Home Remedies for Menstrual Cramps - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Home Remedies for Menstrual Cramps - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Menstrual Cramps is the Medical term used to depict painful periods during the Menstrual Cycle. Find here about Home Remedies for Dysmenorrhea, Its Causes, and Symptoms – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Home Remedies for Menstrual Cramps - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Home Remedies for Menstrual Cramps - Causes,
Symptoms, and Treatment
  • It is common for many women to experience some
    pain, cramping, and discomfort during their
    monthly period cycle. Every menstruation cycle
    results in the shedding of the uterine lining
    that passes through the cervix and the vaginal
    canal. While some amount of pain and cramping is
    normal during this process, if the pain is
    unbearable and interferes with your day-to-day
    life, it may be a cause for concern.

What is Dysmenorrhea???
  • Dysmenorrhea is the medical term used to depict
    painful or troublesome periods. Dysmenorrhea is
    classified into primary and secondary.
  • Primary dysmenorrhea is the most common type. The
    condition causes cramping pain in the lower
    abdomen. The pain can start 1-2 days before the
    period begins and can last 2-4 days.
  • Secondary dysmenorrhea is the type when the
    cramps are caused due to an underlying medical
    condition such as endometriosis, uterine
    fibroids, adenomyosis, and cervical stenosis.
    Pain associated with a health condition usually
    arises before and/or during the menstrual period.

What Causes Dysmenorrhea?
  • Due to the uterine contractions, the muscles of
    uterus tighten and relaxes which allow the blood
    to leave the uterus which is associated with
    cramps. The level of chemical prostaglandin
    remains high before the menstruation begins which
    acts as a trigger for the muscle contractions in
    the uterus. If the uterus contracts too strongly,
    it can press against surrounding blood vessels,
    cutting off the oxygen supply to the muscle
    tissues of the uterus. The high levels of
    prostaglandins, the increased strength in
    contractions, and the brief loss of oxygen supply
    to the muscles result in pain, nausea, diarrhoea,
    and dizziness in many women.

What are the Symptoms of Dysmenorrhea?
  • Common symptoms a women experience is,
  • Lower back pain
  • Cramps in the lower area of the abdomen. This
    pain can range from dull, mild aches to
    throbbing, unbearable pain.
  • Few associated symptoms include,
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loose bowel movement
  • Constipation
  • Bloating
  • Light-headedness or Headache

When to Seek Medical Advice???
  • If the pain associated with the period is
    disturbing to perform daily activities, it would
    be a good idea to talk to consult a
    gynaecologist. If your symptoms worsen from
    nausea and dizziness to passing blood clots,
    severe pelvic pain when not menstruating, fever,
    and foul-smelling vaginal discharge, it could be
    a sign of infection or another condition
    pertaining to your reproductive organs. Any
    condition if left untreated can cause scar tissue
    that damages the pelvic organs and may lead to
  • Diagnosis is arrived through checking the medical
    history to check for any underlying issues that
    are causing your painful periods. Physical
    examination will include a pelvic examination to
    check for any abnormalities or signs of infection
    in your reproductive system. Advanced imaging
    tests such as ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI to
    give a more precise diagnosis.

Home Remedies for Dysmenorrhea
  • Fennel seeds is a good option to reduce periods
    due to severe menstrual cramps. It should be
    taken 4times a day for 3 days prior to the start
    of their menstrual cycle. Researches revealed
    that fennel inhibits uterine contractions that
    are stimulated by prostaglandins.

  • Roast the cumin seeds until it turns a black
    colour. Boiling the water and add the roasted the
    cumin seeds to the water and take during the time
    of menstrual cycle. This will help to reduce the
    severe cramps since cumin has a relaxing effect,
    and its anti-spasmodic and anti-inflammatory
    properties are useful for getting rid of the pain.

  • Chew the freshly cleaned ginger 2-3times during
    menstrual cramps. It is believed that the
    anti-inflammatory property of ginger helps to
    soothe the uterine muscles. It also inhibits
    prostaglandin secretion which leads to reduced
    pain during the menstrual cramps.

  • Gentle massage to the umbilicus with castor oil
    considerably helps in reducing the cramps. It can
    also be used in the form of a cloth pack. A cloth
    dipped in castor oil, make a pack and leave this
    pack on the abdomen for 30 mins. This castor oil
    pack helps to ease pain and Inflammation

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