ADD/ADHD - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) are psychiatric disorders belonging to the area neurodevelopmental concerns. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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  • ADD Attention Deficit Disorder
  • ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

What is ADHD?
  • ADHD is a common behavioral disorder that affects
    about 10 of school-age children. Boys are more
    prone to this disorder than girls.
  • A medical condition characterized by inattention
    and hyperactivity - impulsivity. It is the most
    common behavioral disorder that starts during
    childhood. However, ADHD not only affects
    children but also affects people of all ages.
  • An individual with ADHD finds it much more
    difficult to focus on something without being
  • He has greater difficulty in controlling what he
    is doing or saying and is less able to control
    how much physical activity is appropriate for a
    particular situation compared to somebody without

What is ADHD?
  • In other words, a person with ADHD is much more
    impulsive and restless.
  • Kids with ADHD act without thinking are
    hyperactive and have trouble focusing. They may
    understand what will be expected of them but have
    trouble following through because they can't sit
    still, pay attention, or focus on details.

Types of ADHD
  • There are three types of ADHD. They are defined
    according to which symptoms stand out the most.
  • 1. Predominantly Inattentive ADHD
  • Impaired attention and concentration mark this
  • The person finds it very difficult to organize or
    finish a task.
  • They find it hard to pay attention to details and
    find it difficult to follow instructions or

Types of ADHD
  • Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive ADHD
  • Hyperactivity marks this without inattentiveness.
    The person finds it hard to keep still - they
    fidget and talk a lot.
  • A smaller child may be continually jumping,
    running or climbing. They are restless and
    impulsive - interrupting others, grabbing things
    and speaking at inappropriate times.
  • They have difficulty waiting their turn and find
    it hard to listen to directions.
  • A person with this type of ADHD will have more
    injuries and accidents than others.

Types of ADHD
  • 3. Combined ADHD
  • A person whose symptoms include all those of 1
    and 2, and whose symptoms are equally
    predominant. In other words, all the signs and
    symptoms in 1 and 2 stand out equally.

Symptoms of ADHD
  • There are three different categories of ADHD
    symptoms inattention, hyperactivity,
  • 1. Inattention
  • Making careless mistakes for example, in
    schoolwork appearing forgetful or losing things
    being unable to stick at tasks that are tedious
    or time-consuming appearing to be unable to
    listen to or carry out instructions consistently.
  • Changing activity or task - having difficulty
    organizing tasks.

Symptoms of ADHD
  • 2. Hyperactivity
  • Often squirms, fidgets, or bounces when sitting.
  • A Child always goes out for running or climbing
    on things.
  • Impulsivity
  • Blurts out answers before the question has been
  • Often interrupts others.

Causes of ADHD
  • Genes
  • ADHD has a strong genetic basis in the majority
    of cases. ADHD tends to run in families and, in
    most cases, it is thought the genes that inherit
    from your parents are a significant factor in
    developing this condition.
  • Nutrition and Food
  • Some experts believe that food additives may
    exacerbate ADHD. A popular belief is that refined
    sugar may be a cause for a range of abnormal

Causes of ADHD
  • Environment
  • There may be a link between ADHD and maternal
    smoking. Nevertheless, nicotine can cause hypoxia
    (lack of oxygen) in utero of mother that impact
    on her baby leading to
  • Brain Injury
  • Brain injury may also be a cause of attention
    deficit disorder in children. Exposure to toxins
    or physical injury, either before or after birth
    is also a cause for this disorder.

Causes of ADHD
  • Other Possible Causes
  • Various other reasons have also been suggested as
    having a role in the development of ADHD.
  • Being born prematurely (before the 37th week of
  • Having a low birth-weight
  • Brain damage either in the womb or in the first
    few years of life
  • Drinking alcohol, smoking or misusing drugs while

Diagnosis of AD
  • There is no single medical, physical, or another
    test for diagnosing ADD/ADHD. ADD/ADHD looks
    different in every person, so there is a wide
    array of criteriaor measures for testing. To
    determine if you or your child has ADD/ADHD, a
    doctor or other health professional will need to
    be involved.

Diagnosing ADHD in Children
  • Some symptoms that suggest ADHD in children
    include inattention, hyperactivity, and
    impulsivity. Many children with ADHD
  • Are in constant motion
  • Squirm and fidget
  • Make careless mistakes
  • Do not seem to listen
  • Do not finish tasks

Diagnosing ADHD in Adults
  • In addition to symptoms of inattention and/or
    impulsiveness, adults with ADHD may have other
    problems, including
  • Chronic lateness and forgetfulness
  • Anxiety
  • Poor organizational skills
  • Low self-esteem
  • Employment problems
  • Short temper
  • Difficulty finishing a task

Treatment of ADHD
  • ADHD cannot be cured. But many of the symptoms
    that interfere with functioning and cause
    distress can be controlled.
  • Treatment for ADHD often includes a combination
    of medication and various psychosocial therapies.
  • Medication can help reduce symptoms of
    hyperactivity, inattentiveness, and impulsivity
    in children and adults with ADD/ADHD.
  • However, medications are not the only treatment
    options for solving this ADD and ADHD problems.

  • You may be a parent or a patient nothing matters,
    its important to know the facts about ADD/ADHD
    medications without side effects. So feel
    responsible and get rid of these problems with
    best practices and decisions.

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