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Fiqh of Tahara4


Being distinguished on the Day of Judgment. ... It is permissible to do them after washing the face, but it is better to start with them. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Fiqh of Tahara4

Fiqh of Tahara-4
  • Taught by Hacene Chebbani

Fiqh of Wudu(Ablution)
  • Merits of Wudu
  • Being distinguished on the Day of Judgment. My
    Ummah will be distinguished with glow on their
    forehead and white feet because of the Wudu
  • Being Eligible to enter Paradise.
    Any Muslim, who makes perfect ablution,
    then gets to perform two rakas with full
    attention and humility, will be eligible to enter
    paradise (Muslim)

Fiqh of Wudu (Ablution)
  • Erasing Sins and Upgrading Ranks.
  • May I show you the things with which Allah
    (SWT) erases sins and upgrades ranks? They said
    Yes, O Prophet of Allah. He said Making
    perfect ablution despite difficulties,
    frequenting the Masajid (Increasing steps towards
    the Masajid), and awaiting salah after salah,
    that is Keeping guard (Ribaat) (Muslim)

What Do We Make Wudu For?
  • To perform Salah both obligatory and voluntary
    (Janaza Prayer is included).
  • -O you who believe! When you prepare for salah,
    wash your faces, and your hands to the elbows,
    rub your head with water and wash your feet to
    the ankles... (5/6).
  • - Hadith Allah does not accept the prayers of
    someone with a ritual impurity unless he makes
    ablution (Bukhari/Muslim).

What Do We Make Wudu For?
  • 2. Going around the kabah (Tawaaf).
  • Proofs
  • - Hadith The prophet (pbuh) said Tawaaf
    around the Kabah is a prayer ... (Nasai,
    Tirmithi and others)
  • 3. Touching the Quran.
  • Proofs In the Book of Amr Ibn Hazm that Allahs
    Messenger (pbuh) wrote to the people of Yemen, is
    the following statement No one is allowed to
    touch the Quran unless he is in state of Tahara.
  • (Malik in Al-Muwatta/Dara-Qutni and others)

Obligatory Acts of Wudu(Essentials of Wudu)
  • There are six obligatory acts of Wudu
  • Washing the face.(Once)
  • This washing includes Madmadah and Istinshaaq.
  • Allah (SWT) commanded in the Quran O
    You who believe! When you intend to offer prayer,
    wash your faces ...
  • This is a general statement. Prophet Muhamed
    (pbuh) showed us how to apply this command. It is
    firmly established that Allahs Messenger
    included Madmadah and Istinshaaq in every Wudu.
    The obligation applies to the entire face from
    the hair line (upper forehead) and down to the
    chin. And from ear to ear. If someone has a
    beard, and his skin is showing, then he has to
    let water reach the inner side of the beard. If
    his beard is full and complete, then he needs to
    pass water on the outside of the beard.
  • Running the fingers through the full beard is

Obligatory Acts of Wudu
  • Washing the Hands up to the Elbows.(Once)
  • Proof
  • Allah (SWT) commanded ...and your hands to the
    elbows,... (5/6)
  • Allahs Messenger confirmed this command with
    his actions and used to reach the upper arm with
    water. He used to start washing the right arm
  • Wiping over the whole head. (Once)
  • Ears are part of the head.
  • Allah (SWT) commanded ...wipe over your
    heads... (5/6)
  • Allahs Messenger showed us how to fulfill this
  • The whole head or part of it? What is the
    implication of Bi in the ayah?
  • Two opinions 1- We have to wipe over the whole
    head. 2- We dont have to cover the whole head.

Obligatory Acts of Wudu
  • What is the solution?
  • Answer Look at the practise of Allahs
  • It is reported that Allahs Messenger (pbuh)
    wiped over his head with his two hands from its
    front to its back and vice versa. He started from
    the front and took his hands to the back of his
    head up to the nape of the neck and then brought
    them to the front again where he started.
  • After doing the head, we have to rub the ears. It
    is confirmed that the prophet (pbuh) said Ears
    are part of the head (Sahih Al-Jami 2762)
  • Put the indexes of the two wet hands into the
    ears and rub the outer bottom side up to the
    upper side of the ear with the thumbs.

Obligatory Acts of Wudu
  • 4. Washing the feet up to the ankles. (Once)
  • He should start with the right foot, and pay
    extra attention to the heels, because of the
    saying of Allahs Messenger (pbuh) Woe unto
    the heels from fire. (Bukhari/Muslim)
  • 5. Following the prescribed sequence
  • Allah mentioned ablution in sequence and
    mentioned what is to be rubbed in the middle of a
    couple of things to be washed. The only advantage
    of this specific order is to prescribe a
    particular sequence.
  • - Allahs Messenger followed this sequence
    whenever he would perform wudu.
  • _ He (pbuh) would say I start with what
    Allah(SWT) has started with (Muslim).

Obligatory Acts of Wudu
  • 6. Al-Muwalaat (Continuing Wudu without
  • It means to perform wudu in a continued manner,
    and wash the limb before the previous one gets
  • - Proof It is reported that Allahs Messenger
    saw a man who performed Salah and on his foot was
    a small place with the size of a corn which the
    water did not reach. He ordered him to repeat
    ablution and Salah. (Abu Dawood).
  • Analysis of this matter If Al-Muwalaat was not
    obligatory, he would have commanded him to wash
    that place only.
  • Note
  • 1) - Ibn Taymiya (r) agreed with the Maliki
    school of thought that Al-Muwalaat is an
    obligation which could be removed if there is a
    good excuse that prevented the Muslim from doing

Notes On Obligatory Acts.
  • 2) Note The definition of Al-Muwalaat is based
    on the criteria of someone who makes Wudu in a
    mild weather.
  • 3) Note Following the prescribed sequence is an
    obligation which can not be neglected based on
    ignorance or forgetfulness, except for a new
    Muslim or for someone who lives in the
    countryside and does not have access to
    knowledgeable people.

Sunan of Wudu
  • Definition of Sunnah in Fiqh
  • Any act of Ibada, whoever does it is to be
    rewarded, and whoever leaves it is not to be
  • Using the Siwak/Cleaning ones teeth.
  • were it not that I fear to burden my Ummah, I
    would have commanded them to use the siwak every
    time they make ablution (Ahmed)

Sunan of Wudu
  • 2. To say Bismillah (In the name of Allah).
  • Abu Huraira (r) reported that the Prophet (pbuh)
    said There is no ablution for the person who
    does not mention the name of Allah (Abu Dawood,
    Ibn Majah, Ahmed and others)
  • 3. Washing the hands three times, when we start
    doing wudu.
  • -Proof when Uthman (r) demonstrated how the
    Prophet (pbuh) used to make ablution, he washed
    his hands three times. (Bukhari/Muslim).

Sunan of Wudu
  • 4. To start washing the face with Madmadah and
  • It is permissible to do them after washing the
    face, but it is better to start with them.
  • 5. To do the Madmadah and Ishtinshaaq in one
    handful for three times. The total would be three
    handfuls of water instead of six.

Sunan of Wudu
  • 6. Running the fingers through the beard.
  • Uthman (r) said that Allahs Messenger (pbuh)
    used to run his fingers through his beard.
    (Tirmithi, Ibn Majah, and others ). It is a
    hassan hadith.
  • However, Imam Ibn Alqayim said that Allahs
    Messenger (pbuh) was not consistent with this
    sunna. (Zaad Almaad).

Sunan of Wudu
  • 7. Cleaning in between the fingers and toes.
  • Allahs Messenger (pbuh) advised one of his
    companions Perform the ablution, clean in
    between the fingers (and toes), and sniff water
    up high during istinshaaq unless you are fasting
    (Abu Dawood).
  • Ibn Alqayim also said that Allahs Messenger
    (pbuh) was not consistent with this sunna.

Sunan of Wudu
  • 8. To begin with the right side.
  • Allahs Messenger (pbuh) used to love starting
    with the right side when wearing his shoes,
    combing his hair, making ablution, and in all of
    his affairs (Bukhari/Muslim)
  • 9. To repeat each washing three times as it is
    narrated in the description of Uthman for his
    wudu (pbuh).

Sunan of Wudu.
  • 10. Rubbing the limbs with water.
  • Abdullah ibn Zaid (R) that the prophet (pbuh)
    was brought a pot two thirds full of water with
    which he made ablution, rubbing his arms... (Ibn
  • 11. Supplication after ablution.
  • There is none of you who completes the ablution
    and then says
  • ???? ?? ?? ??? ???? ???? ???? ?? ???? ?? ? ????
    ??? ?????? ???? ? ?????
  • I testify that there is no god except Allah,
    Alone, without any partner, and I testify that
    Muhammad is His servant and Messenger, except
    that the eight gates of Paradise will be opened
    for him and he will enter Paradise by any of them
    that he wishes (Muslim/Tirmithi).
  • Tirmithi added ????? ?????? ?? ????????? ?
    ?????? ?? ?????????
  • O Allah ! Make me among the repentant ones and
    make me among the pure ones.
  • To be Continued- InshaAllah
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