
  • Discuss ideas using examples from the text and
    from our own experience.
  • Reinforce concepts by applying them in class.
    Practice some of the techniques.

FAQ 1 Do I need to memorize examples in the book?
  • Answer ELTM textbooks I and II provide a wealth
    of examples so that you can see how to apply
    communicative principles in your teaching. The
    models can teach you how to express objectives or
    describe activities but there is no reason for
    you to memorize entire lesson plans. Instead,
    you should learn the principles and how to design
    your own creative lesson plans.

FAQ 2 Do I really need to do all those tasks?
  • Answer No one is going to spy over your shoulder
    or check your book to make sure you have filled
    everything in, but just as with any other course,
    what you put into it is what you will get out of
    it. The tasks are designed to help you go
    through the thinking process that is key to
    helping you to advance as a teacher.

FAQ 3 Why does the book describe so many
  • Answer The most difficult part of being a
    teacher is often just coming up with new things
    to do in class. Students and teachers both
    benefit from variety. The wide range of
    activities are provided to inspire and help you
    in lesson planning and understanding practical
    ways to implement communicative methodology.

End of Tutor Orientation
  • Thanks for your attention.
  • Any questions?
  • I wish you the best of success in teaching the
    courses ELTM I and II.
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