Autism-A brief overview - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Autism-A brief overview


Autism- A lifelong neurological and developmental disorder. Refers to a range of conditions characterized by wide variation in challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech, and nonverbal communication. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Autism-A brief overview

  • A Journey We Never Planned

Source Hearing Solution
  • What is autism or ASD?
  • Early signs and symptoms
  • Causes of ASD
  • Types of autism
  • Adult with autism
  • Autism treatment procedures

What is autism or ASD?
  • A lifelong developmental disability that affects
    early in childhood and affects daily functioning.
  • Including emotions, speech, memory, learning
    ability and self-control.

Early signs and symptoms
  • Social challenges and social understanding
  • Lack of expressions, emotions and eye contact
  • Unusual or inappropriate body language, gestures,
    and facial expressions
  • Resistance to being touched
  • Unusual in social interaction prefers to be
  • Speech and languages Difficulties
  • Repeating words or phrases over and over.
  • Problem in learning how to speak or doesnt talk
    at all
  • Speaking in an abnormal tone of voice, or with an
    odd rhythm or pitch
  • Difficulty communicating needs or desires
  • Repetitive Behaviors and Activities
  • Performs a restricted range of activities and
    self harm activities
  • Gets upset by change in their routine or
  • Awkwardness, abnormal posture, or odd ways of

What are the causes ?
  • A faulty or imperfect gene, a chemical imbalance,
    a lack of oxygen at delivery, and babies born
    before 26 weeks might cause to have autism.
  • Genetics- It can be acquired from their parents
    or younger siblings. And it may be an existing
    infrequent genetic syndrome, including Fragile X
    syndrome and Williams syndrome.
  • Environmental factors- Viral infections,
    medications or complications during pregnancy,
    alcohol, or air pollutants may play the role to
    developing ASD.

Types of Autism
  • Asperger's Syndrome- Delay in development i.e
    social development, communication, and the
    ability to use their imagination, and confusion
    about surrounding people activities.
  • Rett Syndrome- Sleep or breathing difficulties, a
    strange gait, teeth grinding, slowed growth,
    seizures, a slowing of cognitive abilities and
    lastly severe physical decline.
  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder- Memory loss,
    sudden changes in behavior, like agitation, or
    anger, which is followed by the loss of bowel or
    bladder control.
  • Autistic Disorder- Failure to communicate, not
    meet eye contact, constant pitch level while
    talking, not responding to their name and
    repetition of particular behaviors.

Adult with autism
  • Adult with autism spend more time on putting
    stuff in a particular manner or repeat the same
    sentence many times.
  • Common symptoms to determine undiagnosed autism
  • Difficulties in social interactions and
  • Verbal or nonverbal communication.
  • Limited interests in activities or play.
  • Romantic Difficulties
  • Sensory Processing
  • Many Treatment allows for the relatively normal
    development of the patient with autism.

Autism treatment procedures
  • Behavior and communication therapies-
  • Applied Behavioral Analysis(ABA), Treatment and
    Education of Autistic, Related Communication
    Handicapped Children, and sensory integration.
  • Specialized therapies- Structured education
    program and occupational therapy
  • Family therapies- Help to improve social
    interaction skills, manage problem behaviors, and
    teach daily living skills and communication.
  • Medications- Prescribed to control problem in
    behavior, depression, anxiety, hyperactivity, and
    obsessive-compulsive behaviors.
  • Other therapies- Speech therapy to improve
    communication skills, and physical therapy to
    improve movement and balance.
  • Note For more detailed information please visit
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