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Philippine Homiletics Society, April 25, 2008


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Title: Philippine Homiletics Society, April 25, 2008

Preaching the Torah
  • Philippine Homiletics Society, April 25, 2008

Problems to Overcome in Preaching the Old
  • 1. Seeing the OT as Our Scriptures, not just
  • 1.1 The early Church lived by the OT scriptures,
    therefore it should not be seen as the "Hebrew
    Scriptures", but the "Church's Bible."
  • 1.2 It is Important to read the OT as scripture
    just as the NT.

Problems to Overcome in Preaching the Old
  • 2. Two dangers
  • 2.1 Avoiding Christianizing the OT especially
    Christologizing the OT.
  • 2.2 Avoid the Idea of NT superceding the OT
  • 2.2.1 Marcion who thought that the OT God was an
    inferior God.
  • 2.2.2 Bultmann a modern version of Marcion
  • 2.2.3 Dispensationalism

Problems to Overcome in Preaching the Old
  • 3. Letting the OT have a quasi-independent status
    - independence in relationship
  • 3.1 A Trinitarian faith does not have to be
  • 3.2 Two communities of faith co-exist in the
    mystery of God's Election. (Rom 9-11)

Problems to Overcome in Preaching the Old
  • 3.3 Theological witness of the OT can supplement
    those of the NT.
  • 3.3.1 NT presupposes OT theology Theologies of
    Creation Ecology Expostulation with God
  • 3.3.2 OT Supplements the NT Calvin
    governmental institutions the larger frame of
    Theology Proper.

New Issues Biblical Pluriformity
  • "The sooner Christians awaken to the fact that
    the New Testament authors quote the Old Testament
    in a variety of divergent text forms and thereby
    demonstrate that all of them were considered
    legitimate for the purposes of teaching and
    preaching, the better." Hobbins, "Taking Stock
    of Biblia Hebraica Quinta"

Pluriformity Qumran
  • Emanuel Tov
  • 1. Proto-Masoretic
  • 2. Septuagint
  • 3. Proto-Samaritan Pentateuch
  • 4. Qumran
  • 5. Non-Aligned Texts

Pluriformity Qumran
  • Eugene Ulrich
  • 1. Lengthy compositional process
  • 2. Qumrans many differences with MT
  • 3. Need to revise MT as the standard
  • 4. Qumran Scrolls fit with SP, LXX, NT, Jew. Ant.
  • 5. Qumran shows no signs of Sectarianism

Pluriformity Qumran
  • 6. No standard text in late 2nd Temple Period.
  • 7. Qumran provides evidence for latter
    compositional process
  • 8. Two Periods Pre-70 C.E. Pluriformity Post
    132-135 C.E. Unification of Text
  • 9. Nature of Non-Biblical texts

Understanding Pluriformity
  • The so-called Masoretic tradition is an
    after-the-fact designation of multiple textual
    pluriformity that was gathered together over
  • Internally there is Synoptic pluriformity
  • Inner-biblical Exegesis has indicated a growth of
    the biblical tradition via a process that Michael
    Fishbane understand as a traditum to traditio to
    a new traditum.

Pluriformity - Helps
New Issues Dark Difficult Passages
  • 1. "I think we ought to read only the kind of
    books that wound and stab us . . . We need the
    books that affect us like a disaster, that grieve
    us deeply, like the death of someone we loved
    more than ourselves, like being banished into
    forests far from everyone, like a suicide. A book
    must be the axe for the frozen sea inside us."
    Franz Kafka

Dark Difficult Passages
  • 2. "The Bible as a Problem for Christianity"
    Robert P. Carroll
  • 3. Theodicy and the study of the Old Testament
  • 4. Dark Difficult Passages
  • 4.1 Exod 4. 24-26
  • 4.2 Gen 32.22-32
  • 4.3 Num 22-24

Torah in General
  • ". . . for both Christians and Jews, Scripture
    begins with the Torah. For Judaism we could
    remove the article and say that "Scripture begins
    and ends with Torah," inasmuch as the rest of the
    Hebrew Bible especially the prophetic books,
    but also to some extent the "writings" can be
    understood as interpretive extensions of the
    Torah, rather than as portions of equal weight.

Torah in General
  • The Law (Torah) or Pentateuch was ascribed to
    Moses and was regarded by all branches and groups
    within early Judaism (including Christianity) as
    the most complete revelation and authoritative
    religious document handed down from ancient
    Israel. van Seters

The Five as Separate
  • Gen the genealogy formula structures the book
    and ends at the death of Jacob. While Exod 1.1-5
    must recapitulate the material of Gen 46.8ff.
  • Exod ends with the Tabernacle and summarizes it
    future role and thereby making a rough transition
    to Leviticus.

The Five as Separate
  • Lev Milgrom argues that Leviticus is
    thematically independent.
  • Num Numbers focuses on laws of the camp when in
    military order.
  • Deut A clear intro conclusion, establishes
    Deut's independence.

Five as One
  • The plot begins in Genesis and flows logically
    through to the end of Deuteronomy.
  • Threads 1) land promise in Gen is agenda for
    fulfilment in Exod-Deut 2) Deliverance in the
    first half of Exod and the subsequent journey
    toward Canaan in Exod-Num, with the journey's end
    in Deut in Moab.

Five as One
  • Adjacent books are normally linked closely
    together, e.g. 1) Jacob's bones (Gen 50.25) and
    fulfilment (Exod 13.19) 2) Priests set apart in
    Exod 29 are appointed in Lev 9 3) Num 20.12
    anticipates the death of Moses in Deut 34.

Literary Qualities
  • Ambiguities "The Pentateuchal narrative is
    filled with ambiguities, seemingly intended,
    which have been fodder for a rich variety of
    interpretation over centuries.... such literary
    ambiguities, which do not have appearance of
    inexpert composition but, quite the contrary,
    beckon for decipherment and interpretation."

Literary Qualities
  • Omission
  • Gapping / Narrative Reticence "A gap is an
    unstated piece of information that is essential
    to the understanding of a story." Longman
  • In terms of unstated motives
  • ". . . Gaps involve the reader by raising
    narrative interest curiosity, suspense,

Literary Qualities
  • Irony "The narrative is characterized by
    frequent occurrences of irony, particularly in
    the Jacob and Joseph sequences." Friedman

Literary Qualities
  • Irony
  • "When a narrative situation suggests more levels
    of meaning than the characters involved can
    recognize, irony is present. Irony is incongruity
    of knowledge. Characters think they know what
    they are doing when in fact they may be doing
    something rather different. They think they
    understand the way the world is when in fact it
    is different. Sometimes the discrepancy of
    knowledge is contained within the story world, so
    that some characters know more than others."
    Fewell Gunn

Literary Qualities
  • "Irony as an ingredient or mode of narration
    varies within the Hebrew Bible. Genesis 2 Kings
    is particularly rich in irony, Chronicles much
    less so. That difference is typical of the
    difference between dialogic and monologic
    narrative."Fewell Gunn

Literary Qualities
  • Character Development "There appear to be two
    classes of character development in the Torah.
    Most persons, both major and minor figures in the
    work, are essentially constant personalities.
    Noah, Abraham, Sarah, Isaac, Aaron, and the
    Pharaoh do not grow and change dramatically from
    their first appearances in the narrative to their
    last. However, three figures in the Torah are
    pictured as changing through the course of events
    of their lives Jacob, Joseph, and Moses."

Literary Qualities
  • Paronomasia "Paronomasia is common, especially
    in J and E, though occasionally in other sources
    as well." Friedman

Literary Qualities
  • Repetition (Alters Five Types of Repetition)
  • "Leitwort. Through abundant repetition, the
    semantic range of the word-root is deployed,
    branching off at times into phonetic relatives
    (that is word-play), synonymity, and anonymity
    by virtue of its verbal status, the Leitwort
    refers immediately to meaning and thus to theme
    as well."

Literary Qualities
  • Repetition (Alters Five Types of Repetition)
  • "Motif. A concrete image, sensory quality,
    action, or object recurs through a particular
    narrative it may be intermittently associated
    with a Leitwort it has no meaning in itself
    without the defining context of the narrative it
    may be incipiently symbolic or instead primarily
    a means of giving formal coherence to a

Literary Qualities
  • Repetition (Alters Five Types of Repetition)
  • "Theme. An idea which is part of the value-system
    of the narrative - it may be moral,
    moral-psychological, legal, political,
    historiosophical, theological - is made evident
    in some recurring pattern. It is often associated
    with one or more Leitworter but it is not
    co-extensive with them it may be also associated
    with a motif."

Literary Qualities
  • Repetition (Alters Five Types of Repetition)
  • "Sequence of Actions. This pattern appears most
    commonly and most clearly in the folktale form of
    three consecutive repetitions, or three plus one,
    with some intensification or increment from one
    occurrence to the next, usually concluding either
    in a climax or a reversal."

Literary Qualities
  • Repetition (Alters Five Types of Repetition)
  • "Type-scene. This is an episode occurring at a
    portentous moment in the career of the hero which
    is composed of a fixed sequence of motifs. It is
    often associated with certain recurrent term or
    phrase may help mark the presence of a particular

Literary Qualities
  • "The generic variety that characterizes Numbers
    surpasses that of any other book of the Bible.
    Note these examples narrative (4.1-3), poetry
    (21.17-18), prophecy (24.3-9), victory song
    (21.27-30, pre-Israelite), prayer (12.13),
    blessing (6.24-26), lampoon (22.22-35),
    diplomatic letter (21.14-19), civil law
    (27.1-11), cultic law (15.17-21), oracular
    decision (15.32-36), census list (26.1-51),
    temple archive (7.10-88), itinerary (33.1-49)."

Pentateuchal Theme
  • "The theme of the Pentateuch is the partial
    fulfillment - which implies also the partial
    non-fulfillment - of the promise to or blessing
    of the patriarchs. The promise or blessing is
    both the divine initiative in a word where human
    initiatives always lead to disaster, and a
    re-affirmation of the primal divine intentions
    for man. The promise has three elements
    posterity, divine-human relationship, and land.
    The posterityelement of the promise is dominant
    in Genesis 12-50, the relationshipelement in
    Exodus and Leviticus, and the land-element in
    Numbers and Deuteronomy." Clines

Pentateuchal Theme
  • The theme of the Pentateuch is the partial
    fulfillment - which implies also the partial
    non-fulfillment - of the promise to or blessing
    of the patriarchs.

Pentateuchal Theme
  • The promise has three elements posterity,
    divine-human relationship, and land.

Pentateuchal Theme
  • The posterityelement of the promise is dominant
    in Genesis 12-50, the relationshipelement in
    Exodus and Leviticus, and the land-element in
    Numbers and Deuteronomy.

Preaching Themes in Genesis
General Theme of the book of Genesis
  • "The function of Genesis as a book of the Bible
    is to take those who read it and those who hear
    its message to the things of the beginning.

The Purpose of Genesis 1-11
  • "Von Rad understands the purpose of these
    chapters to have been first determined by the
    Yahwist, who portrayed a history of increasing
    alienation from God. Starting with the expulsion
    from the Garden of Eden, sin expanded and grew,
    resulting in the murder of Abel, the illicit
    marriage of the angels and the flood. This
    history of sin reached its climax in the Tower of
    Babel which threatened to return the creation
    into a chaos. The key to von Rad's
    Heilsgeschichtliche interpretation lies in the
    call of Abraham (12.1-3)." Childs

The Purpose of Genesis 1-11
  • "The key to von Rad's Heilsgeschichtliche
    interpretation lies in the call of Abraham
    (12.1-3). The election of Israel provides the
    perspective from which this universal history of
    divine judgment and mercy toward human sinfulness
    is viewed in Genesis. It provides the major
    theological Genesis by linking Israel's
    redemptive history to world history." Childs,

The Purpose of Genesis 1-11
  • "Westermann...does not believe that Gen 1-11
    should be subordinated to the patriarchal
    traditions of chs 12ff. but sharply distinguished
    in order to do justice to the integrity of the
    primeval history. Westermann stresses that these
    chapters do not move on the horizontal plane of
    history, but rather portray a vertical God-man
    dimension. They treat the universal reality of
    human existence which is not tied to a specific
    time or culture." Childs

The Purpose of Genesis 1-11
  • "Further, he makes the significant point that
    the biblical writers of chs. 1-11 have adopted
    texts which arose in the world outside of Israel
    and do not stem from the experience of Israel
    with Yahweh. He connect the theory that a growth
    of sin is intended, but argues for seeing only a
    portrayal of the variety and scope of the
    alienation. Finally, Westermann claims that the
    purpose of chs. 1-3 is not to portray a primeval
    age of innocence - there is no "fall" for
    Westermann - but rather to deal with the issue of
    human existence in its frailty and limitation."

The Purpose of Genesis 12-36
  • Promises
  • Land, Children, Relationship with God and
  • The God of the Fathers (Siteless, Personal, The
    One Who Blesses)?
  • Genealogy
  • Genealogies are used in antiquity to legitimize
    royal dynasties and political claims of others.
    Here the genealogies focus on the birth of
    children that become carriers of the promise.

The Purpose of Genesis 37-50
  • The Joseph Narratives function as a literary
    device to line the ancestral promises to the
    Exodus Narratives See George Coats, From Canaan
    to Egypt and Martin Noth, The Pentateuchal
  • G. von Rad a literary unit written in the
    Solomonic period, (10th CE) to teach about the
    hidden rule of God in the lives of people and

Preaching Themes in Exodus
Literary Qualities Ironic Reversal
  • 1.1 The use of _at_Ws in 2.3, Moses' basket and the
    _at_Ws-y in 13.18 and 15.4.
  • 1.2 Moses' mother is actually paid to nurse him.
  • 1.3 Moses' name meaning "He who draws out (from
    the water)" becomes significant in light of the

Literary Qualities Structure
  • 2. Ten Plague is structured as a series of three
    sets of three events with two announcement and
    the third lacking the announcement. The first in
    each set has "in the morning," but the next two
    have no time indication.

Literary Qualities Repetitions
  • 3.1 Between chapters 4-14, Pharaoh's heart is
    mentioned 20 times 10 times it is the king's
    obstinacy (Ex 7.13, 14, 22 8.11, 15, 28 9.7,
    34, 35 13.5) and 10 times it is a product of
    divine intent (Ex 4.21 7.3 9.12 10.1, 20, 27
    11.10 14.4, 8, 17).
  • 3.2 Ex 1.15-21 the term midwife 7x. Ex 2.1-10
    "child" 7x. Ex 5.7-19 the stem lbn for building
    bricks etc.

Literary Qualities Chronological Displacement
  • 4.1 Ex 18's Jethro's visit must have occurred
    after the revelation at Sinai not before. Note
    (18.15 verses 19.1-2) (18.16, 20).
  • 4.2 The location of Ex 32.1-34.35 is problematic

Structure of Exodus
  • Exod 1-15 Exodus from Egypt
  • Exod 15.22-18.27 Wilderness Journey
  • Exod 19-40 The Covenant at Sinai

Theological Insights for Preaching
  • 1. ". . . the events of Sinai are both preceded
    and followed by the stories of the people's
    resistance which is characteristic of the entire
    wilderness wanderings." Childs
  • 2. Decalogue's prologue summarizes prior
    chapters, while serving as interpretative key to
    the following legal materials. Childs

Theological Insights for Preaching
  • 3. The Book of the Covenant (chs. 21-23) are
    understood in the context of the theophany and
    covenant with Yahweh.
  • 4. The placing of Exod 32-34 is significant. The
    institution of worship is seen in the context of
    sin and forgiveness.
  • 5. The literary techniques of chs 13-15 and 12
    are significant.

Preaching Themes in Leviticus
Leviticus Outline
  • Lev 1-7 Laws on Sacrifice
  • Lev 8-10 Consecration and Institution of Priests
  • Lev 11-16 Uncleanness and its Treatment
  • Lev 17-27 Prescription for Practical Holiness

Literary Qualities Repetitive Phrases
  • 1. Lev 1-3 "a pleasing odor to Yahweh" 1.9, 13,
    17 2.2, 9, 12 3.5, 16 (cf 4.31 23.13 26.31).
  • 2. Lev 4-5 "the priest shall make
    atonement...they shall be forgiven 4.20, 26, 31,
    36 5.6, 10, 16, 18.
  • 3. Lev 6-7 "this is the law of . . ." 6.9, 14,
    25 7.1, 11, 21.
  • 4. Lev 8-10 "as Yahweh commanded (Moses)" 8.4,
    9, 13, 17, 21, 29, 36 9.6, 10, 21 10.15.
  • 5. Lev 11-15 "they are unclean" 11.8, 28, 31,
    36, 38, 43. "she shall be clean" 12.2, 5, 7, 8.
    "pronounce him clean (or unclean)" 13.3, 8, 14,
    17, 23, 27, 30. "he shall be clean" 14.7, 9, 20,
    53. "it shall be unclean" 15.4, 6, 9, 18, 19,
    20, 24, 25, etc.

Literary Qualities Repetitive Phrases
  • 6. Lev 16 "he shall make atonement" 16.6, 10,
    11, 16, 17, 18, 24, 32, 33, 34.
  • 7. Lev 17 "he shall be cut off" 17.9, 10, 14.
  • 8. Lev 18-22 "I am Yahweh" 18.2, 4, 5, 6, 21,
    30 19.2, 3, 4, 10, 12, etc. 20.7, 8, 24, 26
    21.12 22.2, 3, 8, 30, 33. "I will set my face
    against" 20.3, 5, 6. "I am Yahweh who sanctify
    you (them)" 21.8, 15, 23 22.9, 16, 32.
  • 9. Lev 23 "do no laborious work" 23.7, 8, 21,
    23, 28, 31, 35, 36. "it is a statute forever"
    23.14, 21, 41 24.3.
  • 10. Lev 26 "my soul abhors" 26.11, 15, 30, 43,
  • 11. Lev 27 "holy to Yahweh" 27.(9, 10), 14, 21,
    23, 28, 30, 32, 33.
  • (Childs, OT Theology in a Canonical Context,

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 1. Prolegomena
  • "The theology of Leviticus can hardly be
    discussed in isolation from that of the other
    books of the Pentateuch, particularly of those
    most closely related to it, the books of Exodus
    and Numbers. When these books are read in
    conjunction with Leviticus, some of the
    theological presuppositions of the latter stand
    out the more clearly. For instance Exodus
    describes the making of the Sinai covenant and
    the erection of the tabernacle both these
    institutions are fundamental to the theology of
    Leviticus." (Wenham)?

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 2. The Presence of God
  • 2.1 God is preeminently present in Worship
  • "Leviticus distinguishes between the permanent
    presence of God with his people, a presence which
    is to regulate their whole way of life, and his
    visible presence in glory which was obvious on
    special occasions." (Wenham)?

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 2.2 God is present in the peoples Daily Lives
  • "God is present . . . even in the mundane duties
    of life. Leviticus knows of nothing that is
    beyond God's control or concern. The whole of
    man's life must be lived out in the presence of
    God." (Wenham)?

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 3. Holiness "Be holy, for I am holy" 11.44-45
    19.2 20.26
  • 3.1 Word frequency
  • Holy and it cognates "sanctify," "holiness"
    occur 152 times in Lev which is about 20 of the
    total occurrences in the OT.
  • Unclean and its cognates occur 132 times, which
    is more than 50 of the total OT occurrences.
  • Clean and related terms occur 74 times, which is
    35 of the total.
  • Profane occurs 14 times in Lev. out of the 66
    references in the OT.

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 3.2 Leviticus 10.10
  • You are to distinguish between the holy and the
    common, and between the unclean and the clean
    and you are to teach the people of Israel all the
    statutes that the LORD has spoken to them through
  • 3.3 Definition
  • ". . . holiness, which may be defined basically
    as a state of being in places, objects,
    persons, and time that is commensurate with the
    divine presence. What is not holy, particularly
    what is impure, poses a threat to holiness."

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 3.4 Holiness characterizes God himself and all
    that belongs to him
  • Lev 10.3 "I will maintain my holiness by those
    who are near to me, and I will maintain my honor
    before all the people
  • Certain behaviors that desecrate or profane
    that is, make unholy God's name, such as Molech
    worship (Lev 20.3), the priests' performing
    certain illicit funerary practices (21.6), and
    not keeping impurity away from sacrifices (22.2).
    Apparently, any transgression can profane God's
    name (v. 32).

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 3.5 Israel Yhwhs People are Holy
  • Peoples sanctity will be seen in Num 6.1-21
    the Nazirite Vow as self-consecration.
  • The people's holiness is made analogous to divine
    holiness "You shall be holy for I the Lord your
    God am holy" (Lev 11.44-45 19.2 20.7, 26).
  • The mandate that the people be holy as God is
    holy heads a list of various commands in Lev 19.2
    and is associated with a call to general
    obedience in Lev 20.7-8.
  • Sabbath (Exod 31.13 Ezek 20.12) Dietary Laws
    (Lev 11.44-45 20.24-26)

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 3.6 Priest A person dedicated to Yhwh
  • Priestly holiness in Ritual and Cultic Terms -
    all priests (including the high priest) are
    sanctified by applying ram blood to their bodily
    extremities (symbolically, the part for the
    whole) and sprinkling them with blood taken from
    the altar and oil (29.20-21 30.30 Lev 8.23-24,
    30). The high priest is further sanctified by
    pouring oil on his head (Exod 29.7 Lev 8.12).
  • In Lev 21 the Priests are holy via their Behavior

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 3.7 The Problem of the Firstborn Levites
  • 3.8 Holy Places The Sanctuary, Camp, and Land
  • 3.9 Holy Objects Sanctuary Furniture
  • 3.10 Holy Times certain days of the main
    festival are occasions of holiness (Lev 23, Num
    28-29) Sabbath

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 4. A Theology of Sacrifice
  • The sacrifices involved three parties God,
    priest and worshipper.
  • Sacrifices provided for the restoration of
    relations of God's people with God. The basis is
    the Sinai Covenant which outside of it is the
    realm of death and disorder, within is fellowship
    with God characterized by life, order, harmony
    between God and man.

The Theology of Leviticus
  • 5. The Sinai Covenant
  • 5.1 Although the term tyrb is mention only ten
    times in Leviticus and of these 8 are in chapter
    26 2.13 24.8 26.9, 15, 25, 42 (x3), 44, 45,
    yet it is the presupposition of Leviticus.
  • 5.2 Three Features of this Law
  • The Law is given in the context of Gods grace.
  • There is an imperative to Gods relationship with
    his people.
  • This Covenant is an eternal covenant.

Preaching Themes in Numbers
Contextual Chronology
  • Exodus 1 year
  • Leviticus 1 month
  • Numbers 38 years, 9 months
  • Deuteronomy

General Chronology of Numbers
  • 1.1-10.11 19 days
  • 21.10-36.13 the last 5 months of the total 40
  • 10.12-21.9 38 years, 4 months

The Structure of Numbers
  • 1. Genre "A striking feature of Numbers is that
    law (L) and narrative (N) alternate regularly, as
    follows 1-10.10 (L) 10.11-14.45 (N) 15 (L)
    16-17 (N) 18-19 (L) 20-25 (N) 26-27.11 (L)
    27.12-23 (N) 28-30 (L) 31-33.49 (N) 33.50-56
    34-36 (L)." Milgrom

The Structure of Numbers
  • 2. Geographic Movement
  • 1.1-10.10 In the wilderness of Sinai
  • 10.11-22.1 From Sinai to Kadesh
  • 22.2-36.13 On the Plains of Moab.

The Structure of Numbers
  • 3. Census Lists
  • Num 1.1-25.18 The End of the Old The First
    Generations of God's People out of Egypt on the
    March in the Wilderness
  • Num 26.1-36.31 The Birth of the New The Second
    Generation of God's People out of Egypt As They
    Prepare to Enter the Promised Land

Theological Motifs in Numbers
  • 1. Census A Theology of the Numbers
  • 1.1 The miraculous power of Yahweh to sustain
    such a throng in the wilderness for forty years
  • 1.2 The utter dependence of this people upon this
  • 1.3 A fighting force of more than 600,000 men has
    been entirely cowed by the report of ten scouts.
  • 1.4 The tribal gains and losses are theological
    Simeon loses (37,000 men) and thereby being equal
    with Levites at the bottom fulfilling Genesis
    49.5-7 Judah increases the most which follows
    all the blessing of Genesis 49.8-12 Manasseh
    raising over Ephraim is strange in light of the
    blessing of Genesis 48.13-22, but it seems the
    message is God's choice to bless and not to bless
    as the theme. Harrelson

Theological Motifs in Numbers
  • 2. God in Numbers Theology Proper
  • 2.1 Numbers stresses the character of God as
    holy, present, gracious and constant.
  • 2.2 The Promised land is God given.
  • 2.3 Paul House gives the following captions The
    God who Guides and Inspires Israel (1.1-10.11),
    The God who Calls and Corrects (Numbers
    10.11-12.16), The God who Punishes and Renews
    (Numbers 13.1-20.13), The God who Sustains and
    Protects (Numbers 20.14-22.1), The God who
    Renews His Promises (Numbers 22.2-36.13). House

Theological Motifs in Numbers
  • 4.3 Blessing Cursing in Numbers
  • 3.1 The Priestly (5.23ff. 6.22-27)?
  • 3.2 Balaam (Chapters 22-24)?
  • 4.4 Murmuring Rebellion in the Wilderness
  • 4.5 Sin, Judgment Forgiveness
  • 5.1 The Spy story its consequence
  • 5.2 The Baal or Peor Incident
  • 4.6 Israel as a Community
  • 6.1 Unified, Holy, Rebellious, and Blessed by
    Moses leadership

Preaching Themes in Deuteronomy
General Perspectives
  • ". . . the form of the present book of
    Deuteronomy is torah, a genre designation that
    might best be translated in its use in
    Deuteronomy as a program of catechesis. In its
    present form Deuteronomy is intended to function
    as a foundational and ongoing teaching document
    necessitated by the reality of human death and
    the need to pass the faith on to another
    generation." Olson

Outline of Deuteronomy
  • A. The Outer Frame A look Backwards (Deut 1-3)?
  • B. The Inner Frame The Great Peroration (Deut
  • C. The Central Core Covenant Stipulations (Deut
  • B The Inner Frame The Covenant Ceremony (Deut
  • A The Outer Frame A Look Forwards (Deut 31-34)

Outline of Deuteronomy
  • I. Heading (1.1-5)?
  • II. Prologue First Discourse (1.6-4.43)?
  • III. Second Discourse The covenant made in Moab
  • IV. Third Discourse Exhortations to observe the
    covenant made in Moab (29.1-30.20)?
  • V. Epilogue Moses last days (31.1-34.12)?
  • Tigay

Keys to Deut's Law
  • 1. "First, Dtn emphasizes that Gods covenant is
    not tied to past history, but is still offered to
    all the people."
  • 2. "Secondly, the promise of God to his people
    still lies in the future."

Keys to Deut's Law
  • 3. "Thirdly, Dtn teaches that the law demands a
    response of commitment."
  • 4. "Finally, the ability to summarize the law in
    terms of loving God with heart, soul and mind is
    a major check against all forms of legalism."
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